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Sprague's Journal 
of Maine History 



VOL. Ill 



APRIL 1915-APRIL 1916 



10HN FRANCIS SPRAGUE 

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CONTENTS 



THE WORK OF 

SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL 
OF MAINE HISTORY 

has been heartily endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leading Journals in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

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Spragues Journal of Maine History 
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CONTENTS 

PAGE PAGE 

Workers With the Divining Rod 3 Colonial History of Maine 32 

Honorable Peter Charles Keegan 11 Maine Society, S. A. R 35 

A Famous Lawsuit 15 Stephen Longfellow 36 

Biddeford Cemetery Inscriptions iq Androscoggin Notes 39 

Elias Dudley and His Corres- Some Early Maine Journalists.. 4T 

pondence 22 vr • -r T - . t, , 

Maine History as a Popular 

William Hutchings 26 Study 44 

Franklin Simmons, the Sculptor 27 Notes and Fragments 46 

The Shepherd Boy of Woolwich 30 Sayings of Subscribers 50 



2 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 










;£*£ v*j 



The residence of the late Calvin C. Chamberlain, of Foxcroft, 
Maine. The building has been moved and the grounds now form 
a part of the estate of Colonel Edward J. Mayo. 



Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill MAY, 1915 No. 1 

Workers With the Divining Rod; 

Sometimes Called "Water 

Witches" 

By Edgar C. Smith. 
(A paper read before the Piscataquis Historical Society.) 

In a bulletin recently published under the authority of the United 
States government, by the Department of the Interior, U. S. Geo- 
logical Survey, Water Supply Paper 255, titled Underground Water 
for Farm Use, on page 15, appears the following: 

USE OF DIVINING ROD. 

Numerous mechanical devices have been proposed for detecting the pres- 
ence of underground water, ranging in complexity from the simple forked 
branch of the witch-hazel, peach, or other wood to more or less elaborate 
mechanical and electrical contrivances. Many of the operators of these de- 
vices, especially those who use the home-cut forked branch, are entirely 
honest in the belief that the working of the rod is influenced by agencies: — 
usually regarded as electric currents following underground streams of 
water — that are entirely independent of their own bodies, and many unedu- 
cated people have implicit faith in their ability to locate underground water 
in this way. 

The writer then gives the results of his own experiments with the 
rod, and goes on to say : 

No movement of the rod from causes outside of the body could be detected 
and it soon became obvious that the view held by other men of science is 
correct — that the operation of the 'divining rod' is generally due to uncon- 
scious movements of the body or the muscles of the hand. The experiments 
made show that these movements happen most frequently at places where 
the operator's experience has led him to believe that water may be found. 

The uselessness of the divining rod is indicated by the facts that it may be 
worked at will by the operator, that he fails to detect strong water current 
in tunnels and other channels that afford no surface indications of water, 
and that his locations in limestone regions where water flows in well-defined 
channels are no more successful than those dependent on mere guesses. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The only advantage of employing a water witch, as the 

operator of the divining rod is sometimes called, is that crudely skilled 
services are thus occasionally obtained, since the men so employed, if 
endowed with any natural shrewdness, become through their experience in 
locating wells better observers of the occurrence and movements of ground 
water than the average person. 

It is not my purpose to enter into a controversy with the learned 
author of the foregoing, for I realize that I am poorly equipped, 
and I am aware that, scientifically, the theories and dogmas are 
against me. The statement simply offers a good excuse to present 
a historical sketch of the use of the divining rod in Piscataquis 
County, Maine, and of the men who have been locally famous as 
successful operators. 

Perhaps, before entering upon the historical part of the article, 
it would not be out of place to offer one suggestion or thought that 
the scientists seem never to consider in coming to their conclusions ; 
and that is ; that some persons possess a power or sense of which 
other persons are not cognizant of or do not possess. 

The law already recognizes the unreliability of the fixed rules of 
the scientists and of human experience. In Post vs. United States, 
135 Federal, page 1, the court say: 

Science has not yet drawn, and probably never will draw, a continuous 
and permanent line between the possible and impossible, the knowable and 
unknowable. Such line may appear to be drawn in one decade, but it is 
removed in the next, and encroaches on what was the domain of the impos- 
sible and unknowable. Advance in the use of electricity, and experiments 
in telepathy, hypnotism and clairvoyance, warn us against dogmatism. The 
experience of the judiciary, as shown by history, should teach tolerance and 
humility, when we recall that the bench once accounted for familiar physi- 
cal and mental conditions by witchcraft, and that, too, at the expense of 
the lives of innocent men and women. 

Those who have studied the sciences must admit that there are 
invisible forces, but vaguely understood, which influence the visible. 
The powers of hypnotism and mental telepathy are now generally 
admitted by all, yet there are but comparatively few who possess 
the ability to work along these lines. Those who have never wit- 
nessed the working of the divining rod in the hands of a successful 
operator, and who have had no personal acquaintance with these 
men, have been altogether too ready to relegate them to the class of 
charlatans and fortune-tellers. 

Any man of science, with his theories and bald statements, would 
make but little progress in convincing the people of Piscataquis 



W< )RKERS WITH THE DIVINING ROD 5 

County that "the uselessness of the divining rod is indicated by the 
fact that it may be worked at will by the operator," or that "he 
fails to detect strong water current in tunnels and other channels/' 
because their experience disproves these statements. 

One of the earliest investigators of the merits and demerits of 
the claims of these workers of the divining rod, or water witches, 
was Calvin Chamberlain, late of Foxcroft, Maine, and to his writ- 
ings and investigations on the subject the writer is indebted for much 
information. 

Mr. Chamberlain was not an operator himself, and did not pro- 
fess to understand the reasons or explain the cause for the working 
of the rod, but accepted the fact. He was a man of broad culture, 
having acquired a liberal education, and he was a forceful and able 
writer. He wrote much for the press and agricultural publications, 
and was a pioneer advocate for forest preservation and conserva- 
tion, talking, writing and lecturing along these lines when that 
science was, in its infancy. For the many years of his long life he 
was prominent in the educational life of the community, and an 
active worker in all things tending to promote the interests and 
develop Piscataquis County. He was at one time a member of the 
State Board of Agriculture, and, lacking only one year, he was for 
half a century one of the trustees of Foxcroft Academy. 

The first operator of the divining rod who settled in Piscataquis 
county, of whom there is any record, was Royal Day. He came 
from Monson, Mass., in 1820, with those men from that town 
who settled in Monson, Maine, in the part of the township which 
is now Monson village. He made the trip with an ox team, taking 
four weeks for the journey, being delayed one week on the road 
by sickness. He is described as a small, quiet man, possessed of 
the wonderful art of locating water by the use of the rod. He 
became a deacon of the first church organized in Monson and was 
prominent in the town' and church affairs during his lifetime. 

Deacon Day in his later years became expert in locating wells 
and was called to all sections of his county, and made several trips 
to his native state of Massachusetts in the exercise of his art or 
gift. He was one of the few who could not only locate the vein, 
but he would tell at what depth water would be found. 

In 1883, in speaking of Deacon Day and his work and also of 
other rod operators, Mr. Chamberlain said : 

It is my belief that not a man can here be found, of ordinary intelligence 
and common prudence, who would venture on a well in a hard place withou* - 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



a 'resort to the water-rod. And I can further say, that not a case of disap- 
pointment or failure following its use has yet come to my knowledge. 

This statement from a man of education and prominence, and 
after a careful investigation of the subject covering a period of over 
thirty years. 

Deacon Day died in Monson, Maine, April 26, 1874, at the age of 
seventy-six years and six months. 

Another prominent "water witch" who operated in Piscataquis 
county about the middle of the last century, was Elder William F. 
Gallison. He was a Free Will Baptist clergyman, ordained in 1840, 
and located in Foxcroft at about that time. He was a missionary or 
itinerant preacher and served many of the churches in this vicinity. 
He, too, was able to fix the depth at which water would be found 
very accurately. 

One of the notable examples of his work is the well located on 
the premises now adorned by the magnificent residence of Col. 
Edward J. Mayo, of Foxcroft. This well was located in 185 1. 
Elder Gallison went with his rod, and after going carefully over the 
land, indicated the spot where he told the workmen to dig, telling 
them that an abundant vein of water would be found at a depth of 
between 25 and 30 feet. A vein of water was struck at 26 feet, the 
last thirteen of which was blasted in the solid ledge. The well has 
never failed. 

The services of Elder Gallison were in much demand and many 
wells were located by him during his lifetime. He was elected 
Register of Probate in 1856, and assumed the duties of the office 
January 1, 1857. 

He died at his residence on North street, Foxcroft, March 9, 1858, 
aged 59 years. His remains rest in the Dover village cemetery and 
a neat tablet, erected by the Sebec Quarterly Meeting, marks his last 
resting place. 

To the present generation, the best known worker with the divin- 
ing rod, was Seth Brawn of Foxcroft. He was noted the length 
and breadth of Piscataquis County, and a list of wells successfully 
located by him would number into the hundreds. He was born in 
Foxcroft, January 30, 1824, the son of Reuben and Betsey (Weston) 
Brawn, and was the grandson of Peter Brawn, who settled in Dover 
in 1805, and who was the founder of the numerous family of that 
name residing in Piscataquis County. 

Seth Brawn was about 21 years of age when he discovered that 
he was possessed of the ability to use the divining rod. It was by 



WORKERS WITH THE DIVINING ROD 7 

accident. Royal Day was employed by his father to locate a well 
on the home place and Seth was an interested spectator. He asked 
permission to take the forked stick of the "water witch" in his own 
hands to see if there would be any evidence of attraction through 
him. To his astonishment the twig turned with even more force in 
his hands than when held by the professional worker. Thereafter- 
wards he experimented for himself, more from curiosity and fas- 
cination than for any other reason, yet always obtaining results. It 
was some years after that he commenced to locate wells and water 
veins as a profession 

I will cite a few notable instances of Mr. Brawn's work : In the 
autumn of 1880 the stream from which water was taken to supply 
the boilers of the spool factory in Foxcroft ran dry. Depending 
wholly upon steam power, and the water from the small brook 
near the works as a source of supply, the works must shut down 
unless water was obtained at once. For a number of days teams 
were put on and water hauled from the river, half a mile distant. 
In their extremity the owners of the mill called upon Mr. Brawn to 
help them. 

The lot upon which the factory is located is but sparsely cov- 
ered with soil, and on much of it the ledges are entirely exposed. 
It certainly was not a place where hit-or-miss prospecting w r ould be 
practical or profitable. Mr. Brawn went over the extensive lot and 
traced three veins of water, all of which converged to a point about 
forty yards distant from the boiler house. He described the situa- 
tion in detail, gave the comparative size of the veins, and gave the 
depth and character of the excavation. The well was completed 
in a brief space of time and his remarkable estimates proved cor- 
rect in every particular. 

The well, but twelve feet deep, did not exhaust in feeding the 
boilers which used one hundred gallons an hour. 

The organ factory on the same stream below, (now the factories 
of Hughes & Son, the piano manufacturers) was in the same pre- 
dicament. Here Mr. Brawn located a well in the gravel, and it was 
so near the surface that it only required the labor of two men with 
pick and shovel for an hour to strike an abundant supply. This was 
after prospecting and digging had been done in the bed of the brook 
without result. The water found by Mr. Brawn furnished an abund- 
ant supply for the factory, from a well only ten feet deep, the bottom 
of which was higher than the bed of the stream and distant only 
about sixty feet from it. 
3 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The same year, 1880, the Piscataquis Valley Campmeeting Asso- 
ciation located their grounds in Foxcroft, erected their tabernacle, 
and several cottages were built. A fine spring of water was found 
upon the grounds, stiuated in the northwest corner, issuing from 
the face of the bedrock. The stables were erected in the southwest 
corner of the lot, next the highway, over an eighth of a mile from 
the spring. It was desirable to have a well near the stables for con- 
venience, the water supply being at such a distance, as well as a 
sanitary precaution to avoid bringing horses to the spring. 

The services of Mr. Brawn were enlisted. He located a vein of 
water near the stables, and as was his, custom, followed the course 
of it to ascertain its location with reference to the whole lot. He 
told the campground people that the vein which he had located for 
the stable well was the same, and the only one, which fed the spring 
in the farther corner of the grounds. That he was correct was proven ; 
for in blasting for the well water came into the sink and was fouled 
with dirt and powder, and during the time while the work was 
going on, the water in the spring, over an eighth of a mile away, 
became muddy and continued so until the work on the well was com- 
pleted. 

Out of the numerous well authenticated cases of Mr. Brawn's 
work, I will select one more example. 

A farmer living on one of the rocky hills overlooking Foxcroft 
village desired a well. As the prospect for a successful location 
was dubious, Seth Brawn was called to locate a water vein. He 
came, and went over the ground with his divining rod, and made a 
location where, he told the farmer, he would find water at a certain 
depth. 

When work was commenced on the well, the farmer, instead of 
digging at the exact spot indicated by Mr. Brawn, sank the shaft 
about six feet to one side. After expending a large amount of hard 
labor and using quantities of powder in blasting through the solid 
ledge, and going to a depth of seven feet below that stated by Mr. 
Brawn at which water would be found, and not finding a trace of 
water, he sent for the man of the rod and indignantly demanded 
satisfaction for his fruitless labor and expense. 

After examining the work, Mr. Brawn said, "You have not sunk 
your well at the spot where I told you to." The farmer replied, 
"1 have only moved over the bigness of the well, as it was more 
convenient for me in this place." Mr. Brawn directed that a hole 
be drilled in the wall of the shaft, about seven feet from the bottom. 



WORKERS WITH THE DIVINING ROD 9 

in the direction of the spot first indicated by him for the excavation. 
A small charge of powder was exploded and a copious supply of 
water came in ; the shaft was filled and the well was a success. 

I might go on indefinitely giving instances of the work of the 
operators of the rod, but I have cited these well authenticated cases 
of their work in this locality, which seem to raise somewhat of a 
question as to the correctness of the statement of the eminent gov- 
ernment scientist when he makes the declaration that these operators 
fail to find water when there are no surface indications. 

But I am aside from my subject. As stated in the beginning, it is 
not my purpose to enter into a controversy ; 1 am writing history. 

Mr. Brawn continued in his work of locating wells during all his 
long lifetime, and I have yet to hear of a report of failure. He died 
at Foxcroft, Maine, February 15, 1906, over 82 years of age, retain- 
ing his faculties and power to the last. 

Seth Brawn married Mary Jeanette Chandler, daughter of Allen 
and Olive (Buck) Chandler, October 16, 1852, and of this union 
there were four children : Frank H. ; Clara A., married Arthur 
Towne of Dover; Susan J., married Albert Boss of Foxcroft, and 
Hiram A. None of the children were possessed of the gift with 
which he was so largely endowed, except Mrs. Towne. The divining 
rod will turn in her hands when over water, but she has never used 
her powers to any practical purpose. 

A grandson, Stanley Boss of Foxcroft, is possessed of the gift 
to a remarkable degree. He is now 21 years of age and ever since 
he was a child of eight or ten years he has been using the divining 
rod and obtaining results. The rod now works very strongly in his 
handsi, and by grasping the stick firmly and attempting to keep it 
from turning, when over a water vein, it will turn in spite of his 
efforts to control it, even to the twisting of the bark from the wood. 

But it is not necessary to go to the records of those who are gone 
to find workers of the rod. There are those yet living within our 
borders who are possessed of the gift. In nearly every town in our 
county are living those in whose hands, the forked limb will turn 
when over a water vein. Among those are found men and women 
of the highest standing in their respective communities, and as a 
unit they will tell you that the claim, that the working of the rod is 
due to "unconscious movements" of the body or muscles of the 
operator, is entirely erroneous ; that in fact, their endeavors to pre- 
vent the rod from turning are overcome against their wills, and 
against their greatest physical efforts to prevent it. 



io SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

One of the best known and most highly respected divining rod 
operators now living in Piscataquis County is Edwin R. Haynes, of 
Monson. Mr. Haynes was born in Canaan, N. H., July 30, 1836, 
and came to Monson with his parents in 1842. During hisi life resi- 
dence in Monson he has been closely identified with the business, 
social and political activities of the town. He was a charter mem- 
ber of Doric Lodge, F. & A. M., and was its secretary for fifteen 
years or more. He was commissioned postmaster December 12, 
1864, and held the office for nearly twenty-one years. He was at 
one time one of the principal merchants of the place and has held 
various town offices. 

Mr. Haynes modestly professes not to be "an expert with the 
rod," but his work has extended over a long period of years. In a 
letter to the writer he says: "I have located many veins of water 
for people and have never failed to find water, and have been very 
accurate in estimating the depth to be excavated. I have held the 
rod so firm in my hands that the bark would twist from the wood. 
I am a strong believer in the rod ; experience is better than guess- 
work." 

As a closing word, I will quote from an article by Calvin Cham- 
berlain, written thirty years ago: 

"I only desire to add that we claim to have here .... all 
the necessary applicances to cure the most inveterate cases of unbe- 
lief in the water-rod, and will engage to receive patients sent from 
a distance, treat them free of cost, and return them restored and in 
their right mind." 



"Instructed by the antiquary times, 
He must, he is, he cannot but be wise." 

Shakespeare. 



The Bar Harbor Times recently published an illustrated article 
describing the old Rodick House which was once the largest and 
most popular hotel in that town. It was built in 1882 by David 
Rodrick & Sons, hut is now non-existant and its spacious grounds 
now form the heart of the business section of the village. For 
several years Fountain Rodick and his brother S. H. Rodick were 
the managers and then, before the advent of the palatial cottages 
of today, it was the rendezvous of the summer colony there. It 
had 400 sleeping rooms and 700 people could be seated in the dining 
room. 



HON. PETER CHARLES KEEGAN n 

Honorable Peter Charles Keegan 

For more than a half century, or from the Treaty of Peace 
between the United States and Great Britain (1783) and the Web- 
ster- Ashburton treaty (1842), a controversy raged between these 
governments regarding- the Northeastern boundary of the State of 
Maine. Itst storm centre was the Madawaska settlement. 

One of the incidents of this disagreement was the arrest of one 
Ebenezer Greeley of Dover, Maine, on June 6, 1837, who was in 
that region as a census taker having been appointed to this task by 
Robert P. Dunlap, Governor of Maine. This arrest was made by 
two officers, Colonel Maclauchlan a warden of the then disputed 
territory and James Keegan a constable. 

Mr. Keegan was, in that period prominent in local affairs there 
and was the father of Peter Charles Keegan of Van Buren, one of 
Maine's famous men of today. His ability as a lawyer, publicist, 
and political leader, his long service in the Maine Legislature and 
his numerous and varied activities generally are well known to Maine 
people. 

It is the purpose of the Journal to occasionally make record of 
some of the Maine men and women who are "making footprints on 
the sands of time" today as well as such of the days past and gone. 
Mr. Keegan is one of those that we desire to thus mention. 

Mr. Clinton Vannah recently writing of Mr. Keegan in the 
National Magazine, and characterizing him as "The Sage of the 
Saint John Valley," says : 

Peter Charles Keegan ! The name is a slogan whose sharp- 
cornered syllables explode with the barking staccato of a machine 
gun. Withal there is a note of old-fashioned honesty in it, a breath 
of free air and open places,. You feel instinctively that here is a 
man worth tying to. 

If one may confess to a just feeling of resentment toward him 
who fails to measure up to the possibilities of his name, there is no 
small degree of satisfaction, than, in knowing that this name, the 
name with a punch, is not a misfit. The sturdy figure of he man 
with head set solidly upon a pair of heavy shoulders, a square jaw 
beneath the overhang of mustache, the fire in the deep-set black 
eyes tell of things done and well done 

He set himself the task of getting an education under difficulties 
which would make most of the boys of today lie down on the job. 



12 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




Honoralble Peter Charles Kecsran. 



HON. PETER CHARLES KEEGAN 13 

Though not yet past the prime of mature manhood, his life measures 
almost the full span of civilization in northern Aroostook. His 
parents were pioneers in the new country. Schools there were none, 
except such as were maintained by the few scattered people of a 
community uniting to hire a teacher, the term running as long as 
the money held out. 

To such a school came the boy at the age of four. His teacher 
was the typical schoolmaster of fifty years ago, with blue coat, brass 
buttons, stock and beaver hat. He ruled his flock with the hand of 
a tyrant, and if to "spare the rod" isi to "spoil the child," there 
surely were no spoiled children within reach of his birch! But he 
knew the three "R's," and there is not a doubt that his scholars 
learned them, too. 

When he was nine year- old the only school within reach of the 
Keegan home was across the St. John River in New Brunswick. 
There were no ferries- in those days, and he tramped to the river 
with his dinner pail in the morning, paddled across in a dugout and 
walked two miles to the schoolhouse, returning the same way at 
night. Three years later the nearest school was three and a half 
miles away, and he walked the distance twice a day. 

The age of fifteen found him in the University of New Bruns- 
wick, winning second highest place in his entrance examination. He 
was graduated with honor in a class which had among its members 
a number of men who have since become eminent in Canadian gov- 
ernment affairs. 

College was followed by a period of law study, then admission 
to the bar, and the young lawyer settled in his native town to become 
in a vital way a part of its life and progress. He saw that there were 
certain things needed for the development of the valley which must 
be obtained through the state government. Very well, he would 
go to the legislature. They told him he was foolish. How could 
he expect to win on the Democratic ticket when Democrats were as 
scarce in Aroostook as hen's eggs in January ? They didn't know 
Peter Charles Keegan. His hard early training had given him the 
habit of success. When he jumped into the ring, the campaign 
opened with a bang. He had the votes on election day, but a hostile 
election board decided against him. Keegan decided the other way, 
and when the legislature met in Augusta that winter he was right 
there under the big dome of the state house, with fight written all 
over him, from the sanguinary red of his flowing tie to his square- 



14 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



toed, stubborn-looking boots. An effort to decide the contest on 
party lines was squelched, and Keegan was seated. 

Another old-fashioned habit of his, formed in the stress and grind 
of early struggle, is that of work. He lives on a big farm, a hun- 
dred acres of which is a part of the home place where he was born. 
The comfortable farmstead crowns one of the rolling hills which 
swell upward from the river, where from the pine-shadowed 
veranda a superb view of the beautiful St. John valley opens north- 
ward. His neighbors say that his alarm clock is the big rooster in 
the hen house, and his quitting time anywhere from midnight to 
morning, according to when the last task of the day is finished. 
He works at politics as skillfully and successfully as he practises 
law, and farms for recreation, making good at all three by keeping 
everlastingly at it. 

I saw him once on the train coming down from Fort Kent on a 
broiling August morning in 1912. He appeared to know every- 
body, swapped stories with the drummers in the smoker, came out 
scathlesis from an encounter of wits with a brother lawyer, chatted 
in soft patois with the Acadians of the valley who swarmed in the 
car, all the while radiating good humor and driving away thoughts 
.of the stifling heat with an infectious laugh. It is said of him that 
he knows most of the children of the valley by name, a stupendous 
accomplishment surely, when one thinks of the bewildering size of 
the families in that land, where race suicide is unknown and where 
one may easily lose tab on the little Jeans and Felices in a single 
home after counting up to twelve. 

Later in the day I met him in his office, where he gave two hours 
from the middle of a busy day to help a stranger with a matter in 
which he had no special interest. I came away with a deep under- 
standing of his genius for attracting and holding men. 

In 1909 he was appointed a member on behalf of the United States 
of the International Commission pertaining to the St. John River, 
rendering with distinguished honor an important service to the 
state and. nation. 



The forty-eighth report of the Peabody Museum of American 
Archaeology and Ethnology of Harvard University 1913-1914, has 
(been received 'by the Journal from Mr. Samuel J. Guernsey for- 
merly of Dover, Maine, who is its Assistant Curator of Archae- 
ology and Ethnology. 



A FAMOUS LAWSUIT 15 



A Famous Lawsuit 

Relating to Bath and the Kennebec River. 
(Wayfarer's Notes) 

Editor's Note : The late Honorable Joseph W. Porter of Bangor, from 
1885 to 1893, published "The Bangor Historical Magazine," and after its 
discontinuance and for a few years prior to his decease, he contributed to 
the Bangor Commercial a series of exceedingly valuable papers relating to 
the early history of eastern Maine. 

These were all written by Mr. Porter and published under the nom dc 
plume of "Wayfarer" and known as "Wayfarer's Notes." 

Like all of his historical research these papers are of inestimable value 
for their accuracy and the care with which they were prepared. 

The early land grants or patents in Maine were made by the 
Crown and by the Indians without much regard to each other or to 
location or to boundaries. 

The Plymouth Patent. 

This patent, the most ancient and long lived, was made by the 
"Council of Plymouth, England," who were grantees of the crown 
in 1620, to William Bradford, and others of New Plymouth in 
New England. January 13, 1629: 

Foreasmuch as they (the Pilgrims) had no convenient Place either for 
trading or fishing within their own Precincts. 

The grant was of "all of that part of New England in America 
which lieth within or between and extendeth itself between the 
utmost limits, of Cobbisecontee which adjoineth to the river Kenne- 
bec, towards the western ocean and a place called the Falls at 
Neguamkike in America aforesaid and the space of 15 miles east 
side of the river commonly called the Kennebec that lies within its 
limits." It may never be known where these Falls were, but the 
Patent was a broad one. 

In 1640 Bradford and others sold out to Plymouth colony, which 
built forts and trading houses and carried on a large business at 
Kennebec. The colony claimed all the territory from Casco bay to 
Femaquid and from the ocean to Caritunk Falls, and established 
courts and a "body of laws" for its protection. Minor offenses and 
small civil suits were tried at Kennebec, while trials for higher 
crimes and causes appealed were tried by the general court at Ply- 



16 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

mouth. For over 20 years they exercised jurisdiction over the larger 
part of the territory claimed by them. 

The northerly line of the patent was shadowy and to pr< tect 
the colony and improve the title, more Indian titles were obtained 
in 1648 and 1653. 

The colony of Massachusetts Cay was constantly encroaching in 
the western part of the Province of Maine, and by judicious 
manipulation obtained the consent of a majority of the inhabitants 
of the Province to annex it to Massachusetts. 

October 27, 1661, Plymouth colony sold out its interest in the 
patent for $2,000 to some Boston men, viz : Antipas Boies, Edward 
Tyng, Thomas Brattle and John Wins-low. 

The colony of Massachusetts Bay wa> growing strong, Plymouth 
colony was growing weak and it virtually surrendered. 

From 1661 to 1751 very little is known of the Patent; but few of 
the heirs of the grantees of 1661 had any share in it. The land 
speculators had got hold of it. They built forts at Richmond, now 
Bowdoinham, and at Frankfort,^) now Dresden, in 1751. 

In June the owners were incorporated under the name of the 
"Proprietors of the Kennebec Purchase." The modern way of pro- 
moting is not new. 

In the meantime, by the reduction of the French in Canada by the 
English in 1759. the property of the company was much increased 
in value and fabulous estimates were put upon it. 

Many other claimants had arisen, whose claims had overlapped 
the Kennebec proprietors, and the company determined to compel 
them to settle or recognize it. Dr. Sylvester Gardiner of Boston, 
was a large proprietor and a man of great energy and determina- 
tion, and by direction of the company he undertook the job. Long, 
tedious and expensive litigation ensued, the results of which will be 
shown. 

The Clark & Lake Claim 

Was derived from Indian chiefs, who in [649, deeded lands to 
Christopher Lawsen ; he sold out to Clark & Lake in 1653. These 
lands were east of Kennebec river. In the lapse of time this claim 
passed into the hands of land speculators. The Kennebec company 
compromised with the owners of this claim in 1758, by an agreement 
that: "The north line of the present town of Woolwich should be 



i Old Pownalborough, which included Dresden. Wiscasset and Alna, 
as they are now bounded, was the ancient plantati n 1 t Frankfort. — William- 
son's History of Maine, Vol. I. p 51. 



A FAMOUS LAWSUIT 17 



the south line of the Plymouth patent and the north line of the 
Clark & Lake claim." 

The Wiscasset Claim. 

In 1663 the Indians sold George Davie, a settler at Wiscasset 
point, a large tract of land west of the Sheepscot river which 
included the present town of Wiscasset, and another tract east of 
Sheepscot. In 1734 certain wealthy and influential Boston gentle- 
men had come into possession of these lands and formed a company 
called the Wiscasset company. The Kennebec company compro- 
mised with them in 1.762 by fixing the boundary line at : 

"Half way between the Sheepscot and Kennebec rivers from 
Mons,weag Bay to the Upper Narrows in Sheepscot river." 

The Pejepscot Purchase. 

The Plymouth England Company is said to have granted a patent 
to Thomas Purchase and George Way, June 16, 1632, of : 

"All lands lying on both sides of the Pejepscot river on the eastern 
end of the Androscoggin river on Kennebec river and Casco Bay." 

This patent was never recorded and is, said to have been lost ; the 
evidence of its existence was by frequent references to it in ancient 
deeds. This patent covered a part of the Plymouth patent, and while 
its existence may have been doubtful, it served for a foundation. 

July 4, 1683, John Shapleigh as agent for certain heirs and claim- 
ants, sold one-half to Richard Wharton of Boston. July 7, 1684, 
Wharton mended his titles by the purchase of lands of Worumbo 
and other Indians. He died in London in 1690, insolvent. Ephraim 
Savage was appointed administrator December 30, 1693. 

Savage sold Wdiarton's interest in the purchase Xoveimber 5, 1714, 
to Adam Winthrop, Thomas Hutchinson, John Watts, Stephen 
Minot, Oliver Xoyes, David Jeffries and John Ruck of Boston, and 
John Wentworth of Portsmouth, N. H., for £700. They bought up 
other claims. By judicious management they obtained a confirma- 
tion of their title from the general court May 27, 171 5. They made 
some claim to the town of Bath as against the Kenndbec proprietors. 
The conflict between these two companies was long and tedious. A. 
compromise was effected Feb. 20, 1758, which was not final; 
another settlement was made May 29 and June 11, 1766 (in the 
shadow of this great trial) when, among other things, the Pejep- 



18 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

scot company released all their claim to lands between the "New 
Meadows and Kennebec river" to the Kennebec company. This 
included Bath. The Pejepscot proprietors had left to them the 
present towns of Danville, Lewiston, Greene, a part of the town 
of Lislbon, Leeds, Poland and Minot, and the towns of Durham, 
Bowdoin. Topsham, Brunswick and Harpswell. The Kennebec 
company had the territory to the northward. Having now com- 
promised or settled with all the other claimants, the Kennebec com- 
pany turned its attention to the poor settlers at Bath who seemed to 
have no rich or influential friends. No attempts to compromise 
are seen. 

(To be Continued) 



As the bee makes its first perfect cell at the first attempt, and as 
the beaver is a skillful and accomplished engineer from its baby- 
hood, so the Indian, a child of nature as much as the bee or the 
beaver, without training or trainer, fashioned when a youth with 
his flint knife and bone awl the ideal boat for the treacherous inland 
waters for the rapids and the falls. 

He made his canoe from the bark of his graceful white birch 
trees, and the white man has copied its model for more than three 
centuries without being able to improve upon the plan of its general 
construction. 



"Scientific Proof and Legal Proof" is the title of an able and 
exhaustive treatise on the law of evidence by Mark A. Barwise, 
L. L. M., and member of the Maine State and Penobscot bars which 
appears in the December (1914) and January (191 5) issues of the 
Maine Law Review. It is a valuable addition to the legal literature 
of Maine and is worthy of any lawyer's profound attention. 



Henry Parker, a subscriber to the Journal and a well known com- 
mercial traveler and business man of Bangor, Maine, was born in 
Brewer, Maine, September 17, 1843, and died in Bangor, March 
13, 191 5. He was a member of the G. A. R., I. O. O. F., A .O. 
U. W. and the Madocawando Club of his city. He was an energetic 
and successful business man and beloved and respected by a large 
circle of friends in Eastern Maine. 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 19 

Biddeford, Maine, Cemetery 
Inscriptions 

Copied and Contributed by James I. Wyer, Jr., of Albany, New 

York. 

All the following are copied from stones in a private cemetery 
in the center of Fletcher's Neck, (Biddeford Pool) Me. In 1914 
this cemetery stood midway between Sea View Inn and Ocean View 
Hotel. It was no longer used for current interments and was over- 
grown and pretty much neglected. 

Did a mi a Bond d. Dec. 16, 1855 ae. 75. 

Henry Bruell d. Oct. 22, 1871 ae 75 yrs. 1 mo. 

Susan wife of Henry Bruell d. Feb. 7, 1867 ae 59 yrs. 10 mos. & 15 ds. 

Phebe wife of Henry Bruell b. Mar. 18, 1798 d. Mar. 18, 1874. 

Ellen Evans wife of Horace Bryant Aug. 31, 1828 Dec. 1, 1896. 

Our baby Daniel E. Son of D. & E. Davis d. Oct. 19, 1889 ae 2 mos. 

Hannah wife of Jotham Davis d. May 13, 1834 a e 55- 

Grace L. dau. of Jotham & Adelaide Davis Jr. died Oct. 17, 1869 ae 6 mos. 
25ds. 

Nathaniel Davis d. Jan. 12, 1887 ae 76 yrs. 6 mos. 

Our mother Hannah C. wife of Nathaniel Davis d. Oct. 3, 1869 ae 57 yrs. 

Elizabeth T. dau. of Nathaniel & Hannah C. Davis d. May 30, 1842 ae 10 
mos. 

Henry B. son of Nathaniel & Hannah C. Davis d. Apr. 12, 1861 ae 22 yrs. 
1 mo. & 21 ds. 

Selena J. wife of Daniel A. H. Davis d. Nov. 14, 1877 ae 22 yrs. 5 mos. & 
25 ds. 

Alice wife of Lyman Evans d. Nov. 25, 1837 ae 63. 

George L. Evans d. Aug. 28, 1877 ae 45 (or 6) yrs. 7 mos. 

Mary E. T. wife of George L. Evans d. Aug. 6, 1875 ae. 31 yrs. 10 mos. 

Thomas Evans d. Sept. 1. 1869 ae 73 yrs. 6 mos. 

Dorcas wife of Thomas Evans d. May 5, 1878 ae. 84 yrs. 11 mos. & 20 ds. 



In memory of 
Mr Pendleton Fletcher 
who d. Apr. 17, 1807 
ae. 100 

Father Mother 

William H. Goldthwait Elizabeth 

Mar. 1817 wife of 

June 1866 William H. Goldthwait 

July 1816 
Apr. 1889 



20 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Eunice wife of Garret Gams d. Apr. 5, 1828 ae 69 yrs. 9 mas. 



Lizzie W. wife of E. C. Hathaway 1862-1889 
Edward McBride d. Dec. 2, 1872 ae. 69 yrs. 6 mos. 19 ds. 
Lydia A. wife of Edward McBride d. June 2, i860 ae. 55 yrs. ri mos. & 21 
ds. 

Edward McBride, Jr. d. Sept. 1, 1872 ae 34 yrs. 3 mos. & 18 ds. 

Wesley son of Edward & Lydia A. McBride d. Nov. 26, 1863 ae. 23 yrs. 

Freeman D. Rich, d. Apr. 8, 1892 ae. 43 yrs. 6 mos. 29 ds. 

Infant babes of F. D. & Isabell Rich. 

Lucelia F. dau. of Freeman and Elizabeth Rich d. Mar. 12, 1859 ae 2 yrs. 8 mos. 

L. F. R. 
at foot of above. 



Wm Warren Rich 
July 30, 1843 
Dec. 23, 1904 
at rest 
George W. Amber Sally 

Feb. 22, 1821 wife of 

Sept. 30, 1912 George W. Amber 

d. 

Mar. 3, 1887 

ae 68 yrs. 

Achsah 

dau. of Ebenezer & Eliza Rogers 

d. 

Mar. 21, 1857 

ae. 21 



at side of above 
Markers 

E. R. W. H. R. F. L. B. 



and a little further along 
M. S. B. . E. R. E. D. R. 



Sacred to the memory of 

Leonard Spear 

son of 

John Spear, Esquire & Ruth his wife 

who d. 

Sept. 19, 1818 

ae. 

16 yrs. 4 mos. \2 ds. 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 21 



Jesse Tarbox d. .Mar. 19, 1834 ae. 59 yrs. 
Abigail F. wife of Jesse Tarbox d. Sept. 1, 1855 ae. 84 yrs, 
Rozilla A. wife of Benjamin Tarbox d. Feb. 11, 1838 ae. 27 yrs. 
The following 7 stones are copied from private burying ground on the 
left hand side of the road from Biddeford Pool to Biddeford, about 2 
miles from Biddeford Pool. 

In memory of 

John Emery, Jr. 

-on of John and Elizabeth Emery 

d. Feb. 2, 181 1 

ae. 10 yrs. 6 mos. 19 ds. 



In memory of 
John Emery, 3rd son of John and Elizabeth 
Emery d. Oct. 4, 1823 ae. 11 yrs. 8 mos. 3 ds. 



In memory of' 

Mary only dau. of John and 

Sarah Haley who d. Aug. 3, 1837 

ae. 20 yrs. & 5 mos. 



Sylvester Haley 
d. Nov. r, 1826 ae. 64. 



Sarah wife of 
Sylvester Haley d. Feb. 7, 1846 
ae. 83. 



This stone is erected by Mrs. Abigail McKenna in 
memory of her beloved father Nathaniel Perkins 
who d. July 31, 1832 ae. 76 yrs. 



Sacred to the memory of 

Sarah wife of 

Jo-eph Wadlin d. Mch. 31, 1820 

ae. 25 yrs. 



(To be continued.) 



22 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Hon. Elias Dudley and Some of 
His Political Correspondence 

With Notes By The Editor. 

The Honorable Lucilius A. Emery of Ellsworth, Chief Justice 
Emeritus, of the S. J. Court of Maine, recently furnished the Jour- 
nal with some old letters to and papers of Honorable Elias Dudley 
who was prominent in the political affairs of the Whig party in 
Maine, when Edward Kent was its leader and both of whom helped 
found the Republican party. The Whigs carried Maine in the 
Harrison campaign in 1840 and elected Mr. Kent Governor, who 
then served his second term (1841). There was a Whig doggerel 
at the time, the first line of which read : 

"And Maine went 

Hell bent for Governor Kent." 

We believe this correspondence will be of interest to all who are 
interested in the early history of political parties in Maine. 
We also append the following data relating to Mr. Dudley. 

ELIAS DUDLEY— born at Pittston, Me., Jan. 21, 1789, married Sarah 
Crosby, daughter of General John Crosby, at Hampden, Me., March 5, 
181 5. He died at Hampden, Jan. 29, 1867. His wife was born Sept. 
29, 1792, and died Oct. 28, 1880. In his early career he was a Deputy 
Sheriff for the County of Hancock. He operated a saw-mill and was 
engaged in merchandising and shipping. 

In 1841 he was a member of the Governor's Council and had held 
other important offices and honors. 
His children were : — 

1 — Sarah Crosby, born Jan. 31, 1816, married Barnabas Freeman, Jr. 
of Yarmouth, Me., June 1, 1845. She died, Yarmouth, March 24, 1879, 
the mother of four children. 

2 — Mary Godfrey, born May 19, 1817, married Capt. Samuel Child, 
July 21, 1846. She died at Hampden, June 8, 185S. The compiler of 
tlie family record states: — "Her health was very delicate. So it was 
also with others of her family. They were good and bright souls in 
frail bodies." 

3— Almira, born Jan. 5, 1819, married Jacob W. Curtis of Hampden, 
Oct. 12, 1848, died July 17, 1875. 

4— George, born Nov. ir, 1820. A Sea Captain. Married Caroline 
M. Holmes of Frankfort, Me., July 3, 1855. They lived at Winterport, 
Me. Father of three children. Date of death not given in family 
record. 

5 — Ann Maria, born Feb. 15, 1823, died May 4. 1834. 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 23 



6 — John Crosby, born Aug. 13, 1825, died June 19, 1856. 

7 — Elias James, born Jan. 28, 1828, married Sarah Scott, Oct. 12. 1854. 
Father of two children. Date of death not given in family record. 

8 — Irving, born Apr. 23, 1832, died Feb. 3, 1857. 

9 — Ann Elizabeth, born Sept 5, 1835, married Benj. S. Crosby of 
Bangor, Apr. 8, 1858. Died Feb. 14, 1864. Mother of one child. 

ELIAS DUDLEY was the second child of James Dudley, the other children 
being : — 

1 — Sibyl, married James Gorton of Hampden. 

3 — Mary, born 1791, died Apr. 17, 1815. Married Charles Godfrey 
of Hampden in 1810. 

4 — Edmund, born April, 1794. 

5 — James, a Sea Captain. Died at sea. 

6 — Pamelia, died unmarried, aged 21. 

7 — John, Died at Hampden in 1888. 

JAMES DUDLEY, father of Elias Dudley was the seventh son of Samuel 
Dudley. He was born in 1761 and died in 1805 in Hampden. He 
married Miss Sibyl Cheney at Pittston, Me., in 1785. He was on the 
tax list at Pownalboro, Me., from 1787 to 1798. He was taxed at 
Pittston in 1803. "A good, active, sensible man, and useful to society." 
He was killed by the fall of a tree he cut down. His wife died 
May 26, 1848 at Hampden. His children were all born at Pittston, 
except John. 

SAMUEL DUDLEY, born 1720, was the .^on of James Dudley. 

JAMES DUDLEY, born 1690 at Exeter, N. H., was the son of Stephen 
Dudley. 

STEPHEN DUDLEY, born at Exeter, N. H., was the son of Rev. Samuel 
Dudley. 

SAMUEL DUDLEY, born about 1610 in England was the son of Thomas 
Dudley. 

THOMAS DUDLEY, born 1576 in Northamptonshire, England was the son 
of Capt. Roger Dudley, a warrior. Died in 1653 in Roxbury, Mass., 
after having been Deputy Governor and Governor of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony. 

BOSTON, nst MARCH, 1808. 

SIR, 
IT has been resolved, at a large and respectable meeting of our political 

friends, to support as Candidate 

FOR GOVERNOR, 

The Honorable CHRISTOPHER GORE, 

FOR LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR, 

The Honorable DAVID COBB, 

and the federal Representatives from towns in your County, have appointed 

yourself and the gentlemen, whose names are subjoined, to be a Committee 

for the county of for the purpose of promoting these and 

other (^Federal Election-. 



OThis refers to the Federal party which elected only two Presidents, 
Washington and John Adams before its dissolution. 
5 



24 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



We confidently hope the failure of success the last year, will not produce a 
relaxation of exertion among good men, to save their country. — The abuses 
of power actually committed by the ruling party, and those which are still 
threatened, have fulfilled our predictions and justify our fears. If time per- 
mitted a full development of the proceedings of Government to the views 
and understanding of the people; if they could be made seasonably to com- 
prehend the extent and tendency* of the innovations which have already been 
adopted, we think the effect of their conviction would be manifest in the 
approaching election. But the progress of truth has no proportion to the 
rapid violence of passion, and if from this cause we cannot promise ourselves 
immediate success, we should endeavor to ensure it hereafter, we "SHOULD 
DO MORE. WE SHOULD DESERVE IT."' 

We can only add, that our actual observation confirms all our apprehen- 
sions that political intolerance and persecution will be pushed to any extrem- 
ity which the people will suffer, and the liberties and property of the citizen 
are in actual jeopardy from doctrines which are avowed, and measures which 
are adopted. — The hour of peril is at hand — our safety consists in vigilance 
and exertion — Let us yet rally to prevent the ruin of the constitution — and 
if this be ineffectual — 
LET US STAND TOGETHER AXD ENDEAVOR TO BREAK ITS FALL. 

We therefore intreat you to be earnest and vigilant in exhorting, encourag- 
ing, and organizing your different towns and sections, in a judicious arrange- 
ment of a List of SENATORS : and we trust your labour will be crowned 
with success. 

JOHN H. LEE SAM'L E. DUTTON 
WM. ABBOT PHILIP H WASHBURN 
SHAW JOHN CROSBY 



STEPHEN PEABODY GEORGE HERBERT. ESQRS. 

JOHN WILSON 
BOHAN P. FIELD 
WM. CROSBY 

TO THE ELECTORS OF REPRESENTATIVE TO CONGRESS FOR 
THE COUNTIES OF SOMERSET AND PENOBSCOT. 

FELLOW CITIZENS: 

I had the honor of addressing you, under date of August 12th, last, propos- 
ing myself as a Candidate for Representative to Congress for this District. 
The second Monday of September hath passed : and the result is well known. 
I had the pleasure of perceiving that a large number of the Electors had 
sustained by nomination, in a manner which the law calls legal : whilst many 
more who voted for me, were deprived of their rights, by mere verbal 
errors in the votes, error; conjured up by technical lawyers, to defeat justice 
and equity. Another ingenious mode, to prevent the free suffrage of the 
electors in my favor, was, the artful givings out of my opposers, that my 
address wa- mere sport, and no real nomination: — that it was one got up 
for amusement, or to draw to me votes in order to defeat the choice of 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 25 



either of my opponents as Representative. And, Fellow Citizens, it was 
further asserted that there was no probability, were I chosen, that I would 
devote my time and talents to the service of the public. Such conduct and 
suggestions of my opponents have thus far had their weight. But I now, 
with seriousness, and honesty, again come forward, to assure my Fellow 
Citizens, Voters in this District, that my intentions are TRUE, PURE, and 
HONORABLE. THAT I DO PRESENT MYSELF AS A CANDIDATE 
AT THE NEXT ELECTION, FOR THEIR REPRESENTATIVE IN 
CONGRESS. 

That if the office be devolved by their suffrages upon me. its duties shall 
be faithfully, honestly, and judiciously performed. That the talents and abili- 
ties possessed by me shall be unremittingly and devotedly exerted for their 
good. Self interest does not now influence me in taking this step, nor shall 
it ever bias me from the straight-forward march in the path of my public 
duties. 

For my qualifications and political views, I refer you to the before men- 
tioned address. 

FELLOW CITIZENS, I AM A CANDIDATE FOR YOUR SUFFRAGES. 

SIMON HARRIMAN. 

BANGOR, DECEMBER 8. 1826. 

(To be continued.) 



The Editor of that excellent publication, The Maine Catholic 
Historical Magazine, says : 

" YYe beg to acknowledge, as we go to press, the excellent Feb- 
ruary number of Sprague's Journal of Maine History, which offers 
as a leader, a most interesting article, by the Editor, John Francis 
Sprague, on the life and Work of Colonel John Allan, Indian Agent, 
for Maine Indians during the Revolution. . . . Mr. Sprague's 
interesting article shows research, is well arranged, and should be a 
valuable addition to this eventful period of our history. To Catho- 
lics, Mr. Sprague is no stranger. Many have read with interest 
his life of Father Rale, as well as his other contributions from time 
to time on the Catholic History of our State. 

"There are many interesting features in Mr. Sprague's Journal, 
which should make it valuable for the future historian." 






Among the sheriffs in )Maine in 1826 were: Josiah W. Seaber, 
South Berwick ; Peter W. Green, Bath ; Jessie Robinson, Hallowell ; 
Wm. C. Whitney, Hebron ; Jonas Parlin, Jr., Norridgewock ; 
Leonard Javis, Surry; Wm. D. Williamson, Bangor; Wm. 
Chaloner, Lubec ; Horatio G. Balch, Machias,. 



26 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




William Hutchings. 

William Hutchings was born at York, Maine, October 6, 1764, 
son of Charles Hutchings ; moved to Penobscot when four years 
old; witnessed the siege of Castine in 1779; enlisted at Newcastle, 
Maine, as a soldier of the Revolution in 1780 or 1781, in Colonel 
Samuel McCobb's regiment, Capt. Benjamin Lemont'si Company ; in 
1865, when over one hundred years old, he attended a 4th of July 
celebration at Bangor ; that same year he was one of the four sur- 
viving Revolutionary soldiers; died in May, 1866. 

The above is from a photograph taken on his one hundredth birth- 
day and furnished us by Mr. Charles F. Bumps of Milo, Maine, 
who is one of his descendants. 



FRANKLIN SIMMONS, THE SCULPTOR 27 



Franklin Simmons, the Sculptor 

Contributed by Honorable Augustine Simmons. 

Among the passengers on the Fortune, the next ship to follow 
the Mayflower in November, 1621, was PhillippeDe La Noye, 
since called Philip Delano. He was born in Leyden, whither his 
Huguenot parents fled from the south of France in the latter part 
of the sixteenth century 

Philip was nineteen years old when he arrived at Plymouth. He 
settled and married in Duxbury. Among his children was Dr. 
Thomas Delano, who married Mary Alden, a daughter of John and 
Priscilla. One of their children was Jonathan Delano, and he was 
the father of John Delano, who was the father of Zebedee, who 
came to Maine, first to Winthrop, and then to Livermore. Zebedee 
was a Baptist preacher. He and his son James founded the Bap- 
tist church in North Livermore. The daughter of James, Sophia 
Delano, married John Simmons, the son of Samuel Simmons, a 
Revolutionary soldier, and a Baptist preacher, who came to Maine 
in 1781, and died in Canton in 1835. John and Sophia Simmons 
were the parents of Loring Simmons, the father of Franklin. The 
maiden name of Loring's wife was Dorothy Bacheller. 

When Franklin Simmons, the sculptor, was born, on the nth day 
of January, 1839, ms parents resided in Bath, the Franklin was 
born in Webster, where his mother was visiting her relatives. He 
passed his childhood in Bath, but before he attained his majority his 
parents moved to Lewiston. He attended the public schools and 
afterwards the old Maine State Seminary, which became Bates 
College in 1863. He took his first lessons in Latin from Frank L. 
Dingley, the editor of the Lewiston Journal. The youthful friend- 
ship between him and Mr. Dingley continued during the remainder 
of Franklin's life. 

Young Simmons was employed in the counting room of one of 
the cotton mills in Lewiston, but his artistic temperament chafed 
under the drudgery of his employment. When he was 18 and even 
younger, his acquaintances were amazed at his genius in crayon 
work and cameo figures. 

Among his friends in that early period was Reverend George 
Knox, pastor of the Baptist church in Lewiston, a clergyman well 
known, in his denomination and outside of it, for his ability as a 
preacher and for his kindly heart and helpful life. From Mr. 



2b SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Knox, Franklin received good cheer and stimulating encouragement 
in his ambition. In memory of his early friend he left a legacy for 
a scholarship to Colby College, of which Mr. Knox was a trustee 
when the institution bore the name of Waterville college. 

His little statue of "The Newsboy" elicited great praise, and for 
a long time was in the possession of Bates college. When he was 
22 years of age, Franklin went to Brunswick to make the busts of 
President Woods and Professor Packard of Bowdoin college and 
of Dr. Isaac Lincoln. His studio was over the Pejepscot Bank. 
Shortly afterwards he made a marble bust of Governor Dunlap, 
which surmounts, the Dunlap monument in Pine Grove cemetery, 
Brunswick. About this time his first important public works, the 
Soldiers' Monument for the public park in Lewiston, and the 
Edward Little statue for the grounds of the Edward Little Insti- 
tute in Auburn, enlarged his youthful fame. Then he went to 
Washington, and there received the patronage of Generals Grant, 
Sherman, Sheridan, Governor Pierrepont of West Virginia, Gov- 
ernor Morton of Indiana, and many others. His success in Wash- 
ington and his extensive acquaintance with so many public men 
and women, endeared that city to him, so that in after life his great- 
est public works found a place there. 

In 1867, Franklin went to Florence, Italy, to study art, and re- 
mained there about a year. Subsequently, in 1868, he established 
himself in Rome, among the great sculptors and painters of modern 
time, and amid the world's treasures of ancient sculpture, archi- 
tecture, and painting, but he never regarded Rome as his permanent 
home, although he remained there in pursuit of his profession to 
the time of his death, December 6, 19 13, more than 45 years. Show- 
ing how he was regarded in Rome on account of what he was as 
sculptor and man, it may be mentioned that he was decorated by the 
late King Humbert of Italy and afterwards by his son, the present 
king. 

It would be impossible to give a complete list of all the portrait 
busts he made of distinguished men on both sides of the ocean. 
Among his public works the writer remembers the following: The 
Longfellow statue, and the Statue of the Republic (soldiers' monu- 
ment) in Portland ; the Equestrian Statue of Logan and the Peace 
Monument (Grief weeping on the shoulder of History), and Gen- 
eral Grant, in Washington; Roger Williams, in Providence; Alex- 
ander Hamilton, in Paterson, N. T., Governor Morton in Indian- 



FRANKLIN SIMMONS, THE SCULPTOR 29 

apolis ; Valley Forge, representing Washington at Valley Forge ; 
Governor King of Maine, in the capital at Washington. 

Among the most famous ideal statues are the following: Joche- 
bed and her Child Moses ; Penelope, Medusa, Galatea, Paris and 
Helen, Hymn of Praise, Seraph Abdiel, Miriam, Genius of Progress 
Leading the Nations, Angel of the Resurrection, The Witch of 
Endor, Benjamin and his Cup, The Promised Land, and Hercules 
and Alcestis. The last named is his last work, and probably the 
most wonderful. 

Replicas of all his most important works, both public and ideal, 
were left to Portland by Franklin's will together with a fund for 
their transportation from hisi studio in Rome and for the mainten- 
ance of the art collection. 

Over his own grave and the graves of his two deceased wives in 
his lot in the American Cemetery at Rome, stands a full sized replica 
of the Angel of the Resurrection, showing in his free joyful triumph 
over death. 



The Bangor Historical Society held a meeting Tuesday, April 6, 
191 5, which was of great interest as the subject under consideration 
was Mt. Katahdin. 

Gen. Augustus B. Farnham presided. 

Prof. Lucius H. Merrill of the University of Maine delivered 
an able address on Katahdin from the view point of the Scientist, 
and Congressman Guernsey entertained the audience with an account 
of the efforts which he is making in Congress for the Federal Gov- 
ernment to make this Katahdin area a national forest reserve. 



A meeting of the Woman's Literary Club of Dexter, Maine, was 
held January 27, 191 5. Historical Sketches of the Club from 
1880 to 1910 were given by Mrs. Frances Bradbury, Mrs. Elizabeth 
R. Horton, Mrs. Fannie Bridgham, Mrs. Carrie Brewster, Mrs. 
Imogene Weymouth and Mrs. Fannie Crosby. The session was 
presided over by Mrs. Elizabeth R. Horton, the oldest member of 
the Club, whose age was 91 years. The Club was organized at the 
home of Mrs. Ella Eldridge in 1880 with 18 members. During the 
first 30 years of the Club's existence 175 women have been actively 
associated with it. 



3o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The Shepherd Boy of Woolwich 

Oh Billy, little Billy, with your flock beside the river, 

Where the deep-sea faring vessels come and go, 
Do you long for tropic waters where the blue waves dance and quiver 

As the far-off magic trade winds briskly blow? 
I sit here by the river with my silly sheep beside me, 

But it will not last for always, I know well ; 
I was born for something greater, and though ill may yet betide me 

I shall sail where strange far waters heave and swell. 

How now, apprentice William, at your bench with saw and hammer, 

Work you love not earning for you food and bed,— 
Do you hear the creak of cordage and the sea gulls' raucous clamor 

As they fly about the rigging overhead ? 
I work with saw and hammer till the toil of day is over ; 

Then I study, sometimes far into the night. 
My dreams are not forgotten, — I shall be a deep-sea rover — 

But the captain of a ship should read and write. 

Oh Captain Phips of Boston, you have sailed the South Atlantic 

Where the far Bahamas wreck the Spanish ships ; 
Does the taste of unearned plunder set your rover's nature frantic. 

Shall you come again to search here, Captain Phips ? 
I shall sail at once for London there to stand before the king. 

And my plan shall I at length to him unfold ; 
And if fortune then be with me I shall men and vessels bring. 

Here to search the sea for sunken Spanish gold. 

Sir William Phips of England, of your search in tropic waters; 

Of the tripsi you made to England to and fro ; 
( )f the mutiny you ended, turning plot against plotters — 

Tell us truly of, Sir William, all you know. 
In my English ship, 'Rose Algier,' I sailed the Spanish Main, 

Where the loaded treasure-ships were sunk of old ; 
By the aid of Indian divers I brought it up again — 

Three hundred thousand pounds in gems and gold. 



THE SHEPHERD BOY OF WOOLWICH 31 

Governor Phips of Boston in your mansion fair and stately. 

That you promised Mistress Phipsi you'd build one day, 
You have risen to high honor as well as prospered greatly ; 

Are you well content, Sir William, with your way ? 
I have dealt with all offenders and soundly them berated — 

I find my temper shorter than of yore — 
Well I know that all around me I am both feared and hated, 

And I go to pleasant England back once more. 

Oh William Phips, in England your forgotten dust is lying. 

Does your stern, proud spirit sometimes hover near ; 
Do you think of old adventures in the days so swiftly flying, 

And the scenes you knew and loved when you were here? 
Round my earthly habitations if my spirit freed might linger, 

Dearer far than any other spot to me 
Where the shepherd boy of Woolwich watched the Future's beck- 
oning finger, 

Where the widening river flows to meet the sea. 

MABEL L. TRUE. 

Foxcroft, Maine. 



Sir William Phips was born in Woolwich, Maine, February 2, 1650, ( 1 )and 
died in London, England, February, 1695. His youth, in his humble home 
on the coast of Maine, was spent as a shepherd boy and as an apprentice to 
a ship carpenter. When a young man he went to Boston where he learned 
to read and write and then engaged as a trader. He married a widow or 
Boston who was a lady of wealth and was thus enabled to build for himself 
a ship and entered upon ocean commerce. Later he was in English Ad- 
miralty, and commanded a fleet of vessels in an expedition against Port 
Royal which he captured in 1690. He was unsuccessful in a similar expedi- 
tion against Quebec. 

In 1667 he was at the head of an expedition that recovered Spanish gold 
that had been lost in the wreck of a Spanish ship off the Bahamas, to the 
amount of £300,000 of which his share was £16,000; he was then knighted 
by the English government and made sheriff of Xew England. He was 
probably more than anyone else the real founder of Xew England shipping. 

One of the most famous acts of his life was when he had been appointed 
royal governor of the Massachusetts Colony he immediately created a special 
court to investigate and try the witchcraft cases.. Ie resulted in the speedy 
termination of these abhorrent and disgraceful prosecutions. 

EDITOR. 

(1) Williamson Vol. 1, Page 595. 



io. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Leading Events in the Colonial 
History of Maine 

The following summary of the most important events in the 
Colonial period of the history of Maine, is a part of the State His- 
torian's Report for 1907-8, pp. 17-20. 1 It is so concisely and accu- 
rately arranged and is such a valuable suggestion for a course of 
study for pupils and beginners in Maine History that we make 
excerpts as follows : 

Martin Pring, an English explorer, was on the coast of Maine in 
1603. De Monts, a Frenchman, landed with colonists on the island 
of St. Croix, below Calais, in 1604. Weymouth, with a band of 
English explorers, was at St. George's Island Harbor and ascended 
the St. George's river in 1605. Pring was here again in 1606. The 
Popham colonists established themselves at the mouth of the Kenne- 
bec in 1607. There were Jesuit colonists on the Penobscot in 161 1 
and at Mount Desert in 161 3. English fishermen and traders were 
then on the coast from year to year. Capt. John Smith was at Mon- 
hegan in 1614. Long after the landing of the Pilgrims, Maine held 
an independent position. The grant of the Province of Maine to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, by the Great Council 
for New England, was made in 1622. Christopher Levett secured 
from the same source in 1623 a grant of six thousand acres in Casco 
Bay. In 1629, the Pilgrims at Plymouth secured a grant of land on 
both sides of the Kennebec, which enabled them to control the Indian 
trade of the river, and which later, having been sold by them, was 
known as the "Kennebec Purchase." A grant of land on the north 
side of the Saco river, including the site of the present city of Saco, 
was made by the Great Council in 1630 to Thomas Lewis and Richard 
Bonighton. Also, in the same year, land on the south side of the 
Saco, including the site of the present city of Biddeford, was granted 
to John Oldham and Richard Vines. That also was the date of the 
Muscongus Patent, granting lands at Muscongus to John Beauchamp 
and Thomas Leverett, a grant later known as the Waldo Patent. The 
Lygonia Patent, covering a tract of land forty miles square, extend- 
ing from Cape Porpoise to the Androscoggin river, bears the same 
date. The Black Point Grant to Thomas Cammock, a nephew of the 



(^Report of Rev. Hemry S. Burrage, D. D., Slate Historian for the State 
of Maine. 



EVENTS IN COLONIAL HISTORY OF MAINE 33 

Earl of Warwick, was made in 1631. So also in the same year a 
grant of land on the Pejepscot river was made to Richard Bradshaw ; 
another of land on Cape Elizabeth to Robert Trelawny and Moses 
Goodyear ; another on the east side of the Agamenticus river to Fer- 
dinando Gorges, a grandson of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Walter 
Norton and others ; also two thousand acres at Cape Porpoise to 
John Stratton ; also land at Pemaquid to Robert Aldworth and Gyles 
Elbridge. In 1^32. grants of land on the Pejepscot river were made 
to George Way and Thomas Purchase. In 1634, in the final division 
of the Patent for New England by the great Council, number seven, 
including the territory between the Piscataqua and the Kennebec, was 
assigned to Sir Ferdinando Gorges. In 1636, Gorges leased to 
George Cleeve and Richard Tucker "a neck of land called Mache- 
gonne," now Portland. The royal charter of the Province of Maine 
to Sir Ferdinando Gorges by Charles II, designed to confirm the 
allotment made to Gorges in the division of the Patent for New Eng- 
land, was granted in 1639. During the decade and more that fol- 
lowed, affairs were in a disturbed state in the province because of the 
conflict between the King and Parliament. As the power of the 
royalist party in England was weakened, George Cleeve in 1643, 
in opposition to the Gorges interest, enlisted the aid of Colonel 
Alexander Rigby in resuscitating the Lygonia Patent in 1630, and 
received a commission as Deputy President of the Province of 
Lygonia. Other interests were pressing. In this unsettled state 
of affairs civil government of necessity languished, and in 165 1 the 
General Court of the Province of Maine appealed to Parliament for 
protection. 

Thus far, in these beginnings of colonization, Maine had main- 
tained an independent position. But at this juncture of affairs the 
colonists of Massachusetts Bay saw an opportunity to extend their 
dominion in this direction. The charter of the Bay colony estab- 
lished its northern boundary three miles north of the Merrimac 
river. This was now interpreted to mean three miles north of the 
source of the river, and a line drawn east from this point to the 
sea brought the land covered by the Gorges and Cleeve interests 
within the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. In 1652, the General 
Court appointed Commissioners to determine the line, but not with- 
out protest and opposition on the part of the colonists of Maine 
who were in sympathy with the above interests. Gradually the gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts was extended northward. Kittery and 
Gorgeana yielded submission in 1652; Wells, Cape Porpoise and 



34 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Saco in 1653; and Black Point, Blue Point, Spurwink and Casco 
in 1658. 

The materials of the history of Maine during this period of inde- 
pendence are to be found largely in England. Something, in gath- 
ering these materials, has already been done by the Maine Historical 
Society. Much has been done by the Hon. James P. Baxter. Added 
researches will doubtless have their reward. All possible sources 
of information should be carefully examined, and the materials for 
the history of this early period in Maine life and achievement should 
be made accessible to those who are interested in it. 

To this newly acquired territory, Massachusetts gave the name 
Yorkshire, or County of York. Subsequently, after the overthrow 
of the Protectorate and the restoration of Charles II, the colonists 
in the fomer Province of Maine requested to be placed again under 
the authority of the King, or of the heir of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. 
But the General Court of Massachusetts also sent a petition to the 
King, and matters were allowed to rest until 1664, when the grand- 
son of Gorges obtained an order from the King requiring Massa- 
chusetts to restore the Province of Maine to Gorges or his com- 
missioners. After various efforts on both sides, the territory mean- 
while being brought under the jurisdiction of a provincial govern- 
ment independent of Massachusetts and the Gorges interests, the 
General Court of Massachusetts, May 6, 1677, purchased of Ferdi- 
nando Gorges, grandson of Sir Ferdinando, all his interest in the 
Province of Maine for twelve hundred and fifty pounds; sterling. 
This purchase strengthened the hold of Massachusetts upon its 
former eastward possessions, and in 1680 the General Court pro- 
ceeded to reorganize civil administration in Maine with Thomas 
Dan forth as President of the Province. But the charter of Massa- 
chusetts was annulled in 1684, and the government of the colony 
reverted to the crown. Charles II died in 1685, and James II ap- 
pointed Andros Governor of New England. His career was cut 
short by a revolution in England, which drove James from the 
throne ; and William and Mary, who succeeded James, issued October 
7, 1691, a charter, which incorporated, under the title of the "Prov- 
ince of Massachusetts Bay," the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, the 
Colony of Plymouth, the Province of Maine and the territory of 
Nova Scotia. In this way the title of Massachusetts to the territory 
east of the Fiscataqua was confirmed, though on account of its 
remoteness and the distracted state of the country, Nova Scotia was 
separated from the Province of Massachusetts Bay by the Lords 
of Trade in 1606. and it was made a roval nrovince in T7n 



SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 35 



The Maine Society of the Sons of 
the American Revolution 



This Society held its annual meeting and banquet at Riverton, 
Maine, February 22, 191 5. 

At the banquet addresses were made by the retiring President, 
John Francis Sprague, Brig. Gen. Philip Read, U. S. A., retired, 
and the newly elected President, Philip F. Turner. 

The following officers were elected to serve for the ensuing year. 
President: Philip F. Turner, Portland. 
Senior Vice President: Wainwright dishing, Foxcroft. 
Vice Presidents: 

Androscoggin County, Edward P. Ricker, So. Poland. 

Aroostook County, Atwood W. Spaulding, Caribou. 

Cumberland County, Frederick S. Vaill, Portland. 

Franklin County, Fred G. Paine, Farmington. 

Hancock County, Benjamin L. Noyes, Stonington. 

Kennebec County, Eugene C. Carll, Augusta. 

Knox County, Eugene M. Stubbs, Rockland. 

Lincoln County, Eugene F. Webber, YYestport. 

Oxford County, John W. Thompson, Canton. 

Penobscot County, Wm. W. Talbot, Bangor. 

Sagadahoc County, Wm. B. Kendall, Bowdoinham. 

Somerset County, Charles F. Jones, Skowhegan. 

Waldo County, Ralph Emery, Belfast. 

Washington County, Levin C. Getchell, Machias. 

York County, John C. Stewart, York Village. 
Secretary: Rev. Jos. Battell Shepherd, Portland. 
Treasurer: Enoch O. Greenleaf, Portland. 
Registrar: Francis L. Littlefield, Portland. 
Librarian: William T. Cousens, Portland. 
Historian: Augustus F. Moulton, Portland. 
Chaplain: Rev. R. F. Johonnot, Auburn. 

Councillors: Willis B. Hall, Portland ; John W. D. Carter, Port- 
land ; Convers E. Leach, Portland ; Fred Brunei, Portland ; 

Charles L. Andrews, Portland. 



36 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Stephen Longfellow 

By William Willis. 

Stephen Longfellow was, descended in the fourth degree from 
William, the first of the name who came to this country and settled 
in the Byefield Parish, in the old town of Newbury, and who 
married there, in 1678, Anne Sewall. She was the daughter of 
Henry Sewall and Jane Dummer, and was born September 3, 1662. 
After the death of her first husband, Longfellow, she married 
Henry Short. His father, grandfather, and great-grandfather were 
all named Stephen ; derived from Stephen Dummer, the father of 
Jane, the first William Longfellow's wife. His grandfather, the 
first immigrant to Maine, graduated at Harvard College in 1742, 
and came to Portland, then Falmouth, as the Grammar School 
Master, in 1745. He filled many offices of honor and trust, and 
exercised an important influence in the affairs of the town and 
county. He was Grammar School Master fifteen years; twenty- 
three years Parish Clerk ; twenty-two years Town Clerk ; and fif- 
teen years Register of Probate and Clerk of the Judicial Courts ; 
several of which offices he held at the same time. His son Stephen 
held the office of Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and died 
much respected, in 1824, at the age of seventy-four. The grand- 
father died in 1790. 

Stephen Longfellow, the subject of this sketch, was born in 
Gorham, Maine, March 23, 1776. His father who was born in 
Falmouth, and his grandfather, removed to Gorham from Falmouth, 
on its destruction by the British fleet in October, 1775, and remained 
there during their lives. His early days were spent in that town, 
on the farm of his father, and in studies necessary to prepare him 
for his future occupation. Sometimes, in his addresses to the jury, 
he adroitly drew illustrations from his farmer's, apprenticeship, to 
point his argument or secure their favorable attention. 

He entered Harvard College in 1794, at the age of eighteen, and at 
once took an honorable position with the government and his col- 
lege companions, by the frankness of his manners and his uniformly 
correct deportment. Plis scholarship is attested by his election to 
the Phi Beta Kappa society. He had a well-balanced mind, no part 
so prominent as to overshadow the rest. It was not rapid in its 
movements, nor brilliant in its course, but its conclusions were 
sound and correct. He was inclined to think, compare, and weigh 



STEPHEN LONGFELLOW 



37 



closely ; he did not soar into the regions of fancy and abstraction, 
but kept on the terra firma of practical common sense. In his hab- 
its, he was studious and exemplary, free from every contaminating 
influence. In a class which had its full share of talent and scholar- 
ship, he held a very reputable rank among its high divisions, and 
shared its honors in the assignment of the college government, and 
in the estimation of his classmates. He was a born gentleman, and 
a general favorite of his class. 

These high tributes to the youthful character of Air. Longfellow 
were fully sustained in his riper years. He graduated in the class 




STEPHEN LONGFELLOW" 

of Dr. Channing, Judge Story, Professor Sidney YYillard, Dr. 
Tuckerman, and other distinguished scholars. 

On leaving college he entered on the study of law with Salmon 
Chase of Portland, and was admitted to practice in 1801. He estab- 
lished himself in Portland where he soon secured a successful and 
honorable business. No man more surely gained the confidence of 
all who approached him, or held it firmer ; and those who knew 
him best, loved him most. 

In 1814, a year of great excitement to the republic from war 
with England, — a large fleet hanging upon our coast, and a well- 
disciplined army menacing our northern frontier, — he was sent to 



38 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



the Legislature of Massachusetts, and while there was chosen a 
member of the celebrated Hartford Convention, in company with 
Judge Wilde from this State, George Cabot, Harrison Gray Otis, 
and other distinguished Federalists from Massachusetts and the 
other New England States. In 1816 he was chosen an elector of 
President, and with Prentiss Mellan, and the other electors of 
Massachusetts, threw his vote for the eminent statesman, Rufus 
King, a native of Maine. 

In 1822, Mr. Longfellow was chosen to the Eighteenth Congress, 
where he was associated with Lincoln of Maine, Webster of Massa- 
chusetts, Buchanan of Pennsylvania, Clary of Kentucky, Barbour 
and Randolph of Virginia, McLane of Delaware, Forsyth of 
Georgia, Houston of Tennessee, and Livingston of Louisiana. 
Having served out his term faithfully and well, he took leave of 
political life, which had no charm for him, and gave the remainder 
of his years, as far as his health permitted, to his profession. How 
well he served it, the first sixteen volumes of the Massachusetts 
Reports, and the first twelve of the Maine Reports, extending 
through a period of more than thirty years, bear ample testimony. 
In 1828, he received from Bowdoin College the honorable and mer- 
ited distinction of Doctor of Laws. He was one of the trustees of 
that institution from 181 7 to 1836. In 1826, he represented Port- 
land in the Legislature, with Isaac Adams and General Fessenden. 
In 1834, he was President of the Maine Historical Society, having 
previously held the office of Recording Secretary. 

In his domestic life Mr. Longfellow was as exemplary as he was 
able in public and professional relations. He married in January, 
1804, Zilpah, daughter of General Peleg Wadsworth of Portland, 
with whom he lived in uninterrupted happiness more than forty-five 
years. She was a woman of fine manners, and of great moral worth. 
P>y her he had eight children, four sons and four daughters. 

1, Stephen; 2, Henry Wadsworth; 3, Elizabeth; 4, Anne; 5, Alex 
W. ; 6, Mary; 7, Ellen, and 8, Samuel. 



Prof. John C. Mellett of the Department of English, in the Uni- 
versity of Maine, Oronoi, Maine, writes us: 

I have enjoyed reading the Journal very much and especially the 
article on Colonel John Allan. The feature that interested me, a 
newspaper man, most, was the line you carry at the bottom of your 
advertising pages, as I regard this a common sense, ethical plan. 



ANDROSCOGGIN NOTES 39 

Androscoggin Notes 

By Edgar Crosby Smith. 

Androscoggin County was incorporated March 18, 1854, its ter- 
ritory was formed from three other counties as follows : 

The towns of Lewiston, Lisbon and Webster were taken from the 
county of Lincoln ; the towns Auburn, Danville, Durham, Minot 
and Poland from the county of Cumberland; the towns of Liver- 
more and Turner from the county of Oxford, and the towns of 
East Livermore, Greene, Leeds, and Wales from the county of Ken- 
nebec. 1 

The act establishing the county also provided that the permanent 
shire town should be either Lewiston, Auburn, or Danville ; and it 
further provided that on the first Monday of October of that year, 
the legal voters of the several towns therein named should deter- 
mine by ballot which of these three towns should be the shire town 
and this action resulted in the choice of Auburn. 

The new county was named for the river Androscoggin which 
flows through it. Its main sources are the Androscoggin lakes in 
Franklin and Oxford counties and in recent years known as the 
Rangeley Lakes, the most prominent of which are Rangeley, Moose- 
lucmaguntic, Kennebago, Richardson and Umbagog. The outlet of 
these lakes form a junction with the Magalloway River near the 
New Hampshire boundary line. For about thirty-five miles it flows 
southward into the State of New Hampshire, then turns abruptly 
to the south and joins the river Kennebec in Merrymeeting Bay. 
This river measures about 200 miles in length from the sources of 
the Magalloway River to the sea coast. 2 

The name Androscoggin is undoubtedly of Indian origin. The 
tribe of the Abenaque Indians which dwelt on the Androscoggin 
River, when it was first discovered by the white men, were known 
as the Annasaguinticooks. 3 They were a numerous and powerful 
tribe claiming dominion of the waters and lands of this river from 
its sources to Merrymeeting Bay, and on the west side of the Saga- 
dahoc to the sea. 4 Their principal settlement and encampments was 



C) Chap. 60 Public Laws of Maine, 1854. 

(■) Waters of Southern Maine, Frederick Oapp, Washington, D. C, 1909. 

( 3 ) Williamson, Vol. 2, p. 457. 

( 4 ) lb, p. 466. 

( 5 ) Hubbard's Indian Wars 281-347. 



40 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



at Pejepscot," or what is now the town of Brunswick. A short 
distance above the Great Falls, they maintained a fort which was 
destroyed by the English in 1690. They were regarded as one of 
the most arrogant, warlike, and bitterly hostile tribes in Maine. 
When the first sound of King Phillip's war was heard this tribe 
instantly invaded the plantation of Thomas Purchas, who at Pejep- 
scot was the first settler in this region, (1628), destroyed his prop- 
erty, killed his cattle and carried away most of his effects." 

The present limits of Androscoggin County embraces a territory 
rich in historic interest. Indian history and legend interwoven with 
the story of the Maine pioneers makes it a field fertile in possibilities 
for the delver into our early history. 

There was an Indian fort at the junction of the two rivers on the 
high ground with the present limits of the city of Auburn, which 
was destroyed by Major Church in 1690. It is said that as Church's 
men drove the Indians from their fort they took refuge behind the 
water of the falls, but were finally discovered and driven out. How 
much of this story is legend and how much truth is undeterminable 
today. 

Many other facts in history and legends of the redmen are cen- 
tered around the falls of the Androscoggin where now are the bus- 
tling and enterprising cities of Lewiston and Auburn. 

Leeds was settled in 1780 by Thomas and Roger Stinchfield. 
Benjamin Merrill was the first permanent settler of the town of 
Greene. He came from North Yarmouth in November, 1775. Soon 
after the Revolution a number of the soldiers of that war came to 
the town and became settlers. 

Minot with Poland and Old Auburn were included in a grant from 
Massachusetts made to one Baker in 1765, and was originally called 
Bakerstown. This territory was incorporated as a town in 1795 
under the name of Poland. Minot was set off and incorporated as 
a town in 1802, receiving its name from Judge Minot who was a 
member of the General Court of Massachusetts, who was of much 
assistance in securing the act of incorporation. 

Wales was incorporated as a town in 1816. The first settler 
appears to have been James Ross, who came from Brunswick in 
1778; other settlers came in soon after, among whom were Reuben 
Ham, Jonathan and Alexander Thompson, Benjamin and Samuel 
Weymouth, and William Rennick, all of whom settled before 1785. 
(To be continued.) 



(•) Williamson, Vol. 1, p. 466. 



SOME EARLY MAINE JOURNALISTS 41 

Some Early Maine Journalists 

By Charles A. Pilsbury. 

The first annual Newspaper Institute held at the University of 
Maine, Orono, April 23d and 24th — an outcome of the recent addi- 
tion to the curriculum of that practical institution of learning of a 
course in journalism, suggests mention, though necessarily brief, of 
some of the early Maine newspaper men who won distinction abroad. 
First, because he was the first newspaper man with whom the pres- 
ent writer became familiar as a reader of the New Mirror, and 
later the Home Journal, Nathaniel Parker Willis is recalled. He 
was a bright star in the literary firmament of his day and his light 
still shines although he died nearly half a century ago. He was 
born in Portland and his father, Nathaniel Willis, was one of the 
publishers of the Eastern Argus (weekly) the first number of 
which was issued Sept. 8, 1803. He later became prominent in 
Boston journalism and was the founder of The Youth's Companion. 
Four members of his family inherited great literary ability — 
Nathaniel P., the youngest son ; Richard Storrs, editor, composer 
and poet ; Sarah Payson, widely known by her pen name of "Fanny 
Fern," and Julia Bean, an able book reviewer, who all her life did 
anonymous literary work. Fanny Fern was a contributor to Bon- 
ner's New York Ledger, the most widely circulated weekly story 
paper of its day, but which, with its many imitators, long since ceased 
publication. Nathaniel Parker Willis is included in the American 
Men of Letters series published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 
Boston, and this firm also published a few years ago a collection of 
his writings. He was the author of several books, the best known ; 
"Pencilings by the Way" and "Letters from Under a Bridge." The 
first named told of his travels abroad, where he was entertained by 
the nobility and the most distinguished people of that day. He died 
on his 61 st birthday, Jan. 20, 1867, at his beautiful estate, Idle-wild- 
on-Hudson. 

George Stillman Hillard, lawyer, editor, poet and distinguished 
man of letters, was the grandson of George Stillman, one of the 
earliest and most distinguished citizens of Machias. He settled there 
as early as 1769 and assisted in building the first meetinghouse. Mr. 
Hillard was born in Machias in 1808, graduated from Harvard in 
1828, and was admitted to the bar in Boston in 1833. In that year 
he became one of the editors of the Christian Register (Unitarian) 
and later was one of the editors of the Boston Courier, the leading 



42 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Whig organ of that day. He was the author of the "Life of John 
Smith," "Six Months in Italy," etc., and died in 1879. Charles T. 
Congdon in his "Record of Fifty Years of Journalism," said: "Mr. 
Hillard, who could write brilliant essays, construct clever books 
which the committees were only too glad to introduce into the 
schools, tell in elegant language of his travels in Italy, critically col- 
late the works of Walter Savage Landor and edit Chaucer, proved 
how little he understood the science of public affairs," etc. This 
refers to Mr. Hillard's pro-slavery attitude and his course during 
the agitation leading up to the Civil war, when the Boston Whigs 
"fell without a murmur, and out of sheer fright, into the arms of 
the Democratic party." 

Eastern Maine produced another journalist and author, no less 
distinguished, in James Shepherd Pike of Calais. He was engaged 
in trade, but began writing because he had something to say — first 
in the Boundary Gazette, published in Calais, then in the Portland 
Advertiser, the Boston Atlas, the leading Whig paper in New Eng- 
land, and the Boston Courier, when it was the leading daily news- 
paper this side of New York. His writings in the Courier attracted 
the attention of Horace Greeley, who wrote him this characteristic 
note : "Will you write me some letters ? You are writing such 
abominably bad ones for the Boston Courier that I fancy you are 
putting all your unreason into them and can give me some of the 
pure juice." This led to Mr. Pike becoming a regular contributor 
to The Tribune, and he was always spoken of by Mr. Greeley as the 
best political writer in the country. During his connection with 
The Tribune, in which he became a stockholder, it was the most 
influential paper in this country and its utterance carried more 
weight with the American people than any newspaper of the present 
day. In the anti-slavery campaign, and during the Civil war, Mr. 
Pike was Mr. Greeley's right hand man and did valiant service. He 
was a candidate for office but once, when he ran for Congress in 
1850 in the old 5th Maine district and was defeated by T. J. D. 
Fuller. In recognition of his distinguished services in the cause of 
the Union President Lincoln appointed Mr. Pike Minister to The 
Hague, but after holding the office for five years he became tired of 
it and resigned to resume writing for the press. During recon- 
struction in South Carolina he visited that State and his letters to 
The Tribune were later published in book form under the title of 
"The Prostrate State.*' On his death in 1882, Charles A. Dana, who 
was associated with Mr. Pike on The Tribune, paid him a marked 
tribute in the editorial columns of the New York Sun. 



SOME EARLY MAINE JOURNALISTS 43 



Portland was the birthplace of James and Erastus Brooks, dis- 
tinguished journalists and prominent in politics. James studied law 
in Portland, wrote for newspapers and in 1832 went to Washington 
as a correspondent and was a pioneer in that line. Later he became 
the editor of the Portland Advertiser and travelled in Europe, send- 
ing home letters to the Advertiser. On his return he stopped in 
New York and arranged with parties there to establish an evening 
paper, the Express, but promised to return to Portland when he 
had placed his brother Erastus in charge and to keep up his editorial 
connection with both papers. He did not return to Portland, how- 
ever, and soon became prominent in politics in New \ ork. He 
served two terms in Congress before the Civil War, was again elected 
to the House in 1865 and served continuously until 1873, an d died 
in that year. His brother Erastus edited the Yankee at Wiscasset 
and later the Gazette at Haverhill, Mass., and about 1840 went to 
Washington as correspondent for several New York papers. He 
was nominated by the Democrats for Governor of New York, but 
was defeated. He served several terms in the legislature of the 
Empire State and was quite as prominent in public life as his brother 
James, with whom he was associated in the publication of the Even- 
ing Express. The paper was successful under their management 
and later was consolidated with the Mail, an evening paper. 

George Mellville W'eston was born in Augusta in 1816, graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1834, and was admitted to the bar in 1837. He 
practiced law in Augusta for five years and edited The Age, the 
leading Democratic organ in the State, until after the campaign of 
1844, "in which he won distinction as a political writer of great 
intellectual ability." He then moved to Bangor, where he continued 
the practice of law and was engaged in editorial work. Later he 
went to Washington and was the editor of Free Soil papers that 
succeeded The National Era, and was the first editor of The National 
Republican. He was the author of books on money, silver and 
slavery which gave him a wide reputation as a writer of signal 
ability. He died in 1887. 

This list might be extended indefinitely. Portland was the birth- 
place of many distinguished journalists in addition to those men- 
tioned, and there were many graduates from the Portland Advertiser 
who achieved success in other fields. It should also be said that in 
more recent years, and at the present time, Maine newspaper men 
have well maintained the prestige of the past, and the new school of 
journalism will no doubt add to their numbers. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

PUBLISHED QUARTERLY 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, JJover, Maine, by Jo'hn 
Francis Sprag-ue, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during- the year, including- an index and all 
special issues, $1.00. Sing-He copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, $1.75. 
• Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. Vol. I (bound 1 ) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for $2.00. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing- with Vol. 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who pay 
in advance, otherwise $1.50. 



"The lives of former generations are a lesson to posterity; that 
a man may review the remarkable events which have happened to 
others, and be admonished ; and may consider the history of people 
of preceding ages, and of all that hath befallen them, and be restrained. 
Extolled be the perfection of Him who hath thus ordained the his- 
tory of former generations to be a lesson to those which follow." 
— Tales of a Thousand and One Nights. 



Vol. Ill MAY, 1915 No. 1 



Maine History as a Popular Study 

The newspapers of Maine generally are entitled to much credit 
and deserve more than ordinary commendation for their efforts 
along the lines of enhancing public interest in the study and research 
of Maine history. 

The Eastern Argus of Portland maintains a department each 
week devoted exclusively to Maine historical and genealogical sub- 
jects and the Bar Harbor Times is also doing valuable work of a 
similar nature. 

But none of them excel the Lewiston Journal in this respect. 

On January i of the present year its publishers issued a circular 
addressed "To the Members of the Maine Federation of Women's 
Clubs," proposing to the club women of Maine "a prize contest" 
the object being "to stimulate the club women to study the history 
of their own town." The only conditions were that (i) the article 
was to be written by a club woman belonging to the Federation and 
(2) that the subject should be a local historical topic, or of some 
personage or family connected with local history, and that the article 
was to be illustrated by at least two pictures,. It was announced 
that the points that would count in the judging would be (1) his- 
torical value; (2) vivacity of style; (3) originality of treatment: 
(4) the human interest in the story. 



MAINE HISTORY AS A POPULAR STUDY 45 

Such efforts to popularize the study of Maine history are assuredly 
worthy of public approval. 

It is just such work as this that the school officers of Maine, from 
the salaried state superintendent to the school committees of the 
smallest towns and plantations, should engage in and direct the 
teaches of the state to attend to. 

It is now two years since, that by the publication of the Journal, 
we began to be in close touch with public sentiment in Maine regard- 
ing this matter. The result of our experience and observation is 
that in our opinion as we have before mentioned the press of Maine 
is friendly to this cause and ready at all times to give it generous 
space and words of cheer and encouragement ; and also we find 
many in the professions and in business circles, many publicists 
and patriotic, public spirited and progressive citizens, who love the 
fair name of the Pine Tree State, who revere her history and her 
traditions and who are in hearty accord with it all. 

Especially is this true of the members of the legal profession and 
the clergy- of the State, and it should be added that not the least 
among the latter who manifest a deep interest in Maine's early 
history are the clergymen of the Catholic faith. And yet from 
our view point candor constrains us to assert that while there are 
notable exceptions among the school officers and teachers, we believe 
the public school system of Maine as a whole is sadly neglectful 
and inexcusably indifferent in its appreciation of the importance 
and value of giving this study the place that it deserves in the school 
curriculum. 

Mr. DeForest H. Perkins, Superintendent of Schools for the city 
of Portland, is fully recognized as one of the ablest school officers 
in New England. In a recent conversation with the writer he ex- 
pressed himself as in hearty accord with any movement that could 
be made to encourage the study of Maine history in our public 
schools. 

Undoubtedly the need of a text book relating to the study of 
Maine history, one that is brief, concise and comprehensive and 
written in a style that would be attractive to youthful minds and 
not be pronounced "dry reading," is urgent and possibly a partial 
cause for this unsatisfactory, if not to say deplorable state of affairs. 
That such a book is required is apparent but it is only the school 
department of the state that can create a real demand for it. 



46 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The present issue of the Journal is the first part of the third 
volume, which begins under the most favorable auspices. It is 
the emphatic intention of the Journal to keep its pages largely 
devoted to subjects relative to early Maine history. Yet it is 
just as much the proper work of such a publication to make a 
record of important events, enterprises and men of note of the 
present period to be preserved for the use of future generations 
as it is to make research of similar events, enterprises and men 
of note of the past centuries. 

Our space will probably never permit us to do very much along 
the lines of the former yet we do hope to do something occasion- 
ally in this direction. The article in this issue relative to the 
Honorable Peter Charles Keegan, one of the strong men of the 
Maine of today, is an earnest of what we hope to do. 

The next number which will be an extra one and will not inter- 
fere at all with the continuity of the four regular quarterly num- 
bers, will also be a feature in this same course of action as it 
will be devoted exclusively to the past and present history of the 
booming fackman and Moose River Region. 



Notes and Fragments 

The General Knox Chapter D. A. R. of Thomaston, Maine is 
making a most commendable effort to raise funds to erect a Knox 
Memorial building in honor of the memory of General Knox and 
to be used as a Museum of Arts and Sciences. 

A circular recently issued by this Chapter, saysi: If time had 
spared "Montpelier," the fine mansion which at the close of the 
Revolution Knox built on the banks of the Georges at Thomaston, 
Maine, and where he entertained many distinguished guests, we 
should have such a memorial, second in historic interest only to 
Mount Vernon. Montpelier, unhappily, is gone, but much of its 
furniture and many other relics of Knox and his period are still 
carefully preserved by his descendants, or scattered in various 
homes in and about Thomaston, and a large part of these could be 
brought together by gift or loan, if there existed a safe and suitable 
building in which they could be housed and exhibited to the public. 

Contributions and pledges may be sent to either Miss Emma G. 
Shields, Treasurer of the Knox Academy of arts and Sciences, 76 
Broad street, Rockland ; or to Mrs. Richard O. Elliot, Regent Gen- 
eral Knox Chapter, D. A. R., Thomaston. 



NOTES AND FRAGMENTS 47 

All money received for the purposes set forth in this circular, 
will be placed on deposit in the Rockland and Thomaston banks 
to the credit of the Knox Memorial Building Fund, and will not be 
drawn upon for any other purpose. 

The State of Maine is far behind all of its older sister states in 
appropriating money for the preservation of historic sites and 
places. Its policy has always been painfully and absurdly conser- 
vative in this regard. But it is only a question of time before there 
shall be an awakening of the people along these lines. When it 
comes this important movement will receive the State aid that it cer- 
tainly deserves. 



Charles Horace Nelson of Waterville was born in Palermo, 
Maine, in 1833, and died at Togus, March 30, 191 5. He was long 
known among his friends and the fraternity of "horse men" gen- 
erally as "Hod" Nelson. 

Before the State became noted for producing immense crops of 
potatoes and its dairying industry there was a period in the agri- 
cultural history of the State, (1880-1895) when Maine enjoyed a 
veritable horse-breeding boom, and for a decade at least Maine's 
fast trotting horses had a world-wide fame. Very much of this 
condition was due to M.r. Nelson and his horse Nelson. 

The respective careers of Nelson the man, owner, breeder, driver 
and race track habitue ; and Nelson the horse, a superb beast that 
was the world's champion trotting stallion for a time added greatly 
to the fame of the Pine Tree State as a great horse breeding section 
of the country. 

He was a unique character, positive in his nature, forceful, and 
in some ways eccentric. His life was more or less a checkered one; 
he had served as a soldier in the Union Army in two Maine regi- 
ments and was a member of the G. A. R. 

Probably no human being ever loved a speechless animal more 
fervently than did Hod Nelson love the horse that bore his name. 

He will long be remembered for sterling qualities and this deep 
and somewhat remarkable affection for, and devotion to his horse, 
is among the most beautiful of them. 



"Three years a Volunteer Soldier in the Civil War, Antietam to 
Appomattox," is the title of an exceedingly interesting brochure by 
Honorable George D. Bisbee of Rumford Falls, Maine, that the 



48 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Journal has recently received from the author. It comprises a paper 
that he read May 9, 1910, before the Commandery of the State of 
Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 
and is devoted to a graphic description of some of his personal 
experience as a second lieutenant of the Sixteenth Maine regiment, 
which includes the story of his life of nearly two years in Libby 
and other Confederate prisons. It is a valuable contribution to the 
military literature of Maine. 



Mr. G. T. Ridlon, Sr., in a recent communication to the historical 
department of the Eastern Argus, having stated therein that he had 
recently been in Boston and Providence engaged in historical and 
genealogical research, remarks : 

In passing will say that genealogical research by one whose taste leads them 
into these fields affords one of the best opportunities for the acquisition ot 
historical, genealogical and general information. For the last two months 
I have been in the company of sages, philosophers, poets, saints, judges, 
sculptors, great generals and engineers ; indeed I have made mental excur- 
sions across many seas, visiting many foreign lands and living over the 
decades, that long ago passed into the vanished of the eternities. This while 
handling about two thousand ponderous volumes of foreign books. 



Honorable Hiram Knowlton, one of the oldest members of the 
Maine Bar and a type of Maine's high and staunch citizenship, died 
in Portland, Maine, April 6, 191 5. Mr. Knowlton lived to the 
advanced age of 92 years, having been born in New Portland, 
Maine, August 17, 1823. He was the son of William and Mary 
(Chapman) Knowlton, and a grandson, on his mother's side, of 
Nathaniel Chapman, who served four and one-half years in the War 
of the Revolution. In his early life he practiced law in the towns 
of Mercer and Skowhegan; he moved to the city of Portland in 
1874, where he resided until the time of his death. He was one of 
the founders of the Republican party in this state, and in the early 
days was active in political affairs,. He was Clerk of Courts of 
Somerset County 1863-8 and was Treasurer of that County from 
1859 to iS6g. 

I Ie was a member of the Maine House of Representatives 1873-4 
and a member of Governor P'erham's executive council in 1871 
and was a member of the State Valuation Commission for Cum- 
berland County and its chairman in 1890. He was a member of 
the Board of Trustees of Bates College and the Maine Central Insti- 



NOTES AND FRAGMENTS 49 

tute and President of the International Telegraph Company. He 
was a member of the Masonic Fraternity and the Free Baptist 
Church. 

During his life he was a zealous advocate of prohibition and was 
attorney for the civic League and other temperance organizations. 

When Hannibal Hamlin was a great political leader in this state 
Mr. Knowlton was for many years one of his ablest and most 
trusted friends and lieutenants in his political campaigns. 



The Journal has received the following interesting letter from 
Judge Edgar C. Smith, Corresponding Secretary of the Piscataquis 
County Historical Society. 

Dover, Maine, May n, 191 5. 
Editor Spraguefs Journal of Maine History: 

Our society has recently received the report of the State His- 
torian for 1913-1914, and I have read the same with interest. 

Dr. Burrage is doing a much needed work for our state, limited 
as he is by the lack of financial assistance by way of state appro- 
priation. 

On page 9, et seq., he refers to the northeastern boundary con- 
troversy and says : "Maine's part in that controversy has never 
been told with that fullness and exactness which a matter of so 
much importance demands." He speaks of the sketch of the con- 
troversy written by Governor Washburn, and remarks that but 
little attention has been given to Maine's part in this matter of so 
much national and historical importance. He mentions the four 
volumes of manuscript documents in the State Library and com- 
ments upon their great historical value. He devotes nearly half of 
his report of nine pages to the subject of the northeastern boundary, 
and yet he never mentions the work that our society has done in 
the direction of writing and preserving the historv of that contro- 
versy. 

In Vol. I, of our Collections, published in 1910, over 200 pages 
are devoted to the topic and the publication of those very docu- 
ments which he refers to as being in the State Library, and as an 
introduction to the documentary history is an article of about 70 
printed pages, written by our president, John Francis Sprague, 
which is the most complete, concise and accurate historical account 
of the Aroostook War and the Northeastern Boundary Controversy 
ever written. 



5o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

I can agree with Dr. Burrage that there is still a great deal more 
to be done in this direction, but our society has made a start and all 
we are waiting for is a little more assistance from the state to push 
the publication of these documents on to completion, so that they 
may be readily available to all historical students. 

Yours respectfully, 

EDGAR C. SMITH, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



Sayings of Subscribers 

General Augustus B. Farnham, Bangor, Maine : 
"I regard Sprague's journal as a most valuable publication and 
believe it contains much that is of value and worthy of preserva- 
tion." 



Mr. P. S. Heald, Waterville, Maine : 

"I have found the two Volumes of Sprague's Journal that have 
been sent me very interesting and valuable." 



Reverend George A. Martin, St. Johnsbury, Vt. : 

"Accept my heartiest congratulations on the splendid work which 

you are doing in connection with the Journal. 

"Among all the papers and magazines which come to me, there 

is none more highly prized than the Journal." 



Mrs. Janet Harding Blackford, Machias, Maine : 
"I have enjoyed the Journal very much and especially the excel- 
lent article on Colonel John Allan in the February number." 



Honorable Clarence Hale, Portland, Maine: 

"I have read with great interest your article on Colonel John 
Allan, in Sprague's Journal of Maine History for February.^) 
It is of real value, historically. Your Journal is of increasing value 
all the time. 

(') Vol. 2, p. 233. 



SAYINGS OF SUBSCRIBERS 51 



Mrs. Josephine Richards, Newcastle, Indiana : 

Am much interested in the Journal. The notes on the Aroostook 
War reminded me that the musket carried in that war by George 
French, my father's brother, a boy, probably 18 years ago, is in 
my home in this, western state. 



Honorable Daniel Lewis. Skowhegan, Maine : 

"I herewith enclose my check for one dollar to renew my sub- 
scription to your very interesting Journal of Maine History. Don't 
I remember the old Moose Horn guide post and rejoice that a new 
Moose Horn has taken its place, since we can no longer have the 
old one? 

Don't I remember the old fashioned cider apple sauce, and join 
in the regrets that the making of it appears to be among the lost 
arts?" 



New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

/V\oosehee»d LeiRe-, Kineo, Maine 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New England, forty 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 

NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE and ANNEX 

recently remodeled and with many improvements added; making it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It is a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the great game region. 

This region leads all others for trout and salmon, Spring and Summer fishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 



WRITE FOR ILLUSTRATED BOOKLET, 

containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season, first-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 

C. f\. JUDK1NS, Manager. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




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CONTENTS 53 



Squaw mountain 1Tnn 

Moosehead Lake's New Hotel 

AUTO ROAD GARAGE 



Best Place in Northern Maine for you Auto Trip Dinner 

Long Distance Telephone Telegraph Service. Two Mails Daily 

Equipped with modern furnishings throughout; 

steam heat; electric lights ; baths; spring water 

In the Heart of Fishing and Hunting Region, and within two miles of 

the Bangor & Aroostook and Canadian Pacific R. R. 

Stations at Greenville Junction 

ARTHUR A. CRAFTS, Proprietor 
HORACE W. NEWENHAM, Manager 

(Sreenville Junction, - flDaine 

YEARS THE INSURANCE MAN 
OF SOMERSET COUNTY 

Never a Failure—Never a Lawsuit 
What More Do You Want? 

Charles Folsom-Jones 

SKOWHEGAN 

CONTENTS 

Jackman and the Moose River Region 55 

Jackman's Live Business Men 73 

The Catholic Church and Its Schools 74 

Abram Newton 75 

Correspondence "jj 

Maine Local Histories 80 




54 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




Lumber Mills of the Jackman Lumber Co., 
Jackman, Maine. 



Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill JULY, 1915 No. 2 

Jackman and the Moose River 
Region 

By the Editor. 

On the northwesterly side of the State of Maine, in a north- 
easterly direction from the Rangeley Lakes, up in a vast wilder- 
ness among the mountains of Canada and back of the boundary 
range of mountains, (') may be found the sources of Moose River 
which flows in an easterly direction and empties into Moosehead 
Lake. Near its mouth at this lake is the pretty village of Rock- 
wood, at the terminus of the Maine Central Railroad. 

The valley up and down this river, its streams, ponds, lakes, 
hills, meadows, sporting camps, farms and villages, with the moun- 
tainous grandeur in the distance, altogether constitute one of the 
real beauty spots in the wilderness country of Maine It possesses 
a charm peculiar to itself, incomparable with any other ; a unique- 
ness that is pronounced and instantly impresses the stranger who 
visits that region. He knows it, feels it, and at once becomes a 
part of it, and is obsessed with a spirit of its varied beauty. Its 
nearness to forests and wild life, its culture, its churches, its 



O The boundary range of mountains are about fifteen miles, westerly 
from Jackman and Moose River plantations, and are a section of the boun- 
dary line between Maine and Canada, and divide the waters which on the 
westerly side flow into the St. Lawrence, from those on the easterly side 
which flow into the State of Maine. They are a part of the "highlands" 
mentioned in the Treaty of 17S3 and this word highlands was the storm 
center of the North Eastern Boundary Controversy between the English 
and American Governments for more than a half century and which was 
so serious at one time that a war between the two governments was barely 
averted. 

The Americans construed the word highlands as meaning any ridge of 
land that divided the waters whether actually high hills, and mountains or 
otherwise. The English contention was that its proper definition was a 
high and mountainous region like the "highlands" of Scotland. The dispute 
raged and was acute until it was finally settled by the Webster-Ashburton 
Treaty in 1842. 

(See Collections of the Piscataquis Historical Society, Vol. 1, pp. 216-441.) 



56 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

schools and its industrial activities so strongly blended with and 
unseparated from the primeval, enraptures him. 

The river is about 60 miles long and is notable for one rather 
curious feature, which is, that it is a continuation of ponds and 
lakes 'but which are really only enlargements of the one river. 

The early settlers, the explorers, the lumbermen, guides, hunters 
and map makers, have all given these enlargements of Moose River 
district names and seemed to treat them as separate sheets of water. 

You have Attean Pond" and the Wood ponds, Long Pond and 
Brassua Lake, but after all they are only enlarged parts of this 
unique river. 

When the first voyagers arrived on the coast of Maine in the 
early days of the seventeenth century, they explored routes for 
a highway from this coast to Quebec in Canada. For more than 
two centuries it was a dream of the Colonists of New England 
which was never realized until the present road from the Kenne- 
bec to Quebec was opened to the public. This road was first sur- 
veyed and laid out by virtue of a resolve passed by the Legislature 
of Massachusetts, June 12, 181 7. The Legislature of Maine did 
not act upon this matter until the session of 1826 when it passed 
a resolve authorizing the Governor and Council to appoint an 
agent for "the purpose of opening or causing to be cleared and 
made passable, the road called the Kennebec road, north of the 
million acre, 3 in the county of Somerset." 

The session of 1827 passed a "Resolve relative to the State 
Road north of the Bingham Purchase." This resolve authorized 
the Governor and Council to appoint one or more agents "to 
examine the road from the north line of the Bingham Purchase, 
in the county of Somerset to the line of this State." It also pro- 
vided that these agents should cause to be made so much of said 
road, as passes over land belonging to this State, and one-half of 
so much of said road as passes over land belonging to this State 
and Massachusetts jointly, safe and convenient for travellers, with 
their horses, carts, sleighs and carriages. It also provided for the 
sale of a township six miles square of the state lands the proceeds 
of which should be used for this purpose. 

( 2 ) Also known as Lake Attean. 

( 3 ) The Kennebec Bingham Purchase was formerly known locally as 
the "Million Acres." 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 57 

On January 2?, 1827, George Evans 4 made a report to the Legis- 
lature relative to this road in which it is stated that the object 
to which the favorable attention of the Legislature is solicited, has 
for a long period been regarded worthy of public patronage by 
the government of Massachusetts and this State. The following 
are excerpts from same : 

By virtue of a resolve passed by the Legislature of Massachusetts, in June, 
1817, the commissioners, for the sale and settlement of the public lands, 
caused a road to be surveyed during the same year, from the north line of 
the Bingham Purchase, in the county of Somerset, to the boundary line 
between this state, and Canada, in a direction toward the city of Quebec. 
The sum of five thousand dollars appropriated by the same resolve, was soon 
after expended under the direction of the commissioners, in opening the 
road which had been thus surveyed. Little more, however, was accomplished 
at that time, than cutting down the trees and smaller growth and the erec- 
tion of a substantial bridge at Moose River 

the road yet remaining unfinished, and although it has 

been occasionally used by drovers, who have found a favorable market in 
the British Provinces for horses and cattle, it is wholly impassable for 
carriages ; and the benefits anticipated from its establishment, have been 
but in small degree realized. 

In 1828 a resolve was passed authorizing further exploration of 
unfinished parts of the road. 

In 1830 the Legislature passed the following: 

Resolved, That the sum of four thousand and one hundred dollars, in 
addition to the unexpended balance of last year, be, and hereby is appro- 
priated for the purpose of making and completing, in a manner, convenient 
for .carriages to pass thereon, that part of the Canada road so called, which 
is now unfinished, the same being about nine miles on the route examined 
and reported by Messrs. Redington, Sewall and Smith, situated in this 
State between the Canada line and the north line of the Bingham Purchase. 
The same resolve also appointed Charles Miller, of Waldoborough, and John 
C. Glidden, of Freedom, agents to perform this work. 

February 25, 1831, Francis O. J. Smith, 5 chairman of a special 
legislative committee to whom was referred the resolve in favor 
of Miller and Glidden made an exhaustive report reciting a history 
of the road, of the alterations that had been made in it and of the 
relations and obligations of Massachusetts relative to it. 



( 4 ) Honorable George Evans of Gardiner, Maine, afterwards (1841- 
1847) U. S. Senator from the State of Maine. 

( 5 ) Honorable Francis. O. J. Smith of Portland, Maine, a prominent 
public man of that time. He was a lawyer, politician and journalist and 
Member of Congress three terms (1833-1839.) 



58 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



In 1832 Jarius S. Keith, chairman of a special committee made 
a report to the Senate regarding matters in dispute about the road, 
a considerable portion of which was in reference to changing its 
course so that it would run west of Bald Mountain. In this report 
it was stated that Quebec had already become an important market 

for the sale of Maine cattle, horses and sheep that 1,394 

beef cattle, 249 horses, 956 sheep, and 14 tons of fresh fish, passed 
over that road for the Quebec market, between the first day of 
January and the 31st day of December, 183 1. This information 
was obtained from the Custom House officer stationed on this road. 

The following is one of the reports of the agents appointed to 
open this road made to the Governor and Council in 1830, and ex- 
plains the situation at that time so clearly and concisely that we 
copy it in full : 

REPORT. 

To the Governor and Council of the State of Maine: 

The undersigned, Agents appointed on the first day of March, A. D. 1828, 
under the Resolve passed the 24th of January, of the same year, entitled, 
"Resolve relating to the State road north of the Bingham purchase;" other- 
wise called the Canada road, to make or cause to he made under their 
personal superintendence the road aforesaid, now submit their accounts 
for settlement, with the following report of their doings and the present 
situation of the road. 

Under the authority of the Resolve aforesaid, the Agents selected the 
Township Xo. I, 2d Range North of the Bingham purchase, containing 
18,284 acres, and the same was sold on the day of July, 1828, by the 

Land Agent, on credit, at thirty cents per acre, amounting to $5,485.20, of 
which sum $5,coo was appropriated by the Resolve, for making the road, 
together with $4,187.60, the proceeds of the sale of the township granted by 
Massachusetts, total amount of the appropriation $9,187.60, exclusive of 
interest, which has amounted to $291.11 on the sale of the land appropri- 
ated by Maine, and $318.65 on that granted by Massachusetts. 

The reasons which influenced the agents to advise to sell on credit 
were, that the land would probably bring a higher price, and the season 
was too far advanced to commence work that summer. The road through 
the north part of the Bingham purchase, about forty miles, was extremely 
bad, and supplies for the workmen could not be transported at that season 
without great expense. Moose river Bridge only, was repaired in the 
autumn of 1828, and the following winter was agreed upon for transporting 
tools and provisions on to the ground, to be in readiness to commence 
work the last spring. 

The Agents decided in favor of making a good carriage road, and the 
Agent of the Bingham heirs pledged himself to us, that he would make ' 
the road over the Bingham land, as good as that made by the State, let 
us make it as well as we would. It is obviously for the interest of the 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 59 



State to make a good road over the public land, if by so doing a like good 
road for the additional distance of forty miles can be obtained. During 
the two last years the Agent for the Bingham heirs has done much to 
improve the road over their lands, and the undersigned have full confidence 
that he will redeem his pledge. Travellers report that the inhabitants on 
the Canada side of the line are anxious for the completion of the road, and 
that from sixty to seventy men were employed to make the same, in that 
Province the last summer. 

The tools and part of the provisions necessary for the work were pur- 
chased ; principally in Hallowed and Augusta early last winter ; corn and 
grain was procured in Xorridgewock ; and the whole transported to the 
vicinity of the road by sleding last winter. The unusual deep snows in- 
creased the expense of transportation and rendered it extremely difficult 
to forward the articles to their place of destination. 

A few hands were employed in the month of May to build camps and 
make the necessary preparation, and from the beginning of June until the 
last of September the average number of men who laboured on the road 
was about sixty, with eight pairs of oxen. 

The Agents had to encounter many difficulties and suffer many incon- 
veniences. The most part of the provisions and tools were transported over 
one hundred miles by land. Hay and provender from ten to one hundred 
miles. Iron and iron work for repairing tools and shoes for oxen was 
an expensive bill. Fifteen miles of the road is made of sufficient width 
for one carriage to pass another, and well turnpiked, except about half a 
mile, which was postponed on account of the rains ; and the trees cut and 
cleared away so that the path may not be hereafter obstructed by windfalls. 
The ledges were removed or lowered by burning wood upon them instead 
of blasting with powder ; in places where the rocks could not be moved, 
they were burnt and levelled with sledges and then covered with earth. 

Nine miles remain to be opened, and when made, the whole distance of 
twenty-four miles from the north line of the Bingham purchase to the 
Canada line, will be more level than the present post road from Augusta 
to Bangor. Part of the land over which the road passes is suitable for 
cultivation, and part is very rocky and barren. 

The Agents are fully satisfied of the importance of the road to this 
State, by the number of travellers who pass through it, even before it is 
opened, and they have information in which full confidence may be placed, 
that numerous travellers from the South in the summer season are desirous 
of passing through Maine, on their way to or from Quebec. 

When the work was suspended, the oxen purchased in the spring were 
sold, and notes for the same, payable to the Treasurer of the State with 
interest, are now in the hands of the agents. The average expense to 
the State for the use of a pair of oxen nearly four months, has been about 
$20, and would have been less had not the price of stock been unusually low 
in autumn, compared with prices in spring, when the oxen were purchased. 

The provisions and tools remaining on hand are well secured for use 
next spring. An inventory thereof is herewith submitted. All bills are 
paid, and to effect this the Agents were obliged to hire money, while that 
appropriated to make the road was lying in the Treasury of the State. 
3 



6o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The whole amount expended on the road is $9,373.81 including interest on 
money borrowed of the Vassalborough Bank. 

There is nine miles of road to make, and there remains of the appro- 
priation unexpended, 

including interest, $437 36 

Articles sold belonging to the State 81 00 

Proceeds of the sale of Oxen 429 19 

Supplies and tools on hand 383 49 

Total $i,33i 04 

The State of Maine is obliged by the terms of agreement with Massa- 
chusetts to complete the road by the first day of November next, or forfeit 
the amount of the sale of the land granted by that Commonwealth, and the 
undersigned are of opinion that a further appropriation of $4,500 will be 
necessary to meet the expense, and they are further of opinion, that the 
expense of making the road has been increasd by the appointment of three 
agents instead of one. 

Which is respectfully submitted, 

JOEL WHITNEY, 
SAMUEL REDINGTON, Agents. 

JOSEPH JOHNSON, 
February 17, 1830. 

It is difficult to fix the precise date when the entire length of 
this road was opened or made passable to the public for the use 
of teams, carriages and vehicles of all kinds. It must have been 
somewhere from 1837 to 1840. From the time Massachusetts 
made the 'first beginning towards it (1817) as we have seen, it 
must have been about twenty years in developing into a passable 
and travelled road. It is not strange that the building of such a 
highway passing through fertile lands suitable for settlers even 
though it was situated far into the most northern portion of Maine, 
should attract the hardy pioneer and adventurer seeking a new 
region for home building. In about two years from the time when 
the Massachusetts Legislature passed the resolve above referred 
to the first settler made his appearance on the line of the Canada 
road, in what is now known as Moose River plantation and had 
become quite a substantial farmer some years before the road itself 
was a reality. This plantation is situated 76 miles north of Skow- 
hegan and 15 miles south of the Canada line. 

The following relating to the early history of Moose River 
Plantation, which Plantation formerly embraced what is now Jack- 
man and Dennystown plantations, was furnished the Journal by 
Mrs. Grace N. Sterling: 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 61 




Log Hauling in the Maine Woods in 1815 



"The first settlers of Moose River, Maine, were Captain Samuel 
Holden and his wife, Jane Farnsworth Holden of Groton, Massa- 
chusetts. Captain Holden started from Anson, Maine, for Moose 

River, Maine, on 
March 4th, 1819. 
They made the 
journey from 
the forks of the 
Kennebec River 
(now known as 
The Forks) to 
Moose River on 
snow - shoes, as 
the snow was 
dee]) in the 
woods at this 
time of year. 
Captain Holden 

built a log cabin, covered it with bark and here they made their 
home in the midst of the wilderness. There was not an inhabitant 
for miles around and had it not been for the abundance of fish in 
the river and the game in the surrounding forests, they could not 
have lived ; but 
this together 
with the small 
a m ounts re- 
ceived from 
travelers that 
were passing 
hack and forth 
from Canada, as 
shown by the ac- 
count books of 
Mr. Holden, en- 
abled them to 
obtain a living 
the first, sec- 
ond' and third years. After this time they were enabled to 
raise small crops and before long ( 1822 ) the Captain had a plenty. 
Before his death there was quite a settlement formed around him. 
Captain Samuel Holden was the fourth child of Jahei and Rachel 




Log Hauling in the Maine Woods, 1915 



62 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Farnsworth Holden of Groton, Massachusetts. Jahez Holden was 
born May 12th, 1735, and married Rachel Farnsworth who was 
born Jan. 29th, 1738. They were married on the nth day of June, 
when she was twenty-three years of age. To this union six chil- 
dren were born, and when the youngest, who were twins, were 
born Jahez Holden enlisted and fought in the Revolutionary War. 
The following story was told to the writer by Mr. Jonas Colby as 
he heard it from his grandfather: 'At the battle of Bunker Hill, 
an entrenchment was dug breast high to protect them from the 
British. The British came in at the end and the Yankees ran be- 
cause they were out of ammunition. Jahez Holden had his musket 
loaded with nine buck shots, he was looking at the British instead 
of his own men, he fired and this is what he said 'if powder and 
ball ever killed human beings it must have killed some there ' 
Mr. Holden was wounded in the side, the ball grazed the skin, and 
he had his arm broken, but still carried the gun. This is the 
record found in Groton during the Revolution, 'Massachusetts 
Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution', Vol. 8, pp. 
33-100: 'Jahez Holden, Groton, Captain 1st Company 6th Mid- 
dlesex County Regiment of Massachusetts Militia, list of officers 
commissioned April 24, 1776, also Captain 6th Company. Return 
dated Groton, Dec. 5, 1776, made by Brigadier General Oliver 
Precot, of officers appointed to command men drafted from Mid- 
dlesex County Militia into a regiment to be commanded by Colonel 
Samuel Thatcher and ordered to march to Fairfield, Connecticut, 
on or before Dec. 16, 1776. Company drafted from the 6th Mid- 
dlesex County regiment and made up of men from Groton, Pep- 
perell, Townsend and Ashley, Massachusetts.' Captain Jahez 
Holden died June 2nd, 1807 and his wife Rachel Holden moved to 
Moose River with her son, Captain Samuel Holden, where she 
died Jan. 26th, 1829, at the advanced age of 91 years. She is 
buried in the Holden cemetery at Moose River, Maine. Captain 
Samuel Holden's family consisted of eleven children all of these 
being born at Anson, Maine, with the exception of two daughters 
and one son who were born in Groton, Massachusetts." 

Mrs. Lucinda Holden Campbell of Jack-man has in her posses- 
sion the following letter : 

'Moose River, Maine, June 5th, 1820. 
Dear Sister & Brother : 

I take this opportunity to write to you and to let you know of 
our health, which is very good at present, through Almighty good- 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 63 

ness, and while He is lifting up with one hand He is pulling down 
with the other. We moved to Moose River last March Fifty- 
three miles from any inhabitant and lived very comfortably till 
the 1st day of May, when our house took fire and was consumed 
with all its contents and left us destitute of provisions or anything 
else. I lost all my bedding and am obliged to lie on the ground 
in a very poor camp. Now if you have any feeling of charity for a 
distressed sister I wish you to send me something, you and the 
rest of my aunts and cousins, if they feel sympathy. Please to 
send me some salt if nothing else, send it to John Eveleth of Au- 
gusta, and send me a letter directed to Moose River to be left at 
Anson P. O. The fire burnt up ten acres of winter rye. Our 
loss is about $1,000. I have worked out doors thirty-six days, not 
having anything to do. This from your distressed sister and 
brother. 

JANE HOLDEN." 

Address en letter 

To Amos Otis, 

Barnstable 

Postage 18 1-2.' 

"This house which is referred to in this letter was built on the 
farm now owned by Richard Holden. The old cellar can yet be 
seen. After this was burned the second camp was built, where 
Willie Pierce lives today. After this camp had served its purpose 
and Captain Samuel prospered he built a frame house which is 
still standing and is occupied by W. J. Murtha. After Captain 
Samuel Holden opened the way several other families moved in 
and settled around, one of them being Asa Churchill, who built 
a house on the farm now owned in Jackman village by A. Guay. 
Some parts of the old house still exist, in different places in town. 
The second house in Jackman plantation was built by Milintus 
Holden on what is now known as the Colby farm. 

"The town of Jackman derived its name from Jim Jackman of 
Solon, Maine, who cleared and settled on what is known as the 
'Old Jackman Field' 10 miles south of Moose River bridge. The 
date is unknown. 

"Captain Samuel Holden was a very religions man, as he was 
always ready to entertain any preacher that might come into the 
town, and early records show that different preachers of several 
different denominations came occasionally to hold services and 



64 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



from an early date a Sunday School was conducted in the homes 
and schoolhouse. dating back to 1847." 

"The Free Will Baptist Church was organized in 1875 m tne 
Union Church at Moose River, fourteen members formed the 
organization. In 1855 Captain Holden in the absence of a minister 
officiated at the funerals. In 1890 the Free Will Baptist Church 
united with the Congregationalists and the Moose River Congrega- 
tional Church of Jackman was organized. In 1912 a very com- 
fortable little parsonage was built. The present Pastor is the 
Rev. R. E. Jones." 

On Tuesday, May 24, 1892, this new and attractive church edi- 
fice (Congregational) was dedicated to the service of religious 

work in accord- 
ance with the 
ritual of that de- 
nomination. The 
invocation was 
by the Reverend 
Andrew L. 
Chase of Fox- 
:roft, Mai ne, 
and Prayer by 
Reverend Salem 
D. Towne. The 
dedicatory ser- 
mon was deliv- 
ered by the Rev- 
erend Charles Davison of Greenville. Then followed the dedica- 
tion of the House of Worship as above mentioned ; the prayer of 
Dedication was by Reverend J. E. Adams D. D., and the benedic- 
tion by Reverend Charles Davison. 

This church has ever since then been in a very prosperous con- 
dition and has done good work along the lines for which it was 
established. 




The Moose River Bridge 



NOTES FROM Till-: FIRST RECORD BOOK 
OF THE PLANTATION OF MOOSE RIVER. 
FROM 1852 TO 1859. 
TO CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON, ESQ. 
Pursuant to a written application signed by yon and four other 
inhabitants of townships No. four Range one and No. four Range 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 65 

two and Sandy Bay Township (so called) north of the Bingham 
Kennebec purchase in the county of Somerset, Demon- 
strated Moose River Plantation. 

You are hereby required in the name of the State of Maine to 
notify and warn the Electors of the said Moose River plantation 
comprising the aforesaid Townships qualified according to the 
Constitution of this state or of the United States, to assemble at 
the dwelling house of Christopher Thomas in said Plantation on 
Saturday the sixteenth day of October inst. at one of Clock in the 
afternoon for the purpose of transacting the following business to 
wit : 

First to Choose a plantation Clerk and three assessors Given 
under my hand this first day of October in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and fifty two. 

SULLIVAN LOUTHROP 

One of the County 

Commissioners for 

Somerset County. 
Pursuant to the within warrant, I have notified the within 
named inhabitants to meete at the within place and time by post- 
ing up notices in two different places in said plantation as by Law 
required. 

CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON. 
Moose River. Oct. 16, 1852. 
Pursuant to the foregoing warrant the inhabitants assembled 
at the foregoing place and organized by Choosing Samuel Wey- 
mouth Moderator, Otis Holden Clerk and Otis Holden, Molentus 
Holden and Josiah F. Whitney assessors. 
Copy attest 

OTIS HOLDEN, 

Plantation Clerk. 
Art. first, chose Samuel Weymouth Moderator. 
Art 2d, chose Otis Holden Clerk. 

Art. 3. chose Otis Holden. Malintus Holden, Josiah Whitney 
Assessors sd Plantation. 

4th, voted to hold the next meeting at Christopher Thompson's. 

OTIS HOLDEN. 

Plantation Clerk. 
Personally appeared before me Samuel Weymouth and took the 
oath as moderator within and for the Plantation of Moose River 
this sixteenth day of October, 1852. 

CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON, Justice of the Peace. 



66 SPRAGJE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Personally appeared Otis Holden before me and took the oath 
as Clerk of the Moose 'River Plantation this sixteenth day of Octo- 
ber, 1852. 

CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON, Justice of the Peace. 
Personally appeared Otis Holden, Malintus Holden and Josiah 
F. Whitney and took the oath as assessors with and for the Plan- 
tation of Moose River this sixteenth day of October, 1852. 

CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON, Justice of the Peace. 
Copy Attest 

OTIS HOLDEN, 

Plantation Clerk. 

The next plantation meeting was held April 2, 1853, when the 
same officers were again elected. 

It was voted "that Moose River plantation shall compose one 
school district" and Christopher Thompson was elected School 
Agent. No money was raised for any purpose. 

At the September election in 1852 the whole number of votes 
cast was twenty-two. 

The annual plantation meeting in 1854 was held at the dwelling 
house of Otis Holden on the thirteenth day of April. Otis Holden, 
Melintus Holden and Benjamin Holden were elected assessors at 
this meeting. 

In 1855 Otis Holden, Philander M. Colby and Melintus Holden 
were elected assessors, and Philander M. Colby was elected school 
agent. 

At the same meeting held on the twelfth day of March an 
agreement by certain of the inhabitants was entered into to erect 
a schoolhouse by subscription "to remain the property of such in- 
habitants as shall pay a part of the cost of said house if said house 
should be sold or disposed of for the purpose of building a bigger 
one or any other purpose the sum sold for to be invested in another 
schoolhouse or paid back to such persons as paid in a part for 
building said house." 

The subscribers were : 

Otis Holden $25.00 

P. M. Colby 15.00 

Z. Bumpus 10.00 

Samuel Holden, Jr I5-QO 

Galon Newton 25.00 

Benjamin Holden 12.00 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 67 

M. Holden 20.00 

Josiah F. Whitney 15.00 

F. G. Pressey 10.00 

Patrick McKenna 10.00 

Richard Harris 5-5° 

In 1856 William H. Durgin was elected Clerk. The meeting was 
held that year at the "tavern House" of Otis Holden. 
The list of voters recorded in 1859 is as follows: 

Austin Holden Elisha Hilton 

Philander M. Colby Jason Hilton 

Zeppenian Bumpus Jonah Hilton 

Robert J. Campbell Sherwin Hilton 

Caleb Morton Jacob F. Newton 

Peter Kinney H. H. Colby 

Seth Moore Alexander Sands 

Elisha C. Moore Edward Sands 

Llewellyn Moore Spencer Colby 

Ephraim Moore Franklin G. Pressey 

Galon Newton Otis Holden 

Horatio Newton William Ray, Jr. 

Otis Newton Jonas Colby 

John Keliher Melintus Holden, Jr. 

The building of the Canada road soon begun to attract the 
pioneer always in search of a new country to subdue and in a few 
years after Captain Holden had invaded this wilderness, others 
settled along the line of the road, and about the year 1830, settlers 
were clearing lands and opening farms in that part of Moose 
River plantation that is now the thriving village of Jackman. 
Among these were Seth Moore, Patrick McKennay who emigrated 
from the north of Ireland when about 17 years of age, to the city 
of Quebec and in 1830 or 1831 settled here; Cyrus Whitney, 
Michiel Redmund, David Roache, and James Jackman for whom 
the settlement was named. 

Both Moose River and Jackman although each have more in- 
habitants than many Maine towns, are yet legally plantations, 
having since their first organization by the County Commissioners 
each been reorganized under the statutes of Maine relating to 



6.8 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

plantations "having not less than two hundred inhabitants."" In 
these plantations are villages originally located along the Canada 
road and so closely connected that a stranger does not perceive 
the line of division. The Canada road is now and probably always 
will remain the main street of these twin villages, although now 
one sees pretty little cross streets being laid out and some fine 
dwellings being erected. 

Prior to the opening of the railroad, which is a part of the main 
line running from Halifax to the Pacific coast. Jackman was an 
isolated place which in those days, until the opening of the rail- 
road, seemed destined to remain so for a long period of time. 

And right here we quote an interesting letter recently received 
from Honorable Sylvester J. Walton an emiment Maine lawyer and 
public man of note having represented Somerset County in both 
branches of the Legislature and the Executive Council of Maine. 
For a quarter of a century and more Mr. Walton has annually, 
and often semi-annually, visited this charming region while on 
fishing and hunting trips, for he is a true lover of the woods and 
woods and lake sports. 

"Skowhegan, Me., June 16, 1915. 
"Editor of Sprague's Journal of Maine History: 

"I understand you have in view the writing a short history of 
Jackman, Moose River and Dennystown. The same will certainly 
be interesting, not only to the people who were buried in the vast 
wilderness in the western part of Somerset county until the advent 
of the Canadian Pacific Railway some twenty-five years ago. Be- 
fore that time the nearest settlement of any size was at Bingham 
fifty miles away. No physicians nearer than 55 miles although 
often needed. No lawyers nearer than 55 miles, not needed, for the 
inhabitants for lack of attorneys and courts resorted to self de- 
fense, the first great law of nature. 

"I remember the first time I was at Jackman I attended the 
first morning of my arrival a wedding, a wedding supper and four 
fights and when I attempted to separate the combatants in the 

( 6 ) Revised Statutes of Maine 1903, Sec. 114, p. 89. Township 4, Range 
1, was first iccorporated as Jackmantown plantation. July 9th, 1859, and 
reorganized February 17, 1894, under the name of Jackman. It was the 
design of the writer to make record herein of the organization of Jackman 
similar to that which appears on these pages regarding Moose River 
plantation. Mr. Melvin E. Holden, the clerk of the latter plantation is a 
careful custodian of the early records and is preserving them properly. 
The Jackman clerk however was unable to produce his records and they 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 69 



first fight, I was taken by the arm and led away with the admoni- 
tion that I had better keep away and let them fight it out, for if I 
did not, I might get a knock out myself. There were no stores in 
those days nearer than Bingham, except one at Moose River and 
no mills except one saw mill. 

"For thirty years I have never failed to visit that remote settle- 
ment from my home in Skowhegan once or more each year, and I 
have never found a more kind, whole souled people than there. 
Times of course have changed now, with them lawyers, a dozen 
stores of all kinds and two or three physicians and a great influx 
of people from without, Jackman and Moose River have become 
hustling places, yet I doubt if the people live now nearer to nature 
than they did in the old days. 

"Truly yours, 

"S. J. WALTON." 
In 19 10 the population of Jackman was 667 and Moose River 251. 
Each has increased since then and it is estimated that Jackman now 
has about 1,200 ihabitants. Dennystown is an adjoining planta- 
tion and Long 
Pond plantation 
is eight miles be- 
low, where is 
located the Kel- 
logg Lumber 
Company, that 
employs about 
75 men in its 
mills and 200 or 
more laborers 
in the woods. 

The Canadian 
Pacific Railway 
runs througn 
Jackman where it maintains a depot, freight houses etc. 

Jackman must always be the trading and business center for 
plantations and settlements contiguous to it and along the line of 
the railroad and the Canada road as follows: Dennystown, Long 
Pond, Somerset Junction, Attean, Holeb, Franklin, Skinners Mills, 
Lowelltown, Parlin Pond, -where Henry McKenney has a commo- 
dious summer resort and near which is the magnificent summer 
home of Michiel Piel of New York; and on the Canada side are 
Marlow, St. Come and St. George in near proximity. 




A Maine Scene in 1820 



70 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The vast forestry of spruce and other valuable timber surround- 
ing it makes it a lumber center of importance. Much of this lum- 
ber territory is not accessible to river driving without great expense, 
but the problem of getting it to market more profitably was solved 
by Mr. Abram Newton, through whose energetic efforts capitalists 
were induced to make large investments in these lands the result 
of which was the establishment of the Jackman Lumber Company, 
although its mills are situated on the Moose River side of the 
boundary line that divides it from Jackman. This corporation 
was organized in March, 19 14. Its president is Honorable George 
H. Prouty 7 of Newport, Vermont, who has been Governor of that 
State (1908-1910) and well known as a business man of ability 
throughout New England ; its treasurer is F. L. Perry of Boston 
and a member of the Perry and Whitney Company 8 lumber con- 
cern, and Chester C. Whitney of Boston is its secretary and assis- 
tant treasurer, Abram Newton of Jackman is the General Manager 
of its lumbering property and forestry interests. It has erected 
mills which have a capacity of sawing 125 thousand feet of long 
lumber per day, and from 25 to 30 million feet of lumber annually, 
and will manufacture all kinds of wood and lumber products. It 
is estimated that this corporation owns 200 million feet of standing 
timber besides being a large purchaser of stumpage. A logging 
railroad has been built from the C. P. Railway station in Jackman 
to its mill two miles distant and has already been extended into 
the woods five miles beyond and at the present time has a force of 
laborers extending it eight miles further and ultimately this lum- 
ber railroad will be not less than twenty miles in length. At the 
mills it has a large boarding house and cottages are being built for 
its laborers. It employs about 100 men in the manufacture of 
lumber and when in full swing will furnish employment to from 
five to six hundred men in the woods. 

The New Castle Lumber Company is another Jackman lumber 
concern that begun operations in 1914. It saws seven milion feet 
or more of long lumber annually and has a capacity for sawing 
thirty thousand feet per day and when in operation employs from 
50 to 75 men in the mills. George D. Pastorius of New Castle, 



( 7 ) Prouty and Miller of Newport, Vermont, are extensive dealers in, 
and manufacturers of lumber. 

( 8 ) The Perry & Whitney Company of Boston are among the largest 
wholesale dealers in lumber in New England, and are extensive manufac- 
turers of long lumber, spruce dimensions, building frames, etc. 



JACKMAN AND THE MOOSE RIVER REGION 71 

Maine, is its General Manager and Joseph E. Shaw is the superin- 
tendent. 

There is one Post Office at Moose River and two in Jackman, 
one at the village and one at Jackman Station. 

Jackman has four general stores ; two clothing stores ; one fur- 
niture store and undertaker ; one millinery establishment ; one jew- 
eler ; two drug stores ; one hardware store ; one dealer in harnesses, 
etc. ; two or three markets and the Dennystown Company have two 
large grocery and provision stores, one in each village. There are 
also blacksmiths, barbers, photographers, a taxidermist, a plumber, 
a harness maker; restaurants; a cant dog manufacturer; two hay 
and grain dealers ; garages ; a sporting goods store ; shoemakers, 
and several engaged in the lumbering business. 

It differs from the times that Mr. Walton speaks of for it now 
supports three lawyers ; two deputy sheriffs ; two clergymen and 
two doctors. There are twelve registered guides and five or six 
sporting camps all well filled during the summer season and two 
hotels. Besides the church organizations it has among its fraternal 
orders the Foresters, the Macabees, the Modern Woodmen and 
Moose River Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
The latter lodge was instituted June 9. 1915, by Harry Reid, G. M.; 
John E. Bunker, D. G. M. ; Willis E. Parsons, G. W. ; and Wm. W. 
Cutter, G. Sec. Among other members of the Grand Lodge who 
were present were W alter H. Blethen and John F. Sprague of 
Dover and S. L. Berry of Waterville. On the evening of June 10, 
a large number of applicants were received into the new lodge, the 
ritualistic work having been most excellently performed by the 
members of New England Lodge of Greenville. 9 

This lodge started under the most favorable auspices having Mr. 
O. S. Patterson, the Customs Officer at Jackman, for its first 
Noble Grand supported by an efficient board of officers. 

The Moose River Hotel at Jackman Station, Nelson W. Bartley, 
proprietor, is a commodious and attractive hostelry with all up-to- 
date facilities for the entertainment of guests and is receiving a 
liberal patronage from the traveling public. These villages have 
electric light and water systems. Their public schools are excellent 
and efficient and they are also supporting a public library and Jack- 
man has a good public hall. 



( 9 )The ladies of Jackman and Moose River are entitled to great credit 
for the superb banquet provided by them on this occasion. 



72 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

Another enterprise that will in the future prove to be of inestima- 
ble value to the Moose River region is the new State highway 
from Jackman to Rockwood and the Kineo Station on the Maine 
Central railroad on the westerly shore of Moose Head Lake a dis- 
tance of 30 miles, and now under construction by the State High- 
way Commission. 

By the united efforts of many of the citizens, these plantations, 
the M. C. railroad, the Richer Hotel Company, Somerset County, 
and the State of Maine, this great work has been assured. 

At the last session of the Maine Legislature the state appropriated 
the sum of $22,500.00 and the other interests added to it $23,500.00, 
so that the road will probably be opened to the public within the 
next year. In addition to this the Hollingsworth and \\ nitney Com- 
pany dedicated to the state three miles of good road that they had 
already constructed and which is made a part of this road, and 
the Great Northern Paper Company also dedicated two miles of 
road in equally as good condition. These corporations and all of 
the owners of lands over which it passes, donated to the state all 
of the land damages which they might have been legally entitled to. 
Along its line is much excellent land now only lying in waste and 
better adapted to farming than timber growing; and undoubtedly 
settlers will locate there in the near future. This is one of the 
most commendable things that the State of Maine has done during 
the last half century, and we hope that it is but the beginning of a 
wiser and broader state policy; one that will continually aid in the 
development of Maine : utilize her many latent resources, and do 
something towards inducing her young men and young women to 
remain at home. 



JACKMAN'S LIVE BUSINESS MEN 



Jackman's Live Business Men 

When an opportunity presents itself to give worthy publicity 
to a town by printer's ink its most enterprising and public spirited 
business men are always alert to aid it and their own individual 
enterprises at the same time by their advertisements. This was the 
case at Jackman when this special issue of the Journal was sug- 
gested to them. Following is a list of those who have been benefited 
by availing themselves of this and we can avouch for their integ- 
rity and square business dealings, and certify that they are THE 
hustling, enterprising, and REAL LIVE WIRES in the business 
affairs of Jackman : 



Nelson W. Bartley, 
Dennystown Company, 

E. A. Piper. 

F. A. Dion, 

O. S. Patterson, 
D. Hancox, 
Fred Pierce, 
W. S. Moore, 
A. G. Crawford, 
Albert Loubier, 
Joseph J. Nichols, 
Medie Rancout. 

D. C. Pierce, 
Arthur Rodrique. 
W. L. Anderson, 
C. H. Mills. 

W. F. Jude, 
Arthur Cathcart, 
Harry Stillwell, 
J. A. Bulmer. 
Thomas Vintinner, 
Edlord Fournier, 
J. S. Williams, 
L. R. Moore. 
James Sands, 
T. A. Murtha, 
George Blais, 
Fred Henderson, 
Harry A. Young. 

E. A. Henderson, 
Henry P. McKenney, 



Hotel. 

Groceries, etc. 
Real Estate. 

Druggist and Sporting Goods. 
Insurance. 

Clothing and Dry Goods. 
Jeweler. 

Furniture and Undertaker. 
Day and Night Restaurant. 
Restaurant. 
Jeweler. 
Barber Shop. 
Deputy Sheriff. 
Photographer. 
Lawyer. 
Lawyer. 
Lawyer. 
Autos. 

Harnesses and Picture House. 
Garage. 
General Store. 

Fruit Stand and Picture House. 
Blacksmith and Cant Dogs. 
Restaurant. 

Restaurant and Dealer in Furs. 
Hotel. 

Barber Shop. 
Heald Pond Camps. 
Carpenter and Contractor. 
Wood Pond Camps. 
Lake Parlin Hotel and Camps. 



74 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The Catholic Church and Its 
Schools 

At the Jackman Station Village are St. Anthony's church, the 
Sacred Heart Convent and the St. Anthony Parochial School, the 
result of the zealous and indefatigable labors of its pastor the Rev. 
Joseph F. Forest, P. P., who came here in 1892. Father Forest is 

a native of Can- 
ada and was 
educated in the 
As s u m p t i o n 
College at Mon- 
treal. Prior to 
his coming here 
the Catholics 
had only re- 
ceived occasion- 
al visits from 
Canadian 
priests. In the 
first years his 
pastorate duties 

extended over a very large territory embracing all of northern 
Somerset, Greenville and the entire region to the Canada line. 
The church was built in 1893. The convent, which is a magni- 
ficent granite building of four stories 65 feet on the street and 55 
feet back, was built in 1907. 

The parochial school building of three stories, sixty feet in width 
and seventy-eight feet in length, was completed in 1912 and an 
annex for boys to it in 19 14. 

Two hundred and fifty scholars are in regular attendance, some 
of them from many parts of Maine, and one hundred and twenty- 
five of them board at the Convent. 

At the Convent are sixteen sisters presided over by Mother 
Superior Mary Phillippine from the St. Joseph Sisters of Lyons, 
France, who are the teachers in the school. 

In the parish comprising Jackman and the surrounding planta- 
tions and settlements about 175 families are communicants of the 
St. Anthony church. 




Sacred Heart Convent, Jackman, Maine 



ABRAM NEWTON 



75 



Abram Newton 



Abram Newton was born October 10, 1863, at Dennystown Plan- 
tation, and was the eldest son of Horatio and Luretta Newton. His 
early life was passed on the farm, with school privilege of only a 
very few weeks each year, the nearest schoolhouse being about five 
miles away. 

At fourteen years of age he secured his first employment as a 
"swamper" in the lumber woods and for several succeeding win- 
ters followed the different occu- 
pations incident to the logging 
operations, and in the Spring 
and Summer was engaged in 
driving the logs down the dif- 
ferent streams and rivers in 
northern Maine. 

When nineteen years old he 
became foreman in the woods 
and also on the drive. For a 
period of nine years he was a 
foreman, being employed by the 
late Omer Clark and Ed. P. 
Page in that capacity. 

He shortly afterward entered 
into a contract to cut and haul 
logs for Brown & Allen of 
Greenville, Maine, having asso- 
ciated himself as a partner, 
with Henry L. Colby of Jack- 
man, Me. 

For the succeeding period of 
eleven years the firm engaged in lumber operating for Lawrence 
Brothers of South Gardiner ; the South Gardiner Lumber Co., 
the Hollings worth & Whitney Co. and others. 

In 1897 Mr. Newton was appointed Deputy Collector of Customs 
under President McKinley and held the position until his resignation 
in 1914. 

In addition to his duties as Customs Collector, he was actively 
engaged as a lumber operator, having several important contracts 
with the Great Northern Paper Company, covering a period of 
several years. 




ABRAM XEWTON 

Prominent in the Business Affairs 
of Jackman 



76 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




Mr. Newton's marked ability 
as a timber estimator has been 
recognized by many important 
timberland owners for several 
years and he has been a member 
of commissions at different 
times whose duty it was to de- 
termine the value and quantities 
of available timber on many 
large tracts, not only in Maine 
but in several of the Southern 
and Middle western states. He 
is now the owner of large inter- 
ests and holdings in both Maine 
and Canadian timberlands. 

He has always had the best 
interests of Tackman at heart 



WEBSTER S. MOORE 
Chairman of the Board of Asses- 
sors of Jackman 

and has been honored many 
times by its citizens who recog- 
nize his ability and sound busi- 
ness judgment. 

In politics he has always been 
a Republican and would doubt- 
lesa have been elected a member 
of the last Legislature from this 
class, but business matters pre* 
vented him; from becoming a 
candidate. 

Mr. Newton is a member of 
the lioard of Trustees of the 
Guilford Trust Company and has 
been such ever since the Green- 
ville branch was established. 

In September of last year he 
entered upon his duties as Gen- 
eral Manager of the woods department for the Jackman Lumber 
Company and occupies that position at the present time. 




DANIEL HANCOX 

Prominent Business Man of Jack- 
man. 



CORRESPONDENCE 77 



On September 1, 1897, he was married to Jennie M. Colby of 
Jackman. Their daughter, Velzora A. Newton, is a member of the 
senior class of the Maine Central Institute at Pittsfield, Maine. 



Correspondence 

From Honorable William R. Pattangall. 

Honorable William R. Pattangall, Attorney General of the State 
of Maine, heartily endorses the Journal and contributes valuable 
information regarding the Longfelhzc family: 

Waterville, Maine, June 16th, 191 5. 
Mr. John F. Spragne, 

Dover, Maine. 
Dear Brother Sprague : 

I have been especially interested in your Journal of Maine His- 
tory. I remember saying to you one time when we were talking 
about our own state that the great trouble with Maine was that 
nobody knew anything about the state either from an historical 
or an industrial standpoint. You are certainly doing a great work 
in interesting the people of Maine in its early history. 

I read with especial interest in your May number a sketch of 
Stephen Longfellow written by William Willis. I do not know that 
you are aware of the very close relationship between the Longfellow 
family of Portland and the Longfellow family of Machias. Some 
few facts in that connection may be of interest to you. 

The first of the Longfellow name to come to this country was 
William Longfellow, born in England in 165 1, who came to New- 
bury, Massachusetts, in 1674. He had two sons, Stephen and Na- 
than. Stephen in turn had two sons, one of whom bore his name, 
and the other was named for his grandfather, William. William 
lived in Newbury, Massachusetts, and his son, Nathan, was born 
there in 1764, moving to Machias in 1767. Nathan served in the 
Revolutionary War with the rank of lieutenant. He also had a 
second cousin Nathan, a great grandson of the original William 
Longfellow, some three years older than he, who was born in Con- 
wallis, Massachusetts, and who moved to Machias about the time 
of the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. This Nathan had a 
son, Jacob, who married Taphenus, a daughter of Lieutenant Na- 



78 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

than. My maternal grandfather, Daniel Longfellow, was a son 
of Taphenus and Jacob. 

I have been especially interested in looking up these matters, not 
only from the standpoint of my maternal ancestors, but because I 
also find that Abraham Adams, who was the grandson of Richard 
Pattangall, the first of the name to come to this country and who 
settled in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1640, married Ann Longfellow, 
who was the daughter of the original William Longfellow and Ann 
Sewall. So that I find myself a descendant of William Longfellow 
on both sides of the family. 

Yours very truly, 

W. R. PATTANGALL. 



Honorable Augustine Simmons of North Anson, Maine, writes: 

In my recent article 10 on Franklin Simmons the word "the" before 
Franklin should read though. In the last paragraph the word 
"free" should read face. 



Sebec Lake, Maine, June 14, 191 5. 
To the Editor of S Prague's Journal of Maine History: 

In looking over the May issue of the Journal, I was very much 
interested in the article on workers with the divining rod. 

Royal Day was my grandfather, and I have a very good remem- 
brance of him, and I know he was perfectly sincere in his work of 
discovering water veins below the surface of the ground. I do 
not know his theory or the scientific principle on which he based 
his figures, but I do know that he did not claim any occult power 
when he gave the depth at which water would be found. He used 
an instrument based on scientific principles, from which he made 
his figures. This instrument, I think, was made by my grandfather, 
Royal Day, and as near as I can describe the instrument, it is a 
quarter circle made from a hard wood board mounted on a trypod, 
and has a plumb bob attached to tell when it is level. This quarter 
circle is sub-divided by lines into lesser quarter circles with a scale 
of figures along each line. This instrument is now in my possession, 
and I value it very highly as a relic, and the article in your Journa\ 
makes this doubly valuable to me, as it puts it in the class of 
historical relics. 

Very truly, 
' MRS. B. M. PACKARD. 

( 10 ) See Journal No. 1, Vol. 3, pp. 27-28-29. 



CORRESPONDENCE 79 

Chicago, June 9, 191 5. 
To the Editor of S Prague's Journal of Maine History: 

I note in May No. that you refer to Whig doggerel of 1840-1, 

and purport to give the "first line". Is not this a little in error? 

Some years ago in Western Kansas I met an old pioneer and 

was introduced to him as being from Maine. Oh yes he knew all 

about me and he launched forth: 

"Oh have you heard the news from Maine. 
From Maine all honest and true 
She's gone hell bent for Governor Kent 
For Tippacanoe and Tyler too." 
A little further inquiry proved that it was about all he did know 
of Maine, but he had sung the song during the Campaign. 

Yours truly, 

T. H. SMITH. 



Old Town, Me., July 2, 191 5. 
Editor of Sprague's Journal of Maine History: 

Upon reading Vol. 2 of your valuable publication, "Sprague's 
Journal of Maine History", I find mentioned on page 88, the 
names of Moses Pearson & John East. I have a deed which has been 
handed down (among other papers), conveying land in Falmouth, 
to Edward & John Tyng in 1832. It is signed by Moses Pearson, 
James Winslow & John East, "Proprietors Committee for laying out 
the common land in Falmouth." The certificate on the back is as 
follows: "The within Bounds of land or flats, Recorded in the 
proprietors Book of Records for Falmouth, November 20, 1732, pr. 
Moses Pearson, Proprietor Clerk." 

The above is, probably, of not any direct importance to you, but 
in a general way I thought it might be of interest to learn a little 
more of the persons named in the Journal. 

Yours very truly, 

H. HILLIARD. 



As we have already remarked in these columns it is the most en- 
terprising business men in a town that does the most advertising. 
This is well illustrated in this issue of the Journal. 



8o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Maine Local Histories 

Mr. A. J. Huston, .92 Exchange Street, Portland, Maine, the 
well known dealer in new and old books, and who makes a specialty 
of all books, pamphlets, etc., relating to the State of Maine, has 
recently issued a valuable little booklet entitled "A Check List of 
Maine Local Histories". 26 pages are devoted to town histories, 
lists of regimental and county histories, general histories of the 
state, county atlases, historical society collections, historical and 
genealogical magazines, ecclesiastical histories, legislative session 
laws, etc. Price 50 cts. 



In Skowhegan, Madison, Dover-Foxcroft, Greenville, Guilford, 
etc., it has been the live wire business men whose names appear 
herein. Take the town of Guilford as an example. There is 
probably not a town in Maine of its size that has more country 
trade come to its merchants; that has more business center in it 
from miles beyond its borders than that town and they have always 
been among the most liberal advertisers. 



New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

Moosehead Lake, Kineo, Maine 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New England, forty 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 

NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE and ANNEX 

recently remodeled and with many improvements adtled: making it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

II is a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the jrreat same region. 

This region leads all others for trout and salmon, Spring and Summer fishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 

WRITE FOR ILLUSTRATED BOOKLET, 

containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. First-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 

C. f\. JUDKINS, Manager. 





■l»Mf 




CONTENTS 



THE WORK OF 

SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL 
OF MAINE HISTORY 

has been heartily endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leading Journals in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

Thus we desire to call your attention to the fact that this is the 
only publication in the world today that is devoted exclusively to 
the advancement of historical subjects and historical research along 
the lines of Maine's early history. 

We need the hearty aid and co-operation ot every person in 
Maine interested in this matter. If you are not a subscriber, kind- 
ly send your name and address with one dollar for one year's sub- 
scription. If you are already a subscriber, bear in mind that the 
success of the enterprise owes much to prompt payments. 

Spragues Journal of Maine History 
DOVER, MAINE 



CONTENTS 

Brief Notes on Ancient Kennebec 83 

Swan Island 89 

Georgetown. Maine, the Ancient and the Modern 91 

Historical Field Days at Castine, Maine 93 

Ralph Farnham, a Bunker Hill Patriot 95 

A Famous Lawsuit 98 

Honorable Elias Dudley, Political Correspondence 101 

List of Members of First Congregational Church, Bangor 106 

Aroostook, poem no 

Society American Wars no 

Descendants of Rev John Lovejoy 112 

The Pines of Maine, poem 115 

Hidd°fo' L Mame. Cemetery Irscri-.tions 116 

The Eveleth Family 121 

The Cabot Expedition 123 

The Study of Maine History in Our Schools 124 

A Valuable Ancient Record 126 

Notes and Fragments 127 

Sayings of Subscribers 129 



82 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




Nlvv OnmeJ _BiAc/~ *£yfy L*J«z h~ Sfaiic it&r. 
w Mile*. 




15 >]3ea 
Cvdm y jfPtyTrumtfi Deed ^Patent £• QrfimusfPlY"i>nuA\ 

\ta£aue^hothn<uif f 'd r/te I , /^i A , 







Ancient Map of the Kennebec Region, Republished by the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society in 1912. 



Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER, 1915 No. 3 

Brief Notes on Ancient Kennebec 

By the Editor. 

Every son and daughter of Maine whether residing within the 
limits of the Pine Tree State or not is proud of the river Kennebec, 
which majestic stream unites the greatest, most beautiful and grand- 
est inland lake in all New England, with the mighty ocean whose 
tides ebb and flow upon the shores of other lands and countries 
where inhabitants speak in tongues unfamiliar to us. This river 
rises in Moosehead Lake which has an area of 115 square miles. 1 Its 
drainage basin embraces a total of 5,970 square miles or about one- 
fifth of the total water area of the State, 2 and reaches from the 
Canada line to the ocean. The length of the river from the lake 
to Merrymeeting Bay, including the more considerable windings, is 
about 140 miles, 3 is fed by 152 lakes and large ponds, 4 and courses 
its way through three counties in Maine, viz : Somerset, Kennebec 
and Sagadahoc. 

And the sturdy people of the valley of the Kennebec, who for 
three centuries have been at the front in the struggle for the advance- 
ment of American civilization in Maine, command our homage in 
no less a degree. The word Kennebec is of undoubted Indian origin, 
but its exact significance or definition is not well known. 5 The 
Delaware Indians, formally a powerful and heroic people, who had 
family alliances and possessions as far north as the river St. John, 
bequeathed to us a tradition that its meaning was "They who 
Thanked." 6 

Pale face braves, of more modern times, love to call Kennebec 
County "Imperial Kennebec." The complete aptness of this term 



'Report of State Water Storage Commission ( 1911 ) p. 243. 

2 Ib. p. 219. 

3 Ib. p. 219. 

J Ib. p. 268. 

°Hodge's Hand Book of American Indians published by the Smithsonian 
Institute (1907) gives it: "at the long water." It appears in early writings 
as Kenebec, Kenebecka, Kenebeke. 

"Maine Historical Colls., Vol. 4, page 115. 



84 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY' 

must be apparent to all who have been observers of or participants in 
the fortunes of Maine politics for the past half century. Political 
platforms may come and go, strong political organizations may arise 
and fall, it matters not what the vicissitudes and changes in Maine 
may be or whatever party may be in power, it is generally Kennebec 
statesmen and politicians who speak the final word as to what 
policy shall prevail or who shall hold the offices. 

But, seriously speaking, the citizenship of this region of the Ken- 
nebec has ever been a grand one, formed upon the immovable rocks 
of intelligence and integrity and unsurpassed by any in the world. 
Therefore, it is of interest to know of its sources and the beginnings 
of these thrifty, cultured and prosperous communities in the Ken- 
nebec Valley. It was a wise old prophet who in his day of stress 
and trouble "commanded the histories and the chronicles for former 
times to be brought to him.'" 

Sixteen years before the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth and 
one hundred and seventy-two years before the United States Gov- 
ernment had its birth and when Shakespeare, Bacon and Ben John- 
son were laying the foundation for our immortal Anglo-Saxon lit- 
erature, DeMonts in sailing along the coast of Maine discovered 
the Kennebec and took possession of the country contiguous to its. 
mouth in the name of his sovereign the King of France. 

But it was not until 1607 that an attempt was made to plant a 
permanent colony here and that was done by the English and is 
known in history as the Popham Colony. Sir John Popham, Chief 
Justice of England, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges were its promoters 
and George Popham, a nephew of the Chief Justice, was its head or 
general manager and commanded the vessel which brought them 
over. While it was the first English colony to land on the coast of 
New England, and although these colonies erected a fort, called 
Fort St. George, for defence and houses for shelter and built a ship 
for fishing, the adventure was doomed for failure. George Popham 
died and the duty of governing the colony devolved upon Raleigh 
Gilbert, who soon became discouraged and in a few months from 
the time of their arrival here those who had survived, sailed back to 
England. Yet as Prof. Chapman of Bowdoin College well said in 
his able address at the ter-centenary observance of this event ; "but 
that colony was the beginning of English occupancy of New Eng- 



'Esther VI-I (Catholic Version). 



BRIEF NOTES ON ANCIENT KENNEBEC 85 



land, the beginning of English shipbuilding on the American coast, 
the beginning of self-government in a colony still dependent upon 
the mother country and its laws ; and it must have the respect which, 
as Emerson says, always belongs to first things." 

This was a wonderful age of the world's greatest and most cour- 
ageous explorers and adventurers. And among them was the most 
remarkable and picturesque character that is to be found anywhere 
in Maine's early history or in the whole history of the beginnings 
of America, Captain John Smith. He has attracted the attention of 
historians, poets and romancers alike. His own tales of his marvelous 
exploits in the Orient in his younger days and in Virginia in later 
life, have been written of by scores of writers and critics and he 
has been both extolled as a hero and condemned as a fraud. Yet his- 
life work in which mystery and romance, doubt, error and truth are 
strangely intermixed, will forever remain as one of the most inter- 
esting and entertaining annals of early American history. His first 
visit to the north Atlantic coast, then known as North Virginia, was 
in 1614, and it was his efforts with the King that caused its name 
to be changed to New England. In April of that year he arrived 
at Monhegan where he remained two or three months when he built 
seven boats, in which he sent his men on fishing excursions, while 
he in a small boat explored the coast, trading with the natives, and 
gathering such information relating to the country its bays, rivers 
and lands, as he could obtain. As a result of this voyage he carried' 
back to the English markets as he related, "11,000 beavers, 200 
martins and otters, 40,000 dry fish and 7,000 cod fish, corned and 
pickled." 

In 1620, a charter was granted by James the First, to forty 
"Noblemen, Knights and Gentlemen" under the title of "The Coun- 
cil established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon, for planting, 
ruling and governing New England in America." Through their 
territory flowed this river of Kennebec, then sometimes known in 
history as the Sagadahoc. 

Bradford and his associates obtained a grant from the Council 
of Plymouth, of the land where they had settled in Massachusetts. 
Their first trading adventure up the Kennebec was in 1625. In the 
autumn of that year they sailed up the river in a shallop loaded with 
corn under the command of Edward Winslow. This they bartered 
with the Indians for "700 pounds of beaver, besides other furs." This 
encouraged them to make further efforts to establish trade here and 
in 1628 they established a trading post near the mouth of the river 



So SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

and near the site of Popham's fort. In 1629, William Bradtord and 
his associates obtained a grant of land upon the Kennebec river. 
This grant embraced : 

All that tract of land, or part of New England in America, which lieth 
within or between, and extendeth itself from, the utmost limits of Cobbise- 
conte, alias Comasseconte, which adjoineth to the river Kenebeck, alias 
Kenebekike, towards the western ocean, and a place called the Falls, at 
Xeguamkike, in America aforesaid, and the space of fifteen English miles 
on each side of the said river commonly called the Kenebeck river, and all 
the river Kenebeck, that lies within said limits. 

In 1635 we find about one hundred white settlers upon the Ken- 
nebec patent. 

Two of the most powerful tribes of the great Abanka nation of 
Indians had their original homes here when the white man first 




Meeting-House erected in what is now Augusta, Maine, in 178- 



stepped upon this ground, the Cannabas and the Norridgewocks. 
The home of the former was where is now Augusta and Winslow 
and the territory between these places. The principal village of 
the Norridgewocks was about where the present town of Norridge- 
wock is now located. 

The first war of the Indians against the Whites broke out in June, 
[675. At this time the settlements on the Kennebec were at the 
mouth of the river, where there were trading posts and forts. 
Thomas Purchase in 1654 purchased an extensive tract of land on 
the river Andros, of the Indians, and resided near the Falls at 



BRIEF NOTES ON ANCIENT KENNEBEC 87 



Brunswick on his Pejepscot patent, where he traded with the natives 
forty or fifty years acquiring a large estate/ 

Ahout this time Richard Hammond had erected a trading house 
and fortification on Arroonsic Island and a trading house at Ticonic 
Falls. Hammond robbed the Indians of furs. He was killed and 
sixteen persons taken prisoners by the Indians in August, 167'). 

During King Williams' War in 1688, homes on the north margin 
of Merrymeeting Bay were plundered and destroyed and the inhab- 
itants barbarously murdered during this war. The captives were 
generally sent to Ticonic. At this time is the first record of Indians 
taken as prisoners, being sold to the French in Canada as slaves. 

About the time of the settlement of Quebec, Father Biard, a 
French Jesuit, visited the Canibas Indians upon the Kennebec. He 
impressed them favorably. The rude altar improvised by Father 
Biard, near Sheepscot, was the first one erected on the Kennebec. 
Father Biard appeared before the Savages twice in the character of 
officiating priest. 

About 1646 Father Druilletts went down through the wilderness 
from Quebec by canoe and on foot with only some little parcels con- 
taining the missal and crucifix, a few priestly garments, a small box 
of medicines and some bread and wine for the mass. On his way he 
stopped at Old Point in Norridgewock, destined within the next 
three-quarters of a century to be the scene of a b'oody tragedy that 
disgraced the pages of New England history ; here he tarried with 
the Norridgewock tribe for a week. 

John Winslow was then trading at Cushnoc, now Augusta. He 
visited Winslow and was the guest of this distinguished Pilgrim for a 
few days. Although at first not understanding eachother's language 
by the aid of interpreters they soon became warm friends. He soon 
engaged in the duties for which he was sent there by his Superior, 
which compelled him to live in cabins of the Indians, nursing the 
sick, baptizing the dying and instructing the living. 

In 1653 the General Court appointed Thomas Prince, a commis- 
sioner to institute a civil government. He summoned the inhabitants 
to take the oath of allegiance to the governments of England and 
New Plymouth or leave the patent. A meeting of the inhabitants 
was held at the house of Thomas Ashley at Merrymeeting Bay, 
May 25, 1654. Sixteen men were present, to whom he administered 
the oath of allegiance. Thomas Purchase of Pejepscot was chosen 

8 Sullivan, p. 146. 



88 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

"Assistant to the Governor," and John Ashley, Constable. They 
established laws and regulations by which the higher crimes only 
were to be tried at New Plymouth by the General Court. Lesser 
crimes were under the jurisdiction of the Commissioner and his 
assistant. Theft was punished by restitution of three or four fold. 
Drunkenness was fined for the first offence five shillings, ten shillings 
for the second and the stocks for the third. Every inhabitant selling 
Indians strong liquor was fined for the first offence double the value 
of the liquor sold, for the second quadruple. If the offender was a 
stranger he was fined £10 for the first offence and £20 for the second. 



Mr. Robert E. Hall of Dover, recently called the attention of 
the writer to quite an ancient Masonic book bound in leather and 
containing 286 pages. Its title is as follows : 

"The Constitution of the Ancient and Honorable Fraternity 
of Free and Accepted Masons : Containing their History, 
Charges, Addresses, &c. 

Collected and digested from their Old Records, faithful Tra- 
ditions, and Lodge Books. For the Use of Masons, to which 
are added, The History of Masonry in the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, And The Constitution, Laws, and Regulations 
of their Grand Lodge, together with a Large Collection of 
Songs, Epilogues, &c. 

Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts, By Brother Isaiah 
Thomas, In the Christian Era MDCCXCII ; in the year of 
Light VMDCCXCII." 

In it appears the appointment by the Grand Lodge of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts made "on evening of the second day 
of April, 1792," of a committee with full power to "Consider and 
Compile" this book composed of the following: 

"Brethren John Warren, Moses M. Hays, Paul Revere, Aaron 
Dexter, William Scollay, Thaddeus M. Harris, John Lowell, Samuel 
Dunn, James Jackson, Samuel Barrett, William Little, Samuel 
Parkman and John Flemming. 

On one of its fly leaves appears the following penciling: 
"Presented to Mosaic Lodge by Brother Russell Kittredge of 
Milo." 



SWAN ISLAND 89 



Swan Island 

Sailing up the Kennebec River on a summer's morning, gliding 
between the banks of that silvery thread of water into the heart of 
Maine, says Elvira Andrews Webber, in the Lewiston Journal, the 
traveller on a Boston steamer, finally reaches the Dresden shores. 

Then, if not before, he is alert. Banks of emerald float past him; 
tints of birch, beech, maple, oak, the heavy green of spruce, and 
pine, and hemlock, Nature at her loveliest, salutes him. A crow 
caws on the Dresden shore! There is Swan Island! 

Just here the Kennebec is starred with germs of green. Big Swan 
Island has a namesake in Little Swan Island, and a short distance 
north of it is Spaulding's Island. There are other little jewels, too, 
not bigger than your hand. Big Swan Island is perhaps three or 
four miles in length, and a varying mile or half mile in width. 
The others are much smaller. These islands lie between the Dresden 
and Richmond and Bowdoinham shores. They are a favorite resort 
of picnickers and summer people. 



In 1750 the Plymouth Company map mentions but a single settler 
on Swan Island. That was Capt. James Whidden. He had 325 
acres. All the rest of the island, ''about 850 acres," and Little Swan 
Island also, was granted in 1758 to Doctor Silvester Gardiner. 
Doctor Gardiner was an extensive owner of Kennebec lands. He 
founded the town of Gardiner a few miles north of Swan Island on 
the western bank of the river, and it was to him that old Fort Rich- 
mond, which overlooked the channels on either side of the island, 
was ceded in 1755 when it became no longer necessary as a military 
station. 

Some of these Kennebec lands of Doctor Gardiner's were con- 
fiscated at the time of the Revolution, and Swan Island was among 
them. In after years, however, it came back into the hands of his 
descendants, and appears to have been a loved spot with them. 

A daughter of Doctor Gardiner, Rebecca, in 1763 married Phiilip 
Dumaresq of Boston. Their son, James, married Sarah Farwell 
of Vassalborough, Me., in 1797, and settled in the old house 
which his grandfather, Doctor Gardiner, had built on the island 
about 1756. 

This house, surrounded by rich grass lands and noble shade 
trees, looked east toward Little Swan Island. A narrow chan- 



90 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

iiel separates the two, and the spot is ideal. The old house is 
today known as the Dumaresq house, and looks much as it did 
in the long ago, with its wide porch, the long roof sloping low at 
the back, and its big chimney. It is now the property of Dr. E. C. 
Hebbard, a well-known medical practitioner of Boston, whose f amity 
spend a few delightful months here each summer. 

But a daughter of this Dumaresq family on Swan Island, Jane 
Frances Rebecca, who from all accounts was very beautiful, married 
a Boston merchant, Col. Thomas Handasych Perkins. It was for 
this Colonel Perkins that the Perkins Institute for the blind at 
South Boston was named. After his retirement from business, the 
family lived at the island during the summer months in a handsome 
house which Colonel Perkins had built a hundred yards north of 
the Dumaresq house on a timbered bluff commanding a fine view 
of the river. This house was burned in 1839, an d a smaller house 
took its place. 

Swan Island was in 1760 a part of the town of Pownalborough. 
In 1794 it became a part of the town of Dresden. In 1847 ^ 
became a town by itself, and has so remained. It was called the 
town of Perkins for the Perkins family. 



The following we clip from a Maine newspaper: 
In the Hunnewell cemetery near the home of Silas Hunnewell, seven 
miles above Bingham, on the west side of the Kennebec river there are 
the unmarked graves of two Revolutionary soldiers. These are Joseph Kirk, 
who died in 1775 and Samuel Briggs, who died in 1840. Kirk was one 
of the soldiers in Benedict Arnold's Quebec expedition. Tradition has it 
that he was ill and had to be left behind with one or two men to care for 
him. The campfire burned off an old pine stump which fell upon Kirk and 
injured him so that he died. He was first buried near where his death 
occurred on land which was afterwards the J. Q. A. Williams place. Sixty 
or more years after his interment the body was transferred to its present 
resting place by Mr .Williams just mentioned, Cyrus Briggs and Mr. Later. 
Cyrus Briggs was the son of the original settler who came to that section in 
about 1800 and is said to have selected his farm on account of a small 
clearing which had been made for a camping place by Arnold's men. The 
other grave is that of Samuel Briggs also a soldier in the Revolutionary 
Army, but who survived until 1840. 



GEORGETOWN, MAINE 91 

Georgetown, Maine 
The Ancient and the Modern 

By Rev. Henry O. Thayer. 

Frequently noticed has been the lack of clear apprehension by 
historical writers of the unstable geography and civil constitution of 
this ancient town. They present exceptional features. The per- 
manent settlement was built above the desolation of three Indian 
wars. 

After the treaty of Utrecht the several land proprietors, heirs 
and assigns holding under Indian deeds from 1639 to 1661, planned 
to reoccupy. The initiatory enterprise was undertaken, by Boston 
owners, at Arrowsic, an island lying in the Sagadahoc or Kennebec 
river, eight miles from the sea. The proprietors offered 4000 acres, 
100 each to 40 men who would enter and build, and improve three 
years. By this liberal policy a thriving community was soon estab- 
lished. 

Massachusetts promising new settlements showed to these mana- 
gers and tenants what seems to be extraordinary favors, for at the 
outset, when but few houses were built, it gave to the prospective 
settlement the rights of an incorporated town. This was done in 
May, 1716. Eighteen months previously a new king had been 
crowned in England, George I, and in honor, his name was applied 
to this new town in his Western dominions, George-town, simply 
and only the island of Arrowsic. Some of his loyal subjects wished 
to do more for their soverign of the house of Hanover by casting 
aside the island's aboriginal name, and did for a time write "George- 
town on Hanover Island." 

While a score of years went by settlers came in on the outlying 
lands. They also desired similar privileges and accordingly all the 
territory from Merrymeeting bay to the ocean was united to the 
central island town constituting one large municipality 20 miles in 
length along the dividing river. The new enlarged town still retained 
the former name Georgetown. It began legal existence in 1738, and 
records from that date are extant. The record book of previous 
years was unfortunately lost. 

This first Sagadahoc town had been constructed by addition. 
Alter a score of years it began to suffer by subtraction. The north- 
east section was cut away in 1759 to form Woolwich. The opposite 



92 SFRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

section west of the river became Bath in 1781, and long after, 1844, 
its western side was sliced off for a new town, West Bath. The 
peninsula on the southwest became Phipsburg in 1814. Then 
Georgetown comprised only Parker's island and Arrowsic, the rem- 
nant east of the river. At length the latter wished to set up for 
itself and seceded in 1841, and took for a town name the ancient 
island name, Arrowsic. Bereft of its municipal companions the 
ancient Rescoheagan, or Parker's Island, as if a residuary legatee 
was left in possession of the dismembered town's name with old 
records and still holds it, Georgetown. Hence the curious fact, the 
small island which had at first received, and singly borne, and next 
jointly shared the name for 25 years, lost it, and it fell to its larger 
neighbor island. 

The territory which was constituted Georgetown in 1738, now 
comprises five towns and one city. 



AJbridged : 

GEORGETOWN, MAINE. 

Its Municipal Changes. 

17 16. The name given at incorporation to Arrowsic alone, the newly 
settled island within the Sagadahoc or Kennebec river. 

1738. Adjacent territory on the east and the west of the river, 
annexed, the name unchanged. 

1759. Woolwich on the northeast taken off. 

1 781. Also Bath on the west and northwest. 

1814. The southwest peninsula became Phipsburg. 

1 84 1. The island Arrowsic became again a separate town by that 
name. 

1841. By the separation the name Georgetown was left to the east- 
ern island, Parker's or Recoheagan, long possessed by John 
Parker but conveyed by formal deed Feb.. 27, 1650. 

1844. A west side section of Bath became the town of West Bath. 
The Georgetown of 1738 equals now five towns and one 
city. 



HISTORICAL FIELD DAYS AT CASTINE, MAINE 93 

Historical Field Days at 
Castine, Maine 

On July 14-15, 191 5, the Bangor and the Piscataquis Historical 
Societies united in an excursion to the historic town of Castine, 
having been invited by the live and enterprising Board of Trade of 
that town. 

The sail down the Penobscot river was a beautiful one, the day 
was fine and the event proved to be a gala day for all who were 
fortunate enough to attend. 

Ihe literary and historical exercises were of the highest order 
and were listened to by intelligent and appreciative audiences. 

On the evening of Wednesday, July 14, in the Emerson Memorial 
town hall the meeting was called to order by Mr. W. H. Hooper, 
president of the Castine Board of Trade, who introduced Honorable 
W. A. Walker, who made an appropriate and eloquent address of 
welcome. This was responded to by Honorable Henry Lord, presi- 
dent of the Bangor Historical Society, and John Francis Sprague, 
president of the Piscataquis Historical Society 

This meeting was then presided over by President Lord. After 
excellent music by the Castine Orchestra, and remarks by Congress- 
man Guernsey of Dover, Dr. Wm. C. Mason of Bangor, and others, 
Mr. Charles W. Noyes of New York and a native of Castine, deliv- 
ered a scholarly and able address which the Journal will publish in 
the near future, on "Fort Pentagoet and the early Beginnings of 
Castine." This was followed by an equally able and valuable address 
by George A. Wheeler, A. M. M. D., long a resident of Castine and 
author of "History of Castine," one of the most valuable of Maine's 
town histories on "Castine in the Revolutionary Period and during 
the War of 1812." 

The day of July 15 was well and profitably spent by the visitors, 
ii. viewing the historic spots and ancient landmarks in old Castine,. 
which are so indentified and well preserved by many tablets and 
markers. Altogether there are about 55 tablets and 29 markers. 

Professor W'arren K. Moorehead of the Department of Arch- 
aeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., who is in charge of 
men making excavations and investigations of the shellheaps and 
other evidences of the pre-historic Indians along the coast of Castine 
Bay and Penobscot river, furnished the members with free trans- 
portation in motor boats to inspect his work there. 



94 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

The Board of Trade, the citizens and the summer visitors gener- 
ously provided all with autos and motor boats for all of this sight 
seeing. 

In the evening of Thursday, July 15, in the historic old Unitarian 
Church a meeting equally as interesting as the former was held and 
was presided over by President Sprague of the Piscataquis Society. 
The program for the evening was "The Taverns, Stage Drivers and 
Newspapers of Castine," Mrs. Louise Wheeler Bartlett of Castine ; 
"The Pre-Colonial Indians," Professor Warren K. Moorehead of 
Andover, Mass. ; "The Dutch at Castine," Mr. Charles W. Noyes of 
of New York; "Maine in 1920," Edward M. Blanding of Bangor. 
These several addresses were each in their way and upon their 
respective lines of thought eloquent, instructive and highly enter- 
taining, and were listened to by a large, enthusiastic and appreciative 
audience. 

The entire affair from its beginning to its close was in every way 
a success and an inspiration to all who participated in it. It must 
surely result in an increased interest in the study of Maine's early 
colonial history and promote the cause of education in Maine his- 
torical subjects. 

Great credit is due to the Castine Board of Trade, to Castine's 
public spirited citzens to many of its summer visitors, and especially 
to Mr. Edward M. Blanding, the energetic secretary of the Bangor 
Society, who was assisted by Judge Edgar C. Smith, the corre- 
sponding secretary of the Piscataquis Society, for the complete suc- 
cess which so happily crowned their persistent efforts. 

The members of the Piscataquis Society feel grateful to Mr. 
Blanding and the Bangor Society for initiating the movement which 
resulted in this delightful event. 

The entire party were most pleasantly entertained at the Acadian, 
one of the most attractive and commodious hotels on the Maine 
coast. Manager Walker did everything possible for the comfort and 
pleasure of all and every guest left feeling under personal obligation 
to him. 



RALPH FARNHAM, A BUNKER HILL PATRIOT 95 

Ralph Farnham, a Bunker 
Hill Patriot 

By Sarah Lucas Martin. 

Among the heir-looms treasured by the members of the Farnham 
family in Dover Maine, is a picture, autograph, and imperfect 
sketch on yellowed paper of Ralph Farnham, the last survivor of 
the battle of Bunker Hill, who died in Acton 4 Me., in 1861, in the 
106th year of his age. 

The likeness and autograph were obtained the year previous to 
his death, at the time of the visit of Mr. Farnham to Boston by 
invitation of Gov. Banks and other distinguished men, to be present 
at the reception accorded the Prince of Wales on his visit to this 
country in i860. The invitation reads in this wise and is signed 
by N. P. Banks, governor ; F. W. Lincoln, mayor ; Edward Everett, 
Charles Sumner and some 40 other eminent citizens. : 

Mr. Ralph Farnham, Acton, Maine: 

We, being residents of the city of Boston, the scene of our earliest Revo- 
lutionary struggles, naturally feel a pride in everything that reminds us of 
the glorious day when our forefathers did battle for freedom. That genera- 
tion has well-nigh passed away. You in your 105th year, are one of the few 
connecting links which unites the present generation with that upon which 
the Independence of our country dawned, and the sole survivor of that gal- 
lant band who took part in the battle of Bunker Hill. We cordially invite 
you to visit Boston. We desire to see you, — to shake hands with you, and to 
pay you that respect due alike to your patriarchal age and to the part you 
took in the struggle which secured our National Independence. 

Mr. Farnham's quaint reply follows: 

Acton, Sept. 21st, i860. 
Mr. N. B. Banks, Governor, Mr. F. W. Lincoln, Mayor, Mr. Edzvard Everett, 

and others: 

I have received your invitation to visit Boston. I thank you for the honor 
you do me. When I 'listed in the American Army at 18 years of age, and 
engaged in the battle of Bunker Hill I did not suppose I should live to be 
104 years of age and be asked by so many distinguished men to visit Boston. 
I do not think I deserve any special credit for the part I took in the Revolu- 
tion. I only felt and acted as others. I remember distinctly the time when I 
'listed in May, 1775, and soon after left home for Cambridge. We got to 
Cambridge the day before the battle of Bunker Hill. Oh, that was a dreadful 
battle! It was the first time I had ever took part in fighting. It was dread- 
ful to take those eight guns from the British and turn them upon them. 
After that I served through three campaigns. I receive every year my pen- 



96 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



sion of $61.66, though I have to pay $4 every year for a lawyer in Portland 
to get it for me. I have many things to comfort me, as I journey along 
through life; innumerable are the mercies I am surrounded with, As to 
temporal matters kind, loving children, faithful friends. As to spiritual, the 
Holy Scriptures and the various institutions of religion, all of which are 
designed for our improvement here and to prepare us to dwell in that 
better world above. If a kind Providence spares my life and health you 
may expect to see me in Boston between the first and eighth of October. 

Your friend, 

RALPH FARNHAM. 
By invitation of Paran Stevens proprietor of the Revere House, 
he was entertained there during his stay. The interview the old 

gentleman had with the 
Prince of Wales, was of 
great interest to both. 
He, who as a stripling of 
18, with his poorly clad, 
half armed comrades, 
fought the h au g h t y 
forces of King George 
III, now after nearly 90 
years, as the sole repre- 
sentative of that gallant 
band, welcomed and ex- 
changed courtesies with 
the grandson, while he 
himself was one of a 
great nation, in a broad, 
free land ! Mr. Farn- 
ham used often to speak 
of this interview with 
the greatest pleasure, re- 
marking laughingly that 
he "tried to show the 
boy and his soldiers that 
he bore no anger for old 
times." 

Ralph Farnham was born at Lebanon, N. H., July 7, 1756. The 
family originally came from England. At 18, having at length 
obtained the consent of his mother, he enlisted with several other 
young men of the village, and marched to Cambridge, where Gen- 
eral Washington had taken up his headquarters ; arriving the day 
before the battle of Bunker Hill. In this engagement, he was in the 




RALPH FARNHAM, 

Revolutionary soldier, and the last survivor 

of the battle of Bunker Hill. 



RALPH FARNHAM, A BUNKER HILL PATRIOT 97 

forces under the command of Gen. Putnam. The following spring, 
he went with the army under Washington to Long Island and took 
part in nearly every engagement. 

He was with Washington through all that disastrous pursuit by 
the British through New Jersey, and through all the terrible winter 
at Valley Forge. Subsequently, he was with the forces under Gen. 
Gates, and remembered all the points pertaining to Burgoyne's sur- 
render. He was on guard at the time a flag of truce was brought 
from the British general. It would serve no purpose to follow him 
through the service. 

In 1780 he retired to the wilds of Maine and took up 100 acres of 
land in a township now known as Acton. He was the first settler in 
this region and felled the first trees in this section. The country 
for miles around was covered with a dense forest. Here he first 
built a log hut, cleared fields, raised crops and made a home in the 
wilderness. Later he built a plain but comfortable farm house nearby, 
brought here a young wife and reared his family of seven children 
who all grew to manhood and womanhood. 

The hard, rocky soil yielded but an ungenerous livelihood, and a 
nation, which had grown strong, and rich, and powerful, gave to this 
last survivor of that glorious battle which largely decided the fate 
of the colonies — gave him $61.66 yearly, and he had to pay a Port- 
land lawyer $4 a year to get that for him. He died, as has been 
stated, in 1861 in his 106th year. 

His descendants live, some in Acton, some in Kennebec county. 
Many relatives live in Piscataquis county. The Farnhams were 
decidedly pioneers. Wm. Farnham, a cousin, was the third settler in 
Sangerville. He planted the first orchard in that town, bringing the 
young trees from Garland on his shoulders. There he reared his 
large family of seven sons and three daughters. Levi O. was the 
fourth of these sons and for many years a resident of Dover. His 
death occurred October 31, 1897. 



98 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

A Famous Lawsuit 

RELATING TO RATH AND THE KENNEBEC RIVER. 

(Wayfarer's Notes) 

Editor's Note: The late Honorable Joseph W. Porter of Bangor, from 
1885 to 1895, published "The Bangor Historical Magazine," and after its 
discontinuance and for a few years prior to his decease, he contributed to the 
Bangor Commercial a series of exceedingly valuable papers relating to the 
early history of Eastern Maine. 

These were all written by Mr. Porter and published under the nom de 
plume of "Wayfarer" and known as "Wayfarer's Notes." 

Like all of his historical research these papers are of inestimable value for 
their accuracy and the care with which they were prepared. 
(Continued from page 18) 

THE GUTCH OR GOOCH CLAIM. 

Rev. Robert Gutch or Gooch from Salem came to Kennebec 
river, and May 29, 1660, bought of Robin Hood and other Indians 
a tract of land which was substantially what was incorporated into 
the town of Bath, Feb. 17, 1781. This deed was recorded in York 
records, Vol. 2, Folio 32, Oct. 27, 1667. Gutch died in 1666. He 
had a family of children, some of whom lived in the vicinity, but 
nothing is seen of them until about 1740 when new settlements 
began there under claims from the heirs of Gooch. Dr. Silvester 
Gardiner, with the consent of the company undertook to prosecute 
its claim on the Bath territory. Dr. Gardiner probably for the pur- 
poses of this case sold out to David Jeffries of Boston, or appointed 
him as attorney. David Jeffries, clerk of Boston, lessee under Silves- 
ter Gardiner, by deed of April 1, 1762, brought a suit against one 
Joseph Sergeant of George Town for : 

Twelve thousand acres of land in George Town more or less, beginning on 
the westerly side of the Chops of Merrymeeting Bay, /thence southerly down 
the Kennebec River as the river runs to Winnegance Creek, thence to the 
farthest part of said Creek, thence by the nearest and most direct route oi 
New Meadows Bay, and from thence along said Bay westerly and northerly 
up Stevens river and by said river and Creek to the bridge above the head 
thereof, and from said bridge north to Merrymeeting Bay, thence north 
westerly along said Bay to the Chops aforesaid, being the first mentioned 
boundary, the same being parcel of the Tract called the Kennebec Purchase 
from the late Colony of New Plymouth. 

This suit was for the whole, not a part of the town. 



A FAMOUS LAWSUIT 99 



The case was originally brought in the inferior court and by sham 
demurrer carried to the "Superior Court of Judicature." Here a 
new party appears : Col. Nathaniel Donnell, an eminent citizen of 
York, was upon petition admitted to defend. Jeffries found his 
match. This Nathaniel Donnell of York was a kinsman (and prob- 
ably uncle) of the other Nathaniel Donnell, the settler in Bath prior 
to 1750, who claimed rights under the Gooch claim. The York man 
bought lands of the Bath man, and he in turn sold to others, and 
this obliged him to defend. The case was tried at the term held in 
Cumberland county the fourth Tuesday of June, 1765. The full 
bench of judges were present, viz: Chief Justice Thomas Hutch- 
inson of Milton, afterwards lieutenant-governor ; Benjamin Lynde 
of Salem, afterwards chief justice, 1781 ; John Cushing of Scituate; 
Peter Oliver, afterward chief justice, and Edward Trowbridge, of 
Cambridge, sometime attorney-general. The most able and efficient 
lawyers of the country were employed at the trial. For the plaintiff 
were Jeremiah Gridley of Boston attorney-general ; James Otis, Jr., 
of Boston, the great patriot ; and William Cushing of Pownalboro, 
afterward chief justice, 1777, and judge of the Supreme Court of 
the United States. For the defendant were William Parker of 
Portsmouth, N. H., afterward judge of admiralty and of the Supreme 
Court of New Hampshire; Daniel Farnham of Newbury, and David 
Sewall of York, afterward judge of the Supreme Court, 1777 and 
the first judge of the United States District Court for Maine, 1789 
to 1818. Such an array of judges and attorneys was never seen in 
Maine before or since. The case was tried and the jury found for 
Donnell and judgment was entered upon their verdict. Later Jeffries 
brought a writ of review, as he had a right to do, and that was 
entered and tried at the court held in Falmouth (Portland) on the 
fourth Tuesday of June, 1766. A great concourse of people were 
present. Parson Smith says in his Journal : "June 29, Sunday, the 
lieutenant-governor (Sir Francis Bernard), Judge Oliver, Mr. Goff, 
Mr. Winthrop and Mr. Bowdoin at Meeting." The case was thor- 
oughly contested, but the jury under the instructions of the court, 
brought in a verdict for Donnell again. At the end of the record is 
the following : 

Immediately after entering up this judgment, the plaintiff moved for an 
appeal from the same unto his majesty in council. Not granted: the court 
heing of opinion that by the royal charter an appeal does not lie in this case. 

In all probability the defence plead the Gooch claim and possessory 
rights. 



ioo SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

The Kennebec company were defeated in the end and gave up the 
contest. 

James Sullivan of Berwick was a law student in 1766 and settled 
in George Town, 1767. Attorney General, 1790- 1807, and governor 
1807-1808. He wrote a history of Maine, 1795. I quote from pages 
118 and 119: 

"There can be no pretension that this was the true construction 
of the (Kennebec) Patent. But the construction by the judges was 
popular, and under all the circumstances very equitable and just. 
There is something in popular opinion which never fails to influence 
the tribunals of Justice, in a Country: It is always more agreeable 
to Judges to have a coincidence of public opinion for their support. 
In the case above the rights of the Crown were not concerned and 
the decision was popular." 



Mr. Windsor P. Daggett of Auburn, contributes the following 
regarding a former well known citizen of Springfield, Maine: 

Mr. Edwin A. Reed was born in Springfield, Maine, April 29, 
1843, tne son 0I Francis Augustus and Julia Ann Hersey Reed. In 
1866 he married Nellie May Woodbury, who died a number of 
years later, leaving him three children. In 1883 he married Angie 
Ford Page of Burlington, Maine. Mr. Reed spent the greater 
part of his life in Springfield, where he was always a public spirited 
citizen, and where for several years he was First Selectman. He 
moved to Orono in 1903. Mr. Reed attended the Congregational 
Church; he was a life-long Republican and a strong Roosevelt man. 
He was a member of the G. A. R., and a member of the Mechanics 
Lodge of Masons. He also held a membership in the Mt. Horeb 
Chapter of Masons, Mattawamkeag. He died at his residence in 
Orono, June 30, 191 5, "one of the substantial and dependable men 
of the town." 

He* is survived by his widow, and his four children : Annie 
Hersey Reed, Orono ; Harry E. Reed, Millinocket ; Carl W. Reed, 
East Hampton, Mass. ; and Philip P. Reed, Minneapolis, Minn. 
He also leaves four grandchildren, and two brothers : James A. 
Reed of Springfield, Maine; and Samuel Hersey Reed, Mabton, 
Washington. 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 101 

Honorable Elias Dudley and Some 
of His Political Correspondence 

With Notes by the Editor. 

(Continued from Page 25) 

PENOBSCOT COUNTY ADMINISTRATION CONVENTION. 

A meeting of delegates from the several towns and plantations in the 
County of Penobscot, was held at the Court-House in Bangor, on Wednes- 
day, the 9th day of July, 1828, agreeably to previous notice. The meeting 
was called to order by John Wilkins, Esq. The Hon. MARTIN KINSLEY 
being chosen CHAIRMAN, and WILLIAM UPTON, SECRETARY, it 
was voted, that the Chairman and Secretary examine the returns of the 
members ; whereupon it was ascertained that thirty-five members were 
present. 

VOTED, That a Committee of seven be appointed to report resolutions for 
the consideration of the Convention, at the hour to which this meeting shall 
adjourn. 

The following gentlemen were accordingly chosen on said Committee: 

JOHN WILKINS, SIMEON STETSON, GEORGE LEONARD, 
EDWARD KENT. P. P. FURBER, GEORGE B. MOODY, PARKER 
EATON. 

VOTED, That this meeting be adjourned to three o'clock this afternoon. 

The Convention met according to adjournment. 

The Committee appointed for that purpose, then reported the following 
resolutions, which were unanimously adopted : 

RESOLVED, That, having full confidence in the talents, experience, and 
political integrity of JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, we will unite our efforts 
with those of our fellow-citizens, in every part of the Union, to secure his 
re-election. 

RESOLVED, That we approve of the nomination of RICHARD RUSH 
for Vice-President. 

RESOLVED, That we approve of the nomination of COL. THOMAS 
F1LLEBROWN and GEN. SIMON NOWELL, as Electors at large for the 
State, and will give them our undivided support. 

RESOLVED, That we concur in the nomination, made by our fellow- 
citizens in the County of Somerset, of the HON. JOHN MOOR, of Anson, 
as Elector for the Somerset and Penobscot District, and that we will use all 
fair and honorable means to ensure his election. 

The Convention then proceeded to nominate a candidate to represent the 
Somerset and Penobscot District in the next Congress, and the votes were 
for the HON. SAMUEL BUTMAN, 32— whereupon it was 

UNANIMOUSLY RESOLVED, That, approving of the course pursued 
by the HON. SAMUEL BUTMAN, member of Congress from this District, 
we cordially unite in recommending him as a Candidate for re-election, and 
will use all honorable means to effect it. 



io2 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The Convention then proceeded to nominate a candidate for Senator from 
this County to the next Legislature, and SOLOMON PARSONS, ESQ. 
having thirty votes, it was UNANIMOUSLY RESOLVED, that he be 
recommended as a candidate for re-election to the Senate of this State. 

RESOLVED, That CHARLES RICE, Esq., be recommended as a Can- 
didate for the office of County Treasurer, at the next election. 

The Convention then adopted 'the following Resolution : 

Whereas the next Legislature of this State will elect two Senators in 
Congress, and otherwise exert an important influence on the subject of 
national politics — RESOLVED, that we recommend to our fellow-citizens, to 
exert themselves to elect undoiibted friends of the Administration, as mem- 
bers of the next Legisature. 

RESOLVED, That a Committee of three be appointed to prepare and 
publish an address to the Electors, to accompany the proceedings of this 
meeting : 

Whereupon, GEORGE B. MOODY, EDWARD KENT and JOHN 
WILKINS, were chosen a Committee for this purpose. 

RESOLVED, That the proceedings of this meeting be signed by the Chair- 
man and Secretary, and published in the Bangor Register and Somerset 
Journal. 

MARTIN KINSLEY, CHAIRMAN. 
WILLIAM UPTON, SECRETARY. 

Bangor, June, 1834. 
Dear Sir, 

The friends of the Union and Constitution, and the supporters of Whig 
Principles in Bangor, have determined to celebrate the coming Fourth of July, 
the great day which gave birth to their privileges. They feel desirous to 
meet their friends from the Country on that occasion — they therefore extend 
an invitation to you, and all the citizens of your town, and hope that all who 
can make it convenient will attend and unite in the Celebration. 

The Oration will be delivered by WILLIAM PITT FESSENDEN, ESQ. 
THEOPHILUS P. CHANDLER, 
SAMUEL J. FOSTER, COMMITTEE 

NATHAN B. WIGGIN, OF 

AMOS DAVIS, ARRANGEMENTS. 

A. R. HALLOWELL, 

Bangor, August — 1837. 
D. Sir: 

Our friends here feel some anxiety in relation to the town of Newburg. 
There ought to be a complete thorough but secret organization of the Whigs 
in that town. That only can be done by the personal exertions of some 
our Hampden friends, & by seeing personally the Whigs in that town. The 
defection in the Tory party is by no means confined according the informa- 
tion we can obtain here to this County. They boast among their friends 
that they (the Silver Greys) can reduce the Parks vote 5000 in the state. 
It would be bad enough to lose the election in this County but it would be 
an eternal disgrace to us under such circumstances to lose the election of 
Kent. As Bangor is at present rather head quarters as we have determined 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 103 



to leave nothing undone I thought I would just drop you a line about New- 
burg although I suppose the necessary work in that town has long since 
been performed. 

It is extremely important that every Whig old & young should be at the 
polls & that carriages should be provided for the infirm & destitute as there 
is no doubt from information from upper part of the County that there will 
be a close vote. 

Truly yours, 

WM. H. McCRILLlS. 

William H. McCrillis was born in Georgetown, Maine, Nov. 4, 
1813, and died in Bangor. He studied law with Allen & Appleton 
and commenced practice there in 1834, and was for many years a 
prominent citizen and a leading lawyer of that city, and had an 
extensive law practice throughout Eastern Maine. He was formerly 
a Whig and then a Republican, but after the close of the Civil War 
he became a Democrat and acted with that party during the remain- 
der of his life. He was a member of the Maine House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1859-60-61. He was a man of brilliant abilities and a 
forceful and eloquent advocate at the bar. 

He died in Bangor, Maine, May 3, 1889. 

Bangor, Jan'y 15, 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley — 

Dear Sir — It has been suggested to me, that it may be thought expedient 
to put some other person in the place of him who holds the office of Register 
of Probate in this County — If such change should be deemed expedient by 
the Governor, I should be glad to have Mr. Joseph Chapman of Bangor 
appointed to fill the office — All the habits of Mr. Chapman are remarkably 
well adapted to qualify him for that office — 

Mr. C's moral character is altogether unexceptionable — In every other 
respect I can cheerfully recommend him — 

Very respectfully your 
friend & Svt. 

JACOB McGAW. 

Bangor, May 29, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esq., 

D. Sir. There is much interest felt in reference to the appointment of 
Superintendent of the Insane Hospital. It is supposed that the appointment 
will be made at the next session of the Gov. & Council. 

The name of Dr. Benj. D. Bartlett of this city has been proposed for that 
situation. Dr. Bartlett has been in several cases of great difficulty, called 
to visit in consultation in my family. In my instance he has exhibited great 
carefullness & skill in his investigations, & sagacity in his conclusions, and I 
take great pleasure in saying that I should place unlimited confidence in his 
ability to discharge any situation to which he might be called in the range 



io 4 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



of his profession I have no doubt his appointment to the situation referred 
to would prove highly satisfactory. My opinion having been limited to this 
point, I have ventured thus far to trouble you in the matter. 

With high regard 

Your friend & Obt. Svt, 

JOHN A. POOR. 
John Alfred Poor, son of Daniel Poor, who emigrated to New 
England from Andover, Hampshire County, England, in 1638, was 
a descendant of Roger Poor, a priest in the time of William the 
Conqueror, and a Chaplain in the army of his youngest son Prince 
Henry. For two centuries or more Daniel Poor's descendants lived 
in Andover and other towns in Essex County, Massachusetts, when 
three brothers of this name emigrated, to what is now Oxford 
County, Maine, in 1790, in what was formerly called East Andover 
and is now the town of Andover which was settled by Ezekiel Mer- 
rill in 1789. The second of these brothers was Silvanus Poor, a 
physician, who married the daughter of Ezekiel Merrill. He was 
a prominent citizen and a member of the Maine Constitutional Con- 
vention in 1819. John Alfred Poor was their second son born Janu- 
try 8, 1808. Jacob McGaw, a graduate of Dartmouth College, and 
a lifelong friend and correspondent of Daniel Webster, married a 
sister of Silvanus Poor. Mr. McGaw was one of the most brilliant 
of Maine's early lawyers and was the first County Attorney of 
Penobscot County. When John Alfred was about twelve years of 
age Mr. McGaw visited the Poor family in East Andover and he 
was so favorably impressed with the lad that he invited him to visit 
him at his home in Bangor. Later (1827) after he had attended 
school and an Academy and had taught school he returned to Bangor, 
entered Mr. McGaw's office as a law student and was admitted to 
the Penobscot County Bar in 1832, and commenced the practice of 
law in Old Town, but in a few months returned to Bangor where 
he formed a law partnership with Mr. McGaw and later with his 
brother, Henry Varnum Poor, he practiced law for a period of 
about fourteen years when he became profoundly interested in 
the then new idea that railroads could be developed for long dis- 
tances as thoroughfares for freight and passengers, and in 1846 he 
moved to Portland and was the greatest promoter of the Atlantic 
and St. Lawrence Railway, which was the beginning of the Grand 
1 runk system. For several years there was a great struggle through- 
out New England and Canada as to whether the terminus should 
be at Boston or Portland. The Portland interests were ably led by 
Mr. Poor, who finally won the fight. One curious fact connected 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 105 



with this enterprise is that the officials of the Atlantic and St. Law- 
rence Railway objected to paying Mr. Poor the sum of five dollars 
per day for his services which would now probably be regarded 
as moderate at ten times that amount for the herculean work per- 
formed by him. He was also the principal founder of the European 
and North American Railway and at the time of his death it was 
generally conceded that he was, in the words of the Boston Journal, 
"the father of the railroad system of Maine, especially in its relations 
to British North America." He was powerful both as a writer and 
orator. His writings for newspapers and public journals and hi9 
published addresses, in his efforts to awaken public sentiment to the 
importance of the development of railroads would fill volumes. At 
one time he founded a newspaper in Portland which he owned and 
edited for six years, called The State of Maine and which was after- 
wards (1849) merged into the Portland Advertiser. In 1849 he 
purchased the American Railway Journal in New York and was for 
a time its editor. He died in Portland, Maine, September 5, 1871. 

Carmel, Jan'y 16, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esqr. 

Dr. Sr. I learn by Mr. Emery of this place that you have been Elected 
Counciler for Penobscot which I can assure you is very gratifying to me 
and that my Exertions has not been in vain. The reason of my writing you 
at this time is a9 follows, viz : There came a few days since a petition for a 
Mr. Hill of Exeter for my name it being stated at the time that Mr. Hill 
would be the choice of the Whigs of Penobscot for Sheriff. Since I have 
learned that it is a moove of some of the Most Poison Locos to have some 
of these Loco Dept. Sheriff reappointed being connected by marriage you 
probably will see the petitions and the leading Locos names to them if Mr. 
Hill is Sheriff. A Mr. Franklin Ruggles is to be Dept. for this section. I 
hope you will inform Mr. Kent and others of the council of the fact if Mr. 
Hills claims are more than any one beside I have nothing to say if not I 
presume this will be a word in season. 

Yours Respectfully in haste, 

GEO. W. CHAMBERLAIN. 

"Loco-Focos," a political nickname given to a certain faction of 
the Democratic party in the state of New York (1835-7), and after- 
wards its use as applied to the entire party, became national. This 
faction called themselves the "Equal Rights party" and were opposed 
to special privileges in granting charters to banks and other cor- 
porations. At a meeting in Tammany Hall, October 29, 1835, the 
regular Tammany Democrats tried to gain control. Finding them- 
selves outnumbered they turned out the lights and retired. The 
Equal Rights men poduced candles and "loco-foco" matches, and 
contined the meeting. Hence the name loco-foco. 

(To be continued) 



io6 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Alphabetical List of the Members of 

the First Congregational Church 

of Bangor, Maine, 1811-1856 

ORGANIZED NOVEMBER 27, 181 1. 
Contributed by Fannie Hardy Eckstorm. 



Eliashib Adams, 
Mrs. Anna Adams, 
George E. Adams, 
Eliza L. Adams, 
Mary A. Adams 
Mrs. Malinda S. Adams, 
Charlotte M. Adams, 
Henry M. Adams, 
Mary E. Adams, 
Mrs. Mary Allen, 
Martha Allen, 
John Allen, 
James AM en, 
Mrs. Naomi E. Allen 1 , 
Margaret Allen, 
Mrs. Sarah E. Allen, 
Mary Allen, 
Charlotte S. Allen, 
Mrs. Elizabeth F. Allen, 
Sarah C. Ally, 
Mrs. Lydia Ayer, 
Mrs. Sabra Bailey, 
Uriah Bailey, 
Mrs. Julia Bailey, 
Rebecca Baddershall, 
John Barker, 
Mrs. Sophia Barker, 
Mirs. Abigail Barker, 
George Barker, 
Elizabeth C. Barker, 
Ruth Bartlett, 
Ruth M. Bartlett, 
Martha W. Bartlett, 
Mrs. Rebecca Barthtt, 
Thomas Bartlett, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Bartlett, 
Mary Bartlett, 



Daniel Bartlett 

Mrs. Elizabeth Y. Bartlett, 

Mrs. Martha Bartlett, 

Abby H. Bartlett, 

Ann M. Bartlett, 

Harriett Bartlett, 

Eliza A. Bartlett, 

Thomas Beacroft, 

Mrs. Jane Beacroft, 

Mary A. Beacroft, 

David I. Bent, 

Mrs. Rebecca Bent, 

Mrs. Lorena Bent, 

Mrs. Caroline P. Bement, 

Caleb C. Billings, 

Mrs. Catherine R. Blunt, 

Mrs. Abigail Blake, 

Horatio W. Blood, 

Wm. H. Boardman, 

Mrs. Roxa V. Boardman, 

Mrs. Mary I. S. Boardman, 

Jonathan Boardman, 

Phil in da Bond, 

Wm. Bourne, 

Mrs. Velnora Bourne, 

Benjamin Bourne, 

Mrs. Clarissa Bourne, 

Mrs. Narcissa Bourne, 

George F. Bourne, 

Isaac H. Bowker, 

Mrs. Eliza Bowker, 

Mrs. Huldah Bowen, 

Mrs. Sarah H. Bowler, 

Charles Bowler, 

'Wm. Boyd, 

James Boyd, 

Mrs. Sally Boyd, 



"William Boyd, one of the first Deacons of this church. 



FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BANGOR 107 



Mrs. Hannah Boyd, 
Mrs. Edna Boyd, 
Win. Boyd, 
John Boyd, 
Robert Boyd, 
George Bradford, 
Mrs. Mary Bradford, 
Horace B. Brastow, 
Mary A. Bright, 
Margaret Britton, 
Mary Britton, 
Mrs. Sophia H. Brown, 
Joseph Brown, 
Priscilla Brown, 
Sophia Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Harriet F. Brown, 
George M. Brown, 
Lewis A. Brown, 
George W. Brown, 
Theo. S. Brown, 
Mrs. Sarah S. Brown, 
Albert G. Brown, 
Mrs. Mary A. Brown, 
a Wrn. H. Brown, 
Mrs. Susan Bruce, 
Eliza Bryant, 
George A. Buck, 
Joseph Budson, 
John Burke, 

Mrs. Charlotte Burnham, 
Harriet P. Butrick, 
Henry Call, 
Henry E. Call, 
Hannah E. Call, 
Mrs. Martha Call, 
Martha C. Call, 
Mary A. Call, 
Mrs. Betsy Carle, 
Sarah Carey, 
Mrs. Almira Carr, 
Mrs. Mary Carr, 
S J. Wingate Carr, 
Joseph Carr, 



Sarah F. Carr, 
Henry Cargil, 
Mrs. Sarah D. Cargill, 
Mrs. Eliza E. Carter, 
Sumner Chalmers, 
Sarah W. Chalmers, 
Henry L. Chamberlain, 
Sarah M. W. Chandler, 
Hannah A. Chandler, 
Mrs. Sarah Chick, 
Hannah Clark, 
Airs. Ann Clark, 
Mrs. Sarah D. Clark, 
Allen Clark, 
Huldah Clark, 
Thomas W. Clark, 
Otis Cobb, 
Rebecca A. Cook 
Philip Coombs, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Coombs, 
Philip H. Coombs, 
Mrs. Eliza W. Coombs, 
Mrs. Eliza A. B. Coombs, 
Philip Coombs, 
Philomela H. Converse, 
Mrs. Sarah B. Copeland, 
Jesse E. Cornelius, 
Mrs. Mary A. Cox, 
Mrs. Lydia Cram, 
Mrs. Mary L. Cram, 
Levi Cram, 

Mrs. Elizabeth A. Cram, 
Mrs. Condace Crocker, 
Stephen S. Crosby, 
Mrs. Hannah Crosby, 
Mrs. Crosby, 
John Crosby, 
Margaret Crosby, 
Sarah Crosby, 
Harriet Crosby, 
John Crosby, 
Olive Crosby, 
Mrs. Ann Crosby, 
Mrs. Lucy Crosby, 



2 Honorable William H. Brown, Mayor of Bangor, 1880-81. 
'Honorable J. Wingate Carr, once Sheriff of Penobscot County and Mayor 
of Bangor 1840-41. 



io8 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Timothy Crosby, 

Charlotte C. Crosby, 

Sarah H. Crosby, 

John L. Crosby, 

James H. Crosby, 

Thomas Daggatt, 

Mrs. Salome Daggatt, 

Win. Davenport, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Davenport, 

Zadock Davis, 

Mrs. Betsey Davis* 

Asa Davis, 

Mrs. Eizabeth Davis, 

Sally Davis, 

Josiah Beane, 

Mrs. Betsey P. Beane, 

Esther Beane, 

Mrs. Sarah Dearbon, 

Noah Dearborn, 

Wm. S. Dennett, 

Lucy A. Dickey, 

Mips. Martha Dickinson, 

Joshua P. Dickinson, 

Samuel H. Dickinson, 

Albert A. Dillingham, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Dillingham, 

Mrs. Caroline Dillingham, 

Samuel Doe, 

Mrs. Abigail Doe. 

Nancy Doe, 

Elizabeth Doe, 

Mrs. Judith Dole, 

Edmund Dole, 

Daniel Dole, 

Nathan Dole, 

George S. C. Dow, 

Wm. H. Dow, 

Mrs. Delia L. Dow, 

Mrs. Hannah Dow, 

Mrs. Hannah Downing, 

Airs. Eunice Dresser, 

Daniel Dresser, 

Mrs. Elcy C Dresser, 

Mrs. Rachel Drummond, 

Alexander Drumimond, 

Mrs. Margaret Drummond, 



Mrs. Lydia G. Drummond, 
Mrs. Sarah W. Drummond, 
Maria L. Drummond, 
Mary Dunham, 

E. Freeman Duren, 

Mrs. Mary C. Duren, 

4 Samuel E. Dutton, 

Mrs, Marcia Dutton, 

Ruth Dutton, 

Abigai Dutlon, 

Mrs. Lydia Eastman, 

Jacob Eastman, 

Mrs. Abigail S. Eastman, 

Joshua Eaton, 

Sarah Edes, 

Mary P. Egery, 

Mrs. Betsey Ellis, 

John Ellis, 

Wm. Emerson, 

Mrs. Lois Emerson, 

Eleanor Emerson, 

Lorena Emerson, 

Mrs. Tryphosia Eustis, 

Charles O. Fanning, 

Mrs. Fidelia Fanning, 

Mary E. Fanning, 

Mrs. Harriet Farnham, 

Mrs. Comfort Farrington, 

Mrs. Ruth Fisher, 

Mrs. Rebecca M. Fiske, 
James B. Fiske, 
John C. Fiske, 
Rebecca M. Fiske, 
Mrs. Abigail Fiske, 
Frances Fitts, 
Betsey A. Fitts, 
Lury Fitts, 
Joseph Fogg, 
Mrs. Esther Fogg, 
Mrs. Rebecca Fogg, 
Mrs. Sarah Fogg 
Nathan B. Folsom, Jr., 
Mrs. Margaret Folsom, 
Sarah Forbes, 
Lucy G. Forbes, 
Mrs. Sarah Forbes, 



'Samuel E. Dutton of Bangor, Judge of Probate for Penobscot County, 
1N16-19. 



FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BANGOR 109 



Wm. G. Forbes, 
Mrs. Ann M. Forbes, 
Joseph Forbes, 
Mrs. Sarah A. Forbes, 
John M. Foster, 
Mrs. Mary W. Foster, 
Mary 0. Foster, 
Mrs. Julia Foster, 
Mrs. Cynthia Foster, 
Mrs. Lucia Fowler, 
Elizabeth H. Frances, 
Mrs. Beulah French, 
Mrs. Sophia B. French, 
Charles A. French, 
Mrs. Sarah C. French, 
Caroline French, 
J. H. P. Frost, 
Elizabeth Furber, 
Thomas L. Furber, 
Joseph S. Gallagher, 
Susan S. Gallagher, 
Charlotte A. Gallison, 
Mrs. Mary Gallison, 
Mrs. Betsey Garland, 
Sophronia Garland, 
Eizabeth Garland, 
Eliza M. Garland, 
Sophia Garland, 
Mrs. Zervia Garland, 
Joseph Garland, 
Joseph H. Garmon, 
Mary Gatchel, 
Mary Gatchel, 
Elizabeth M. Gatchel, 
Benj. D. Gay, 
Mrs. Sophia Godfrey, 
Mary Godfrey, 
Mrs. Ruth Gooch, 
Stephen Goodhue, 
Mary W. Goodhue, 
Sarah E. Goodhue, 
Mrs. Mary Gould, 
Horace Gould, 
Perez Graves, 
Mrs. Eunice Graves, 
Mrs. Persis Greenleaf, 
Clara P. Greenleaf, 



Wm. C. Greenleaf, 
Emeline P. Greenleaf, 
Richard W. Griffin, 
.Mrs. Matilda J. Griffin, 
Margaret Griffin, 
Mrs. Ruth Gurney, 
Abby B. Gurney, 
Sarah D. Gurney, 
Nathan Hadlock, 
Mrs. Ann Hadlock, 
Zaocheus Hall, 
Mrs. Sally Hall, 
William Hall 
Mrs. Judith E. Hall, 
Mrs. Laura Hall, 
Sarah L. Hall, 
Ellen Hall, 
Elisha Hammond, 
Mrs. Relief Hammond, 
Mary Hammond, 
.Mrs. Betsey Hammond, 
Harriet H. Hammond, 
Moses P. Hanson, 
Mrs. Experience Harlow, 
B Bradford Harlow, 
Mrs. Nancy Harlow, 
Nancy S. Harlow, 
Nathaniel Harlow, 
Mrs. Mary Harlow, 
Mrs. Sarah Harlow, 
Mrs. Mary Harlow, 
Sarah P. Harlow, 
Samuel C. Harlow, 
Jere P. Hardy, 
Mrs. Catharine Hardy, 
Wm. G. Hardy, 
Mrs. Judith P. Hardy, 
Mary A. Hardy, 
Francis W. Hardy, 
Leonard W. Harris, 
Sarah Harrod, 
Silas Harthorne, 3d, 
Mrs. Margaret Harthorne, 
Washington Hartshorn, 
William Hasey, 
Mrs. Abigail Hasey, 



5 Honorable Bradford Harlow, Mayor of Bangor, 1842-43. 
(To be Continued. ) 



no SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Aroostook 

Up from the quiet hamlets where first our fathers 

Made their stand for Freedom, and for conscience sake 
By modest farmsteads, cities facing oceanward 

Then through the tunnel of the night to this fair eminence 
Where before me lie broad fruitful fields, and forests vast 

Lost at the horizon's distant rim, great virgin spaces 
Fit for giants' toil and gemmed with springs 
That sparkle silvery in the morning sun — 
Here let me pause, and with uncovered head 
Drink in one full deed draught 
of boundless liberty, 

and a larger life! 

Eugene Mason Edwards. 



Society of American Wars, Com- 
mandery of the State of Maine 

SEMI-ANNUAL MEETING. 

At the semi-annual meeting of the Society of American Wars, 
Commandery of the State of Maine, held at the summer home of 
Philip Foster Turner, Senior-Vice Commander, at Loveitt's Heights, 
South Portland, Wednesday, June 23, 191 5, Commander, Archie 
Lee Talbot, after the business in the program had been acted upon, 
said there was a subject in his mind that he did not wish to carry 
alone any longer, but wanted the Commandery to share it with him, 
and he reminded the members that General Joshua L. Chamberlain 
had honored the Society of American Wars by becoming a member 
of the Commandery of the State of Maine, and had not only done 
this but was present at the meetings, and manifested a personal 
interest in the objects of the Society. It was a great benefit to the 
Commandery of the State of Maine, of this Society, to be thus 
honored by the highest citizen of Maine, a former Governor of the 
State, former President of Bowdoin College, and the highest in 
military rank of any of the Generals of the War for the Union then 
living in Maine. It was a personal honor to each and all of us 
that we should never forget. It lays us under special obligations 



SOCIETY OF AMERICAN WARS in 



to him. All that is mortal of him has now passed beyond the 
vision of our mortal eyes, but his memory lives with us, and with 
his host of companions, comrades and friends, and we must make 
it enduring in statue as well as in the memory of those now living. 

General Chamberlain was a Cumberland County man, and for 
several years, the last of his life, he was a resident of Portland, 
where he died. Portland, therefore, has the best claim for his 
statue. I know that I voice the sentiments of many of his friends 
hi Maine, when I say that an equestrian statue of General Joshua 
L. Chamberlain in the State of Maine, is what many of the citizens 
of Maine desire. To my mind the most desirable and appropriate 
place for an equestrian statue of General Chamberlain is in Lincoln 
Park, near the Federal Building, in Portland. 

The statue of the Poet Longfellow in Longfellow Square, and 
that of the Statesman, Thomas B. Reed, on the Western Prome- 
nade, tell the story of a refined and appreciative people. Portland 
is the ideal spot for an equestrian statue of our great and beloved 
citizen of Maine. Companions will you join with me in a pledge 
to do all we can to have an equestrian statue of General Chamber- 
lain erected in the State of Maine? I know you will. Let us try 
Portland first before any other place and see what can be done. 

Commander Talbot then offered the following resolutions which 
were unanimously adopted. 

Resolved: That it is the sense of the Society of American Wars, 
Commandery of the State of Maine, that patriotic pride in the 
military achievements of her native born son, General Joshua 
Lawrence Chamberlain, demands that an equestrian statue of him 
shall be erected in the State of Maine, and be it further 

Resolved: That the Society of American Wars, Commandery of 
the State of Maine, will do all in its power to secure such statue. 



The new Maine Register for the coming year has just been 
received at our office. This book, starting as a small manual of 
370 pages in 1870, has grown in size and merit with each succeeding 
year, until the present edition gives a book of 1070 pages, every 
page filled with information concerning the State of Maine. Mr. 
Grenville M. Donham of Portland has compiled the book annually 
for over forty years and the edition of today shows the result of 
his caeful work in every page. It is a book which no man doing 
business in Maine can afford to be without. 



ii2 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The Descendants of Rev. John Love- 
joy in Maine, and Reminiscences 
of Early Maine Times 

By Josephine Richards of Newcastle, Indiana. 

Rev. John Lovejoy came from the north of England and settled 
in Andover N. H. in the 16th century. He was the first of the name 
to come to this country. 

At the beginning of hostilities between the British and Americans, 
his son, Hezekiah, (Captain) and grandson (Lieutenant John), 
pledged "their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor," in 
favor of the Colonies. At the close of the war they had their lives 
and honor left, but their fortunes were gone. Lieutenant John 
placed his belongings, which consisted mostly of a wife and nine 
children, in an ox team and moved in that manner to Fayette, Maine, 
from Amherst, New Hampshire. 

He bought 200 acres of land for $30.00 and a small frame house 
for $12.00, making $42.00 for land and betterments. Closely ad- 
joining the land is a pond,, long known as "Lovejoy pond." In 
late years it has been rechristened as "Sleepy Hollow," by students 
from Kent's Hill Seminary. It is related that Great Grandmother 
Lovejoy would sometimes get lonesome and homesick and would 
gc to the shore of the pond and call to a woman who lived on the 
other side of the pond who could hear and would answer and go 
down to the shore and the two women would visit in that manner! 
The late Captain Henry N. Fairbanks of Bangor, Maine, was a 
descendant. 

Captain Hezekiah Lovejoy had two other sons named Francis 
and Abiel, who were scouts under Washington. They settled in 
Albion, Maine. Francis was the father of Elijah Pariah Lovejoy, 
who was murdered in Alton, 111., by a mob, for his anti-slavery 
utterances. He was born in Albion, Maine. He graduated at 
Waterville College and at Princeton Theological Seminary. Soon 
after being ordained he became editor of the "Saint Louis Ob- 
server," an influential Presbyterian paper. At first he refrained 
from taking any part in the anti-slavery agitation, but finally, 
aroused by the burning of a negro alive, he wrote an editorial 
that excited the wrath of the pro-slavery element. In it he com- 



DESCENDANTS OF REV. JOHN LOVEJOY 113 

merited very severely on the conduct of the judge who approved 
the action of the mob. 

He moved from St. Louis to Alton, 111., thinking that he could 
express his sentiments in a free state, but his press was destroyed 
and the type thrown in the street. Soon he purchased another and 
the warehouse was broken into and the press destroyed. He pro- 
cured a third one, and he with a guard of about twenty men, was in 
the warehouse when it was attacked by the mob, consisting of 
thirty or forty men. All the glass in the building was broken by 
stones, oil poured on the roof and set on fire. Lovejoy stepped 
out to shoot the man who set it on fire, but was himself shot and 
instantly killed, Nov. 7, 1873. 

Three printing presses had been destroyed. 

Owen C. Lovejoy was a brother of E. P. Lovejoy. He was edu- 
cated at Bowdoin college and removed to Alton, Illinois, where he 
witnessed the murder of his brother. In 1838 he became pastor of 
a Congregational church in Princeton, in that state, where he dis- 
tinguished himself by the boldness of his attacks on slavery from 
the pulpit and his open defiance of the laws prohibiting anti-slavery 
meetings. From 1856 until his death he was a member of Congress. 

A few years ago a monument was erected in Alton, to the memory 
of Elijah P. Lovejoy, costing $30,000. 

I have heard my father, who lived in Mt. Vernon, say that the 
first settlers who came to that neighborhood, spent their first night 
under strips of bark leaned against a tree. I think their name was 
Blake. 

In those days grist-mills were few and far between, so when my 
grandfather, Levi French, wanted some grain ground, he put his 
bag on the back of his horse and rode to Winthrop, ten miles away. 
On his return journey, one time, he was followed by three bears, 
but when he reached the bars in front of the house, his good horse 
didn't wait for them to be taken down, but jumped over, and the 
bears kept on the road. At another time he was in the woods mak- 
ing shingles. Grandmother carried his lunch to him and was fol- 
lowed by a bear. How she escaped I never heard. 

Richard French of Cornville was my father's uncle. I heard his 
wife say, that her house had a window, that she went to spend 
the day with a neighbor, taking her work with her. When she got 
there they had no window, so when the door was opened a few 
minutes she hurried and sewed as fast as she could. 



ii4 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



David, my father's uncle, youngest son of Abel French of So. 
Hampton, N. H., was born in 1764. He married Comfort Ring 
(b. 1763) in 1783. She was a poor girl, left an orphan in infancy, 
given a home by an uncle who exacted from her all the labor she 
could endure, and for school privilege, she was allowed just to 
step across the road to the school house, read with her class, and 
immediately return to her work, however, she was allowed to work 
in a neighboring family before she was married, long enough to 
buy a large fire shovel and tongs, a kettle and spider, with which 
she began housekeeping, her only cooking utensils for years. They 
emigrated to Maine, settling in the western part of Mt. Vernon, 
built them a log cabin in the woods and cleared up a farm which 
they occupied for the long period of seventy years, both dying in 
1853. Their children were William, Polly, Betsey, Sally, Nancy, 
Lucinda and David. The first year or two the father worked in 
Winthrop, a distance of ten miles from home, returning Saturday 
nights to buy hay to keep the cow and going back to his work Mon- 
day morning, leaving poor Comfort to care for the children, milk 
the cow, tend the corn and drive the bears out of it, as I have 
been told she did, they were so plenty in those days. 

My grandmother French's uncle, Job Fuller and his wife Eliza- 
beth Wing rode horseback from Sandwich, Mass., to Wayne, 
Maine, going all the way, or nearly so, from Portland by spotted 
trees. She had a child in her arms and he had their household 
goods. The next year they buried their goods, for safe keeping 
and went back to Sandwich to visit their people. Their daughter 
Mary was the first white child born in the town, which was first 
called New Sandwich. 

Simeon Wing was another one active on the side of the Colonies 
in the struggle with the English and lost his property. He emi- 
grated to Wayne, Maine, with his family, which included seven 
sons. They all settled around the pond which took the name of 
"Wing pond." It is now called "Pocassett Lake," I believe. One 
of the sons, Moses, was a surgeon in the Revolutionary Army. 
Elizabeth, wife of Job Fuller, was daughter of Simeon Wing 

The former chief justice of Maine, Lucilius A. Emery, was a great 
grandson of Simeon Wing. 



THE FINES OF MAINE 115 

The Pines of Maine 

At the eleventh annual luncheon of the Woman's Literary Union 
of Androscoggin County, held in Auburn, Maine, February II, 
191 5, the women stood around the tables and sang the following 
Federation Song entitled "The Pines of Maine," written by Mrs. 
Elizabeth Powers Merrill of Skowhegan, Maine. 

Tall pines of Maine, dark pines of Maine, 

With thy proud heads uplifted high 
Telling thy tales of days long dead 

To all the streams and woods and sky. 
Proud pines upon Maine's thousand hills 

Whose perfume scents the restless air, 
Whose voices soothe our sleep at night, 

Sweet as a softly murmured prayer. 

O stately green-robed pines of Maine ! 

O sunlit lakes of shining waves ! 
O happy homes upon our hills ! 

O cherished spots of loved ones' graves ! 
Tho we should wander far away, 

And know life's deepest joy and pain 
We trust that sometime we shall sleep 

Beneath the dear old pines of Maine. 



I have read som where or other — in Dionysius of Halicarnassus 
I think — that History is Philosophy teaching by examples. 

Bolinbroke. 



"Maine in Verse and Story" is the title of a new book recently 
issued from the press of Richard G. Badger, Boston, by George A. 
Cleveland. It is a highly entertaining Volume of 275 pages con- 
taining stories of Maine in both prose and poetry. Its every line 
breathes of real Maine life. It is a valuable addition to Maine 
literature as descriptions of country life, of its woods, lakes, rivers 
and ponds, are true pictures and rank with the best writers upon 
these subjects. It should be in the library of every one interested 
in the history and literature of our state and all collectors of Maine 
books should secure it. 



u6 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

Biddeford, Maine, Cemetery 
Inscriptions 

Copied and Contributed by James I. Wyer, Jr., of Albany, 

New York. 

(Continued from Page 21) 

*Hon. Rishworth Jordan 
son of Capt. S. Jordan 
d. Apr. 1 8, 1808 ae. 89 



*Mrs. Abigail the aimiable 

consort of Hon. Rishworth Jordan 

d. Oct. 25, 1794 ae. 74 



*Mrs. Jane wife of Mr. 
William Shannon & dau'r. 
of Hon. Rishworth Jordan 

d. Apr. 20, 1822 ae. 67 

Robert E. Jordan 

d. 

Feb. 14, 1886 ae. 78 yrs. 1 mo. 16 ds. 

veteran 1861-65 



Lucinda wife of 

Robert E. Jordan d. 

Sept. 6, 1855 ae. 44 yrs. 

our dau. 

Ellen Maria d. Apr. 2, 1856 

ae. 19 yrs. 7 mos. 15 ds. 

Ralph T. Jordan d. 
May 24, 1850 ae. 85 yrs. 7 mos. 
erected by his dau. E. A. Riley 

Mary wife of 

Deacon R T. Jordan d. 

Sept. 18, 1863 ae. 97 yrs. 

7 mos. & 22 ds. 



Elizabeth A. wife of 

Win. P. Riley d. 

May 9. 1868 ae. 68 yrs. 8 mos. 

& 10 ds. 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 117 



The following are copied from stones in the cemetery on the southwest 
bank of the Saco river, about 1-2 mile above Camp Ellis pier. 
Capt. William Benson 
d. Mar. 9, 1847 ae. 45 yrs. 



Hannah wife of Capt. William Benson 
d. Aug. 26, 1861 ae. 64 yrs. 5 mos. 



Hannah dau. of William & Hannah Benson 
d. Apr. 3, 1858 ae. 20 yrs. 5 mos. 



Capt. William H. Benson 
Sept. 11, 1836-July 16, 1901 

Father 



Harriet C. wife of William H. Benson 

Nov. 10, 1839 — Aug. 10, 1905 

Mother 



Capt George Clark 

d. Dec. 24, 1891 ae. 84 yrs. 

Eunice M. wife of Capt George Clark 

d. Aug. 10, 1892 ae. 84 yrs. 



Capt. James Emerson 1840-1906 



Capt. John Falker 

d. May 12, 1843 ae. 36 yrs. 8 mos. 



Sarah wife of 
John Falker d. Oct. 17, 1847 ae. 66 



Capt John Falker 

d. Apr. 24. 1912 ae. 67 yrs. 10 mos. 



Emma M. wife of Capt. John Falker 
d. Oct. 10, 1889 ae. 32 yrs. 5 mos. 



John G. Falker d. Dec. 29, 1864 ae 87 yrs. 5 mos. 



Father 
Capt. Nathaniel H. Falker 
d. Apr. 2, 1902 ae. 81 yrs. 5 mos. 15 dis. 



Mother 

Mary E. wife of Capt. Nathaniel Falker 

d. Mar. 13, 1893 ae. 69 yrs. 8 mos. 



n8 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Cora M. dau. of Nathaniel H. & Mary Falker 
d. June 13, 1878 ae. 22 yrs. 1 mo. 



Joseph W. son of Nathaniel H. & Mary Falker 
d. Aug. 11, 1843 ae. 10 mos. 13 ds. 



Lizzie S. dau. of Nathaniel H. & Mark Falker 
d. Sept. 8, 1878 ae. 16 yrs. 6 mos. 24 ds. 



Olive L. dau. of Nathaniel H. & Mary Falker 
d. July 19, 1853 ae. 17 mos. 



Christopher Gilpatrick 
d. Feb. 17, 1832 ae. 81. 



Sarah wife of Christopher Gilpatrick 
d. May 26, 1830 ae. 77 



Harriet N. wife of Capt. Samuel 
Gillpatrick d. Feb. 5, 1855 ae. 32 yrs. 10 mos. 



Edmund P. son of Samuel & Harriet Gillpatrick 
d. Aug. 2, 1846 ae. 2 yrs. 4 mos. 



Sarah Louisa dau. of Samuel & Harriet Gillpatrick 
d Mar. 18, 1852 ae. 1 yr. 



Susan Gilpatrick 

b. Aug. 28, 1786 d. Aug. 29, 1862 
erected by her sister 
Elizabeth Scamman 



Almira E. wife of 
Capt Thomas Goldthwaite Mother 

d, Apr. 28, 1913 ae. 85 yrs. 2 mos. 



Mrs. Abigail Hill 
d. July 3, 1807 ae. 67 

Capt William Hill 

d. Apr. 14, 1863 ae. 78 yrs. 11 mos. 



Lorana wife of Capt. William Hill 
d. May 29, 1835 ae. 47 yrs. 



Sarah W. wife of Capt. William Hill 
d. Oct. 5, 1883 ae. 86 yrs. 8 mos. 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 119 

Paulene dau. of William & Lorana Hill 
d. May 5, 1873 ae. 62 yrs. 



John Holman 

d. Aug. 25, 1872 ae. 73 yrs. 2 mos. 



Mrs. Paulina R. Holman 

d. June 14. [884 ae. 74 yrs. 11 mos. 



Capt. Rishworth Jordan 
b. Sept. 24, 1794 d. Oct. 13, 1889 



Ke/iah wife of Capt. Rishworth Jordan 
d. May 24, [847 ae. 48 yrs. 5 mos. 



Mother — Abbie wife of Charles 
H. Kendrick, d. July 16, 1892 
ae. 44 yrs. 4 mos. 



(on 1 shaft ) 
Abraham Norwood 
b. Dec. 4. 1789 d. Aug. 24. 1844 

Nancy his wife 
b. Sept. 10, 1785 d. Oct. 30, 1852 

Ann 
h. Apr. 21, 1804 d. May 15, 1829 

Eliza 
b. June 22, 1805 space left for death 

Abraham 
b. Dec. 28, 1806 d. Oct. 7, 1880 

Hester W. 
b. Oct. 21, 1817 d. July 16, 1878 

Eleanor 
b. June 10, 1 819 d. Nov. 5, 1838 

Luanda 
b. June 21, 1821 d. Jan. 17, 1899 

Catherine 
b. Jan. 22, 1823 d. Feb. 4. 1823 

Albert 
b. Dec. 13, 1823 d. Aug. 11. 1888 

Edwin L. 
b. Sept. 8, 1825 d. July I, 1826 

Abigail W. 
b. Nov. 10, 1808 d. Jan. 18, 1873 

Susan 
b. May 17, 1810 d. Sept. 1, 1871 

Jonathan 
b. Dec. 2, 181 1 d. Apr. 20, 1900 



i2o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Mary P. 
b. Jan. 19, 1813 d. Nov. 28, 1834 

Elias 
b. Sept. 18, 1814 

Augusta 
b. Mar. 29, 1816 d. Aug. 20, 1853 



Albert Norwood 1823 — 1888 

Mary his wife 1828 — 1904 



Elizabeth wife of Benjamin Scamman 
d. Mar. 1, 1872 ae. 85 yrs. 25 ds. 



John Stacy d. May 27, i& 
ae. 68 yrs. 1 mo. 20 ds. 



Sarah W. Stacy d. Apr. 25, \\ 
ae. 75 yrs. 



Joseph Stevens 

d. Mar. 11, 1840, ae. yy 



Charity wife of Joseph Stevens Mother 

d. Jan. 1, 1840 ae. 74 

(To be Continued) 



A collection of portraits of the English sovereigns from William 
the Norman who began to rule in 1066 to Victoria who became 
queen in 1837, nas been made by Miss Evelyn L. Gilmore of Port- 
land, Maine, librarian of the Maine Historical Society. There is 
also a portrait of Alfred the Great whose reign extended from 872 
to 900. In all there are 36 portraits in the collection which \s neatly 
bound and annotated. The portraits are engraved and nearly all 
of them accompanied by minor illustrations of a historical char- 
acter. 



THE EVELETH FAMILY 121 

The Eveleth Family of Monson and 
Greenville, Maine 

A contributor ("C. H. E.") to the Historical and Genealogical 
Department of the Eastern Argus, has recently written several 
valuable sketches of the Eveleth family in New England, and in his 
last article said : 

Oliver Eveleth was born in Stow, Massachuetts, on the third 
of January, 1792. He was a son of Capt. Daniel (vi) and Betty or 
Elizabeth Hale and grandson of John (v) and Abiagail Knowles ; 
Francis (iv) and Mary Hunt; Rev. John Eveleth and Mary Bow- 
man; Joseph and Mary Bragg; Sylvester and Susan Eveleth the 
colonists. 

By the Stow records we learn he was married January, 1820, 
to Betsy (or Becky?) Whitcomb of Boston and their first child, 
Emily Ann, was born in May, 1821. Further than this the Stow 
account does not say, but Mr. Mcllvene wrote me that he was in 
Monson, Maine, about 1825. 

In the Crafts Family, page 613, is the marriage of Rebecca Whit- 
comb Eveleth, a daughter of John H. and Nellie Mansett of Green- 
ville, Maine. She was born April, 1865, and married September, 
1889, Arthur Abram Crafts, who was born in Ohio ; was in Chicago 
engaged in business with his father and going to Iowa their first 
child born in Spencer, Iowa, was called Julia Ellen. Two years 
later in 1893, Oliver Eveleth Crafts was born to them in Austin, 
Illinois. 

Now the connection of these families is desired. John H. 
Eveleth might have been a son of Oliver and Betsy or Becky grown 
to manhood and married in Maine. But there are others, for John 
is a favorite name among the Eveleths. There was born in Augusta 
to John Eveleth and Sarah Hale, who was an uncle to Oliver, John 
Henry Eveleth, 181 1 to 1850, who married Martha Holman of Bos- 
ton, Mass., and left two children (both were living at last account). 
PYederick W., who married and had issue and Ellen H., who mar- 
ried in 1865, Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D. D., who lately deceased 
in Cambridge, Mass. I had gleaned from North's History of Au- 
gusta that this John Henry Eveleth was a merchant in Farmington 
and deceased there but was much surprised last September to learn 
that he died in or near Boston and that both he and his wife are 
among those "awaiting the resurrection" in Mt. Auburn, Cambridge, 



122 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Mass. Also from the 1849 Boston Directory, Blackmer & Eveletb 
stoves. John H. Eveleth was the junior of this firm. 

Then another John Eveleth is named in Hatch's History of In- 
dustry, a son of James Eveleth and Sarah Blackstone Conners. Mr. 
Hatch only places their name in the list of their children. As this 
James must have been past sixty years of age when in 1814 he 
wedded Mrs. Conners, this list of seven children, only two of whom 
he gives birth dates, seems doubtful. It has seemed as if some other 
family list had been given and in central Maine a century ago beside 
ten or more children of James Eveleth there were grandchildren of 
Capt. Nathaniel Eveleth, of New Gloucester living in Guilford and 
Abbott, beside children of John Hale Eveleth of Augusta. 

Judge Edgar C. Smith of Foxcroft, Maine, referring to the fore- 
going has since communicated to the Argus the following: 

Oliver Eveleth, son of Daniel and Betsey (Hale) Eveleth, was 
born in Stow, Mass., January 3, 1792; married February 21, 1820, 
Betsey Whitcomb, a native of Bolton, Mass. ; died in Greenville, 
Maine, June 4, 1874. Children: Emily A., born in 1821, married 
A. G. Huston, died July 8, 1846; John H., of whom see below. 
Oliver bought some land in Monson about 1820 and moved there 
with his family in 1824. He was the first trader in the town, open- 
ing a store in the fall of 1825. He moved to Greenville in 1850 and 
died there as above stated. 

John H. Eveleth, son of Oliver, was born in Monson, Maine, 
December 21, 1826; married (1st) Louise Ellen Mansell, May 20, 
1862. Children: Emily R., born February 22, 1863, died in 
infancy; Rebecca Whitcomb, born April 12, 1865, who married 
Arthur A. Crafts, as stated in the "C. E. H." article. John H., 
married (2nd) Hattie Hunter, October 8, 1888. No children by 
this marriage; he died November 7, 1899. He moved from 
Monson to Greenville, Maine in 1848, and opened a store there. 
He became one of the most prosperous and wealthiest business men 
of Piscataquis county, and had large holdings in timberlands and 
olher real estate, also was a large owner in the steamboat lines on 
Moosehead Lake. His death was caused by his horse running 
away and throwing him violently against a stone abutment of an 
overhead railroad bridge. 



THE CABOT EXPEDITION 123 



The Cabot Expedition 

The State of Maine, says the Eastern Argus, can lay claim to 
the distinction of being the first part of the United States discovered 
by white men. This is true whether we take into account the 
hypothetical visit of Lief Ericson to this region in about the year 
1000 or not. There are marks on Monhegan Island and the nearby 
mainland which indicate that the Icelanders at least called there 
at that time and also later. But those events are prehistoric, as no 
other record of them was left to posterity by Ericson and his com- 
panions). 

But the voyage of John Cabot, the English explorer, in 1497, is 
a well authenticated chapter in the annals of early American dis- 
coveries. This adventurer, with his son, Sebastian, called along 
this coast in the summer of that year and took possession in the 
name of the English sovereign. It was not until a year later that 
Columbus on his third voyage, at last reached the mainland, his 
previous discoveries having been the West India Islands, far from 
the American coast. 

So it is a well established fact that Maine was the first territory 
in what is now the United States that was seen by European trav- 
elers. She has the rights of precedence over all other states always 
accorded to places and persons of the greatest antiquity. Her pre- 
tensions to the oldest and highest respectability cannot be disputed 
even by Massachusetts. Englishmen sailed through Casco Bay 
and rounded Cape Elizabeth weeks before they navigated Massa- 
chusetts Bay and weathered Cape Cod. 

Among all her other attractions and honors this is surely some- 
thing for old Maine to proudly boast of. To have been the spot 
where the English language was first heard, and where the English 
flag was first planted makes her noted above all other localities in 
this great country. It seems as though some public ceremony 
should be held, or a monument be reared, to commemorate the 
Cabot Expedition to Maine in the summer of 1497- 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

PUBLISHED QUARTERLY 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, JDover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and all 
special issues, $1.00. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, $1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for $2.00. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who pay 
in advance, otherwise $1.50. 



"The lives of former generations are a lesson to posterity; that 
a man may review the remarkable events which have happened to 
others, and be admonished; and may consider the history of people 
of preceding ages, and of all that hath befallen them, and be restrained. 
Extolled be the perfection of Him who hath thus ordained the his- 
tory of former generations to be a lesson to those which follow." 
— Tales of a Thousand and One Nights. 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER, 1915 No. 3 



The Study of Maine History in 
Our Schools 

The following communication from Honorable William B. 
Kendall of Bowdoinham, Maine, is of great importance and ought 
to receive the attention of the press and school officers of our state 
as he suggests. 

Mr. Kendall as member of the Maine Legislature and in many 
other ways has done much to promote a more pronounced public 
interest in these matters : 

Bowdoinham, July 15, 191 5. 

Editor of Sprague's Journal of Maine History: 

Interest in Maine history seems to be taking on a boom, and 
doubtless during the coming winter there will be very much more 
attention given to it in our Maine newspapers. It is a magnificent 
field for instruction of our youth for things that pertain to their 
own State, county and town. 

The Portland Express from April 24th to June 12th took this 
matter up in an interesting way by the publication of 60 questions 
of a commercial, civic and historical nature on Cumberland county; 
offering $40.00 in prizes to the boys and girls in the High and Gram- 
mar school grades in four divisions of Cumberland county. $5.00 



MAINE HISTORY IN OUR SCHOOLS 125 

to each prize winner, and a $5.00 gift to the school that the prize 
winner attended. These 60 questions aroused a great deal of inter- 
est in both old and young in Cumberland county, and I understand 
the Express called it a decided success. In this connection it is 
hoped that other papers, like the Lewiston Journal, Kennebec Jour- 
nal and Bangor papers, will put in line a series of questions cover- 
ing the county in which their paper is published, and also the sur- 
rounding counties in which it has wide circulation. 

The opportunity to disseminate some rich and valuable informa- 
tion for the youth of Maine which has been neglected so long seems 
to the writer to be almost endless. I also understand that the Maine 
Superintendents Association has appointed a committee to investi- 
gate this line for the purpose of recommending its introduction 
into the public schools of Maine. Possibly in view of even at this 
late date, and taking advantage of the State law passed in 1907 
entitled "An act to encourage the compiling and teaching of local 
history and local geography in the public schools," a copy of which 
I am attaching herewith, our educators, it seems to me, ought to 
deplore the fact that a measure which has as much merit as this 
for the best interests of a more practical education for our boys 
and girls, in regard to their home surroundings, should have been 
neglected so long in face of its possibilities for worth while study 
of all our individual towns, counties and State, and which certainty 
would serve to arouse more civic and commercial interest and pride 
in our state in which we are unquestionably considerably lacking. 

William B. Kendall. 

The following is the law referred to by Mr. Kendall, (Chap. 88, 
Public Laws of 1907) as amended by Chap. 138, 1909 and Chap. 
159, 191 1. 

CHAPTER 88. 

An aot to encourage the compiling and teaching of local history and local 
geography in the public schools. 

Section 1 — The Governor, with the advice and consent of the council, 
shall appoint a State historian, who shall be a member of the Maine Historical 
Society and whose duty it shall be to compile historical data of the State of 
Maine and encourage the teaching of the same in the public schools. It shall 
also be his duty to encourage the compiling and the publishing of town 
histories, combined with local geography. It shall further be his duty 
to examine, and when he decides that the material is suitable, approve his- 
tories of towns compiled as provided in section two of this act. 

Section 2 — Whenever any town shall present to the State historian ma- 
terial which he considers suitable for publication, as a history of the town, 



126 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



presenting the same, then he may approve of the publication of a history 
with the local geography which will be suitable for the use in the grammar 
and high school grades of the public schools. 

Section 3 — Whenever material for a town history with local geography 
has been approved by the State historian, and the same has been published 
by the town, and provision has been made for its regular use in the public 
schools of said town; then the State treasurer shall pay the town so 
published a sum not exceeding $150, provided that the state shall not pay 
to any town, to exceed one-half the amount paid by said town for printing 
and binding said histories. 

Section 4 — The superintending school committee, and the superintendent 
of schools, shall elect some citizen of the town to serve with them; and 
these persons shall constitute a board to compile a history and the local 
geography of the town in which they reside. Two or more towns may unite 
in compiling and publishing a history and the local geography of the towns 
forming the union. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of schools 
to forward two copies of said history to the Maine State Library and notify 
the superintendent of public schools of title of said history. 

Section 5 — All the actual cash expense of the said State historian incurred 
while in the discharge of his official dtvties shall be paid on the approval 
and order of the Governor and Council, and shall not exceed $500 per annum. 

Section 6 — The State historian is authorized to expend, under the direction 
of the Governor and Council, any portion of the amount appropriated by 
this act, in the publication of historical matter and data relating to the 
History of Maine, or in making available by card, catalogue and otherwise, 
historical materials in the possession of the state. 

Section 7 — The marking of historical sites, as authorized by the legisla- 
ture, shall be under the direction of the State historian. 



A Valuable Ancient Record 

Honorable Fred J. Allen of Sanford, Maine, has in his posses- 
sion, which the writer recently examined, an old record book of the 
records of the Proprietors of Philipstown Plantation, which is now 
the town of Sanford. 

The meetings were usually held in Boston and Samuel Adams 
was one of the proprietors. 

There are old documents, such as deeds indentures, etc., recorded 
in this book as early as April 8, 1661. 

Sir William Pepperell was the clerk and recorded the proceedings 
of the proprietors meetings. This is of great historical value and 
Mr. Allen informs us that he intends to have it copied, by an expert 
in work of this kind, and will finally present the original book to 
the Maine Historical Society. By so doing he will add a valuable 
historical item to the Documentary History of Maine. 



NOTES AND FRAGMENTS - 127 



Notes and Fragments 

In the window of a Bath store is an old pocketbook and near it 
a paper inscribed, "This pocketbook was brought from England in 
1620." The pocketbook was brought over in the Maybower by a 
Capt. Williams, a direct ancestor of Mrs. Thomas Leydon of Bath, 
who was a Miss Rose Whitney, and David K. Whitney, who form- 
erly resided in Westport, Maine, who tells the authenticated story 
of the antique heirloom. The Bath Times says that the original 
owner, the Puritan who came over in the Mayflower, landed on 
Plymouth Rock with the other Pilgrims and lived for a time with 
the colony there, but later on moved and settled on a tract of land 
in what is now Watertown, Mass. 



One of the leading and most important industries of Eastern 
Maine is the Fay & Scott iron working concern in Dexter, who are 
extensive manufacturer of nearly all kinds of machinery. Recently 
they have been issuing some neat and attractive little brochures 
which are advertising classics entitled "Fayscott Facts." From 
them we learn that their plant was first established in 1881, having 
then less than ten employees while today their weekly pay roll is 
over $4,000.00. 



The Honorable George Melville Seiders, one of the able and dis- 
tinguished lawyers of Maine, died at his home in Portland, Maine, 
May 26, 191 5. He was born in Union, Maine, January 15, 1844 
and was the son of Henry and Mary W. (Starrett) Seiders whose 
ancestors were Germans and among those who settled Broad Bay, 
now Waldoboro, between 1740 and 1750. From a farmer's boy he 
became a school teacher, soldier in the Civil War, lawyer, a law 
partner of Thomas Brackett Reed, member of the Maine Legisla- 
ture, State Senator and Attorney General. He filled every place of 
honor to which he was called with ability and fidelity. 

As a public speaker and advocate at the bar he was able, forceful 
and logical. 

He was always a Republican in his political affiliations until the 
formation of the Progressive party, when he became an active 
member of that organization, and served for two years as chairman 
of the Progressive State Committee. 

Mr Seiders, besides being an active member of the Maine His- 
torical society and the Maine Genealogical society, was a member of 



128 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



the Bramhall League, the Cumberland club and Bosworth Post, 
C'r. A. R. He was from his youth a member of the Congregational 
church. 

He was deeply interested in all subjects pertaining to Maine's 
early history and frequently wrote the editor words of encourage- 
ment regarding the work that the Journal is engaged in. 



William Cole Spaulding, a prominent citizen and leading busi- 
ness man of Aroostook County, died at his home in Caribou, July 
6, 1915. He was born in Buckfield, Maine, June 17, 1841. His 
father was Sidney Spaulding and his mother Elizabeth (Atwood) 
Spaulding. On both sides Mr. Spaulding was descended from old 
New England families and his great grandfather, Benjamin Spauld- 
ing, of Chelmsford, Mass., was the first settler in Buckfield, coming 
there in the winter of 1775. 

Mr. Spaulding was a director of the B. & A. Railroad which posi- 
tion he has held for several years past, and was connected with the 
banks of Northern Aroostook. 

He had held important positions of trust in his town and was in 
every way a highly respected citizen. 

His son, Mr. A. W. Spaulding, recently wrote the following in a 
letter to the editor : 

"My father was deeply interested in your work and he and I 
looked forward with genuine pleasure to receiving each number 
and only regretted that it did not come oftener. 

"I hope that you may be spared many years to do the work which 
you are doing — a work that you are so well adapted to." 



We desire to extend our thanks to Honorable Isaiah K. Stetson 
of Bangor for a copy of the history of the Stetson family of Maine, 
of which he was the author and compiler and which was published 
in 1892. The Stetsons of Bangor have all been strong characters 
and men of note and their names are inseparably interwoven with 
the business, professional and political life of that city and of East- 
ern Maine. Among them have been a Congressman, Mayors of 
that city, two of the ablest lawyers that Bangor has ever known, and 
all engaged in large business affairs. 

The author, Isaiah Kidder Stetson, has himself received high 
honors at the hands of his fellow citizens, having served in both 



SAYINGS OF SUBSCRIBERS 129 

Houses of the Maine Legislature and been Speaker of the House of 
Representatives. 

The ancestor of the Stetson family in America was Robert Stet- 
son, commonly called Cornet Robert, because he was Cornet of the 
first Horse Company raised in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, 
in the year 1659. 

He settled in Scituate, Massachusetts, in the year 1634. 

His descendant in the sixth generation, Simeon Stetson, was born 
in Braintree, now Randolph, Massachusetts, October 26, 1770, and 
he died December 20, 1836. 

In 1803 Simeon came to Maine and settled in Hampden, and moved 
his family there in the Spring of 1804. 

What is now the town of Stetson, in Penobscot County, was 
named for Major Amasa Stetson, a brother of Simeon, who at that 
time was a resident of Boston and later of Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, and who was the original proprietor of that township. 

From Simeon Stetson have descended this Bangor family of 
Stetsons above mentioned. 



Sayings of Subscribers 

Honorable Allen M. Phillips of Shirley, Maine: 

"I esteem the Journal very much. It is in a class by itself. It 
fills the place not reached by any other publication in Maine." 



Reverend Henry O. Thayer, New York : 

"I was gratified to see in Honorable J. W. Porter's papers, 
(Wayfarers Notes) his account of "A Famous Lawsuit." You may 
know this ''great contest" and connected affairs directly concern 
me and that part of Maine that I am interested in. I have collected 
no small amount of materials on that big baseless claim and the con- 
troversy over it." 



Mr. Charles W. Noyes of New York, a well known historical stu- 
dent and writer, and authority on Castine, (Maine) history: 
"I wish to express my good fortune in possessing the Journal, 

and my appreciation of the sincere manner in which it is conducted, 

and of its value as a store house for many things which might 

otherwise be lost or buried and thus unavailable." 



130 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Honorable Forest H. Colby, Bingham, Maine : 

"I read the July number of the Journal, relating to Jackman and 
the Moose River Region, with a great deal of interest. I hope 
some time in the future you can give Bingham and vicinity a similar 
write up." 



General Augustus B. Farnham, Bangor, Maine: 

"Of course I will help sustain such an interesting and valuabh 
historical publication as Sprague's Journal." 



Mr. William H. McDonald, of the Editorial Staff of the Eastern 

Argus, Portland, Maine : 

"Your neat and valuable publication is^ perused with each issue, 
and its value and interest is found to grow with its growth. You 
certainly began on the right line and 'Sprague's Journal of Maine 
History' can with truth be said to fill a long felt want in our historic 
community" 



New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

/V\oosehead Lake, Kineo, Maine 

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On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New England, forty 
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grandest scenery in America, is the 

NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE and ANNEX 

recently remodeled and with man; improvements added; making it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It is a Palace in the Maine woods and in the lieart of the great same region. 

Tliis region leads all others for trout and salmon, Spring and Summer fishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 

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season. First-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 

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CONTENTS 



131 



THE WORK OF 

SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL 
OF MAINE HISTORY 

has been heartily endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leadii g Journals in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

Tims Ave desire to call your attention to the fact that this is the 
only publication in the world today that is devoted exclusively to 
the advancement of historical subjects and historical research along 
the lines of Maine's early history. 

We need the hearty aid and co-operation ot every person in 
Maine interested in this matter. If you are not a subscriber, kind- 
ly send your name and address with one dollar for one year's sub- 
scription. If you are already a subscriber, bear in mind that the 
success of the enterprise owes much to prompt payments. 

Spragues Journal of Maine History 

DOVER, MAINE 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 
The First and the Present Con- 
gressman from the 4th District. . 133 

A Maine Militia Document 139 

Kennebec Historical Items 141 

Hon. Elias Dudley. Political Cor- 
respondence 143 

Hero of Wescustogo 148 

Biddeford, Maine. Cemetery In- 
scriptions 151 

Henry B. Thoreau 156 

List of Members First Congrega- 
tional Church, Bangor 158 

Maine as a Winter Resort 104 

The County of Yorkshire 166 



PAGE 
The Birthplace of the State of 

Ma ine 1(59 

The Sebec Centennial 172 

The Towne Family and Salem 

Witchcraft 176 

David Barker, "The Burns of 

Maine" 181 

Early Maine History vs. 20th 

Century History 190 

Study of Local History 191 

Sayings of Subscribers 192 

Notes and Fragments 193 

Correspondence 196 



132 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




^ £ *—7 



Sprague's Journal of Maine History 



Vol. Ill JANUARY, 1916 No. 4 



The First and the Present Congress- 
man from the Bangor, Maine 
Congressional District 

By the Editor. 
THE FIRST CONGRESSMAN. 



HONORABLE WILLIAM DURKEE WILLIAMSON. 

The first representative in Congress from the Bangor or Eastern 
Maine Congressional District 1 was William Durkee Williamson, 
a resident of Bangor, which was then a town in Hancock county, 
the county of Penobscot not having been incorporated. He 
was born in Canterbury, Connecticut, July 31, 1779, and was edu- 
cated at Brown University from which he took his degree in 1804, 
at the age of twenty-five, and at once commenced the study of law 
in the office of Samuel F. Dickinson, at Amherst, Mass. On being 
admitted to the bar he immediately entered on the practice at 
Bangor. At this time there were three lawyers in the town, — Allen 
Gilman; Samuel E. Dutton, who soon after moved to Boston; and 
Jacob McGaw ; and sixteen in the county, embracing Hancock, 
Penobscot, and territory now included in several other counties. 
He soon become distinguished as a lawyer of skill and ability, and 
during his entire life he maintained an excellent reputation at the 
bar and in the community, not only as an able and skillful attorney 
but as a man of the utmost integrity. William Willis in his "History 
of the Law, Courts and Lawyers of Maine," says of him : 

His advance was greatly aided by his appointment, in 1811, as county 
attorney for Hancock, an office which the administration of Governor 
Gerry, by an act passed that year, restored to the patronage of the 



C) Now known as the Fourth Congressional District 



134 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



executive. It had passed through several mutations within a few years. 
It was originally bestowed by the courts ; but in the political struggles 
for power, in the early part of this century, it was made the foot-ball 
of parties: in 1807, under Governor Sullivan, the Democratic party 
gave the appointment to the executive : under Governor Gore, in 1809, 
it was restored to the courts: in 181 1, under Governor Gerry, it was 
again given to the executive, as were also the clerkships of the courts. 
Mr. Williamson was the most active democratic lawyer in the county, 
while a majority, including the most prominent and influential mem- 
bers of the profession, were of the federal party. This office he held, 
and faithfully discharged its duties, until it became vacant by the estab- 
lishment of the county of Penobscot, in 1816, when Jacob McGaw was 
appointed for Penobscot, and George Herbert of Ellsworth for Han- 




William Durkee Williamson. 



cock. The same year, however, he was elected to the Senate of Massa- 
chusetts, and held the office by successive elections until the separation 
of Maine from Massachusetts. When this event took place, he was 
chosen the first and sole senator from Penobscot to the Legislature of 
Maine, and elected president of that body, as successor to Gen. John 
Chandler, who was chosen the first senator of the new State in Con- 
gress. By another change, during his term of office, he became the 
acting governor of the State, in place of Governor King, who was 
appointed commissioner under the Spanish treaty, and resigned the office 
of governor. But in this busy time of political mutation, he did not even 
hold the office of governor through the whole term, for having been 



FIRST AND PRESENT CONGRESSMAN 135 



elected to Congress from his district, he resigned the former office to 
take his seat in the House, in December, 1821. This position he held 
but one term, when, by a new division of the State into districts, the 
election fell to another portion of the territory : David Kidder, a lawyer 
in Somerset county, was his successor. 

But Mr. Williamson did not long remain without the honors and 
emoluments of office: in 1824, he was appointed judge of Probate for 
the county of Penobscot, which office he held until 1840; when the 
amendment of the constitution having taken effect, which limited the 
tenure of all judicial offices to seven years, he retired from a station 
which he had filled with promptness, fidelity, and ability for sixteen years. 

In the latter part of his life he was more deeply interested in litera- 
ture, research and study of the Colonial history of his state. In the 
early volumes of collections of the Maine Historical Society may be 
found a score or more of valuable papers written by him on a variety 
of subjects, all of which pertain to the early history of Maine. The 
greatest monument to his memory, however, is his "History of the 
State of Maine from its First Discovery, A. D. 1602, to the Sepa- 
ration, A. D. 1820, inclusive." This valuable work was published 
in two volumes in 1832. It contains in all 1374 pages, and has ever 
since been the best authority on the history of Maine that has yet 
been written. 

Mr. Williamson died May 27, 1847. 



HONORABLE FRANK EDWARD GUERNSEY. 

Frank Edward Guernsey, the present member of Congress from 
the Fourth Congressional District, was born in Dover, Piscataquis 
county, Maine, October 15, 1866, the son of Edward Hersey Guern- 
sey and Hannah (Thompson) Guernsey. He is a descendant in the 
ninth generation from John Guernsey, the immigrant ancestor of 
that branch of the Guernsey family to which he belongs. John 
Guernsey came to America from the Isle of Guernsey and settled in 
Milford, Connecticut, in 1639. Cutter's New England Families 
(1915) Vol. 1, p. 185, states that this family derived its name from 
the Isle of Guernsey, although in the early records it was spelled 
interchangeably as Guernsey, Garnsey, Gornsey or Gornsy. His 
mother, Hannah M. Thompson, was the daughter of James Thomp- 
son, who in 1826 married Hannah Hunt Coombs, who was born in 
Brunswick, Maine, 1806 and died 1891. 



136 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

James Thompson was a descendant in the eighth generation from 
James Thompson, who was born in England in 1593. He came to 
America in Winthrop's great company of colonists in 1630 and 
was one of the original settlers of Woburn, Mass. 

His wife, Elizabeth, and three sons and one daughter accompanied 
him in his journey. Other brothers of his, Edward, John, Archi- 
bald and Benjamin, came over at different periods, all settling in the 
Massachusetts colony. Edward Thompson came in the "May- 
flower" in 1620. 

The Thompsons were substantial people in England, of good 
social standing, and after arriving in America took a leading part 
in the affairs of the colony. James Thompson's coat-of-arms has 
come down through many generations and is identical with that of 
Sir William Thompson, a London knight, and who was an owner of 
property in the vicinity of Boston and supposed to be of the same 
family. 1 

Benjamin Thompson of Woburn, Massachusetts, known as Count 
Rumford, was also a descendant from James Thompson. 2 

Mr. Guernsey attended the public schools of his native town 
and Foxcroft Academy. In the fall of 1885, he entered the 
Eucksport (East Maine Conference) Seminary. The following 
year he became a student in the Wesleyan Seminary at Kent's 
Hill, Maine, and remained until June, 1887. In 1884- he was 
graduated from the Eastman Business College at Poughkeepsie, 
New York. He began active life May 12, 1884, when he entered 
the hardware store of Sawyer and Gifford, at Dover, as a 
clerk and remained there until August 15, 1885. After leav- 
ing the Kent's Hill Seminary, in 1887, he began to study law 
in the office of Honorable Willis E. Parsons, of Foxcroft, and 
was admitted to the bar in September, 1890. Since then he has 
practiced law at Dover. In politics he is a Republican. In Septem- 
ber, 1890, he was elected treasurer of Piscataquis county, was re- 
elected twice, serving in this office until December 31, 1896. In 1891 
he was elected town agent of Dover and was re-elected each year 
for eighteen years, serving until 1908. He represented the towns 
of Dover, Sangerville and Parkman two terms in the state Legisla- 
ture, (1897-99) an d was state senator in 1903. He is a member of 



C) Little's Genealogy of Maine, Vol. 2, p. 719. 

C) The Hubbard, Thompson Memorial, (Stewart, 1914). 



FIRST AND PRESENT CONGRESSMAN 137 

the Sons of the American Revolution, of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion, and the Maine Historical Society and the Piscataquis 
Historical Society, of the Piscataquis Club of Dover and Foxcroft, 
of the Tarratine and Madocawando Clubs of Bangor, and Portland 
Club of Portland, Maine. He attends the Methodist Church. He 
is president of the Piscataquis Savings Bank, elected in 1905 and 
was previously a trustee, also a trustee of the Kineo Trust Company 
of Dover. 

He married, June 16, 1887. at Vinal Haven, Maine, Josephine 
Frances Lyford. She attended the Vinal Haven schools, the Bucks- 
port Seminary and the Maine Wesleyan Seminary at Kent's Hill, 
from which she was graduated in 1887. She is a member of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. The only child of Frank 
Edward and Josephine Frances (Lyford) Guernsey is Thompson 
L. Guernsey, born at Dover, February 17, 1904. 

During his service in the Maine House in 1897, he introduced the 
first bill in favor of the establishment of traveling libraries, which 
sought to make available books in the State library to people in the 
rural communities. This measure he re-introduced in 1899 when it 
finally became a law, and in its operation the traveling library has 
become so useful that the number of volumes made available through 
it at the present time reach up to many thousands annually. 

In 1903 he was elected a member of the Maine Senate and served 
01: the Judician- committee and as a member of that committee 
advocated and voted for a resolution favoring the election of United 
Slates Senators by the people. 

As a member of the Maine Legislature he voted for Woman Suf- 
frage. 

Was chosen delegate to the Republican national convention in 
Chicago in 1908. 

In September, 1908, he was elected to the sixtieth congress to fill 
a vacancy caused by the death of ex-Governor Llewellyn Powers. 
He was re-elected and served in the sixty-first, sixty-second, sixty- 
third, and sixty-fourth congresses. 

Since entering congress has served on the important committees 
on Territories and Banking and Currency. As a member of the 
committee on Territories he took part in drafting the Statehood bills 
admitting the states of Arizona and New Mexico to the Union, and 
helped to prepare and pass the legislation authorizing the expendi- 
ture of thirty-five millions of dollars to construct government rail- 



138 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



roads in Alaska for the development of that great national domain 
long neglected, and as ranking member of the minority on the com- 
mittee was appointed by the Speaker of the National House of 
Representatives one of the conferees to adjust the differences be- 
tween the House and Senate on the legislation. 

Was appointed by the National House of Representatives one of 
a special committee to investigate the so called money trust. The 
committee held its sessions in Washington and New York for a 
period of more than nine months ; its report and recommendations 
had an important bearing on subsequent banking laws. As a member 
of the committee on Banking and Currency took an active part in 
the preparation of the Federal Reserve Act, the most important 
banking legislation enacted by congress in fifty years. 

In 1914 served on a committee appointed by the Republican 
National Congressional Committee to prepare a plan to reduce 
southern representation in Republican National Conventions, the 
report of the committee was presented to the Republican National 
Committee and adopted in substance by that committee. 

He is recognized as one of the leading and most influential of 
the New England Congressmen. 



Brunswick, says the Brunswick Record, has a splendid, wide 
main street. It gives the town an air of distinction and in many 
places Maine street, as it is called, is very beautiful. It seems that 
when the main highway of the town was laid out, a roadway twelve 
rods wide was built to "the sea." That is, to a point where mer- 
chandise could be hauled from ships. At that time it seemed that 
the principal shipping would be by vessels and a broad highway was 
important. In the fifty years ago items of this week it is found 
that train service was not very extensive and the present day meth- 
ods of transportation and promptness in shipping goods would sur- 
prise one of the early settlers of Maine as much as any other of the 
modern ways of doing things. 



A MAINE MILITIA DOCUMENT 139 



A Maine Militia Document 

The following has been received by the Journal from Mr. William 
C. Woodbury of Dover, Maine, who found it among the papers of 
his father, the late Major Charles H. B. Woodbury. 

STATE OF MAINE. 

In Council, Dec. 23, 1843. 
The Standing Committee on Military affairs to which was referred 
the petition of John B. Bates and others of the town of Dover and its 
vicinity, praying to be organized into a Company of Light Infantry, have 
had the same under Consideration, and Report : 

That the petition appears to contain the requisite number of names 
required by the order in Council of the 19th of June last, for the forma- 
tion of such Companies ; that it has the approbation of the proper Bri- 
gade and Division officers; and from representations made of the spiiit 
of the petitioners it is believed that the formation of such a company 
would be of general interest to the Militia in that part of the State. 
The Committee therefore recommend that the prayers of the petitioners 
be granted and the Company when organized be under the direction of 
the Major General of the Ninth Division, attached to such regiment 
of said Division for duty as may be deemed most convenient to the 
petitioners. And the Committee advise that the Governor and Commander- 
in-'Chief cause an order to issue whereby these recommendations and 
the object of the petition be carried into effect. 

Which is respectfully submitted, 

BARNABAS PALMER, Chairman. 
In Council, Dec. 23, 1843. 
Read and accepted by the Council and subsequently approved by the 
Governor. 

Attest: P. C. JOHNSON, Secretary of State. 

A true copy. 

Attest: P. C. JOHNSON, Secy, of State. 

A true copy of the original. 

Attest: ALFRED REDINGTON, Adjutant General. 

STATE OF MAINE. 

Head Quarters, Augusta, Dec. 30, 1843. 
General Order No. 41. 

The Major General of the ninth Division is charged with the execu- 
tion of the foregoing order of Council. 

By the Commander-in-Chief. 

ALFRED REDINGTON, 

Adjutant General. 
A true copy. 

Attest: E. PAULK, A. D. C. 



140 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



STATE OF MAINE. 

Head Quarters Ninth Division. 

Bangor, Jany. 8, 1844. 
Division Order. 

Brigadier General Charles W. Piper of the first Brigade, will cause 
the annexed order of Council of the 23d instant and General order No. 
41 to he carried into immediate effect by having the petitioners organized 
into a Company of Light Infantry and attached to the second Regiment 
of his Brigade. 

By the Major General, 

E. PAULK, A. D. C. & O. F. 
A true copy. 

Attest: T. P. BATCHELDER, A. D. C 1 Brigade. 

STATE OF MAINE. 

Head Quarters, First Brigade, Ninth Division. 
Levant, Feby. 1, 1844 
Brigade Order. 

Colonel Alexander M. Robinson of the Second Regiment in this 
Brigade is charged with the execution of the annexed order of Council 
dated Dec. 23d, General Order No. 41, and Division order of the 8th ult. 
By CHARLES W. PIPER, Brigadier General. 
T. P. BATCHELDER, Aide-de-Camp. 



Among the papers of Reverend Alfred Johnson of Belfast, Maine, 
(1809-12) appears the following: 
To the Inhabitants of the Congregational Society of Belfast: 

I, Alfred Johnson of sd. Belfast, Clerk, do by these presents 
release and forever, for myself, my heirs and assignees, quit claim 
to you whatever of my salary may become due for services done as 
your minister from this date and during the continuance of the pres- 
ent war between this country and Great Britain. Given under my 
hand and seal this tenth day of August, in the year of our Lord, one 
thousand eight hundred and twelve. 

Alfred Johnson. 

In presence of Alfred Johnson, Jr. 



KENNEBEC HISTORICAL ITEMS 141 



Kennebec Historical Items 

Contributed by Reverend Henry O. Thayer, of New York. 

In 1719 Joseph Heath made a general or outline survey of the 
Kennebec river in behalf of the Pejepscot Company. He was 
acquainted with the principal Indians and visited or was perhaps 
entertained at their fort at Norridgewock. 

His plan of that survey, now among papers possessed by the Maine 
Historical Society, is inscribed: 

Brunswick, May 16. 1719, the date when the draft was completed. 
The fieldwork had been done in the previous month, or in part in the 
previous year. 

On the margin of the plan he wrote: 

"Description of the Indian Fort at Norridgewock." 

Norridgewock Fort is built with round logs 9 feet long, one end set 
into the ground, is 160 foot square with four Gates bu: no bastions. 
Within it are 26 Houses built much after the English manner ; the streets 
are regular ; the Fort has a gate to the East, is 30 foot wide. Their 
church stands 4 perches without the East gate, and the men able to bear 
armes are about threescore. 

The water of the great river and the lesser rivers and Merry- 
meeting bay are plotted. 

The distance from Sagadahoc, which as the "river runs" is in 
miles. 

To the Hon. Spencer Phips Esqr. Lieut. Gov. .and Commander in Chief 
for the time being, the Hon. His Majesty's Council & House of Representa- 
tives in General Court, Dec. 4, 1751. 

The Memorial of Samuel Whitney of Brunswick, Humbly Sheweth : 

That your Memorialist and his son Samuel with five more of Inhabitants 
while at work together mowing their hay, on Wednesday ye 24th day of ' 
July last about two o'clock in the afternoon were surrounded and sur- 
prised by Nineteen Indians and one Frenchman, who were all armed 
and in an hostile manner did seize upon and by force of arms obliged 
them to submit their lives into their hands, and one of our said num- 
ber, vizt : Isaac Hinkley in attempting to make his escape was killed in a 
barbarous manner & scalped. After we were secured by said Indians they 
destroyed and wounded between 20 & 30 head of cattle belonging to 
the Inhabitants, some of which were the property of your Memorialist. 

The said party of Indians were nine of them of Norride-walk Tribe, 
one of whom was well known ; the others were Canada Indians ; That 
the Norridgewalk Indians appeared more forward for killing all the 
Captives but were prevented by the other Indians. Your Memorialist 
was by them carried to Canada & there sold for 126 livres ; And the 
said Indians when they came to Canada were new cloathed and had new 



i 4 2 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Guns given them with plenty of Provisions as an encouragement for this 
exploit : That the Governor of the Penobscot Tribe was present when 
your Memorialist was sent for to sing a Chorus as is their custom of 
using their Captives & manifested equal joy with the other Indians 
that took them; And the Norridgewalk Tribe had removed from Nor- 
ridgewalk & were now set down on Cansa River near Quebec supposed 
to be drawn there by the Influence of the French. These things your 
Memoralist cannot omit observing to ye Honours, and his Redemption was 
purchased by one Mr. Peter Littlefield, formerly taken captive and now 
restored among them, to whom your Memorialist stands indebted for said 
126 livres being the price of his Liberty, which when he had so far ob- 
tained, he applied to ye Governor of Canada for a Pass, who readily 
granted it, that his return to Boston was by way of Louisbourgh where 
said Pass was taken from him by the Lord Intendants on some pretense 
which he could not obtain of him. 

Your Memorialist's Son yet remaining in Captivity among the Indians 
with three more that were taken at the same time, and he has a wife 
& Children under difficult Circumstances by reason of this Misfortune. 
Your Memorialist having thus represented his unhappy Sufferings to 
this Hon. Court hoping they will in their great Goodness provide for 
the Redemption of his son & enable him to answer his obligation to said 
Mr. Littlefield humbly recommends his case to the Compassion of this 
Honble Court who was so kind to pay for his Ransom; Your Memorialist 
being in no Capacity to answer that Charge as thereby he is reduced to 
great want, or otherwise grant him that Relief as in their Wisdom and 
Goodness shall seem proper. 

Your Memorialist as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

SAMUEL WHITNEY. 
1751. Captives taken. 

Saml. Whitney Edmd. Hinkley 

Hez Purrington Gideon Hinkley 

Saml. Lombard 
Saml. Whitney, Jun. 



Hez Purrington Isaac Hinkley 

Saml. Whitney Killed July 24, 1751. 

Saml. Whitney, Jun. 
Returned. 



Henry Sewall Webster in "Land Titles in Old Pittston" says that : 
" 'Old Pittston,' comprised the territory now lying in Pittston, 
Randolph, Gardiner, most of West Gardiner, and part of Farming- 
dale." 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 143 

Honorable Elias Dudley and Some 
of His Political Correspondence 

With Notes by the Editor. 

(Continued from Page 105.) 

The Honorable Lucilius A. Emery, of Ellsworth, Chief Justice 
Emeritus of the S. J. Court of Maine, recently furnished the Journal 
with old letters to and papers of Honorable Elias Dudley who was 
prominent in the political affairs of the Whig party in Maine, when 
Edward Kent was Governor of the State and its political leader, and 
who was later a Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine. 

Augusta, Jan. 21. 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley, 
Dear Sir: 

It not being in my power to call upon you, as I intended. I take this 
opportunity to address you a line. 

Allow me, Sir, to congratulate you upon your election to the high &; 
responsible office of Councellor of our good State of Maine & to express 
to you my sincere gratification at the result, & to say, that, in my opinion 
your election will give universal satisfaction. 

I feel a deep interest in the success and popularity of our state admin- 
istration, at the same time I would respectfully suggest, that very much 
is depending upon the appointments to be made by the Gov. & Council. 

Not desiring office myself, I feel more at liberty to suggest a word 
upon the subject. 

For Clerk of the Courts for Penobscot I think the appointment of 
Geo. B. Moody of Bangor would be satisfactory. It will never do to 
appoint John A. Poor, not that I am personally opposed to him, but he is 
very unpopular & many would take offence at it. 

For County Att'y, I would respectfully urge the appointment of Geo. 
W. Ingersoll, Esq. of Bangor. I have made diligent inquiry & am satisfied 
that his appointment would be judicious & popular. I know him to be 
well qualified to perform the duties & he is high minded & honorable. 
Bro. A. Sanborn of Levant declines the appointment absolutely. 

Bro. Ingersoll, in my humble opinion, should be appointed. 

I think you will find that Col. Wm. Ramsdell, Maj. Burr & Mr. Hitch- 
born, if you will converse with them will concur in my opinion. 

I am, also, particularly desirous to have Jeremiah Colburn of Orono 
appointed one of the County Commissioners. Col. Ramsdell will tell you 
all about him, if you are not personally acquainted with him. No ap- 
pointment, in every point of view, could be more satisfactory to the Peo- 
ple of Penobscot & no reasonable man of either Political Party could 
find fault with his appointment. 



144 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



I would also suggest the appointment of Saml. Pratt of Oldtown as 
Indian Agent. He is, at present, one of the Selectmen of Oldtown & 
is a suitable & good man. I regret, exceedingly, that, I cannot see you in 
person, but, I have no time to spare, as I am on my way to Connecticut 
River. 

With high Regard, I am, Dear Sir, yours, &c. 

NATHL. WILSON. 

Abram Sanborn for many years a prominent and able lawyer of 
Bangor. When the Whig party dissolved he joined the Democratic 
party and affiliated with it until his death. He was a member of the 
Legislature two or more terms and was appointed one of the Com- 
mittee to investigate the "Paper Credits" charges soon after the close 
of the Civil War. 

Bangor, Jan. 21, 1841. 
Dear Sir : 

There is much said among us in regard to the appointment of a Clerk 
of the Courts. It is pretty generally agreed that there must be an ap- 
pointment, but who is the man that will be most acceptable to the people 
generally is the inquiry? Many have been mentioned, but I do not 
know of one that will give more general satisfaction in that office than 
George A. Thatcher. I have been long acquainted with him and have 
reason to know that he is both 'honest and capable'. We want a correct 
man for clerk. It is not necessary that he should be a lawyer if he is 
capable. Isaac Hodsdon gave as good satisfaction in that office as any 
clerk we have had, and every one knows the pride he takes in being 
called a blacksmith. Mr. Thatcher has had advantages — he is a correct 
business man & possesses the right kind of talents for a Clerk. And if 
misfortune & necessity can be offered as one reason why he should have 
the office, he can urge them with as much propriety as any one. I 
trust that Mr. Kent will see fit to nominate him for I think it will be 
a popular appointment. 

I am, very Respectfully, 
HON. ELI AS DUDLEY, Your friend & Servant, 

Augusta, Me. JOHN E. GODFREY. 

We heartily concur in the opinions expressed within. 

CHARLES GODFREY, 
C. A. STACKPOLE. 

John E. Godfrey, lawyer of Bangor and Judge of Probate, 1856- 
1880. He was a man of superior ability in many directions. He 
was also deeply interested in Maine history and some of his papers 
appear in the Collections of the Maine Historical Society. His 
"Annals of Bangor" and other writings on Penobscot county pub- 
lished in the history of that county (Williams, Chase & Co., Cleve- 
land, 1882) are of great value in historical research in Eastern, 
Maine. 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 145 



Bangor, Jany. 21, 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley. 
Dr. Sr. 
I take the liberty to address you relative to the appointment of Reg- 
ister of Probate for this County. The present incumbent will doubtless 
be removed, and I learn that ihere are already a number of applicants 
for the station, and that some of the most influential men in the south 
western part of the Co. have proposed & recommended (or are about 
so to do), my brother, Geo. P. Brown of Newburgh, as a fit person to 
fill the place. I feel some solicitude concerning the matter and am, in 
some way, at a loss to know what is the best course to take respecting 
the subject. That my brother is qualified for the office there is no 
doubt, and could we know that in addition to the recommendations of 
influential individuals, a petition or petitions could ensure his appoint- 
ment we would forward, in the course of next week, a petition signed, 
if necessary, by all of our "Whig" friends in that part of the county. If the 
appointment is not already made, and in your opinion such petition as I've 
just named would be likely to ensure his appointment, will you have the 
kindness to advise me of the fact as soon as you can conveniently. Please 
let me know how matters stand relative to this appointment, whether my bro. 
may be a successful applicant or not. 

Apologizing for the liberty I have taken in addressing you. and relying 
upon your kindness in this matter, I have the honor to subscribe myself. 

Very respectfully, 

Your Obdt. 
Svt. 
CHARLES P. BROWN, of Dixmont. 
P. S. Shall be in Bangor during next week. 

Charles P. Brown was a lawyer and later became a resident of 
Bangor and was for many years a leading practitioner in that city. 

Dexter, Jan}'. 24, 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley, 
Dr. Sir: 
I trust you will pardon me for addressing you upon the subject of the ap- 
pointments which are to be made by the Gov. & Council. I do not wish to 
make any suggestions in relation to the individuals who are filling the various 
offices, for upon this point I care nothing if so be we get good and faithful 
officers & such as are acceptable to the community. The point upon which I 
wish to make a remark or two is that by the policy of removing those county 
officers, the election of which it is our contemplation to give to the people 
my opinion is that, that measure will pass the Legislature. It certainly will 
if the wishes of the people are carried out. If it should be I cannot belieyq 
it would be good policy to remove the present incumbents from office 
before our election takes place. Suppose for instance the county aty tor 
Penobscot (who is perhaps as obnoxious as any one I could name) was 
to come before the people for an election, he could not possibly be elected, 
but were he to be removed, the danger I think would be that a sympathy 



i 4 6 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



would be created for him which might result in his election. Again if the 
election is not given to the people, I believe I speak the opinion of this 
whole community, when I say that a clean sweep of all the officers will not 
give satisfaction. I believe that a better time never did exist for breaking 
down those strong party feelings which exist than the present, & I do not 
believe that this is to be done by that prescriptive policy which we have 
complained so much of in our opponents. One idea more, Mr. Kent says 
in his message, is, that he is willing to give up the appointing power so far 
as the constitution will allow. I have already heard ths remark made by 
some of our own friends that "the. appointment of Reg. Probate & Clk. of 
Courts for Washington does look as if he was determined to do it any way. 
Now I have no doubt some good reason exists for those appointments, but 
were a full sweep to be made I could not say as much. I do not wish 
and I trust I shall not be considered as interfering or endeavoring to 
obtrude my opinions upon you by the remarks I have made. I have spoken 
freely what I believe to be public opinion on this subject, & have no objec- 
tion to your communicating the same to any one you may see fit. 

I shall be at Augusta as soon as possible again when I hope for a better 
acquaintance with you and an opportunity to converse more fully upon 
these matters. 

Very Respectfully yours, 

LYSANDER CUTLER. 

Lysander Cutler moved to Dexter, Maine, from Massachusetts 
in 1828, and was one of the energetic business men who helped to 
found that thrifty and prosperous town. He was for several years 
a partner in the firm of Amos Abbott & Co., Woolen Manufacturers, 
and continued with them until 1835, when he formed a partnership 
with Jonathan Farrar and erected a woolen mill. He was a promi- 
nent citizen of Dexter during all the time that he resided there. 
In 1835 Mr. Cutler organized the Dexter Rifle Company, a military- 
corps quite celebrated in its time ; was chosen its first captain and 
two years later was elected Colonel of the Ninth Regiment of Maine 
Militia. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he went to the front as 
Colonel of the Sixth Wisconsin Regiment. During the war he was 
twice severely wounded and had no less than seven horses shot under 
him. He rose to the rank of Brigadier General and died in Milwau- 
kee in July, 1866. 

Bangor, Jany. 27th, 1841. 
Mr. Dudley, 

Dr. Sir: 

Permit me to introduce to you the bearer Mr. G. K. Jewitt of this city. 

Mr. Jewitt thinks of making application for the Agency of the Penobscot 

Indians. Should other applicants not meet the approbation of the Gov. & 

Council, I would take the liberty to say in behalf of Mr. Jewitt, that he is a 



HONORABLE ELIAS DUDLEY 147 



respectable Merchant of this city whose income is small, and that I have no 
doubt he would faithfully discharge the duty of Agent. 

Yours very respty. 

GEO. W. PICKNEY. 

Bangor, Jan'y. 16, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esq. 
Dear Sir: 
I write at this time in behalf of a friend of mine a Mr. Joseph Chapman. 
I have signed a petition to the Governor & Council that he be appointed 
Register of Probate. I do not know that Mr. Palmer will be removed, but 
the expectation here is that he will be. If this should be the case I take the 
liberty to name for your consideration the above named Chapman. Mr. 
Chapman has resided here several years and I believe his character is with- 
out spot. I do not know that he has an enemy. He is always spoken well 
of by all. He has been employed for several years as an accountant, is a 
good penman. I think his appointment to that office would be highly satis- 
factory to the best kind of our people. 
I am with great respect, 

Yours &c, . 

JOHN GODFREY. 

John Godfrey was born in Taunton, Massachusetts, May 27, 1781, 
and was a direct descendant of Richard Godfrey, born in England in 
1651. 

He was a graduate of Brown University at Providence and studied 
law and was admitted to the Bar in Massachusetts, and afterwards 
settled in Hamden, Maine, as a lawyer in (1805-06) at what was 
known as the "Upper Corner." He was a resident of Hampden at 
the time it was captured by the British in the war of 1812 and with 
others was taken prisoner and detained one night in the cabin of a 
British war vessel. The History of Penobscot county (1882) says: 
"His house was used as a hospital, his library was taken by the 
British soldiers and put in to a martin-house and with it converted 
into a bonfire and his horse was appropriated by American thieves, 
in 1 82 1. He became a citizen of Bangor and entered in to a law 
partnership with Samuel E. Dutton. He was appointed Chief Jus- 
tice of the Court of Sessions in 1823 and his associates were Ephriam 
Goodale of Orrington and Seba French of Dexter. He was the 
second County Attorney of the new county of Penobscot, serving 
from 1825 to 1833. 

He died May 28, 1862." 

(To be continued) 



148 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Hero of Westcustogo 

By H. Augustus Merrill. 
(1898) 

The first blood shed in the Province of Maine in King William's 
war was on the pleasant banks of Royal river, in what is now the 
town of Yarmouth. It was then, however, called North Yarmouth 
or Westcustogo. Not far from the scene of the tragedy are the 
ruins of an old garrison house built some forty years afterwards but 
now tottering to its fall. 

Close at hand was a broad and sheltered bay, called in the Indian 
tongue by the name of Casco, signifying "a haven of rest." This 
bay was thickly studded with islands. The river, though small, was 
valuable for its water power, there being two falls within a short dis- 
tance of each other. Fish and game were abundant, large forests 
of timber were favorably situated for exploration, and these circum- 
stances early attracted white settlers to Westcustogo. 

Accordingly, as early as 1680, we find a town incorporated here, 
under the name of North Yarmouth. This town was the eighth in 
the state in order of the time of settlement. Nearly forty families 
had already located about the rivers and along the sea shore, from 
the northeast bounds of Falmouth to the southwest limits of Bruns- 
wick. 

The Indians were not ignorant of these advances of civilization, 
and they regarded the plantations at North Yarmouth as a direct 
encroachment and violation of treaties. The excellent physical 
advantages mentioned above, their burial place on Lane's Island, 
near at hand, and the strategic importance of the place in regard to 
the other towns, led them to resist its occupation by the whites, with 
a hostility more unconquerable, far reaching and deadly, than they 
exhibited towards most other settlements in the state. Throughout 
the entire war, Falmouth alone was a greater sufferer. 

The man who, at this time, had done the most to forward the 
interests of this little settlement was the enterprising and valiant, but 
eccentric and at times quarrelsome, Captain Walter Gendall. In 
September, 1688, he gallantly gave his life in the service of his 
friends, being cut down at Callen Point by the shot of a savage, 
while carrying ammunition to besieged settlers. At the time of his 
death the Captain had rebuilt a saw mill at the lower Falls, which 



HERO OF WESTCUSTOGO 149 

was proving one of the most lucrative in the state. He had a dwell- 
ing house on the east side of the river, near his mill, and one of rude 
construction, for the men, on the opposite shore. 

Previous to the declaration of war in the old world, hostilities had 
broken out in New England, and the French of Canada were already 
exciting their Indian allies against the English. But the savage 
natives of Westcustogo needed no French influence to impel them to 
hostilities, and they were soon threatening the beautiful little ham- 
let by the river. 

The house of John Royall, one of the early settlers, on the east 
side of the river, was occupied as a fortress at this time. In early 
fall, 1688, nearly all the settlers had fled to its sheltering walls for 
protection. In order to make the defence against the enemy still 
more effectual, the authorities had ordered Captain Gendall to build 
a stockade at a point on the west side of the river directly opposite. 

The work had been commenced. Early in the morning of the day 
of the tragedy, two men, one of them Larrabee by name, were sent 
over from the block house before the rest of the workmen to make 
preparations for the day's work. 

The red men were before them lurking in ambush, and no sooner 
had the men from Royall's arrived than they were secured. As 
no outcry had been made the other laborers were ignorant of this 
seizure, and came over soon after to their work. Carefully conceal- 
ing their prisoners, the Indians came forth from the bushes to meet 
the new comers. With faces smeared with paint and uttering shrill 
yells, they advanced upon the little band of workmen. Suddenly 
one of the red men gave young Larrabee, a brother to the man 
already taken prisoner, a violent push. The intrepid man lifted his 
gun and shot his assailant dead. 

While firing, however, he was seized by another Indian, but was 
rescued by Benedict Pulsifer, who struck the Indian with the edge 
of his broad axe. The skirmish now became general. The Eng- 
lish, inferior in numbers, having withdrawn to a place of less ex- 
posure, a rocky bluff under the bank of the river, defended them- 
selves for a time without loss. 

Captain Gendall, meanwhile, had been watching the progress of 
the affair from the fortress. He soon perceived by the cessation 
of the white men's fire that their ammunition was exhausted. He 
also heard their frantic cries and signals for help. Against the 
protest of his wife and friends who saw the peril of such an attempt, 
the brave man prepared to assist his friends on the other side of the 



150 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

river. Taking a supply of ammunition he left the fortress. Stand- 
ing erect in a float, with a servant to assist him, he paddled rapidly 
toward the western shore. He deemed his former friendly relations 
with the natives a sufficient safeguard against bodily harm. But in 
this he was mistaken. Former friendship was forgotten in this 
sudden outbreak .of hostilities. Before the float was entirely across 
the stream the valiant captain received a fatal shot. Throwing the 
ammunition to the men in distress, he fell backwards into the water, 
exclaiming with his last breath : "I have lost my life in your ser- 
vice !" 

Thus perished Captain Walter Gendall, the soldier and the hero 
of ancient Westcustogo. The point where he fell was afterwards 
called Callen (Calling) Point from the fact of the men's calling 
across to the garrison for help. It is also called Cuttinge Pinte in 
the York county deeds. 

The party who had received the ammunition defended themselves 
until night. Under cover of the darkness the Indians retired to 
their favorite resort, Lane's Island, and put to death with horrible 
tortures the two unhappy men who had fallen into their hands in the 
morning. 

No other whites lost their lives in the skirmish. Mr. Harris, one 
of the party, whose descendants now live in New Gloucester, was 
taken and led by two Indians holding by the hair of the head to the 
creek below Callen Point. But when one of the Indians let go his 
hold to fire upon the whites, he wrenched himself free from the 
other and effected his escape, a gun pointed at him missing fire. 
John Royall himself was also taken prisoner, but redeemed by Cas- 
tine. 

The news of the tragedy soon spread through the little hamlet 
and the panic stricken inhabitants betook themselves to Jewell's 
Island, where they were but little better able to defend themselves. 
Soon after they were taken to Boston by a passing vessel and were 
scattered in that vicinity. This was the second breaking up of the 
settlement in North Yarmouth, and no further attempt to re-people 
the territory was made until 1713. And it was not until twenty years 
later that the town again was incorporated. 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 151 

Biddeford, Maine, Cemetery 
Inscriptions 

Copied and Contributed by James I. Wyer, Jr., of Albany, New York. 
(Continued from Page 120) 

Capt. Edwin Tarbox 

d. Mar. 1, 1884 ae. 76 yrs. 7 mos. 4 ds. 



Abigail W. wife of Capt. Edwin Tarbox 

d. Jan. 18, 1873 

ae. 64 yrs. 2 mos. 8 ds. 



Edwin Tarbox d. Dec. 11, 1887 
ae. 52 yrs. 7 mos. 



Caroline Wells 

Oct. 6, 1822 — Feb. 12, 1907 



The following seven inscriptions were copied from stones in the 
Town Burying Ground 1719-1830, Biddeford, Me., about one mile 
from the mouth of the Saco river, on a mound formerly called Hen- 
derson's Hill. In the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for 1848 V. 2 p. 386 is a list of 12 cemetery inscriptions 
headed Lower Biddeford Burying Ground. An examination of this 
ground in 19 14 shows the last eight stones recorded in 1848 still 
standing, tho a careful reading of them shows a few variations 
from the Register list. These variations are noted in the following 
list. The last four stones recorded in the Register, if they ever stood 
in the same burying-ground with the other eight, have now been 
removed and appear among the stones in the Jordan family noted 
above. One or two residents living near the Old Town Burying 
Ground said that relic hunters had taken away some stones in recent 
years, but as this list in 1914 reveals neither more nor fewer stones 
than in 1848 the charge of vandalism seems groundless. 

Here lies the body of Capt 
John Davis ae. 62 or 4 yrs. 
8 ds. d. May 9 or ye 12 
1752 or 9 
(N. E. H. &-G. Reg. says 64 yrs. — My 12, 1752) 



152 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Here lies the body of Mr. 
Thomas Gillpatrick who de- 
parted this life Oct. 24, 1762 
in the 88th yr. of his age 

(N. E. H. & G. Reg. says 1726) 



In memory of Mary the 

loving consort of Capt. Philip 

Goldthwait who d. Sept. 27, 1760 

ae. 24 yrs. 

(N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 reads Phillip) 



Here lies the body of Mrs. Ann 
Hill wife of Mr. Benjamin Hill 
d. Feb. 29, 1759 in ye 41st yr 
of her age. 



Here lies ye body of Mrs. Mary 
Hill wife to Ebenezer Hill, Jr. 
ae. 25 yrs. deceased Jan. 17, 

1733 
(N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 says wife to Benjamin Hill, Jr.) 



Here lies the body of 
Mrs. Mary Hill the loving 
wife of Jeremiah Hill Esq. 
who d. Aug. the 19th, 1767 
in the 39th yr. of her age 
(N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 omits Aug.) 



Mrs. Rebekah Thomson 



The following 6 inscriptions were copied from stones at 720 Pool St.,. 
Biddeford 2 miles from Biddeford Pool. 
John Haley 
d. Nov. 14, 1872 ae. 29 yrs. 5 mos. 



Mary S. wife of John Haley 
d. Dec. 12, 1901 ae. 58 yrs. 



Father 
Capt William F. Johnson 
d. Apr. 19, 1878 ae. 62 yrs. 5 mos. 



Mother 
Lois W. wife of Capt William F. 
Johnson b. June 6, 1816 
d. Dec. 6, 1887 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 153 



Ruth A. dau. of Capt Willam F. 
& Lois Johnson d. Jan. 22, 1869 
ae. 20 yrs. 4 mos. 



Susie E. dau. of Capt William 
F. & Lois Johnson d. Feb. 7, 1876 
ae. 30 yrs. 



The following 35 stones are in the Hilltop Burying ground (at the west 
side of the Protestant Episcopal Chapel erected in August, 1914) Biddeford 
Pool, Me. 

John H. Amber 
Sept. 18, 1818 — Sept. 16, 1906 Father 

Louisa C. his wife 
Sept. 8, 1840 — Oct. 30, 1899 Mother 



Jeremiah B. Bunker 
1837-1913 

our baby 

July 17, 1877 

J. B. Bunker and wife 



Frederick Alpheus son of 

Peter and Angelina Bunker 

d. Oct. 7, 1845 ae. 3 yrs. 3 mos. 



Simeon Bunker d. Jan. 19, li 
ae. 72 yrs. 2 mos. 9 ds. 



Olive wife of Simeon Bunker 

d. May 3, 1869 ae. 75 yrs. 11 mos, 3 ds. 



Thomas Goldthwait 
d. Aug. 3, 1871 ae. 77 yrs. 9 mos. 



Abigail wife of Thomas Goldthwait 
d. Aug. 21, 1879 ae. 82 yrs. 9 mos. 



George F. Goldthwait 
d. Nov. 20, 1871 ae. 74 yrs. 20 ds. 



Isabella wife of George F. Goldthwait 
d. Oct. 29, 1874 ae. 74 yrs. 4 mos. 



Father 

Lauriston W. Goldthwait 

Sept. 28, 1833 — May 12, 1912 



154 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Mother 
Sarah E. wife of Lauriston W. Goldthwait 
d. Aug. 4, 1891 ae. 60 yrs. 3 mos. 



Arthur B. 
son of Janes E. and Sylvina Goldthwaite 
June 13, 1879— Aug. 23, 1897 



Paul Hussey d. Dec. 10, 1832 ae. 35 yrs. 



Mary wife of Paul Hussey d. Jan. 28, 1868 
a e. 75 yrs. 10 mos. 



Capt. Paul Hussey 
d. May 6, 1892 ae. 65 yr?. 2 mos. 27 ds. 



Olive W. Haley 
wife of Paul Hussey d. Dec. 8, 1870 
ae. 39 yrs. 1 mo. 17 ds. 



Abbie E. dau. of Paul and 
Olive W. Hussey d. June 25, 1875 
ae. 18 yrs. 10 mos. 9 ds. 



Howard W. Hussey 
son of Paul and Olive W. Hussey d. 
May 8, 1892 ae. 33 yrs. 4 mos. 5 ds. 



Christopher Hussey 

d. 31st day of the 5th month 1834 

ae. 66 vrs. 



Eunice wife of Christopher Hussey 
d. 71I1 day of the 1st month 1851 
ae. 79 yrs. 



Christopher Hussey 
d. Jan. 23, 1876 ae. 66 yrs. — Father — 



Alary wife of Christopher Hussey 
d. Dec. 5, 1884 ae .70 yrs. 8 mos. — Mother — 



Husband 

Edward L. Hussey 

Dec. 16, 1851— Oct. 8, 1894 



BIDDEFORD CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS 155 



Father 

William M. Hussey 

d. Apr. 16, 1892 ae. 70 yrs. 6 mos. 5 ds. 



Mother 
Mary E. wife of William M. Hussey 
d. Mar. 10, 1894 ae. 70 yrs. 1 mo. 9 ds. 



Gilbert son of William M. and Mary E. Hussey 
d. Aug. 11, 1863 ae. 19 yrs. 10 mos. 



Jane R. Hussey 
Jan. 22, 1840 — Aug. 27, 1907 

Sister 

Sarah Hussey 

Aug. 14, 1836 — Nov. 8, 1899 

Sister 

William H. Milgate 

b. Mar. 22, 1827 d. Aug. 25, 1885. 



Ellen A. wife of William H. Milgate 
b. Mar. 17, 1828 d. Jan. 23, 191 1 



Orin Preble son of William H. and 
Ellen A. Milgate d. Sept. 24, 1859 
ae. 8 mos. 



Elmer Irving son of Irving S. and 
Annie M. Milgate 

Mar 7, 1903 — May 9, 1903 



Agnes L. wife of Henry B. Seavey 
b. Feb. 20, 1868— d. Dec. 22, 1896 
Stone next to J. H .Amber & wife. 



Carleton D. son of Benjamin F. Jr. and 
Lydia M. Young 

Sept. 4 — 17, 1911 



Here lies the body of 

Capt. Samuel Jordan 

d. Dec. 20, 1742 ae. 58. 

N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 says 1748. 

(The End) 



156 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Henry B. Thoreau 

Mr. Liston P. Evans, editor of the Piscataquis Observer, has 
recently handed us a copy of that paper dated May 22, 1890, in which 
appears the article that follows, relative to that great American 
philosopher, writer and naturalist, Henry D. Thoreau, whose writ- 
ings gave the "Maine Woods" a world wide fame in literature, as 
well as with the people. This article was written, as Mr. Evans 
informs us, by the late Joseph Darling Brown, Esq., formerly of 
Foxcroft, Maine, a lawyer and also one of the able newspaper 
writers of Eastern Maine. 

A monument of Maine granite now marks the last resting place of Henry 
D. Thoreau, the distinguished naturalist, in the old graveyard on the hill 
overlooking the historic battlefield of Concord, Mass. For years no stone 
or tablet invited the attention of the pilgrim or stranger to the spot where 
repose the remains of one whose name was and still is familiar to all lovers 
of nature in her loftier or milder moods. 

Recently this memorial in stone has been set up by B. B. Thatcher, 1 Esq., 
of Bangor, a distant relation and sympathizing friend, and one other relative. 
The names of his father and mother interred there are inscribed upon the 
tablet. 

It was fitting that this tribute to his memory should be taken from the 
quarries of the State in whose deep forest shades he delighted to wander 
and meditate upon the sublime works of nature. In the wilderness, upon 
our mountain sides, paddling his light canoe over the bosom of our silver 
lakes, threading his way up our rivers and braving their cataracts to gratify 
a life passion that had taken possession of his inmost soul, he first made 
known to the outside world the grandeur and beauty of our scenery, the 
extent of wild domain, and the richness of our ornithology, vegetable and 
animal life. He was to Maine what Audobon was to the entire country. 
His first visit to the State was in 1846, when he made his way nearly to the 
summit of Mt. Katahdin, which but few white men had before ascended. 
Again in 1853, he penetrated as far as Chesuncook Lake. Later, in 1857, 
in the month of July, he made his last visit to the forests of Maine, going 
up over Moosehead, down the west branch, across the Chesuncook, up the 
Umbazodksus stream, over the lake of the same name, Mud Pond Carry 
and Chamberlain Lake, thence down the Allcgash to Heron Lake. 

From this point with his Indian canoe man, retracing his way to Chamber- 
lain Lake, and passing through the famous Telos Canal, and down the 
east branch of the great river to Bangor, he closed his last visit to the 
woods of Maine. His experiences and observations in these excursions 
were given to the public in a volume of 328 pages, and at this late day, 
reads like a delightful epic. He was the author of several other books. 



(1) The late Honorable Benjamin B. Thatcher, of Bangor, Maine. He was for many 
years an extensive lumber dealer on Kx"hniKe street and o e of the most prominent and lead- 
ing men in the Queen City. He served as a member of the Maine House of Representatives 
and Senate several sessions. 



HENRY B. THOREAU 157 



Before his death in 1862, at the early age of 45 years, he had builded for 
himself a desirable reputation as a naturalist and writer. 

Thoreau never married. He was in love with nature and worshipped at 
her shrine. 

One feature of his character was remarkable. In the collection of speci- 
mens of birds and wild animals, he never availed himself of the use of 
firearms. With him, life was sacred, though he never hesitated to avail, 
himself of the knowledge afforded by the destructive acts of others, not 
exercised by such scruples as his own. In our forests he studied the nature 
of its denizens from the moose to the muskrat, the noblest to the lowest. 
Birds were a specialty, and every variety known to the woodsman was ob- 
served and made an object lesson. The bald eagle, heron, loon, kingfisher 
and sparrows alike received his attention. 

As a botanist, he examined and took note of the flowers of Northern 
Maine as no man had done before him or since. Today he is the only 
authority extant upon the beautiful, sweet-scented flowerets that in their 
season lift their modest heads along our interior lakes and watercourses to 
greet the rising sun with opening petals. 



Ada Douglass Littlefield in her delightful book "An Old River 
Town" (New York, 1907), meaning old Frankfort and what is now 
Winterport, Maine, says : 

The "Bangor" was the first iron sea-going propeller steamer con- 
structed in the United States. She was begun in October, 1843; 
launched in May of 1844, and was completed and delivered to her 
owners, the Bangor Steam Navigation Company, of Maine, in 1844. 
Length over all on deck, about 131 ft. 
Length between perpendiculars 120 ft. 
Breadth of beam 23 ft. 

Depth of hold 9 ft. 



158 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Alphabetical List of the Members of 

the First Congregational Church 

of Bangor, Maine, 1811-1856 

Organized November 27, 181 1. 

Contributed by Fannie Hardy Eckstorm. 

(Continued from page 109) 



Samuel D. Hasey, 

Moses Haskell, 

Mrs. Anna Haskell, 

Benjamin Haskell, 

Mary F. Haskell, 

Micajah Haskell, 

Martha Haskell, 

Mary F. Haskell, 

Hannah B. Haskell, 

Susan A. Haskell, 

Mrs. Anna D. Haskell, 

Elizabeth D. Haskell, 

John Haskell, 

Emeline P. Haskins, 

Romulus Haskins, 

Robert R. Haskins, 

Nathaniel Hatch, Jr. 

Mrs. Meriam Haynes, 

Mrs. Martha C. Hellenbrand, 

George R. Herrick, 

Mrs. Mary Herrick, 

Mrs. Catherine L. Higgins, 

David Hill, 

Mrs. Phebe Hill, 

Charlotte Hill, 

Thomas A. Hill, 

Hannah A. Hill, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hill, 

Catherine Hill, 

Jane S. Hill, 

Elizabeth A. Hill, 

Mrs. Catharine J. Hilliard, 

Stephen Ho l1 and, 

Sarah Holland, 

Prescott P. Holden, 

Mrs. Rosana D. Holden, 



Jane E. Hodgdon, 
Mrs. Lucy Holmes, 
Bradley Hosford, 
Mrs. Hannah Hosford, 
Mrs. Cornelia Hoyt, 
Eunice K. Hoyt, 
Lacy V. Howard, 
Wm. P. Hubbard, 
Mrs. Hutchings, 
Wm. S. Hyde. 

Mrs. Ruth Ingraham. 

Alexander H. Janes, 
George W. Jackson, 
William Jewell, 
Nathan Jewell, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Jewell, 
Mrs. Emily B. Jewell, 
Harriet Jewett, 
Mrs. Eliza C. Jewett, 
Mrs. Ann Jellison, 
Ann Jones, 
Preston Jones, 
Mrs. Mary Jones, 
Hellen M. Jones, 
Frances A. Jones, 
Mrs. Roxana Jordon, 
Mrs. CordeHa Jordon, 
Mary E. Jordon. 

Mrs. Eliza Kcndrick, 
Joseph Kendrick, 
Harriet B Kendrick, 
Clara A. Kendrick, 
Allen M. Kendrick, 



FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BANGOR 159 



Mrs. Nancy M. Kendrick, 
Mrs. Sarah I. Kent, 
Mrs. Lucilla S. Kelley, 
Stephen Kimball, 
Mrs. Rebecca Kimball, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Mrs. Lydia Kimball, 
Mrs. Lydia F. Kimball, 
Mrs. Mary C. D. Kimball, 
John Kimball, 
Mrs. Jane Kimball, 
Osgood Kimball, 
Rebecca H. Kimball, 
Mrs. Sarah S. Kimball, 
Huldah Kingsley, 
Mrs. Mary E. Kittredge, 
Mrs. Mary Knight, 
Robert Knowles, 
Mrs. Maria Knowles. 

Daniel Lambert, 
Mrs. Betsey Lambert, 
Mrs. Electa B. Lancy, 
Paschal P. Learned, 
Mrs. Ann R. Learned, 
Joseph Leavitt, 
Edwin Leonard, 
Mrs. Mary B. Leonard, 
Isaac Lincoln, 
Mrs. Emeline B. Lincoln, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Little, 
Ellen Little, 
Mark Little, 
George B. Little, 
Mrs. Sarah E. Little, 
Mrs. Nancy Loomis, 
Jane Longstaff, 
Jeremiah Lord, 
Samuel B. Loud, 
Mrs. Sarah M. Lovejoy, 
Joseph C. Lovejoy, 
Mrs. Betsey Low, 
Mrs. Lucy E. Low, 
Mrs. Mary F. Lowell, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Lumbert, 



Mrs. Sarah Lumbert, 

Davis Lumbert, 

Samuel E. Lunt. 

Eliza Mahan, 

Mrs. Sophia Mann, 

William Mann, 

Thomas N. Mansfield, 

Mrs. Rebecca Mansfield, 

Daniel R. Mansfield, 

Maria I. Mason, 

Dorcas Mason, 

Joseph W. Mason, 

Mrs. Elizabeth T. Mason, 

Mrs. Margaret Martyn, 

Jennette S. Martyn, 

Mary D. Marston, 

John A. Mayhew, 

Mrs. Mary Mayhew, 

Fanny Mayhew, 

Mrs. Sarah Mayhew, 

Mrs. Lucy Mayhew, 

Hannah Mathews, 

Mrs. Phebe McGaw, 

"Jacob McGaw, 

Catharine McGaw, 

Mary McDaniel, 

David C. McDougall, 

Mrs. Minerva McDougall, 

Elizabeth McCobb, 

Sarah McCobb, 

Mary McDougall, 

Daniel P. McQuestion, 

Mrs. Mary A. B. McQuestion, 

Mrs. Mary A. McRuer, 

Mrs. Margaret Merryman, 

Mrs. Sarah Merrill, 

Eudora A. I. Merrill, 

Hannah Middleton, 

Mrs. Myra C. Mills, 

Mrs. Hannah S. Milliken, 

Joseph Milliken, 

Lydia H. Milliken, 

Mrs. Mary Moody, 

Abby M. Moody, 

Caroline S. Moore, 



C) Jacob McGaw a prominent lawyer of Eastern Maine, and once 
County Attorney of Penobscot County. 



i6o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Elvira Moore, 
Marion Moore, 
Benjamin Morrill, 
Mrs. Caroline L. Morrill, 
Daniel W. Morrill, 
Benj. H. Morrill, 
Mrs. Joana Morse, 
Mrs. Lucy M. Morse, 
Mrs. Maria Morse, 
Jonathan Morse, 
Mrs. Prudence Morse, 
Timothy H. Morse, 
Leonard L. Morse. 

Olive H. Nason, 
Mrs. Mary J. Nay, 
Emery M. Newhall, 
Mrs. Mary Nourse, 
Sarah Nourse, 
Simon Nowell, 
Mrs. Mary Nowell, 
Robert Nowell, 
George W. Nowell, 
Henry Nowell, 
Mary E. Nowell, 
Mrs. Sarah Nowell, 
Mrs. Charlotte C. Nye, 
Elisha Nye. 

Mrs. Clarissa Osgood, 
Hannah H. Osgood. 

Harriet Page, 

Mrs. Prudence Page, 

Mrs. Nancy Palmer, 

Mrs. Ann M. Palmer, 

Mrs. Mary Parker, 

Mrs. Priscilla G. Parker, 

Emily Parker, 

Mrs. Susannah Parker, 

Mary Parker, 

Mrs. Susan Parsons, 

Elijah G. Parsons, 

Jotham S. Parsons, 



Eben G. Parsons, 

Pamelia Parsons, 

Mrs. Hannah H. Parsons, 

Samuel M. Parsons, 

Benj. F. Parsons, 

Pliny D. Parsons, 

Fidelio Parsons, 

Mrs. Rachel A. Parsons, 

Electa L. Parsons, 

Mary V. Parsons. 

Park H. Parsons, 

Catherine T. Parsons, 

Amy Parsons, 

James B. Parsons, 

T Moses Patten, 

Mrs. Sarah Patten. 

Cyril Pearl, 

Mrs. Sarah H. Pearson, 

Mrs. Sophia S. Pearson, 

John Pearson, 

Mary Pearson, 

Simon T. Pearson, 

Sarah M. Pearson, 

John S. Pearson, 

Mrs. Ann M. Pearson, 

Mrs. Mary K. Pearson, 

Mary C. Pearson, 

Wm. H. Pearson, 

Mrs. Elizabeth P. Pearson, 

Mrs. Rosana M. Pearson, 

Mrs. Hannah T. Pearson, 

Airs. Mary W. Pendleton, 

Joshua C. Plummer, 

Mary Philips, 

Sarah Philips, 

Calvin Phelps, 

Mrs. Mary A. G. Peirce, 

s George W. Pickering, 

Daniel Pike, 

Nancy Plummer, 

Dorcas Plummer, 

Charles Plummer, 

Mrs. Sarah M. Plummer, 

Elizabeth D. Plummer, 



O Honorable Moses Patten of Bangor, member of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for the third Eastern District established July 2, 1816, and sit- 
ting as a Court of Sessions held their first session in Bangor on that day. 

C) Honorable George W. Pickering, Mayor of Bangor 1853-54. 



FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BANGOR 161 



Sophia D. Plummer, 
Mary Plummer, 
Louisa Plummer, 
Lucretia A. Plummer, 
George D. Plummer, 
Jerusha Polly, 
Swan L. Pomroy, 
Rebecca M. Poor, 
Mrs. Frances M. Pomroy, 
Antoinette Poyen, 
Mrs. Ann Q. Pomroy, 
John M. Prince, 
Mary B. Pomroy, 
Mrs. Eleanor C. Prince, 
Charles H. Pond, 
Aaron Prouty, 
Mrs. Hannah Pond, 
Mrs. Hepzibah Prouty, 
Catherine Porter, 
Emerson D. Porter, 
Mrs. Nancy B. Porter, 
Mrs. Caroline T. Porter. 

Susan Quimby, 

Mrs. Harriet H. Ray, 

Fanny Randall, 

Harvey Reed, 

Mrs. Jane Reed, 

Mrs. Sophia Reed, 

Anna F. Reed, 

Mrs. Hannah Remick, 

Nancy Reynolds, 

Mrs. Martha F. Reynolds, 

Mrs. Miranda Rice, 

Charles Rice, 

Mrs. Fanny Rich, 

Elizabeth A. Rich, 

Esther Richards, 

Mrs. Julia A. Ricker, 

Mrs. Ruth Roberts, 

Francis Roberts, 

Elmina Robinson, 

James Robinson, 

Margaret Robinson, 

Mrs. Hannah B. Robinson, 

Airs. Charlotte B. Robinson, 

Mary O. Robinson, 



Mrs. Hannah S. Rogers, 

Mrs. Mary H. Rogers, 

Philinda Ross, 

Lorinda C. Ross, 

Thomas H. Sandford, 

Mrs. Caro. M. B. Sandford, 

William Sandford, 

Mrs. Charlotte M. Sandford, 

Hiram Sands, 

Mrs. Sarah S. Sands, 

Mrs. Priscilla Savage, 

Alexander Savage, 

Wm. T. Savage, 

Charles A. Savage, 

Mary G. Savage, 

John Sargent, 

Mrs. Ann Sargent, 

Mrs. Betsey H. Savary, 

Hepzibah Sawyer, 

Cynthia Sawyer, 

Mrs. Rebecca Sawyer, 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Sayward, 

Airs. Sarah J. Sayward, 

Lyman Sewall, 

William Sewall, 

J. Addison Sewall, 

Michael Schwartz, 

John Schwartz, 

Airs. Jane M. Schwartz, 

Airs. Jane Scott, 

Airs. Nancy H. Sellers, 

Henry E. Sellers, 

Mrs. Eliza Shaw, 

Eudoxia Shaw, 

Airs. Alaria Shepard, 

Samuel Shepard, 

Airs. Betsey D. Shepard, 

Airs. Aiartha Shepard, 

Mrs. Hannah Silsbee, 

Benjamin Silsbee, 

Alary Silsbee, 

Hannah Silsbee, 

Mrs. Ellen M. Silsbee, 

Elcy P. Simpson, 

Emma R. Skinner, 

Airs. Rachel Smith, 

Airs. Hannah W. Smith, 

Airs. Hannah Smith, 



162 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Susan S. Smith, 
Emeline Smith, 
Mrs. Sarah H. Smith, 
Mrs. Martha Smith, 
Sylvina L. Smith, 
Mrs. Hannah Snow, 
Hannah B. Snow, 
Sophia M. Snow, 
Susan H. Snow, 
Israel Snow, 
John Sprowle, 
Jane B. Soule, 
William Stacey, 
Mrs. Mary A. Stacey, 
Sarah A. Stacey, 
George Starrett, 
Mrs. Martha B. Starrett, 
Sophia Stackpole, 
Mary G. Stackpole, 
Charles A. Stackpole, 
Mrs. Mary M. Stackpole, 
Mrs. Judith A. Stackpole, 
Isaac S. Stackpole, 
Wilder B. Start, 
Laura A. Stebbins, 
Mary Stevenson, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Stimpson, 
Samuel B. Stone, 
Mrs. Sarah J. Stone, 
Robert Stuart, 
Samuel Sylvester, 
Mrs. Charlotte Sylvester. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Tasker, 
Sarah B. Tappan, 
Mrs. Ann Taylor, 
Abner Taylor, 
Nancy Taylor, 
Charles C. Taylor, 
Charles Temple, 
Jane Tenney, 
Albert Titcomb, 
Philip Titcomb, 
Emily Titcomb, 
Albert P. Titcomb, 
Mary Thayer, 
Abner Thayer, 
Wm. W. Thayer, 



Joseph H. Thayer, 
Mrs. Susan H. Thayer, 
Harriet H. Thatcher, 
George A. Thatcher, 
Mrs. Rebecca J. Thatcher, 
Mary A. Thaxter, 
Benj. B. Thatcher, 
David Thomas, 
Sarah Thomas, 
Mrs. Mary W. Thomas, 
Mrs. Sally M. Thomas, 
Mrs. Olive Thomas, 
Artemas Thomas, 
Moses S. Thomas, 
Sarah Thoreau, 
John Thurston, 
William Thurston, 
Richard Thurston, 
Mrs. Ann B. Thurston, 
Richard B. Thurston, 
Samuel D. Thurston, 
Ann C. P. Thurston, 
Elizabeth Todd, 
Elizabeth Treat, 
Mrs. Mary Treat, 
Benjamin Treadwell, 
Mrs. Sophronia Treadwell, 
Thomas Trickey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Trickey, 
Mary E. Trickey, 
Cordelia Tupper, 
Mrs. Mary Tupper, 
Allen Tupper, 
Margaret Tupper. 

Mrs. Rebecca Upton. 

Samuel L. Valentine, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Valentine, 
Mrs. Sarah G. Valentine, 
Wm. J. Valentine, 
Mrs. Ann J. Valentine, 
Mary J. Valentine, 
Airs. Susan Veazie, 
John W. Veazie. 

Asa Walker, 
Wm. S. Warren, 



FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BANGOR 163 



Mrs. Mary Warren, 

Daniel Webster, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Webster, 

Jonathan Webster, 

Mrs. Mary P. Webster, 

Martha Webster, 

Jane Webster, 

Caroline Webster, 

Porter Webster, 

Abigail Webster, 

John Webster, 

Sarah Webster, 

Mrs. Louisa F. Webster, 

Elias Webber, 

Jabez Weston, Jr., 

Mrs. Jane Weston, 

Mrs. Rebecca Wheeler, 

Mrs. Hannah E. A. Wheeler, 

Mrs. Esther White, 

Elias White, 

Mrs. Louisa B. White, 

Cornelia F. White, 

Mrs. Hannah M. Whittier, 

Edward Wiggin, 

Mrs. L. Wiggin, 

Ellen B. Wiggin, 



Mrs. Susan Wilder, 

9 Wm. D. Williamson, 

Mrs. Jemima M. Williamson, 

Mrs. Mary Williamson, 

Mrs. Susan E. Williamson, 

Mrs. Clarissa Williamson, 

Samuel Wiley, 

Mrs. Sarah C. Wingate, 

Wm. A. Wingate, 

Eliza W. Wingate, 

Mrs. Phebe Wingate, 

John J. Wingate, 

Sarah T. Winslow, 

Matilda M. Winslow, 

Priscilla S. Winslow, 

Mrs. Mary Winslow, 

Mrs. Sarah F. Winn, 

Sarah C. Winn, 

Mary P. Winn, 

Sarah Witherel, 

Isaac Witherel, 

Mrs. Rachel Woodbridge, 

Benjamin Wyatt, 

Robert Wyman, 

Mrs. Dolly Young. 



(") Honorable William D. Williamson, the first member of Congress 
from the Bangor District, and author of Williamson's History of Maine. 



There may be seen in the Catholic cemetery at West Lubec, says 
the Lubec Herald, a gravestone, on which the inscriptions are well 
worth reading, recording as they do the death of three members of a 
family, their ages averaging 100 years. The first is that of Alex- 
ander Horan, who died June 10, 1850, aged 100 years; the second, 
John Horan, died February 18, 1875, aged 102 years, and the third, 
Jane Horan, died April 15, 1878, aged 98 years. They were all from 
County Antrim, Ireland. It is doubtful if the equal of this can be 
found in the State. 



164 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Maine As A Winter Resort 

The evolution of the summer resort business in the State of Maine 
from very small beginnings at about the close of the Civil War to its 
immense proportions of the present time has been referred to in 
these pages. 1 Its place as one of the leading summer recreation 
grounds of the world is -permanently fixed and will remain so for 
all time if the people of Maine stand firmly in all things for its 
maintenance. It has not been, however, until very recent years that 
Maine enterprise has invaded the realm of the winter resort business. 
Yet some of her enterprising hotel interests have already made pro- 
gress in this direction with eminent success. 

At the Maine State Board of Trade meeting in Lewiston, March 
ii, 191 5, Mr. Arthur G. Staples, managing editor of the Lewiston 
Journal, delivered an able and illuminating address entitled "Maine 
as a Winter Resort" from which we make the following excerpts : 

There has been a change in the attitude of the world toward winter 
within the past two generations, that is one of the most remarkable social 
phenomena of the period. 

The change began in Northern Europe, in Scandinavia and especially in 
the Swiss and Germanic countries. It developed along two lines: first, 
fashion, which substituted the athletic man and woman for the weeping 
willow variety predominating in 1870 or thereabouts; second, efficiency, 
which nowadays is everywhere turning waste into valuable by-products. 
Winter was a waste season in the hotel business of Switzerland and certain 
parts of Germany. Those canny people who are the best inn-keepers in the 
world, saw the waste and made it a by-product of enormous value. From 
Europe, the idea crossed the sea and lodged in Canada, where in 1882-188^ 
we had stupendous winter carnivals which brought enormous income to 
hotels and transportation lines, and which still continues to enrich the Can- 
adian hotels. The idea has been 30 years crossing the border into Maine. 
It is here to-day ready to do for New England what it has done for 
Switzerland and Norway. In other words, it rests with us, as a business 
community in the broadest sense, to turn the old-fashioned depreciating 
liability of winter into a blooming asset, and to force it to pay dividends 
on our thousands of frozen lakes and ponds; on our trackless winter forests, 

and on the majesty of our snow-swept hills and mountains 

St. Moritz in Switzerland with its Cresta Run, its bob- 
sleigh contests, its thirty hotels, some of them beautiful, its fashion and its 
wealth, has not a thing to offer that Poland Spring, or Bethel, or Kineo, 
or the Rangeley country of Maine cannot give. But Switzerland and Nor- 
way are doing business and we are not. They are converting a waste into 



C) See Journal Vol. 2, pp. 10-12. 



MAINE AS A WINTER RESORT 165 



a by-product; we are not. They are converting a liability into an asset; 
we arc not — except in one or two instances, of which I now propose briefly 

to speak Today, go to 

the Mansion House at Poland Spring and see ! Or, better still, try to secure 
a room and entertainment there, in the climax of the season from Christ- 
mas to March 1. They have turned away 700 guests from Poland Spring 
this winter, because they were unable to accommodate them. The arrivals 
at the Mansion House in December, January, and February, 1914-1915, num- 
bered 760. The number of meals served to guests in these three winter 
months was 16,568; the average length of stay of each guest was 7 1-4 days. 
The total number of days board by these winter guests this year was 
5,523. The income in the month of February alone from winter resort guest? 
at the Mansion House has increased over 50 per cent, in two years for 
the single month. What has done it? Here's the answer: Efficient hotel 
keeping, increased attraction, liberal advertising and a growing faith in the 
superior restorative powers of the winter climate of Maine. 

Mr. Staples quoted from a letter from Colonel Frederic E. Boothby in 
which he said : 

"The success of Poland Spring could be duplicated in Ratigeley, Moose- 
head, Dexter, Dover, Foxcroft, Bingham, Monson, as it is being duplicated 
in a measure in Bethel." 



"Hand Book of the Maine Library Association" for 191 5, is a 
neat little booklet of 30 pages recently issued by that association. 
Its officers are President, Charles A. Flagg, Bangor Public Library, 
Bangor; Vice-Presidents, Annie Prescott, Auburn Public Library, 
Auburn, and Mary G. Gilman, Curtis Memorial Library, Brunswick ; 
Secretary, Ralph K. Jones, U. of M. Library, Orono ; Treasurer, 
Plattie Mabel Leach, Portland Public Library, Portland. 

It gives a list of all public libraries in Maine since 1751 and con- 
tains much valuable information. 



166 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

The County of Yorkshire Created, 

by the General Court of 

Massachusetts 1 

NOVEMBER 20-30, 1652. 

For the circumstances which led to the creation of the county of 
Yorkshire by the General Court of Massachusetts, November 20-30, 
1652, references must be made to the "Records of the Governor and 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England." May 26-June 
5, 1652, the Court passed the following order about the north line : 

Concerning the north lyne of this jurisdiccon, itt was this day voted, 
vppon prvsall of our charter, that the extent of the ljne is to be from the 
northermost parte of the Riuer Merremacke and three miles more north, 
where it is to be found, be it a hundred miles, more or lesse, from the 
sea, and thence vppon a streight ljne east & west to each sea. 

In accordance with this liberal interpretation of the boundaries 
laid down in the "colony charter," John Sherman of Watertown, 
and Jonathan Ince, a student at Flarvard College, were employed as 
"artists" "to finde out the most northerly part of Merremacke Riuer." 
They made return that on the first day of August, 1652, they found 
the latitude required to be 43 40' 12" N., "besides those minutes 
which are to be allowed for the three miles more north wdiich runs 
into the lake ('Winnapuscakit')." 

A commission was immediately issued by Governor Endicott, with 
full power to settle the civil government to the most northerly limit 
of the patent. In November the town of Kittery acknowledged the 
government of Massachusetts, and the county of Yorkshire in west- 
ern Maine was formally created, with the same rights and privileges 
that the inhabitants south of the Piscataqua enjoyed. Subsequently 
other settlements submitted to the authority of Massachusetts, and 
the name and power of Gorgeana were extinguished. 

The special grant of privileges to Kittery is in "Massachusetts 
Records," IV, part I, 124-126; "York Deeds," I, folios 26, 27; 
FT>enezer Flazard, "Ffistorical Collections," etc. (Philadelphia, 
1792), 573, 574; James Sullivan, "Plistory of the District of Maine" 
(Boston, 1795), 335-337; and James Phinney Baxter, editor, "Bax- 



"(') Documentary History of Maine. (Farnham Papers). Vol. 7, p. 273. 



COUNTY OF YORKSHIRE CREATED 167 



ter Manuscripts," Maine Historical Society, "Documentary Series," 
IV, 25-28. 

The "Massachusetts Records" contain the earliest authentic copy, 
which is the text adopted. 

To graunt to Kittery, 20th Nouember, 1652. 

Whereas the toune of Kittery hath acknowledged themselves subject to 
the gouernment of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, as by the 
subscription vnder theire hands, bearing date the 16th of this instant, ii 
doth appeare, wee, the comissioners of the Gennerall Court of the Massa- 
chusetts for the setling of gouernment amongst them and the rest wth 
in the bounds of theire charter northerly to the full and just extent of 
theire lyne, haue thought meete and actually doe graunt as f olloweth : — 

1st. That the whole tract of land beyond the Kiuer of Piscataq northerly, 
together with the Isle of Shoales, wth in our sajd bounds, is and shallbe 
henceforth a county, or shire, called by the name of Yorkshire. 

2. That the people inhabiting there shall enjoy proteccon aequall acts or 
favor, & justice wth the rest of the people inhabitting on the south side 
of the kiuer Piscataq, wth in the lj mitts of our whole jurisdiccon. 

3. That Kittery shallbe and remajne a touneship, & haue and enjoy the 
priviledges of a toune, as others of the jurisdiccon haue and doe enjoy. 

4. That they shall enjoy the same bounds that are cleere betweene toune 
and toune, as hath binn formerly graunted when comissioners of each 
bordering toune hath vejwed and retourned to vs or to the Gennerall Cou:t 
theire survey. 

5. That both each toune and euery inhabitant shall haue and enjoy all 
theire just proprieties, titles, and interests in the howses and lands which 
they doe possesse, whither by graunt of the toune, or of the Indeans, or of 
the former Gennerall Courts. 

6. That the toune of Kittery, by theire freeman, shall send one deputy 
yearely to the Court of Election, and that it shallbe in theire libertje to 
send to each Court two deputjes, if they thinke good. 

7. That all the present inhabitants of Kittery shall be freemen of the 
countrje, and, having taken the oath of freemen,* shall have libertje to give 
theire votes for the election of the Gouernor, Assistants, and other gennerall 
officers of the countrje. 

8. That this county of Yorke shall haue County Courts wth in them- 
selves, in the most comodious and fitt places, as authoritje shall see meete to 
appointe. 

9. That euery touneshipp shall haue three men, approved by the County 
Court, to end smale cawses, as other the touneshipps in the jurisdiccon hath, 
where no magistrate or comissioner resideth. 

10. That the shire shall or may haue three associates to asist such com- 
issioners as the present comissioners or authoritje of the Massachusetts 
shall send, and such magistrates as shall voluntarilly come vnto them from 
tjme to tjme. 

11. That the inhabitants of the county of Yorkshire shall not be draune to 
any ordjnary gennerall traynings out of theire oune county wth out theire 
consent. 



168 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



12. That the inhabitants of Kittery shall also haue & enjoy the same 
priviledges that Douer hath, vppon theire coming vnder this gouernment. 

13. That all such as haue or shall subscribe voluntarily, as the rest 
haue donne, before the ending this Courte, shall haue the priviledge of 
indempnitje for all acts of power exercised by the former gent vntill the 
protest, and for and in respect of such criminall matters as are breaches 
of poenall lawes wth in the whole gouernment; provided, that Abraham 
Cunly hath libertje to appeale in respect of his case wherein he was fined 
tenn pounds, anno 51. 

14. Provided alwajes, that nothing in this our graunt shall extend to de- 
termine the infringing of any persons right to any land or inhaeritaunce, 
whither by graunt, by pattent, or otherwise, where possession is had, but 
such titles shallbe left free to be heard and determined by due course of 
lawe. 

Provided, and it is hereby declared, that nothing in this graunt shall 
extend to restrajne any civill action, or revejw for former civill cawses, 
which review shall be brought to any of our Courts wth in one yeere now 
ensuing. And whereas there are certajne debts and imposts due to the 
inhabitants of Kitterje and Accomenticus, and some debts which are owing 
from them to pticular persons for publicke occasions, itt is therefore 
ordered and agreed, that Mr Niccolas Shapleigh shall haue power forth- 
with to collect such some or somes of money as are due to the aforesajd 
inhabitants, and pay such debts as are justly dew from them, and give an 
accompt thereof, wth in one month, to the comissoners that shallbe then 
in present being; and if it shall then appeare that there is not sufficyent to 
discharge the peoples engagement, it shall be suppljed by way of rate, accord- 
ing to the former custome. 

SYMON BRADSTREET, 
THO: WIGGIN, 
SAMUELL SYMONDS. 
BRJAN PENDLETON. 



Honorable Willis Y. Patch has recently presented the Bangor 
Public Library with some valuable old pamphlets, including' the 
Official Proceedings of the National Democratic Conventions of 
1876 and 1892; Report of the decision of the U. S. Supreme Court 
in the Dred Scot case, 1857 ; Story's Address on Chief Justice Mar- 
shall ; "The Hale report shown up by Governor Garcelon and his 
Council," "Gov. Sam Houston's Message on the S. C. resolutions, 
i860;" "Report of Commissioners appointed to settle with the sure- 
ties of Benj. D. Peck, late treasurer of Maine, i860," etc. 



BIRTHPLACE OF THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

The Birthplace of the State 
of Maine 

The following interesting paper was written and read by Mrs. 
Edwin A. Richardson, Past Regent of Elizabeth Wadsworth Chap- 
ter, D. A. R., at the unveiling of the tablet placed on "The Old 
Jameson Tavern" at South Freeport, Sept. 1, 191 5, by the Daughters 
of the American Revolution of Maine. 

MAINE'S INDEPENDENCE. 

Among- all the interesting old houses in Maine there is none of more 
importance, from an historical standpoint than the old tavern at Freeport in 
which were signed the final papers separating Maine from Massachusetts. 

Built a century and a quarter ago, for Dr. John Hyde of Freeport, it was 
his home for many years. Later it passed out of the possession of the 
worthy doctor's descendants, and for a long period of time was used as a 
puhlic house. At the time of the Commissioners' meeting in Freeport it was 
known as the Jameson Tavern, later it became the Codman Tavern, and 
still later it was called the Elm House. 

Following this, the old house returned to its original standing, and be- 
came once more a private dwelling house, the home of Charles Cushing, a 
prominent ship builder of the town. It next passed into the possession of 
the present owner, Mrs. Frank R. Kennedy of Portland, Me. 

The act of separation which was finally consummated in this old tavern,, 
took place on the 15th day of March, 1820, and on that date Maine became 
a State and took the honored place that was rightfully hers in the Union. 

The movement for the separation of Maine from Massachusetts began 
soon after the Revolutionary period, and the matter was largely agitated 
by the most patriotic men of the district at intervals for a period of over 
thirty years. Eminent statesmen devoted much time and energy to this 
end, and when it was announced that the papers were actually signed 
which constituted Maine a free and independent State, great enthusiasm 
was manifested by those who advocated the movement. 

But there were many who were opposed to the Province of Maine becom- 
ing a State and there was great excitement among friends on both sides of 
the question. 

Boston most strenuously opposed the separation, and it is not at all 
surprising that this was true, when we find that in 1819, Maine was pay- 
ing nearly $go,ooo as her proportion towards the support of the Massachu- 
setts government, and a new valuation to be taken the following year 
would increase this to at least $120,000. 

This was a greater sum than supported the combined governments of 
Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire and Rhode Island, and while this 
seemed almost incredible, yet, an examination of the certificates of the 
secretary of Massachusetts and statements of the executives of the several 



170 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



States demonstrated this a fact and proved at least one vital reason why 
Boston influence and her connections were unwilling to sanction the act of 
separation. A statement of figures showed that Maine as an independent 
State could support a separate government on at least $12,000 less than 
was being contributed towards the expenses of Massachusetts annually. 

A strong argument was waged at this time which appealed to the common 
sense of Maine citizens. Boston and the state of Massachusetts in general 
said that they were unfit for self government; the Bostonians in particular 
felt that the interests of Maine were better known to them than to the people 
residing in the province. 

This was, however, but a repetition of earlier history. The same con- 
temptible method was adopted by a host of others when our fathers strug- 
gled for their independence. 

It was quoted that if our connections with England were severed, the 
States were ruined, for, deprived of the protection and care of the mother 
country, they could not stand by themselves. But the connection was dis- 
solved and the result was, prosperity and happiness. Our Country became 
known and respected, and commands attention from all nations. 

This old tavern was one of the favorite stopping places for the big 
stages that journeyed between the eastern part of the province of Maine 
and Massachusetts. It was chosen by the commissioners for their meeting 
because it was a convenient location, while its reputation of serving the 
best food and the best New England rum of any tavern on the old 
Boston and Maine highway, may not have been overlooked by the commis- 
sioners when they ratified the act of separation. 

The representatives of both Maine and Massachusetts were in session 
here for nearly three weeks, and included Timothy Bigelow of Groton, 
Mass., Levi Lincoln of Worcester, Mass., Benjamin Porter of Topsham, 
Maine, and James Bridge of Augusta, Maine. These four chose Silas 
Bolton of Boston, Mass., and Lathrop Lewis of Gorham, Maine, to complete 
the board. 

Some time previous to this negotiations were commenced by the three 
commissioners from Maine. Joined by David Rose of the Senate, and Nich- 
olas Emery of the House, they proceeded to Boston and were there met by 
the Massachusetts commissioners. 

Some time was taken by this board, and meetings were held at several 
towns and cities in Massachusetts without any definite settlement. Then a 
meeting of this board was held in Freeport, and in the end it was settled 
that Maine should give Massachusetts $180,000 for her possessions of public 
lands in the State. Of this amount $30,000 was in Indian claims, which 
Maine assumed, while the remaining sum of $150,000 was to be paid in forty 
years at five per cent, interest. Those were indeed wise men who, upon 
that 15th day of March, 1820, sat in state in the north-east chamber of 
this old tavern. 

They looked well into the future, and most carefully and conscientiously 
did they weigh the matter that was left to their decision. Nearly a century 
of time has passed, yet each passing year does but strengthen the feeling in 
the hearts of Maine's sons and daughters that no mistake was made when 
those worthy men placed their signatures to the important documents which 
gave to Maine her independence. 



BIRTHPLACE OF THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

From the foregoing the reader might, however, form an impression 
that when Maine became a State in 1820 she then purchased of 
Massachusetts all of "her possssions of public lands in the state." 
This is not true. In the first paragraph of Section 1, of the Act of 
Separation approved by the Governor of Massachusetts, June 19, 
1819, is this provision: 

All the lands and buildings belonging to the Commonwealth, within 
Massachusetts Proper, shall continue to belong to said Commonwealth ; and 
all the lands belonging to the Commonwealth, within the District of 
Maine, shall belong, the one half thereof, to the said Commonwealth, and the 
other half thereof, to the State to be formed within the said District, to be 
divided as is hereinafter mentioned; and the lands within the said District, 
which shall belong to the said Commonwealth, shall be free from taxation, 
while the title to the said lands remains in the Commonwealth. 

The title to the public lands remained jointly in the two states until 
1853 when the Maine Legislature passed the following resolve: 

Resolved : That the land agent proceed without delay to Boston, for the 
purpose of ascertaining from the authorities of Massachusetts, the term.-; 
on which that state will sell or surrender to Maine, all her interests in 
the lands in this state. Also upon what terms Massachusetts will sell to 
Maine her interest in the lands known and denominated as settling lands, 
independently of the timber lands, and report to the legislature as soon as 
may be. 

(Approved Feb. 22, 1853) 

By a resolve approved March 31, 1853, the Legislature was directed 
to choose by ballot three commissioners to make negotiations with 
Massachusetts for the purchase of these lands The commissioners 
for Maine were Reuel Williams, Wm. P. Fesseneden and Elijah L. 
Hamlin, and on the part of the Commonwealth were E. M. Wright. 
Jacob H. Loud and David Wilder. 

An extra session of the Legislature was held September 20, 1853, 
at which time the report of the joint commission was received and 
accepted and their acts ratified and confirmed by a resolve approved 
September 28, 1853. 



172 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The Sebec Centennial 

Editor's Note : The town of Sebec in Piscataquis county, Maine, cele- 
brated its Centennial Anniversary, August 24, 1912. The following was 
written at the time by G. Smith Stanton of New York, whose summer 
home has for many years been on the shore of Sebec Lake, and has never 
before been published. 

Mr. Stanton is himself an author and wrote one of the most delightful 
Maine books that we know of, entitled : "Where The Sportsman Loves 
to Linger." 



In the Maine woods 150 miles northeast of Portland at the foot 
of Sebec Lake is the little town of Sebec. It first saw the light of v 
day 100 years ago. 

On August 24, Sebec celebrated its one hundredth anniversary. 
Away from the railroad the little picturesque hamlet rests among 
the hills of Maine. Thousands of logs pass annually through it on 
their way to the mills. The only street passes down one side of a 
mountain across a concrete bridge and up the side of another moun- 
tain. Along each side of this wide street are stately elms back of 
which are large old fashioned houses painted white with green 
blinds. Most inviting are the homes of its 250 inhabitants. Three 
great epochs have worked the history of Sebec. When it was incor- 
porated 100 years ago ; when it celebrated its 50th birthday ; and its 
century of yesterday. 100 years ago the Pine Tree State was dense 
woods from the ocean to the Canadian line and beyond. The only 
communication over it was the spotted trail. Sebec was on the 
spotted trail from Portland. Along these trails the trapper packed 
his furs. A spotted trail was simply a path about two feet wide 
through the dense wood. "Spotted" means that a strip of bark on 
the side of the trees next to the path is sliced off. 1 Along the trail 
from Sebec to Portland was an occasional clearing, a hamlet or a 
farm. Those who incorporated Sebec 100 years ago were the typical 
frontiersmen, farmers, trappers and hunters often dressed in skins. 

The first half century of Sebec's existence was the daily life of 
the usual frontier town. During that half century the virgin forest, 
in spots gave way to the lumberman and the farmer. The outlet 
from the lake gives Sebec a splendid water power. In its early his- 
tory large buildings were erected and wood and wool became the 
main industry. On account of Sebec's inaccessibility, its industries 



C) Sometimes called a "blazed trail." 



THE SEBEC CENTENNIAL 173 

were unable to compete and one could see yesterday the deserted 
buildings of those early days through decay ready to slide into the 
river, and whose window panes had evidently been targets for the 
boys. In the interests of a lumber company fortune so arranged 
it that I was in Sebec 50 years ago when they celebrated the second 
epoch in its history and I have in my possession a daguerreotype of 
that event. 

As I sat on the piazza of the hotel at Sebec last Saturday and saw 
the crowd coming down the lake in steam and motor boats and over 
the smooth gravel roads in top buggies, surreys and automobiles, I 
could not help but compare the transformation with that of 50 years 
ago. Half a century ago they came down the lake in birch bark 
canoes and rafts. Oxen yoked to wagons bounced their occupants 
over woods-roads that once were the spotted trails. 50 years ago 
the farmer, his wife and children, were dressed in "home spun," 
and leather boots and shoes made at home. Fortunate were they 
who had a hat. As I remember the gathering simplicity and virtue 
were there. Yesterday the descendants of these farmers, the youths, 
passed by in automoblies, the female contingent dressed as stylishly 
as their city sisters, and singing, instead of the good old songs of 
their mothers, "Everybodys Doing It." 

The record of August 24, 1812, shows that the sun shone brightly 
on Sebec and the placid waters of the lake rolled smoothly to the 
sea ; the same conditions prevailed on its one hundredth anniversary 
and 1912 was a counterpart. 

Twelve o'clock was the hour set to begin the celebration and like 
all Avell regulated celebrations the show began with a feast. Any- 
body who knows anything about the human organization is aware 
of the fact that if you want to start right and get him or her in a 
happy frame of mind first satisfy the stomach. With Taylor's band 
of Dover-Foxcroft in the lead the hungry horde started up the hill 
for a large tent. What a representative assembly was there. How 
fortunate it is for Sebec that its birthday comes in August. Then 
the 150 cottages that line the historic shores of the lake are occupied 
and the hotels at the head and foot of the lake are full. Down the 
lake in steamboats, motorboats, sail-boats, canoes and row-boats 
came the crowd. All roads and autos led to Sebec. Under that 
tent not only every state but every city east of the Alleganies was 
represented. The school marms of Piscataquis county, who had had 
experience during the summer at the hotels along the coast line, took 
charge of the culinary department. Delmonico's and the Waldorf 



174 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

were not in it. At two o'clock the oratorical lights had the center 
of the stage. As I listened to the illuminating and interesting efforts 
of the local talent I could not help but think what an opportunity 
and subject was there for such a brainy orator as a Bourke Cochran. 
How Bourke could and would have soared. He would likely have 
passed out of the solar system into some other celestial sphere. 

Having often seen the New York Giants play the great American 
game I lost interest in the ball game and visited the school house 
wherein contained a sample of the ancient implements of our fore- 
fathers and mothers. A most interesting collection was it all. 
Six o'clock had arrived. In the public square the band was playing 
patriotic airs, preparatory to starting again up the hill for feast 
number two. Again the school teachers showed their skill in domes- 
tic science. Again everybody left the tent satisfied and happy. 
After the fire- works the next event was the dance, and it was to 
commence at "eight sharp." Sebec reads its Bible and believes 
therein, therefore everybody knew that at 12 o'clock the curtain 
would be rung down on the festivities. Young couples, who on 
account of the rush, were unable to dance wandered off in the moon- 
light to some shady nook and breathed those soft palpitating words 
that eventually lead to the perpetuity of the race. Everybody 
anxiously looked forward to the last number on the card, "The 
Virginia Reel by the old settlers of Sebec." At 11.30 the floor was 
cleared. Entering from one of the side room to the center of the 
hall came marching along eight ladies whose ages averaged 76, 
escorting them were eight men whose ages averaged 79. The old- 
est of all was "old man Loud." Mr. Loud was 93 and was as frisky 
as any of the dancers. No one would have believed that he was 
the same Loud who 75 years ago, with his rifle in one hand and 
skins in the other, was sneaking on his moccasins along the spotted 
trail to Portland expecting every minute to meet an Indian or a 
wild animal. 

The "caller off" mounted the platform and the band started that 
old familiar air that no one can forget and the great event of the 
celebration was on. Windows were smashed, "boards torn off to 
see the sight that no one ever expected to see again. The applause 
endangered the building. Thrown bouquets interfered with the 
movements of the dancers, but the dance continued and the "band 
played on." While the enjoyment was at its height the bell in the 
little white church on the hillside was tolling the midnight hour. 



THE SEBEC CENTENNIAL 175 

The "caller off" gave orders to slow down, and the most interesting 
event of the day or in fact for many a day gone by or to come, 
became a memory. Soon the crowd dispersed. Down between the 
tall elms I strolled and as I saw the waters of the lake pass over 
the falls and down the moonlit outlet to the sea I realized that I was 
witnessing a similar scene to that of one hundred years ago. 

At the Sebec Centennial, Honorable Charles J. Chase of Sebec, 
presided. 

Historical addresses were delivered by Stacy Lampher of Sebec, 
and John Francis Sprague, President of the Piscataquis Historical 
Socity, of Dover. 

Honorable Wainwright dishing read a paper on "Sebec in the 
Civil War." Other speakers were Charles W. Hayes of Foxcroft, 
Calvin W. Brown of Dover and Martin L. Durgin of Milo. 



"Maine in History and Romance" is one of the most valuable and 
attractive books ever published on Maine historical subjects. This 
work of 240 pages well bound and beautifully illustrated, has just 
been issued from the press of the Lewiston Journal Company, and 
is the production of the members of the Maine Federation of 
Women's Clubs, and is the first book ever published by a federation 
of women's clubs in the United States. 

It originated through the publication of a series of articles in 
competition for prizes offered by the Lewiston Journal. It is an 
honor alike to the Federation and the Publishers. Every son and 
daughter of the Pine Tree State should be proud of it and give it a 
cordial welcome. 

Every article shows wonderfully thorough historical research, and 
so far as we have been able to examine and compare them with the 
history of Maine, they are substantially accurate in statement. 

The Federation is assuredly entitled to state wide congratulation 
for having made such an interesting and valuable contribution to 
the highest grade of Maine literature. It is in advance of all others, 
for no Maine author has ever undertaken anything like it. It is in 
advance of the school officers and teachers and everybody else, and 
has set a pace for all to follow. 



i/C SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



The Towne Family in Piscataquis 
County and the Salem Witchcraft 

Read before the Piscataquis Historical Society October 2, 1913, 

By John Francis Sprague 

The name of Towne, or Town and Towns, as it is sometimes 
spelled, may be found occasionally in nearly all communities of 
Anglo-Saxon derivation. The earliest record of this family sur- 
name that has been found is A. D. 1274, when William de la Towne, 
of Avely, a village in Shropshire, England, about twenty miles 
southeast of Shrewsbury, was, at that time, engaged in the prose- 
cution of an action at law against one of the officers of the parish, 
and the year following was on a jury at Astley. 1 

Nothing else appears relative to this name until about one hundred 
and thirty or forty years later, in the reign of Henry IV, when 
the arms of a family of this name were impaled upon the windows 
of the church in Kennington, Kent County. Thomas Towne was an 
important personage at about that time and possessed much land 
about Charing. The first known of the name in America is 1635, 
when William Towne settled in Cambridge. The ancestry of the 
Piscataquis Townes begins with : 

William Towne, b. in England in 1600, and who emgrated to America with 
his wife Joanna (Blessing) Towne and five or six children and finally took 
np their residence in Salem. 

The exact date of their arrival in America is not known, except 
that it was as early as 1635. Their children were : 

i. Rebecca, bapt. February 21, 1621. m. Francis Nourse, of Salem, who 

d. November 22, 1695. 
ii. John. bapt. February 16, 1624. Never m. 
iii. Susannah, bapt. October 20, 1625. Never m. 
iv. Edmund, bapt. June 28, 1628. 
v. Jacob, bapt. March 11, 1632. 
vi. Mary. bapt. August 24, 1634. m. Isaac Estey. 
vii. Sarah, bapt. September 3, 1648 m., first, Edmund Bridges, January 

II, 1660; second, Peter Cloyes. 
viii. Joseph, b. 1630. bapt. September 3, 1648. 



C) The descendants of William Towne by Edwin Eugene Towne (1901) 
P- 5- 



THE TOWNE FAMILY 177 

Edmund, son of William, was one of a committee from the town 
of Topsfield. who in 1675 (during King Philip's war) presented a 
petition to the General Court for leave to form military companies 
to protect the people from the Indians while at their work. 

Thomas Towne who was the ancestor of the Piscataquis Townes 
was the fifth generation from William Towne and was born at 
Topsfield, Mass., February 8, 1743. He first married Elizabeth 
Towne of Thompson, Conn. She lived but a short time after her 
marriage, and for a second wife he married Sarah Burton of Wilton, 
N. H. He was the father of a family of thirteen children ; the first, 
Sarah, born in 1775, and the last, Mary, born March 4, 1790. 

He was one of the early settlers of Wilton, N. H., which was 
incorporated in 1762, but in the year 1778 or 1779 he changed his 
residence to Temple in the same state, where he resided until he 
cime to Maine in 1802; except he possibly may have lived for a 
short time in Lyndeborough. 

He served in the Continental Army in Capt. Benjamin Taylors' 
Company of Militia, which marched from Amherst, N. H., Decem- 
ber 8, 1775, to join the army at Winter Hill, and served until after 
the evacuation of Boston. 

His next enlistment was in Capt. John Goss' company, Nichols' 
regiment and Gen. Stark's brigade with the Northern Department. 
He enlisted July 20, 1777, and was in the service at this time two 
months and eight days, receiving his discharge September 27, 1777. 
He was one of those patriots who won enduring fame and glory at 
the battle of Bennington, on August 16, 1777, and who assisted Gen. 
Stark in winning for his services the just recognition of merit so 
long deferred. 2 

Loring states that "to Eli Towne belongs the honor of being the 
first permanent settler of Dover, Maine, but his father and brother 
Moses preceded him in the first steps toward it." 3 There may, how- 
ever, be some question as to whether he was really the first settler. 

Abel Blood felled the first trees and made the first opening as 
early as 1799, and possibly in the year 1798, on the present site of 
East Dover Village. He received a deed of 600 acres of land from 
Robert Hollowell and Tohn Lowell. 



( 2 ) Sketches of Revolutionary Soldiers by Edgar Crosby Smith in Pis- 
cataquis Historical Society Collegtions, Vol. 1, P. 201. 
(") Lorings' History of Piscataquis County, P. 39. 



; 7 8 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Loring also says that Eli Towne felled an opening on this lot 
in 1801 and "spent the summer of 1802 raising a crop on it and 
enlarging the opening." There is no evidence that Abel Blood aban- 
doned this place between 1799 and 1800, hence there is quite a rea- 
sonable presumption that he lived and had a home there until Eli 
Towne came in 1801. 

When that strange and awful delusion led by Cotton Mather 
and his cruel and blood thristy associates swept over Puritan 
New England, in the last days of the Seventeenth Century, known 
hi history as the "Salem Witchcraft," two of the unfortunate victims 
were daughters of William and Joanna Blessing Towne. They 
were Rebecca, the wife of Francis Nourse, and Mary, the wife of 
Isaac Estey. 

The first of these sufferers to be brought before the magistrates 
in the meeting house, on the twenty-fourth of March, 1692, was 
Rebecca, the wife of Francis Nourse. Rev. Mr. Hale, the minister 
of Beverly, opened the court with prayer, after which the accusations 
were read, all of which she denied, earnestly asserting her innocence 
of anything wrong; but, notwithstanding, she was committed to 
prison, where she remained till June 30, when she was tried, con- 
victed, and executed July 19. At this execution the Rev. Mr. Noyes 
tried to persuade a Mrs. Good to confess, by telling her she was a 
witch and that she knew it, to which she replied, "You are a liar. 
I am no more a witch than you are, and if you take my life God will 
give you blood to drink." Tradition says the curse of this poor 
woman was verified, and that Mr. Noyes was actually choked to 
death with his own blood. After the condemnation of Rebecca, 
the governor saw cause to grant a reprieve, which, when known to 
her accusers, they renewed their outcries against her inasmuch that 
the governor was prevailed upon by Salem gentlemen (said to be a 
committee whose business it was to carry on prosecutions) to recall 
the reprieve, and she was executed with the rest. 

The communion day previous to her execution, she was taken in 
chains to the meeting house and there formally excommunicated by 
her minister, Mr. Noyes. But it is recorded that "her life and 
conversation had been such that the remembrance thereof in a short 
time after wiped off all the reproach by the civil and ecclesiastical 
sentence against her," and in 1712 the church to which she belonged 
reversed its censure by blotting out this record. 

The other daughter of William Towne who suffered on the 
scaffold in this perilous time was Mary, the wife of Isaac Estey. 



THE TOWNE FAMILY 179 



She was arrested April 22, tried September 9, and executed Septem- 
ber 22, and during the five months that she was in prison her 
husband came from Topsfield twice every week to render his injured 
but deserving companion the trifling comfort his means would allow. 
Before their execution both sisters sent a petition to the court. 
The one sent by Mary follows, which will be read with unqualified 
admiration by every one who has sympathy for those in trouble. A 
recent writer says : 

Mary Estey was a woman of great strength of mind and sweetness of 
disposition. After her condemnation she sent a petition to the court, which, 
as an exhibition of the noblest fortitude, united with sweetness of temper, 
dignity, and resignation, as well as of calmness toward those who had 
selected so many from her family is rarely, if ever equaled. When it is 
remembered that confession of sin or crime (or whatever it may be called; 
was the sure and only means of obtaining favor of the court, this petition 
must be regarded as a most affecting appeal by an humble and feeble woman, 
about to lay down her life in the cause of truth and who, as a wife and 
mother in circumstances of terrible trial, uttered no word of complaint, but 
met her fate with a calmness and resignation which excites the wonder of 
all who read her story. 

THE PETITION. 

To the honorable judge and bench now sitting in Salem, and the Rev. 
Ministers, this petition showeth that your humble, poor petitioner, being 
condemned to die, doth humbly beg of you to take it into your judicious 
and pious consideration that your petitioner, knowing my innocence, and 
blessed be the Lord for it, and seeing the wiles and subtlety of my accusers, 
by myself cannot but judge charitably of others who are going the same 
way as myself, if the Lord step not mightily in. I was confined a whole 
month on the same account that I am now condemned, and then cleared, as 
your honors know, and in two days' time I was cried out upon again and 
have been confined, and am now condemned to die. The Lord above knows 
my innocence then, and likewise does now, as at the great day will hi 
known by men and angels. I petition to your honors not for my own life, 
for I know I must die, and the appointed time is set, but if it be possible, 
that no more innocent blood be shed, which undoubtedly cannot be avoided 
in the way and course you go in. 

I question not but your honors do to the utmost of your powers in the 
discovery and detection of witchcraft and witches and would not be guilty 
of innocent blood for the world, but by my own innocence, I know you arc 
in the wrong way. The Lord in his infinite mercy direct you in this great 
work, that innocent blood be not shed. I humbly beg of your honors that 
you would be pleased to examine some of those afflicted persons and keep 
them a part sometime, and likewise try some of those confessing witches, 
I being confident several of them have belied themselves and others, as 
will appear, if not in this world, in the world to come, whither I am going 



i8o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



and I question not but your honors will see an alteration in these things. 
They say myself and others have made a league with the devil. We cannot 
confess. 

I know and the Lord knows, as will shortly appear, that they belie me, 
and I question not but they do others. The Lord above knows, who is the 
searcher of all hearts, as I shall answer at the tribunal seat, that I know 
not the least thing of witchcraft, therefore I cannot, I dare not belie my 
own soul. I beg your honors not to deny this my humble petition from a 
poor, dying, and innocent person, and I question not but the Lord will give a 
blessing on your endeavors. 

MARY ESTEY. 

The parting scene between this excellent woman and her husband, 
children, and friends was, as is reported by those present, as serious, 
religious, and affectionate as could well be witnessed, drawing tears 
from the eyes of all present. To complete this awful tragedy, Rev. 
Mr. Noyes alluded to her body in connection with others as they 
hung upon the gallows as "fire brands of hell." 4 

( 4 ) The desecendants of William Towne by Edwin Eugene Towne (1901) 
p. 19. 



William E. Leland of Sangerville, Maine, died at his home in 
Sangerville, October 31, 191 5. He was a native of that town and 
his age was 47 years at the time of his death. He was a descendant 
of Walter Leland, who emigrated from Sherborn, Massachusetts, to 
Amestown, now Sangerville, Maine. 1 in 1809. He was the son of 
Henry L. Leland, who in his life time was at one time a well known 
authority on agricultural subjects in Maine. He was an extensive 
and progressive farmer and prominent in grange matters in Piscata- 
quis county. He was the author of an article on the "Agriculture 
of Sangerville," published in the Sangerville Centennial number of 
the Journal. 2 



C) Vol. 2, p. 108 of the Journal. 
O lb. p. 153- 



DAVID BARKER "THE BURNS OF MAINE" 181 

David Barker "The Burns of Maine" 

and the Barker Family of Exeter 

and Bangor, Maine 

The following sketch of the Barker family of Exeter and Bangor, 
Maine, is taken from The Bangor Historical Magazine, 1 and was 
written by its editor, the late Honorable Joseph W. Porter. 

Nathaniel Barker was the son of Daniel Barker, born in Exeter, 
N. H. The family moved to Limerick, Me., in 1776 and from thence 
to what is now Exeter, Maine, 1803-8. Nathaniel Barker married 
Sally, daughter of Joseph Pease, 2 1806. March 18, 1823, Mr. Barker 
came to Bangor with an ox team and load of wood and at a point 
near Currier's tannery on the Levant road he got caught and fell 
under the sled and was instantly killed. 

The story of the struggles of the widow to bring up her family 
of nine children has been familiar wherever the Barker family are 
known, and their reputation is widespread. Mrs. Barker died at the 
old homestead, January 6, 1880, aged 91. Their children were: 

i. NOAH, b. Nov. 14, 1807; Representative, Senator, Land Agent, County 
Commissioner; m. Temperance B., daughter of William and Rachel 
(Knapp) Eddy, of Eddington, Dec. 29, 1839. She was born Feb. 
9, 1S15. He d. 1888. Four children. 

ii. MELINDA H., b. July, 1809; m. Thomas J. Hill of Exeter; she -3. 
188 — ; eight children. 

iii. JULIA B., b. Mar. 12, 1811; m. Elijah Crane, of Exeter. He d. 1878; 
she d. 1882; several children, all d. without issue. 

iv. SARAH B.. b. Sept. 30, 1812: m. Rev. Eldridge G. Carpenter about 
1836. She died in Newcastle: no children. He m. again; d. at 
Houlton, April 3, 1867, aged 55. 
Me., 178 — . and from thence to Exeter, Me., 1808. 

v. NATHANIEL, b. Nov. 27, 1814. of Exeter; m. Elvira C. Grinnell 
of Exeter ; six children. 

vi. DAVID, b. Sept. 1816, of Exeter; m. Susan Chase of Belfast; repre- 
sentative, 1873 ; lawyer and poet ; d. 1874. Two children. 

vii. LEWIS, b. Feb. 18, 1818; , Bangor. 

viii. DANIEL, b. 1820. married Lydia, of Joshua Chamberlain, of Exeter. 
Resides in Bangor. Three children. 

ix. MARK, b. Sept., 1822: married Julia A. McCobb of Orrington, she 
died 1882. He now resides in Houlton. Several children all dead. 

x. JOHN. 



(1) The Bangor Historical Magazine, Vol. 6, p. 77. 

(2) Joseph Pease was born in New Market, N. H., moved to Parsonsfield, 



182 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 





o^t^u^r^S 0~cV2£^ 



DAVID BARKER "THE BURNS OF MAINE" 183 



LEWIS BARKER. 

Born Feb. 18, 1818. Educated in the schools of Exeter, and Foxcroft 
Academy. School master, studied law with Albert G. Jewett, and Kent & 
Cutting. Admitted to the Bar, 1841, and settled in Stetson. Removed 10 
Bangor in 1871. Eventually his firm became Barker, Vose & Barker. Hon. 
T. W. Vose, and his son Lewis- A. Barker comprising the firm. He was a 
Representative, 1864 and 1867. Speaker, 1867; Senator, 1865-1866; Executive 
Councilor, 1880, and for several years after. He was a member of the 
State Board of Health, and of the commission to enlarge the State House. 
He was Past Master of Pacific Lodge of F. A. M., of Exeter, and a mem- 
ber of Royal Arch Chapter, and St. John's Commandery of Knights Tem- 
plar. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Col. Francis and Elizabeth (Was- 
son) Hill of Exeter, Aug. 2, 1846, by Rev. Elbridge G. Carpenter. Mrs. 
Barker now resides in Bangor. Mr. Barker, died Oct. 9, 1890, his death 
having been caused by a runaway horse, near his own house. Mr. Barker 
was a character well known in this State and in many places out of the 
State. His fame as an advocate and a political speaker, reached far beyond 
the State where he lived. Their children were : 
i. EVVIE, b. May 11, 1848. She was a woman of great natural ability. 

She was twice married, and died Nov. 3, 1872, leaving a daughter, 
ii. LEWIS AMASA, b. Aug. 12, 1854. He attended Union College at 
Schenectady, N .Y., and the Albany Law School. He commence;! 
the practice of the law with his father, and later of the firm of 
Barker, Vose & Barker. He was a young man of fine abilities and 
good legal mind. He was a representative, 1887-89. He was a lead- 
ing man in the order of Knights of Pythias, and held its highest 
office in this State. He d. in Boston, whither he had gone for 
medical treatment, Jan. 16, i8go. He m. Margaret, daughter of the 
late Aloses L. Appleton, Oct. 14, 1875. They had two children, a 
sou Lewis A., and a daughter. 

Some of the descendants of Nathaniel Barker were among the 
most prominent men of Maine. Among them his seventh son, 
Honorable Lewis Barker, mentioned in the foregoing article, was 
a lawyer of note and attained much reputation as an eloquent stump 
speaker in the ranks of the Republican party. He possessed a mag- 
netic personality and had an original and somewhat picturesque 
style of oratory which attracted the masses. 

In the early days of that party he was often called to speak not 
only in every part of Maine but in many other states of the Union. 

Lewis A. Barker, Jr., son of Lewis A. Barker, mentioned in the 
same article, is also a lawyer who was born in Bangor and is now 
residing in Boston, Massachusetts. He attained a state wide repu- 
tation a few years ago when he was associated as counsel with the 
late Honorable Josiah Crosby, in obtaining the pardon of Stain and 
Cromwell, who were sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder 



184 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

of John Wilson Barron, treasurer of the Dexter Savings Bank, and 
who were pardoned by Governor Llewellyn Powers. 

His sixth son, David Barker, was born in Exeter, Maine, Septem- 
ber 9, 1816, and died September 14, 1874. He entered the pro- 
fession of law and during nearly all of his professional life practiced 
law in a little old fashioned law office at Exeter Corner, which still 
exists and a picture of which accompanies this sketch. In the days 
of the old stage coaches and "tote" teams this village was a stage 
center and a trading place of importance. Samuel Cony, afterwards 
Governor of Maine, practiced law there for some years and David 
was for a time a student in his office. 




The home of David Barker at Exeter Corner, Maine, taken in 1915. 



David Barker is, however, best known to the world as a poet,, 
and for many years while living, enjoyed the honor of being desig- 
nated in the press and among the people of his state both as the 
"Bard of Exeter" and "The Burns of Maine." And his poetical 
fame brought to him the degree of A. M. from Bowdoin College. 

There have been a few of Maine's writers of note who have 
beautifully and accurately described the quaint manners and cus- 
toms, the language and sayings and the rugged life of our sturdy 
ancestors, who were the pioneers of the Pine Tree State. Among 
such were Seba Smith, who wrote under the nom de plume of 



DAVID BARKER "THE BURNS OF MAINE" 185 

"Major Jack Downing" and acquired much reputation and popu- 
larity in criticizing President Jackson's administration ; Holman 
Day, Maine's most famous author ; and George Cleveland's recent 
delightful book "Maine in Verse and Story" may properly find a 
place in this class of Maine literature. But none have ever surpassed 
David Barker in his delineation of the yankee character as known in 
Maine's early days. His poetry flowed from a heart full of love for 
all humanity especially the oppressed in every clime or condition in 
life. Hence in the anti bellum days we find his voice mingling with 
the voices of Whittier, Lowell, Holmes, Longfellow and other 
American poets of that day in a protest against American slavery. 

One of his earliest poems referred to the celebrated fugitive slave 
case in Massachusetts entitled "A Few Words from Maine to Massa- 
chusetts about the Burns Case" which commenced with these stir- 
ring lines : 

"Massachusetts, God forgive her, 
She's kneeling 'mong the rest, 
She that ought to have clung forever 
In her grand old eagle-nest." 

Is water running in your veins? 

Have ye no pluck at all ; 
What, stand and see a gyve put on 

In sight of Faneuil Hall. 

For many a long and tedious year 

We've heard your people tell 
About a little rise of land, 

Where Joseph Warren fell. 

Oh, brag no more about that spot, 

Let every tongue be still. 
But scratch the name of BUNKER out, 

And call it "Buncombe" Hill. 

And then "To John Brown In Prison" the first lines of which 
were: 

Stand firm, John Brown, till your fate is o'er, 

For the world, with an anxious eye, 
Looks on as it seldom has looked before. 

While the hour of your doom draws nigh — 

Stand firm 

John Brown, 

Stand firm ! 



186 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

But his poetical career really begun when about the year 1854 he 
sent to the New York Evening Post the following stanzas which 
were published. 

MY CHILD'S ORIGIN. 

One night, as old Saint Peter slept, 

He left the door of Heaven ajar, 
When through, a little angel crept, 

And came down with a falling star. 

One summer, as the blessed beams 

Of morn approached, my blushing bride 

Awakened from some pleasing dreams, 
And found that angel by her side. 

God grant but this — I ask no more — 

That when he leaves this world of sin, 

He'll wing his way for that blest shore, 
And find the door of Heaven again. 

The lines immediately attracted attention and were copied exten- 
sively into the newspaper press throughout the country. Governor 
Andrew of Massachusetts, was so impressed by them that he carried 
them with him, affirming that they were "the sweetest lines he ever 
read." 

Among others of Barker's productions which attracted a wide 
circle of admirers were "The Old Ship of State;" "The Under Dog 
in the Fight ;" "The Covered Bridge ;" The Empty Sleeve ;" etc. 
His longest poem was "My First Courtship" and his biographer 
expresses the belief that this "will be the most enduring." This is 
undoubtedly true for in it appears some of his most charming 
descriptions of the folk lore of olden times in Maine, and all through 
it a droll humor happily mingles with pathos. 

"Old Willey," one of his patriotic and most virile songs was the 
story of a common laborer at Exeter Corner who worked at odd 
jobs to earn a living for his little family. 

He laid the wall, and he sawed the wood 
For me and others in the neighborhood. 



One day to my village two men rode down — 
Yes, they came over from Stetson town. 



DAVID BARKER "THE BURNS OF MAINE" 187 



One was named Hill' 1 and the other Plaisted. 4 They were enlisting 
officers and had come there to procure volunteers for the Union 
army. When they rode into town 

This Willey and I were standing o'er 

(He sawing wood) near my office door. 
The flag of the Union was waving to the breeze and a crowd were 
listening to the eloquence of the enlisting officers when 

A neighbor of mine was standing nigh, — 
With his traitor lips to the startled air 
He hissed the flag that was floating there. 




"This Willey and I were standing o'er 
(He sawing wood) near my office door" 

The old Barker office at Exeter Corner, Maine, as it appears today. 



This enraged old Willey and aroused the fire of patriotism burn- 
ing in his heart, and he swore then and there with a fearful oath 



(") General John A. Hill who first enlisted as Captain of Company K, 
nth Maine Regiment at a public meeting in Stetson, Maine. 

( 4 ) General Harris M. Plaisted who first enlisted as Lieutenant Colonel 
of the nth Maine Regiment. He was Attorney General of Maine, 1873-5; 
Congressman 1875; Governor 1881-2. He was the father of Honorable 
Frederick W. Plaisted who was also Governor of Maine, 1911-12. 



1 88 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

that he would enlist in the army and go down to the southland and 
fight the traitors. 

And he did enlist, for the brave old soul, 
With his name on the gallant Plaisted's roll, 
For the cast of a die, for a loss or gain, 
With the gory, famed old nth of Maine. 

Old Willey was a brave soldier in many battles and survived to 
return home maimed and feeble. 

With his folded arms he lies so still 

In a cold, sound sleep on the "Crowell Hill". 

I wish I knew if he felt the least 

As he felt when our Father's flag was hissed ; 

For he slumbers there 'neath a beetling crag 

By the side of the one who hissed the flag. 

A sound, and well defined philosophy of life runs through his 
verse, for instance, in "A Solace for Dark Hours :" 

Fear not the man of wealth and birth, 

Securely resting in his seat, 
But sooner him, who, crushed to earth, 

Is rising to his feet. 

That he believed fully in an overruling Providence and a life 
beyond death is evidenced in his every line, but his religion was 
for all humanity as is especially made evident in "The Covered 
Bridge" and other poems. 

But we all pass over on equal terms, 

For the Universal toll, 
Is the outer garb, which the hand of God 

Has flung around the soul. 
Though the eye is dim, and the bridge is dark, 

And the river it spans is wide, 
Yet faith points through to a shining mount, 

That looms on the other side. 

That his views of a life beyond were such as would today class 
him with those known as "Spiritualists," may be adduced from his 
writings and especially from a letter written to his brother Lewis, 
July 7, 1874, from which the following is taken : 

I shall do my best to live here below a while longer, but the chances look 
doubtful. Should we not meet again, do what you think best with the 



DAVID BARKER "THE BURNS OF MAINE" 189 



songs 1 have sung here, and I promise you one from beyond at the earliest 
possible hour, and from a harp attuned by your angel daughter Evvie, if I 
can find her upon the same plane upon which I am permitted to enter, 
with the lingering earth stains which may be found upon me. 

One of the most charming features of the first edition of Barker's 
Poems is a letter in rhyme in the Scotch dialect, written and sent to 
him some years before his death, by Edward Wiggin, Jr., of Fort 
Fairfield, Maine, entitled "Epistle to Davie." Although when 
written it was only intended for the perusal of the author of "My 
Child's Origin," yet it is of itself a sweet song and very properly 
inserted in that little volume. 

Mr. Wiggin in his lifetime was a well known character in our 
State and for many years closely identified with the political, business 
and educational interest of the State of Maine. He acquired quite 
a reputation as a platform lecturer; the best known and most popu- 
lar of his productions was probably his lecture entitled "Mince Pie 
As My Mother Made It." 

And now we close this rambling sketch about a great Maine poet 
with verses from his "Influence and Retribution," which all writers 
of high or low degree should remember and emulate : 

Ye cannot send 'the simplest line 

Abroad from off your pen, 
But ye must meet, in future hour, 

That very line again. 

The slightest word ye cannot speak 

Within a mortal ear, 
But that the echo of such word 
Ye must forever hear. 



We acknowledge thanks to Mr. Frank C. Merritt of Washington, 
D. C, for the report to the Government of the late Samuel L. Board- 
man on "The Climate, Soil, Resources, and Agricultural Capabilities 
of the State of Maine." 

It was printed at the Government printing office in Washington in 
1884. Like all of Mr. Boardman's literary work it is carefully pre- 
pared and he treats the subject exhaustively. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

PUBLISHED QUARTERLY 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, .Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and all 
special issues, $1.00. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, $1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for $2.00. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who pay 
In advance, otherwise $1.50. 



"The lives of former generations are a lesson to posterity; that 
a man may review the remarkable events which have happened to 
others, and be admonished; and may consider the history of people 
of preceding ages, and of all that hath befallen them, and be restrained. 
Extolled be the perfection of Him who hath thus ordained the his- 
tory of former generations to be a lesson to those which follow." 
— Tales of a Thousand and One Nights. 

Vol. Ill JANUARY, 1915 No. 4 



Early Maine History vs. Twentieth 
Century History 

The Maine Teachers Association is a great organization, an honor 
to the State and doubtless helpful to the educational interest of 
Maine. It has a "School Music Festival;" a "Maine branch of the 
American School Peace League;" a "Maine School Masters Club;" 
and other accessories equally as interesting. Its work is divided into 
twenty or more "departments" and among them is one called the 
"Department of History." 

At the recent session of the Association in Bangor this department 
held its meeting in Room 211 second floor in the High School build- 
ing. Its program of topics for discussion and consideration were: 

"Aids for the Teaching of Ancient History ;" "Relation of Ameri- 
can History to Civics;" and a "Round Table Discussion" of "Hozv 
May the Present War be Used to Interest Students in History." 
This schedule has some objectionable features and possesses some 
merit. And yet it should not surprise the managers of this Asso- 
ciation if there may be those of only the average stratum of Maine 
citizenship and blessed with only average intellectual processes, who 
may wonder why there could not have been discovered somewhere 
along the course of Maine History, which has been making for 300 



STUDY OF LOCAL HISTORY 191 

years, something that could have been "used to interest students in 
history," as well as the ghastly details of the most useless, cruel 
and barbarous slaughter of human beings that this world has record 
of, and now being waged by nearly every European nation each and 
all of whom are absolutely crazy. 



Study of Local History 

We are pleased to endorse the following editorial in a recent issue 
of the Bangor Commercial. It is entirely in line with what the 
Journal has constantly advocated with what emphasis it could 
command. We can assure the Commercial that Mr. D. Lyman 
Wormwood, the efficient Superintendent of Schools of Bangor, is 
deeply interested in the subject and early placed the Journal in the 
High School Libraries of that city. 

There are some other school officers in Maine who are making 
commendable efforts in this direction and teachers, who. like Dr. 
Caroline Colvin, Professor of history in the U. of M. at Orono, 
appreciate the value of the study of Maine history and are doing 
practical work in promoting it ; yet as a whole the school system 
of Maine is lamentably derelict in its duty in this respect. It should 
surely manifest a greater interest in this matter. Every son and 
daughter of the old Pine Tree State should be proud of its 200 
years of important Colonial history and not sit supinely by while 
selfish or thoughtless writers credit it to Massachusetts, simply 
because for a time that Commonwealth chanced to have political 
jurisdiction over a portion of its territory. 

We heard a well-known Maine educator speak 'the other day in endorse- 
ment of a plan that is being carried out in some out-of-the-state city look- 
ing toward the acquisition of a better knowledge of local affairs in our 
public schools. The Commercial has often advocated the study of local 
history in our public schools and we deem such as of much more importance 
than much of the historical knowledge acquired. We do not mean that 
present courses in history are not valuable but we believe that they should 
include a good course in local history, with full instruction in the settle- 
ment of Maine and its history and development and the same in regard to 
the city of Bangor. 

We should also include a specific study of the city charter so that our 
future voters shall have knowledge of the same. Prior to the recent election 



192 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



our people generally had scant knowledge of the charter under which our 
municipal affairs is conducted. 

It may be said that there is no text-book available for 

the study of local history and this is true but it is an obstacle that is being 
overcome elsewhere. Teachers of history prepare themselves for lectures 
and acquire the information that later leads to the preparation of a text- 
book. 

It would be interesting to know what proportion of the pupils of our 
public schools, particularly of the high school, have , any commensurate 
knowledge of the early settlement of Bangor and its development from 
its settlement to the present day. We think that the number would be 
found to be very few and yet such knowledge would be valuable to all whc 
expect to pass their lives in this city as most of the pupils do. 



Sayings of Subscribers 

Mr. S. J. Guernsey, of Peabody Museum, Harvard University : 

"I certainly look forward with pleasure to each number of th< 
Journal and enjoy all of them." 



Reverend George W. Hinckley, founder and General Superintenden 
of that wonderful Maine Institution for boys and girls, known a: 
Good Will Farm and editor of a most interesting and valuabL 
Magazine the "Good Will Record :" 

"In my mail, last evening I received the receipt for my subscrip 
tion to your interesting magazine; this morning, as I come into tfo 
office, I received your check for $2.00, a subscription for the Goo< 
Will Record. An even exchange is no robbery. I only hope that 
may make the Good Will Record as interesting to you as the his 
torical journal is to me." 



Professor William Otis Sawtelle, Haverford College, Haverford 

Pa.: 

"I am much interested in your publication and trust that you wil 
continue it for years to come." 



Dr. Dana W. Fellows, Portland, Maine: 

"I hasten to remit the amount due as I surely wish to have th 
Journal of Maine History regularly. It is a valuable publication." 



SAYINGS OF SUBSCRIBERS 193 



John T. Cannon, Bangor, Maine : 

"Enclosed find check for my subscription to your excellent maga- 
zine." 



Mr. A. W. Spaulding, Caribou, Maine : 

"I have the current number of the 'Journal' and have read it from 
cover to cover. I have noticed with much satisfaction the very 
kindly notice you make of my father and I am writing you this 
note just to say to you how very grateful I am to you for it." 



Harry 1'. Dill, Orillia, Canada : 

"I am enclosing $1.00 for continuation of the Journal of Maine 
History, for I cannot live without it." 



Honorable A. R. Day, Bangor, Maine: 

"I take great pleasure in reading your publication for I feel sure 
that your historical statements are correct. 

"The whole family reads Sprague's Journal with a great deal of 
pleasure, and I hope to be a subscriber as long as the Journal is 
published." 



R. L. Grindle, M. D., Mt. Desert, Maine 
"The Journal is good, yes, excellent." 



Notes and Fragments 

The town of Kingsbury was incorporated March 22, 1836. Its 
charter was repealed February 24, 1885. It was reorganized as a 
plantation July 20, 1886. Judge Sanford Kingsbury of Gardiner 
was the original proprietor of this township and the town was named 
for him. Hanson's "History of Gardiner and Pittston" (1852) p. 
333> says of him : 

Sanford Kingsbury was born in Claremont, N. H., was graduated at 
Dartmouth in 1801, with Daniel Webster, came to Gardiner in 1804, became 
cashier of Gardiner Bank in 1814, and practiced law until he took his 
seat on the bench of the Court of Common Pleas, in 1821. 

He was State Senator in 1828-9, removed to Kingsbury in 1834, and fell 
dead in one of our (Gardiner) streets March 1, 1849, aged 66 years. 

In former years there was an old residence in Kingsbury just of? 
of the old "road over the mountain" leading from there to Blanchard 



194 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



which the inhabitants called the "Kingsbury Mansion" and where he 
formerly resided. Whether this was a permanent or only a summer 
residence or how long he occupied it, the writer has never been able 
to ascertain. 



One of the early settlers of Machias, Maine, was Phineas Bruce, 
from Mendon, Mass. : 

Born there June 7, 1762; Yale College, 1786; settled at Machias, 1790; 
first lawyer in Washington County; Representative, 1791 to 1800 inclusive: 
elected Representative to eighth Congress, 1804, but did not take his seat on 
account of poor health. He married Jane, sister of Honorable James Sav- 
age of Boston about 1795. He died in Uxbridge, Mass., Oct 6, 1809. His 
widow died in Cambridge, Mass., 1854, aged 86. 



Charles Levi Woodbury, a grandson of Maine, in an address some 
years ago before the New Hampshire Historical Society, said : 

Let it be clear, neither Pilgrims nor Puritans were its pioneers, neither 
the axe, the plow nor the hoe led it to these shores ; neither the devices of 
the chartered companies nor the commands of royalty. It was the dis- 
covery of the winter fishery on its shores that led New England to civiliza- 
tion. 



The Honorable Frank Robinson, mayor of the city of Ban- 
gor, whose death occurred November 13, 191 5., was the son of the 
late Honorable Alexander Martin and Mary (Chase) Robinson. 

His father was for many years one of the able and leading law- 
yers of Piscataquis county. His mother, Mary Chase, was the daugh- 
ter of the late Honorable Joseph Chase, who, when Piscataquis 
county was established in 1838, became the leader of the Democratic 
party in the county and remained so about all of his lifetime. He 
served in the Legislature, was once sheriff of the county and held 
many public positions. 

In 1872 Mayor Robinson married Elizabeth Reed of Belfast, 
Maine, whose death occurred in 1901. By that marriage there were 
four children, three sons and a daughter, three of whom survive 
him. They are Frank H. Robinson of Bangor ; Earl P. Robinson of 
Franklin, Massachusetts and Miss Martha R. Robinson of Bangor. 
He also leaves a grandson, Morris, of Bangor. 

He was married again in 1904 to Nettie E. Reed of Mil ford, who 
survives him. 

Mr. Robinson had formerly served in the city government of 
Eangor as alderman, and represented the city of Bangor in the 



NOTES AND FRAGMENTS 195 

Legislature of 1 913-19 14, and was re-elected a member of the present 
Legislature. 

On March 8, 191 5. he was elected mayor, having received prac- 
tically an unanimous nomination as a candidate by the Democratic 
party of that city. His career as mayor was a most successful one 
and was recognized by all parties as one of Bangor's strongest 
executives. 

He had had large business experience. 

He was formerly employed to fill responsible positions with both 
the Bangor & Aroostook and Maine Central Railroads. 

He had much mechanical knowledge, and in 1904 he resigned from 
the Maine Central to devote his time to the perfection of railroad 
appliances which he had invented. He was the inventor of several 
railroad devices which proved successful, and was a director in cor- 
porations which manufactured products that he had invented. 

He was a man of lovable traits of character and his integrity, 
high sense of honor, and loyalty to his friends, were recognized 
and appreciated by all who knew him. 

Like his father before him, he had always been interested in 
Maine Historical subjects and had been a subscriber to the Journal 
since its first number was issued. 

The funeral services of the deceased mayor were held at the 
L'niversalist church in Bangor. Nov. 16, 191 5. His pastor, the Rev- 
erend Ashley Smith, said : 

The presence here today of so many who called him friend, tells 
of that fine spirit of cordial friendship and comradely good-nature 
and genial kindness which drew men to him, for whether a man was 
rich or poor, educated or illiterate made no difference to him. he 
could meet with all on a common level of human nature. He gave 
cf his best in service to our city and State, giving over many of his 
own personal interests in their behalf He represented as much in 
his private character, as in public office, the forces and principles 
which are the solid foundation of our American life. In his home 
there was unassuming devotion to the simple duties of a kindly and 
honorable gentleman ; in public life there was always deliberate 
judgment and calm action, clear thinking and unswerving devotion 
to every trust. He shrank away from strife and contention and 
sought always for peace and concord, and yet nothing could move 
him from his high sense of right and duty and his unfaltering loyalty 
to their demands. Modest and unpretentious, he bore the honors 
that rested upon him without ostentation and manifested always the 
6 



196 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

broadest democracy of spirit. Broad-souled he was, tolerant of the 
political or religious opinions of others, in all places and under every 
condition he was a gentleman. 

Men, irrespective of party, loved him for what he was, a simple, 
kindly man devoted to his home, loving and loved by his friends, 
with hardly a personal and very few political enemies. In some 
real measure his personality was the embodiment of the gentleness 
of strength and the strength of gentleness. 



Correspondence 

MAYFLOWER DESCENDANTS IN MAINE. 

Letter from Philip F. Turner of Portland, 

President of the Maine Society of the Sons of the American 

Revolution. 

T. the Editor of S Prague's Journal of Maine History: 

I am very much interested in the note on Page 127 of Volume 3, 
October of the Journal, 1 respecting the pocket book owned by the 
Bath party. The statements in this note are so entirely inaccurate, 
so far as Mayflower History up to this time is concerned, that it 
seems but right that your attention, as Editor, be called to it. 

There was a Thomas Williams who came over in the Mayflower, 
but up to the present time no evidence whatever has come to the 
surface that he had any descendants. If these Bath people can prove 
their ancestry without question, it would be a very interesting item 
for the General Society of Mayflower Descendants to be made 
aware of. 

Then, too, the item speaks of the Puritans who came over in the 
Mayflower. You know that those known as Puritans did not come 
in the Mayflower, but came subsequently to Massachusetts Bay, 
Salem, Boston, etc.. and those who came in the Mayflower were 
known as Pilgrims and not as Puritans. I presume the name of the 
ship in the third line is simply a typographical error, "Maybower/ 

I note that on Page 113, in Mrs. Richards' article, the statement 
is made that Elijah P. Love joy was killed in 1873. 2 

( a ) From "Notes and Fragments," Vol. 3, p. 127, of the Journal, and 
which originally appeared in a Bath, Maine , newspaper. 

O 1837. 



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CONTEXTS 



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CONTEXTS. 



PAGE PAGE 

Autobiography of Stephen Jones 199 History Teaching 224 

Guilford Centennial 219 Notes and Fragments 225 

Some Early Settlers of Barnard, Letter from Honorable James 

Maine 220 Phinney Baxter 22S 

Puriton or Pilgrim T 221 Sayings of Subscribers 229 

General Joseph S. Smith 223 General Neal Dow 231 



198 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




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Plan of an old map of the disputed territory in Maine, about 
which was what is known in history as the "North Eastern Boundary 
Controversy" between Great Britain and the Government at Wash- 
ington, which was acute for a half century or more and culminate I 
in the "Aroostook War", so called, and which was finally settled by 
the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. 

Contributed to the Journal by Honorable Job H. Montgomery of 
Camden. Maine. 



Sprague's Journal of Maine History 



Vol. Ill APRIL, 1916 No. 5 



Autobiography of Stephen Jones 

Contributed by Henry Sew all Webster 
of Gardiner, Maine. 
A sketch of the life of Judge Stephen Jones of Machias was 
published in the January number of the Journal. 1 In 1819 and 1820 
when he had passed his eightieth year. Judge Jones, in a series of 
letters to his daughter, Susan Coffin Richards (Mrs. John Richards), 
undertook to recall the principal events of his life. The original 
letters were not preserved, but the substance of them was copied by 
the daughter into a book which is in the possession of one of her 
grandsons, George H. Richards, Esq., of Boston. After the book 
had come into the hands of Mr. Richards, he sent a copy to each 
of his three brothers, and from one of those copies the following 
transcript has been taken. 



My dear daughter, 

I have never related to you the particular events of my life : and 
thinking it might afford you some satisfaction to be informed of 
them, shall relate to you those of the most importance. I was born 
as told me by my mother on Sunday morning the 28th of Jan. 
1738-9 (so they reckoned time at that period) and in that part of 
Falmouth now called Portland. After entering my fourth year my 
parents sent me to school to a Mrs. Munford. I remained at her 
school till I reached my sixth year. I was then sent to the town 
school of which the late Stephen Longfellow, Esqr., was the master. 
I had made considerable progress in reading and spelling at Mrs. 
Munford's and I continued to improve under Mr. Longfellow. It 
was my father's wish to give his sons a liberal education and on 
entering my seventh year I was put to learn the latin grammar. 
What progress I made I do not recollect but it could not have been 
much for in the beginning of Sept. of that year, I went with my 
mother to Weston on a visit to her parents to make some arrange- 
ments with them respecting herself and children during the absence 



C) See Journal, Vol. i, p. 187 and also references to him in Vol. 2, pp. 
25-54-87-247-256. 



200 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

of my father, who was ordered with the rest of the Regt. to which 
he belonged to that part of Nova Scotia then called Minas, at the 
head of the Bay of Fundy. In the winter of 1746, after the taking 
of Cape Breton, an expedition was set on foot against Quebec, for 
the next summer. My father took recruiting orders as a captain in 
a Regiment to be commanded by Col. Arthur Noble. My father 
recruited a sufficient number of men to entitle him to his commis- 
sion as Capt, but the ships and troops not arriving from England 
the expedition against Quebec failed and Colonel Noble was ordered 
to proceed to Nova Scotia with his Regiment to check some hostile 
conduct manifested by the neutral French, in that province. My 
father having spent much time and money in recruiting his men and 
not being willing to give them up to another officer and bein^ 
acquainted at Minas, where the Regt. was ordered, he consented 
to accept a Lieutenancy under Capt. Morris, an older officer. I 
accompanied my mother as I before mentioned to Weston. We had 
a short passage to Boston and stopped at Deacon Kettle's, an old 
acquaintanc of the family, till she could have an opportunity to get 
on to Weston. While there I wandered off of the street on which 
Deacon Kettle lived and very soon got lost and frightened and 
cried, but I was able to tell the people who observed me, where I 
had wandered from and was taken back to the good Deacon's. I 
never got lost afterwards in Boston. 

We soon went on to my grandfather's, where we staid a short 
time and then my mother returned home as they thought it best and 
when my father embarked on his destined expedition she should 
return to Weston with the other children and remain during his 
absence, but he was destined never to return. She returned to 
Weston with my two sisters, leaving my brother with Capt. Ephraim 
Jones her brother and he remained with him until he was 15 vears 
old. 

Nothing of any importance occurred till the end of February or 
beginning of March, when the distressing and melancholy news was 
received in Boston that a party of French and Indians from Bean- 
jour now called Cumberland had made an attack upon Col. Noble's 
quarters on the night of the 30th of Jan. in a violent snow storm, 
that my father, the Colonel and several officers were killed and the 
remainder capitulated the next day. The weather was so stormy 
that they had no apprehension of an attack and the sentry at the 
door did not discover the enemy until they were very near. He 
discharged his musket and gave the alarm. My father who I was 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 201 



told always laid down prepared for a surprise, was immediately 
at the door of his quarters and met the enemy by whom he was 
immediately shot. They then entered the house and killed some of 
the officers before they could get out of their beds. 

I was eight years old when this distressing event happened, my 
brother one year and eight months younger, my two sisters of the 
ages of four and two. My father'.- death prevented my mother's 
return to Falmouth to reside there again with her family. My 
father was joint executor with my uncle Phineas Jones' widow for 
settling his estate and by my father's death she was left sole execu- 
trix and she soon after married a Mr. Fox. who was a man of talents 
and sufficiently artful to make the most of any advantages he had. 
My mother was unfortunately advised to let him administer on my 
father's estate, how the business was managed I never knew, but 
there was very little allowed to my mother. I got one hundred 
dollars a few years since for a quitclaim for a piece of flats that 
belonged to my father in the town of Portland, for which two 
persons had been quarreling about and neither had any title to. I 
think much more might have been picked up if it had been properly 
looked after in time. My mother, my sisters and myself it was 
decided should remain at my grandfather's who had his two young- 
est sons unmarried living with him. my uncles Aaron and Isaac. 
My mother's situation was now a very dependent one and tho' 
very active and industrious and ingenious with her needle, she feared 
she should become a burden to her brothers and her parents being 
aged. She thought it therefore best to accept an offer of marriage 
from Mr. Graves, of a plantation called Cold Spring, now Belcher- 
town, in the county of Hampshire, a respectable farmer, and was 
married to him in 1750 and took her two daughters with her. Mr. 
Graves was introduced to my mother by Col. Williams of Deerfield. 
a friend of hers and son of the minister of Weston. The families 
were very intimate. He thought highly of Mr. Graves and believe 1 
he would make her a good husband, which he did. 

But for the death of my father and my mother's marriage with 
Mr. Graves brought about by the friendship of Col. Williams, it is 
not probable I should have ever known or seen your mother or my 
sisters their husbands, the eldest having married your mother's 
eldest brother and the youngest Mr. Lyman of Northampton. 

I continued at my grandfather's until the year 1755. when it was 
decided by him and my mother that I had better learn a trade and I 
was placed with my uncle Noah, my father's brother, who was a 



202 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



carpenter, to learn that trade. I travelled on foot to his house 
about thirty miles from my grandfather's in one day. He resided 
on the westerly side of Worcester. They were all strangers to me 
both in the family and in the town, except my uncle whom I had 
seen before. It was the hay-harvest and I was set to work on the 
farm. The family consisted of himself and wife, three daughters 
and two sons from the ages of n to 2 years, also a lad about (2 
years of age, the son of a poor man. This lad and myself were put 
to do all the work of the farm with occasional assistance from my 
uncle, which was quite contrary to my expectations. I found my 
uncle and his wife very parsimonious and economical. He was a 
man of quick passions and had no tender feelings. I was very shy, 
tender-hearted and timid and had never been accustomed to hard- 
ships of any kind, which my uncle had been accustomed to from his 
childhood. I grew fast and was not strong and my appetite was 
great and I was too shy to eat as much as I wanted at mealtimes 
and I was never allowed to eat between them, which I had been 
accustomed to at my grandfather's, and my uncle would often speak 
harshly to me and accuse me of being more hearty to eat than to 
work and at times I was almost broken-hearted and the tears would 
run down my cheeks in spite of all my efforts to prevent them an 1 
when he observed it, he would accuse me of being babyish. I do 
not suppose that cayenne pepper rubbed upon his eyes would have 
made any water run out of them. Another thing which vexed me 
very much was that if he saw me put on mittens of a cold winter's 
morning, he would scold me for it. I was always subject to cold 
hands and feet and to take hold of axe handles and other implements 
of a cold winter's morning without mittens it did seem as if my hands 
would freeze, but because he could handle ice and snow without 
feeling it he supposed everybody else could. I had no time for the 
carpenter's trade and was very awkward in handling the tools as I 
had never been accustomed to anything of the kind, but instead of 
treating me with gentleness, he was very harsh and unkind. His 
wife was the daughter of one of the most respectable farmers in 
Worcester. She was several years younger than himself, very 
industrious and economical and made him a very good wife, was of 
a mild disposition, but never showed any great kindness or good 
will toward me. I was no more to her than the son of any stranger. 
My uncle's harshness, his wife's indifference towards me and having 
to do all the work of the farm and of course but a small part of 
the time devoted to the profession I went to learn, I consequently 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 203 



grew dissatisfied with my situation and made my guardian ac- 
quainted with it. Pie came to see me and endeavored to persuade 
me to be contented. I consented to try, but found it in vain. 
Therefore in April, 1757, when our provincial officers were recruit- 
ing for volunteers to go to the lakes, I with others enlisted without 
asking the consent of my master or guardian. 

In the winter of this year several young lads and myself got 
into a frolic at the tavern, where there was a recruiting officer (a 
cousin of my mother's i belonging to Rogers Rangers and we all 
enlisted, but the next day, when their parents heard of it, they 
applied for their release to the officer and I consented that 
my uncle should apply for mine and we were all released. I was 
very thankful that 1 was, as that Corps was unsuitable for me 
to serve in. My mother's cousin went on with his recruits to join 
his corps at Lake George, where he arrived early in March. \ 
few days afterwards a large detachment was ordered to Ticonderoga 
as a reconnoitering party, and was discovered by the French and In- 
dians and the officer with almost the whole party killed, but Rogers, 
who deserved the same fate for his folly and imprudence took care 
to make his escape as soon a> the action commenced. Had I gone 
with my relation when I enlisted I should in all probability have 
fallen with him. I have always considered it a providential escape. 
The second time of my enlisting in April, 1757, there were only 
1,800 men raised in Mass. that year and they with those raised in 
the New England Provinces and that of New York were only 
intended to defend the northern frontier. The company I belonged 
to consisted of above 100 active young men commanded by Capt. 
Leonard of Oxford. We were ordered on to Greenbush near Al- 
bany to join the other troops and soon after our assembling there, 
the whole were ordered to Fort Edward. Some time after our 
arrival at that post, our Capt. being a brave active officer had orders 
for raising a company of men to be employed as a reconnoitering 
party. About half of his company joined him. But I preferred 
remaining with the other half and doing camp duty. Early in Sept. 
information came to Gen. Webb, the British officer (who had com- 
mand at Fort Edward and was the commander of the Department) 
that an army of French and Indians were on their way to attack 
Fort Wm. Henry at Lake George. The Massachusetts and other 
provincial troops were ordered on to reinforce the garrison at Lake 
George, but the troops were entirely ignorant of the intended 
attack on Fort Wm. Henry. Capt. Leonard was ordered to remain 



2o 4 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

at Fort Edward and those who had joined him from other compa- 
nies had permission to rejoiji their own companions and those who 
had originally belonged to his company had permission to join him, 
when the whole (myself among the number ) did so, excepting one 
Lieut, and fifteen men, who marched with the other troops to 
Lake George. The morning after Capt. Leonard was about two 
miles from Fort Edward in the woods on a reconnoitering excursion, 
when we heard a cannon in the direction of Fort William and 
thought it was the morning gun, but we soon heard a number and 
concluded that the Fort was attacked and we made our way back 
as soon as possible. It was quite a surprise as we had no idea the 
Fort was threatened. The siege continued some days, when the 
commander of the Fort despairing of relief capitulated, but the 
capitulation was violated by the Indians, who stripped the officers 
and men and killed those who resisted. Here I had another escape 
by remaining at Fort Edward. The Massachusetts men were en- 
listed that year to continue in service till the 2nd of Feb., 175^- 
Those who were concluded in the capitulation of Fort Wm. Henry 
and escaped the Indians went directly home, those who remained ac 
Fort Edward were at the close of the season ordered down to 
Stillwater on the Hudson 25 miles above Albany, where we took up 
our winter quarters in huts, built by some Scotch troops the preced- 
ing summer. We were not pleased with our detention, after the 
campaign was over, and officers and men determined to set out for 
home as soon as our time expired whether discharged or not and 
to take our route up the Hoosack river, which empties into the 
Hudson near Stillwater. The snow was very deep and in order to 
perform our march it was necessary that every man should be pro- 
vided with a pair of snowshoes and each one was obliged to make 
them for themselves, although few of us had ever seen a pair and 
fewer still had ever attempted to walk with them. Those who were 
best acquainted with making the rackets (as those that we made were 
called) instructed the others and we all had ingenuity enough to 
make our own excepting one "paddy" and he took a couple of barrel 
hoops and nailed pieces of the barrel heads across them and tied 
them to his feet and waddled after us. About 2 o'clock on the 
morning of the 3rd of Feb., 1758, 25 years previous to the morning 
of your birth we had our snow shoes and our packs with three 
days' provisions on our backs. It being a fine clear winter morning 
we set out upon our march to Fort Massachusetts at the foot of 
Hoosack mountain, where the town of Adams now is, the snow at 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 205 



the least four and a half feet deep and very light which made the 
travelling very heavy it being nearly up to the hips of those who 
went forward and of course most fatiguing and as we had never 
been accustomed to travel on snow shoes, we got many tumbles 
into the snow and were half buried by it sometimes and frequently 
had great difficulty in getting upon our feet again, but after the 
first day's march we got very few falls. We took the Hoosack 
river as our direction, not one of our party ever having passed 
through from the North river to Fort Massachusetts. We knew 
however nearly the distance and was sure that three days would 
bring us to the Fort and therefore went on with resolution. 
Towards the end of the second day, we came to a broad interval 
on the north side of the river and concluding it would be better 
travelling on that, we left the river and after travelling some 
time bore away again for the river and unfortunately struck an- 
other branch of it as wide as the river and did not discover our 
mistake till we had gone some distance and found the stream nar- 
rowing; and thinking we had traveled far enough to have reached 
our destination, we held a consultation and determined to leave the 
stream and ascend the mountains and seek a new direction. In that 
opinion all were united and we commenced our ascent up that lofty 
ridge called the Green Mountains. Early on the fifth day we had 
reached the height of them and discovered a pond. Our object now 
was to find its outlet and take that for our direction, which we soon 
did. Our provisions were nearly all consumed on the third day. it 
was now nearly two days that numbers of us had not eaten any- 
thing. It was decided to kill a large dog that was attached to the 
company and divide it into 70 shares. One of the men had been 
more careful of his provisions than the rest of us and he sold me 
his share for 7 coppers, which I thought a great bargain for I would 
not have parted with it for its weight in gold. After travelling as 
long as the daylight would permit, we encamped. Some of the party 
would scrape away the snow with our snow shoes and others would 
cut wood for fires and brush from the hemlocks for our beds. In the 
morning the remains of the fire would be two feet below us and by 
daylight we were on our march again. The sixth day we felt con- 
fident we were upon the Deerfield river, but it abounded in rapids 
which compelled us frequently to ascend the sides of the mountains 
to pass them, which were so steep that we had to take hold of the 
shrubs to climb up. After frequent ascents and descents we found 
on the seventh day the river to be free from rapids and by the mid- 
3 



206 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

die of the day we were convinced we were near Rice's Fort on th-2 
east side of the river, near the foot of Hoosack mountain and be- 
fore night came on we found we were not mistaken and finding a 
convenient place for encamping, we thought it best to do so, though 
a few of the men who had done duty at Rice's Fort thought it could 
not be more than three or four miles distant, but as many of the 
party had become very feeble, we feared that they might give out 
if we attempted to go on and perish before relief could be obtained. 
It was therefore decided that 10 or 12 of the stoutest men should 
be sent on to the Fort and acquaint the people there w T ith our situa- 
tion and having a breakfast prepared for us. The remainder lay 
down to rest with the hope that their danger and distress was near 
its termination. On the morning of the 8th day after leaving our 
encampment at Stillwater we resumed our march and reached the 
Fort after travelling about four miles, all feeling grateful for our 
providential deliverance. 

After recruiting ourselves we marched on to Deerfield about 13 
miles. Many of the men were detained there from having had their 
feet much frost-bitten. I had fortunately escaped and preceded en 
to Mr. Graves' at Belchertown and after spending some days with 
my mother and sisters, went on to my uncle's at Worcester, where 
my appearance was most unexpected as it was thought I could not 
have survived the fatigue of the campaign. 

In the ensuing April orders were issued for recruiting men for 
the reduction of Crown Point and the French at Ticonderoga and I 
again enlisted for the campaign and joined a company commanded 
by a Capt. James Johnson. Capt. Leonard was refused an appoint- 
ment (tho' he was an excellent officer) because of his marching his 
company away from Stillwater without waiting for a proper dis- 
charge from headquarters. In fact it was a very imprudent act, 
both in officers and men and we very narrowly escaped perishing in 
the woods. We were well treated and well paid and had very little 
duty to do and if we had waited for our discharge, we could have 
returned by the public road, been supplied at the public expense and 
received pay until we reached home. After Capt. Johnson's company 
was raised they were marched on by the way of Northampton and 
from that town through the woods to Pittsfield, where Col. Wil- 
liams, the friend of my mother, had a farm and a Stockade Fort 
called Williams Fort. Pie also had this year the command as Col. 
of one of the Massachusetts Regiments. From thence we marched 
to Stockbridge and to Greenbush the place of rendezvous and after- 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 207 

wards to Lake George. After the army were collected there we 
embarked in boats early in Sept. for Ticonderoga and arrived at 
the landing place at the end of the lake, three miles from the 
French Fort on the second day after our embarcation. Some skir- 
mishing took place on the landing of the van of the army and the 
troops at that station, and during that action Lord Howe was killed. 
He was the acting General but old Gen. Abercrombie was the com- 
mander in chief. The death of Lord Howe disconcerted his meas- 
ures and retarded the progress of the army and prevented the 
attack on the French lines until the third day after landing, which 
gave the enemy time to complete their defences and to defeat our 
forces when they made the attack, which was done by the regular 
troops the provincials being the rear guard or Corps of reserve 
stationed in the woods, but tho' we were not ordered into action, 
yet a number were so imprudent as to join the attacking party. Capt. 
Johnson and a part of his company were among those who went into 
the action without orders, himself and fifteen of his men never 
returned, a cousin of my own. a sergeant, was one of the number. 
1 saw him fall, a ball entered the right side of his head and he 
fell never to rise again till the general resurrection at the end of the 
world. He was a fine young man and third son of my father's 
brother, Nathaniel. I was in the action amidst a shower of balls 
and remained till the army retreated, but by the goodness of Divine 
Providence I had another wonderful escape from death and without 
injury. As soon as I was out of the reach of the balls I halted and 
rescued one of the many poor wounded soldiers I fell in with. 
Having cut a couple of poles I fastened a blanket to them and per- 
suaded three others to assist me to get him on to it and after many 
trials we succeeded and after carrying him about a mile and a half, 
we found his company encamped for the night. What became of 
the poor fellow afterwards I never heard. The company to which 1 
was attached encamped near that of the wounded man. I wrapt 
myself in my blanket and lay down by the side of my messmates 
expecting to be aroused early in the morning to renew the attack on 
the French lines, but about 12 o'clock when I was in a profound 
slumber, I was awakened with the information that the orders were 
to retreat to our boats. This I could not at first believe, but soon 
found it was true and marched on with the rest, but with a sad and 
heavy heart at leaving our wounded men to be knocked in the head 
by the tomahawks of the Indians, but which I could not individuals 
prevent. By sunrise in the morning, what remained of the army 



208 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

were all in the boats and on their way to their old encampments at 
the south end of Lake George, where we arrived safely and re- 
mained till sometime in November, when we were regularly dis- 
charged and I returned home. Mr. Graves' eldest son was a Ser- 
geant in Col. Williams' Regt. He was attacked with the camp 
disorder sometime after we returned from Ticonderoga and died. 
I do not recollect that I missed a day's duty from illness during the 
two campaigns, but during a great part of the time I kept spruce 
beer by me and drank freely of it. 

On my return I spent some days with my mother and sisters at 
Mr. Graves', who always treated me with kindness. I afterwards 
went on to Worcester and bargained with my uncle for a release of 
my indentures and then returned to Mr. Graves' with a determina- 
tion not to engage in the service again, but. Government thinking 
it would be necessary to have a small force placed at Charlestown 
on the Connecticut river for the security of that frontier against the 
Indians, and Capt. Elijah Smith, a very pleasant man and neighbor 
of Mr. Graves, was authorized to raise a company and as it was 
supposed it would be a very light and rather pleasant service, I 
engaged with him. He soon recruited a sufficient number from the 
neighboring towns and we were marched to Charlestown, where 
our duty was very easy. We boarded with the inhabitants, giving 
our rations and a small sum in addition per week. The time we 
were there was passed very pleasantly, but in the month of August, 
after the taking of Ticonderoga by Gen. Amherst, it was thought 
unnecessary to continue Capt. Smith's company at Charlestown and 
lie was ordered to Deerfield and then to proceed across the Hoosack 
mountain and on to Flatbush on the north river and wait further 
orders, these were to divide his company into detachments. The 
detachment that I belonged to was commanded by the first Lieut. 
Hunt, who afterwards married George Strong's second sister and 
settled in Charlestown, N. H. His father was a large farmer and 
related to the Hunts of Northampton. Our detachment was ordered 
to Millers Falls on the easterly side of the Hudson and half way 
between Fort Saratoga and Fort Edward. From thence we were 
to transport stores in boats to Fort Edward which took up the time 
till the end of the term we had enlisted for, about the middle of 
November. Four of us then set out for home, passed down the 
north river to Stillwater, then took the road to Hoosack mountain. 
The day we crossed it proved to be rainy, but fortunately for us, 
when we grot to Deerfield river at the foot of the east side of the 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 209 



mountain it was not so much swollen but that we could ford it with 
safety. We stopped that night at Rice's Fort, where I was with 
Capt. Leonard's company in February, 1758. At the Fort we were 
told there was a stream we must cross about two miles distant, that 
could not be forded without a horse, which could be got at a Mr. 
Taylor's who lived about half a mile on that side. We procured 
the horse and proceeded to the stream. It was about five rods wide 
and ran quickly and was swollen to the banks. The names of my 
companions were Alverd, Smith and Williston. (Alverd was an 
uncle of Mrs. Steele's.) Alverd and I mounted first, as to make 
dispatch, two were to cross at a time. Alverd got on first and I 
behind him. At the bottom of the stream were small round stones 
and when the horse got into the middle of it, he trod upon them, 
crippled down and slipt me off into the stream. When my feet 
reached the bottom, I found I could just keep my chin above the 
water and by supporting myself with my musket against the current 
I was able to keep my feet at the bottom and get back to the side I 
went from, fearing to go forward as I thought the stream might 
be deeper. Alverd after crossing turned the horse back. I mounted 
and got safe across. I was completely wet from head to foot and 
it was a very cold day in the middle of November and more than 
12 miles to Deerfield and no house before I got there. You will 
see that here I had another very narrow escape with my life. I did 
not even take cold and was able to go on the next day to Mr. 
Graves' where I arrived once more in safety and found my mother, 
sisters and friends all well. I passed part of the winter as a jour- 
neyman with a carpenter at Belchertown and in the spring made a 
visit to Northampton to see my old companions Alverd and Smith 
at Hadley. 

At this time I first commenced my acquaintance at Northampton 
with Mr. Lyman (who afterwards married my youngest sister) and 
Mr. Allen, his partner. I engaged to work as a journeyman with 
them during the summer and joined them the first of May, although 
I had acquired but little knowledge of the business or of the use 
of tools. I was treated with great kindness by them and introduced 
into the most respectable families in the town. The Pomroys, 
Hunts, Lymans and the Strongs were of the first class and all had 
one or more young ladies belonging to them and by all of them I 
was treated with the greatest civility. Several of the ladies I was 
then acquainted with are still living but not more than one or two 
of the gentlemen that belonged to that set are now alive. 



210 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

The next year I joined a young man by the name of King, who 
was a house carpenter and went to Charlestown, where I served as 
a soldier in 1759. We worked there until winter set in and then 
returned and spent the winter with our friends at Northampton and 
JJelchertown. King's father was dead and his mother had married 
a second husband and lived in Belchertown. He was an Ensign 
in the provincial service in 1759 and was a merry, lively fellow and 
a pleasant companion. We engaged employments for the next 
season and I set out on my return on the first of March. I stopped 
at Deerfield for a month and worked with a carpenter by the name 
of Munn as the business at Charlestown did not require my imme- 
diate return. It was then for the first time, that I saw your mother, 
but did not become acquainted with her. Munn's sister married a 
brother of Col. Williams' wife, one of the Tylers of Boston who 
considered themselves of the first class in society. The family was 
so much annoyed at the marriage that they would not give him any 
assistance whilst he lived with her and in order to separate them, 
they procured a midshipman's berth for him on board one of his 
Majesty's ships in which he served some years and died about the 
time he was promoted to a Lieutenancy. They had one daughter 
who married respectably and the widow passed the remainder of 
her life in comfort with her. My sister Rebecca had learnt dress- 
making and to perfect herself she came to Deerfield at this time to 
live with a dressmaker and her going there was the means of her 
being acquainted with your uncle Barnard, whom she married two 
years afterwards, and that led to my acquaintance and marriage with 
your mother.* My stopping at Deerfield at that time brought about 
those family connections which it is not probable would have hap- 
pened but for that circumstance. After working the second sum- 
mer at Charlestown I made a visit during the winter to Weston 
and Boston. My uncle Isaac, my mother's brother, then kept a 
retail store at Weston and wanted an assistant and invited me to 
come and live with him for that office and I accepted his offer and 
went back to Charlestown and settled my business there and returned 
to my uncle's at Weston, and remained there with him until May, 
1765, when two of Col. Nathan Jones' brothers, Israel and Josiah, 
and I agreed to go to Gouldsboro' and commence clearing land for 
a farm for each of us. We began with good resolution, felling the 



♦Mr. Stephen Jones married, in August, 1772, Sarah Barnard, sister of 
Joseph Barnard, his sister Rebecca's husband. 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 211 

trees on the easterly side of the Bay, below where Col. Jones after- 
wards lived, and after labouring hard for six months we were 
obliged to abandon it and wholly lost our time and labor. During 
the summer I was at Gouldsboro' my uncle Jones of Boston made 
a voyage to Mt. Desert, but finding no business could be done there 
he proceeded to Machias, where there were mills and the people in 
want of supplies, and finding he could do business to advantage he 
made two or three voyages during the season and entered into 
engagements for building mills the next year at East river. I 
returned to Weston in December and on visiting my uncle in 
Boston soon after, he proposed to me to go to Machias and take 
charge of his business there, and thinking his proposal advantageous, 
I went with him to Machias and arrived there on Friday, the 22nd 
of March, 1776, having left Boston the previous Monday. I con- 
tinued at Machias without paying any visit to Boston or my friends 
in the country until August, 1771. A committee of council con- 
sisting of the late Gov. Bowdoin, Gen. Brattle and Thomas Hubbard, 
Esqr., with the Rev. Dr. Lothrop of Boston as their chaplain came 
to Machias with my uncle Jones in one of his vessels to make 
inquiry into the grounds of a complaint exhibited by the O'Briens 
and some others against Jonathan Longfellow, Esqr., of Machias 
for mal-eonduct as a magistrate. Whilst they were at Machias 
they lived with my uncle and myself in the old house that stood on 
the ground where my present house stands and when they returned 
to Boston I accompanied them. After our arrival in Boston these 
gentlemen treated me with great civility and attention, both before 
1 went into the country and after my return. During my absence 
in the country the committee made their report to the governor and 
council and they found that Justice Longfellow had misconducted 
in his office, but they considered that in the then lawless state of 
the place it would be injurious to the due execution of the laws to 
remove Mr. Longfellow and redommended the appointment of 
another magistrate, and I was selected for the office, which was 
quite unexpected by me, but I received notice of it before I left 
the country on my return, and during my visit to Deerfield my 
engagement with your mother took place and I returned to Machias 
in December of that year and went again to Boston and Deerfield 
in August of the next year, 1772, and we were married and arrived 
in Machias in October, after a passage of four weeks from Boston. 
1 now entered into a joint partnership with my uncle and his son, 
J. C. Jones, for carrying on the Machias business, and we were doing 



212 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

very well until the commencement of the Revolutionary war in 
April, 1775. That put an end to our business and at the close of 
the year, I with your mother and brother, then about 7 months 
old, embarked on board a vessel for Newburyport, where we arrived 
in safety after a perilous passage of 28 days. Then from thence 
we went to your grandfather Barnard's at Deerfield, where she 
with your brother remained until March, 1778. I returned to 
Machias in May, '76, and in August of the same year again embarked 
for Newburyport. The vessel in which I had taken passage was 
captured at the mouth of the Narraguagus river by the boats of 
the British sloop of war Viper, Samuel Graves commander, and we 
were sent to Annapolis and put on shore. I got back to Machias 
the end of September and sailed again on a vessel bound to New- 
buryport, the first of December. We arrived in safety after a 
passage of 20 days and I went on immediately to Deerfield and 
found your mother, brother and friends all in good health. They 
had not heard of me from the time of my embarking in August 
until I was within a short distance of Deerfield. Your mother, 
brother and myself soon after joined your aunt Lyman and the 
elder children at Northampton and went on to Chesterfield to an 
establishment for the small-pox, where we all took the disease by 
inoculation. We were confined there three weeks and were nearly 
starved and frozen. The building had been hastily put up and was 
very slight and the weather very cold during the time we were there, 
but we were carried safely through the disease and were very 
thankful when it was over. It was a necessary precaution to be 
taken as the disease had been spread by the soldiers and had become 
very prevalent throughout. I left them again the first of May, 'yy, 
for Machias, went to Boston and embarked on a vessel owned and 
commanded by the late Mr. Hoi way of Machias. The vessel was 
very unseaworthy, but there being no other opportunity for me I 
took passage in her. On the third day we encountered a heavy 
thunder storm and were very nearly driven on shore, but by the 
exertions of the crew and passengers this disaster was averted, the 
storm abated and the next day we arrived in safety at Machias. 
This I viewed as another providential escape, when in a very peril- 
ous situation. I remained at Machias until Jan. 3d, '78, when T 
again embarked on board of one of my uncle's vessels, commanded 
by one Haines, a very timid and careful man. Old Mrs. Chaloner 
was also a passenger. We were four weeks getting to Winter har- 
bor. T left the vessel then and went on to Saco, in company with 



AITOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 213 



C apt. Daniel Sullivan, the eldest brother of the late Gov. Sullivan, 
lie lived at Frenchman's Bay and was passenger in another vessel. 
Gov. Sullivan then lived at Saco and was one of the Judges of the 
Supreme Court. We supped and slept at his house and breakfasted 
at a Mr. Gray's, whose daughter had married John Cassie, Esqr., 
of Passamaquoddv, whom I was acquainted with. I dined with 
Judge Sullivan and the afternoon appearing fine, I set off by land 
for Newburyport. I reached a tavern near the town of Wells and 
put up for the night. The weather became very cold and it froze 
hard during the night. 1 set out again early in the morning and 
found it very slippery, got to Preble's tavern at Old York between 

6 and 7 o'clock and put up for the night, but the next morning I 
was so stiff and lame from the previous day's journey over the 
slippery roads that I could hardly move. It was now the 31st of 
January. I went on 6 miles to breakfast and afterwards went on to 
Greenland, where I dined about 2 P. M. It commenced snowing 
and I put up for the night. The next morning being fair I again set 
(Ait between 7 and 8 o'clock. Found the travelling very bad, went 

7 miles to Leavitt's tavern at Hampton to breakfast. Afterwards 
went on and reached Salisbury Ferry opposite Newburyport about 
3 o'clock, but was detained some time before I could cross. I then 
went on to my cousin's, J. C. Jones, and stayed a fortnight, for 
the arrival of the vessel I left at Winter harbor, as I had left the 
principal part of my wardrobe on board. But I became tired of 
waiting and set out with a horse and chaise for Deerfield to bring 
your mother and brother back. I arrived at Deerfield the third day 
after I left Newburyport and found all well. 

We left Deerfield early in March on our return, spent a few days 
with my sister Lyman at Northampton and then went on to Belcher- 
town and passed a couple of days with our friends there. On the 
14th of March, a day to be remembered, we proceeded on our 
journey and as the chaise was heavily laden with ourselves and our 
luggage, I walked up the hills, which were numerous and some of 
them very high. The day was so hot that I was very glad to lay 
aside my coats and walk in my shirt-sleeves and your mother was 
obliged to throw off her cloak and have the back side of the chaise 
rolled up. We reached a tavern in Weston and put up for the night, 
in the course of which the wind got into the N. W. and blew a 
gale, but as w^e were anxious to get on and the weather was bright, 
after breakfast we set off, wishing very much to get to Dr. Fox- 
craft's at Brookfield, about 8 miles on the road. After we set 
4 



2i 4 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



out we found the cold intense and were almost overcome by it 
before we could reach the Inn at West Brookfield, only 5 miles 
distant, where we stopped and warmed ourselves thoroughly and 
again set off for Dr. Foxcraft's. Part of the road was miry and 
our wheels became almost a solid body from the mud freezing upon 
them. We however arrived safely at the Doctor's and passed a very 
pleasant day and night. The next day the weather having moderated 
we proceeded on our journey and reached Newburyport the third 
day afterwards, and remained there with our friends, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. C. Jones till a schooner of about 30 tons, belonging to him was 
ready to sail for Machias. Haines again had the command. We 
had a pleasant passage along shore and arrived at Machias without 
accident of any kind in about 10 days. 

I omitted mentioning in its place that in the winter of 'jy a num- 
ber of restless refugees from Cumberland in Nova Scotia besieged 
the Mass'tts Legislature, until in March, they consented to assist 
them in an expedition against Fort Cumberland, to consist of 2 
Reg'ts, one of them to consist of refugees, the other of citizens of 
Mass., both to rendezvous at Machias. When I heard of the plan 
I disapproved of it entirely, as a piece of folly and madness and 
that must terminate in defeat as a former attempt had in 1775, to 
the mortification of those who went from amongst us and the ruin 
of those who joined in Cumberland, and for my opposition to this 
and the former expedition, I was stigmatized as a Tory, but con- 
scious of the rectitude and correctness of my opinion, I did not 
fear any of them, and they were all convinced afterwards that I 
was right, and Gen. Washington when he heard of the intended 
expedition disapproved of it in toto, and orders came to counter- 
mand it, but the British commander in chief having obtained informa- 
tion of the intended attack against Cumberland and that it was to 
rendezvous at Machias, dispatched Commodore Barclay with three 
Frigates to proceed to Machias and defeat it. They arrived about 
the middle of August. When they passed Moosepecky, I was at 
my salt works at Englishman's river and immediately set out for my 
house in Machias and arrived there about the same time that the 
information of the appearance of the ships at the mouth of the 
river did. The news spread in all directions and the women and 
children of West Machias were sent back into the woods. I removed 
all my furniture from my house to a point of land on Middle river. 
The British passed the day after their arrival in making prepara- 
tions for the attack. The next morning the ship's boats, with 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 215 



about 400 troops and marines, came up to Indian Jene and landed 
under a thick fog and got very near our people at Avery's Point, 
then Scott's, before they were discovered, but fortunately escaped. 
The enemy set fire to two houses and some other buildings on the 
Point. In the afternoon the brig Hope, 16 or 18 guns with the 
boats and a sloop they had taken below and all the troops came up 
with flood tide. It being calm they towed the brig and sloop to 
White Point, where they anchored. We were in momentary ex- 
pectation of their landing at White Point and a number of men and 
several Indians were sent to oppose their landing. One boat's crew 
was sent to take something and whilst they were doing so Francis 
Joseph, son of the Governor of Passamaquoddy, discharged a long 
gun at the boat and it was said killed one or more of the men. The 
boat immediately returned to the Brig and the anchors were imme- 
diately hove up and the whole flotilla proceeded down the river. 
A party was immediately sent to attack them as they passed the 
headland of Deacon Libby's farm, from that point they fired upon 
the boats and disabled many of the men so that they were obliged 
to give up towing the Brig and she grounded on the flats opposite 
the house where Palmer now lives. Had the party been reinforced 
and remained to have attacked her in the morning, they could have 
picked off even' man that appeared on deck, but they were all very 
much fatigued, having had no rest for 24 hours and the opportunity 
was lost. By some oversight the breastwork at Scott's Point was 
left with only London Atus (a young negro) to guard it, only one 
man was killed in this affair on our side and Capt. Farnsworth very 
slightly wounded. A grist mill above the Phinny's was burnt by 
the enemy and this with the buildings before mentioned was all the 
injury that was done, although they published a pompous account 
in a book called the Field of Mars, of their having destroyed three 
magazines of rice, flour and tanned hides. I do not suppose there 
was a pound of flour or rice in the buildings they burnt, nor any- 
thing like tanned hides, excepting some parings of leather in one of 
the buildings, where a shoemaker had worked. 

I had this year, 'jj, taken down some salt kettles for the purpose 
of making salt, and set them up at a place called Englishman's river, 
thinking it would not be safe to establish the works at the mouth of 
the Machias river. This was the place I was at when the ships 
passed. I expended a good deal of money and labored very hard 
myself, but to very little profit and receiving paper money for what 
I sold, which became so depreciated, that my hopes were great. 



216 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

Your mother and I lived in a small log house at the salt works, from 
the autumn of the year, '78, till May, '79, when we again moved 
to Machias as she was very soon expecting her confinement and in 
July your sister Sally was born. In March before we removed, I 
took passage with Capt. Haines for Newburyport, in the same 
schooner that took us to Machias. We reached south west harbor, 
Mt. Desert, when we were informed that a Liverpool Privateer from 
Nova Scotia had passed up a few days before and would without 
doubt be back again in a day or two. We had heard of her before 
we left home and had some fear of her. We therefore decided if 
the weather would permit we would make a run back and get within 
Mt. Desert. The next morning proved fine with a westerly breeze 
and we got under way and stood to the eastward along the shore 
of the mount, but a strong ebb-tide setting out of Frenchman's Bay 
and the wind being light we were compelled to come to anchor in 
a cove near the easterly end of the moutain to wait for the flood tide 
and in the afternoon we got round to the narrows and anchored 
for the night. We afterwards heard that the Privateer arrived at 
south west harbor about two hours after we left it, so that we had 
a fortunate escape. The schooner had a valuable cargo of furs, etc., 
etc., belonging to J. C. Jones, Esq. We proceeded on our voyage 
up the narrows, but on the westerly side of them we found a mass 
of thick old ice extending from shore to shore with the wind north 
which continued for several days, but after a good deal of labor we 
forced a passage through and got on to the head of Eggemoggin 
reach, but the next morning being overtaken by a snow storm we put 
into Long Island harbor (Penobscot Bay) and the next day got to 
Owl's Head and anchored, the wind being against us. The next 
morning the wind being fair for running along shore we got under 
way, altho' there was every appearance of an impending snow 
storm, but there being frequent harbors on our lee, the Capt. ven- 
tured on, altho' timid himself, his brother who was his mate, was a 
stout hearted sailor. The storm passed off and we passed Townsend 
harbor in the hope of getting to Portland, but before we reached 
the mouth of the Kennebec river, a thick snow storm set in and 
we found it necessary to run for the river and try to get into Beal's 
harbor near the mouth of it. The wind was directly against us 
and the passage narrow, but the vessel worked well and we got 
safely in and anchored before the tide turned against us. Here I 
had another providential escape from most imminent danger for 
a violent gale from the northeast with heavy snow continued during 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF STEPHEN JONES 217 



the night. As soon as the weather cleared and the gale ceased we 
went on to Portland, where I met Col. Jones, who had arrived there 
a few hours before us. We found there had been so great a fall of 
snow the day and night before as almost to block up the streets. 
We were detained several days by head winds and I passed the time 
very pleasantly with my friends in the town, but the place had a 
desolate appearance in remaining in the same state that it was 
reduced to by the fire set by Capt. Mowat in the autumn of 1775. 
As soon as the wind favored us we proceeded to Newburyport and 
I joined my friends, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Jones again. Afterwards 
I reached home in safety. In June 1780, having received a message 
from Col. Jones that he was about to sail for Boston in a vessel of 
his own and offering me a passage, I determined to accept it as I 
was in want of some supplies and I walked from Machias to French- 
man's Bay. We arrived in Boston on St. John's day. I paid a visit 
to Weston and made an excursion with Col. Jones to Lancaster 
and Provincetown, where we both had friends and acquaintances. 
We also visited Mr. Dunbar at Harvard (Worcester Co.), whose 
w ife was Col. Jones' sister. We came back to Boston and I returned 
with him to Frenchman's Bay and walked from thence to Machias. 

I did not attempt to go to the westward again until after the close 
of the Revolutionary war. I worked hard in the summer in culti- 
vating the land and in the winter cut and hauled my own firewood, 
made my own fires and tended my cattle, gave up the salt works 
altogether, as it was attended with great labor and no profit, in 
fact it involved me in debt to my kind friend, Mr. J. C. Jones. He 
has always treated me with the kindness of a brother and from his 
first and present wife, I have received great kindness and attention, 
much more than I had any right to expect and from his late father, 
my honored uncle, whose parental kindness I shall recollect with 
respect and gratitude while my life and memory last. 

In the month of June, 1783, I went to Boston to make some 
arrangements with Mr. Jones respecting the Machias business and 
lie recommended that Mr. Coffin and myself should enter into part- 
nership for carrying on the business, which we agreed to and I 
returned home with a stock of provisions and goods to begin with 
and proceeded with every prospect of success until the year '86, 
when the State Legislature in their mad folly passed a non-intercourse 
law prohibiting British vessels coming into our ports, unless the 
vessels belonging to the State were permitted to enter British Provin- 
cial ports, and the other states not passing a similar law, the whole 



218 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

British trade was drawn from the Commonwealth and our boards 
which were worth $8 a thousand were at once reduced to less than 
$3. By this we suffered greatly in our business and the term of 
our partnership terminating the next year, was never renewed. I 
have since continued to do some business in a small way so as to 
cover necessary expenses and through the goodness of Divine Provi- 
dence and the assistance of kind friends I continue to this day in 
the enjoyment of as much health and strength as can be expected 
by a person, who has entered the third month of the eighty-first 
year of his age and also in the enjoyment of as many of the com- 
forts of life as are necessary for health. Whilst I was an appren- 
tice, I wounded myself three times, twice in the ankle and once on 
the outside of my right foot and also when I lived at Charlestown. 
I wounded myself severely across my left foot, cutting it quite to 
the bone and I still feel the inconvenience to this day of the wound 
I then received, probably from its not being skillfully treated at the 
time. In the month of November, 1773, I was attacked with a vio- 
lent lumbago and during ten days I suffered the most excruciating 
pain and was confined to the house the most part of the winter and 
several years since I attended our May Meeting at East river, and 
the day being a very raw and cold one, I increased a cold I already 
had and was for several days confined to the house and threatened 
with a fever. I never had a serious illness or a bone broken or 
misplaced. I escaped two vices that young men who go into the 
army frequently fall into, that is intemperance and profane swear- 
ing. The second summer after I went to Worcester, I was mowing 
in a meadow on my uncle's farm and I came upon a rattlesnake 
coiled up directly before me. It was the first one I ever saw. I 
retreated and procured a club and killed it. If I had passed on 
cne side of him, he might have sprung upon me and given me a 
fatal bite. I considered it as a providential escape. The foregoing 
is a narrative of some of the important event of my past life. The 
perusal may be interesting to you and this feeling prevents my con- 
signing it to the flames. The want of early instruction and, the busy 
life of my riper years, prevented my acquiring an accurate knowl- 
edge of grammar or composition. It cannot therefore be expected 
that I can write very correctly, but as I do not write for publication, 
it is not essential. The child will excuse the errors of the parent, 
which are the effect of the want of earlv instruction. 



THE PINES OF MAINE 



219 



Guilford Centennial 

(Brunswick Record) 

Guilford, one of the best towns in Maine, will celebrate its 
centennial in June. We know that the citizens of this town will 
do the thing well. The history of Guilford is exceedingly inter- 
esting because throughout there has existed that greatest of all 
assets in any place, loyalty to the home town. When Guilford 
people have needed to build a church, a new schoolhouse, a new 
hotel, (it lias one of the best of any town of its size in the State), 
or a large and costly woolen mill, it has had public spirited citizens 
come forward with the necessary votes and cash. Loyalty to its 
institutions and to its business men has characterized its whole 
history. "Trade at home" has been a motto which has always been 
well lived up to. This is the reason that Guilford has some of the 
most attractive business places in Piscataquis county. Satisfied 
with two prosperous churches, both have modern edifices for wor- 
ship, good parsonages for the ministers and the latter have always 
received salaries above those usually paid in a town of a population 
of about 2,000. There are no classes or cliques in Guilford. In 
social and business life there is a spirit of unity which has made 
for happiness and success. 




A Maine Lumbering Camp in Winter Season 



220 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

Some Early Settlers of Barnard, 
Maine 

For some years, from 1794 to 1834, Barnard was a part of the 
town of Williamsburg. In the latter year its was set off as a sepa- 
rate town by act of Legislature. 

Some of the early settlers came from Sebec, some from Bruns- 
wick and vicinity, and some from the green little isle of Erin. 
Clearings were made in various part of the town and homes and 
school houses built. 

Edmund, Thomas and William Ladd came from Saco. William 
settled on what is now the Robert Williams place in Williamsburg, 
later moving to "Ladd Hill" in Barnard. Thomas settled over the 
line in Sebec on the "Mount Misery Road." He froze to death one 
bitterly cold night on his way home from mill at Milo. The various 
branches of the Ladd family in Piscataquis county are descended 
from these three brothers. 

Moses Head came from Bowdoinham with a large family of girls. 
Ruth married Elias Dean and Elizabeth married William Ladd. 

Over on the Ridge Road there were several families — Reuben 
Higgins, William Smith, Thomas LeMont, Edward Clexton,, James 
Nowlen, William Welch, Patrick McElroy and two of the name of 
Babcock and Lee. John Waterhouse ran a lumber mill on Bear 
Brook where he sawed boards, shingles and clapboards. He was 
an uncle to the late Frank Hamlin of Milo. Thomas Pollard later 
ran this mill. A sad incident of these early days occurred in his 
family- Four of his children were ill with diphtheria and died 
within a few days, two little boys being buried the same day. 

Out in the "settlement" proper the tide of life flows on. Bear 
Brook still flows noisily on its way ; but the mill it turned is gone. 
The trees have overgrown the clearings and only an occasional half 
filled cellar with a lilac bush or a hill of rhubarb growing near is 
left to tell the story of the early settlers on the Ridge Road. 

Mabel L. True. 



PURITAN OR PILGRIM 221 



Puritan or Pilgrim? 

To the Editor of Spraguc's Journal of Maine History: 

I was interested in a communication from Philip F. Turner, of 
Portland, in the issue of your Journal of January, and was surprised 
as well. Mr. Turner says that "those known as Puritans did not 
come over in the Mayflower, but came subsequently to Massachusetts 
Lay. Salem. Boston, etc., and those who came in the Mayflower 
were known as Pilgrims and not as Puritans." 

Now, 1 do not mean to be either pedantic or presumptous, but yet 
I shall have to take opposite ground from Mr. Turner in this matter. 
I hold that the Pilgrims were in all respects Puritans. It is true 
that, as Air. Turner says, those who came later, and to Boston, etc., 
were better known under the name of "Puritans," but this is because 
of their greater numbers, and the sharper laws that they passed, 
rather than from any other difference. 

I will try to be brief, but necessarily we must examine the evidence 
a little. The name "Puritan" is assigned by some writers to the 
year 1550, but this is without good reason. I mean with regard to 
the name, and not the views of the persons as dissenters. In the 
year 1550 John Hooper, on his appointment to the bishopric of 
Gloucester, refused to accept the form of consecration and admis- 
sion. Dr. Craik classes him with Peter Martyr. Bucer and some 
ethers who came back from Germany on the accession of Edward 
VI, and speaks of a few Englishmen who had remained in England 
a? helping to spread the movement. But Craik evidently refers to 
the essence of Puritanism rather than to the ordinary use of the 
name itself. To find the first recognized use of the term we must 
refer to Geneva, and in the years between 1553 and 1556, Calvin 
had much to do with shaping the particular form of dissent that 
within these dates gave to the world the term "Puritan." Used 
partly in derision bv enemies, but accepted by some of the Puritans 
themselves as a term of honor, it returned with the Geneva dis- 
senters of England on the accession of Queen Elizabeth, and thus 
in the year 1558 it was in full use, and is as correctly applied to 
these dissenters as at any time later. The other Protestants who 
fled from England in the time of "Bloody Mary" went chiefly to 
Germany instead of Switzerland, and on coming back were of course 
in high favor, belonging as they did to what was now the state 
church. 



222 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



It may be remarked here, for the sake of greater exactness, that 
while the dissenters were with Calvin and Knox, in Geneva they 
threw over completely what was left of their old church forms, etc., 
and in their stead published "The Service, Discipline and Form of 
Common Prayer and Administration of Sacraments used in the 
English Church of Geneva. Certainly these people were now full- 
fledged "Puritans" if ever any were. 

Then what followed ? Under Elizabeth the Catholics were 
frowned upon, but hardly less were the Puritans, and in fact, of 
the two Elizabeth, if left to herself, would probably have preferred 
the Catholics. In this state of uncomfortableness, but managing like- 
wise to make others uncomfortable, the Puritans continued for a 
while, and indeed, till the early part of the reign of James I. He 
was so narrow, however, and had such a mean little nose for ferret- 
ing out and destroying what he didn't like, that even the sturdy 
Puritans — or at least, some of them — were unable to stand it, and 
presently Preacher Robinson and his flock went to Holland. Even 
here, however, things did not suit them, and they determined to cut 
loose from Europe and try their fortunes in a new land. But as 
their venture had a religious basis they appropriately called it a 
"pilgrimage." 

What more? If they were not "Puritans" what were they? What 
did they lack that the term calls for? See the writings of their 
second governor, Bradford, as well as evidence of other kinds going 
back for more than a generation before the Mayflower sailed. 

I will append just one other bit of proof. In the "History of 
Religion" included in Professor Craik's History of England, the 
writer, alluding to the date of 1558, specifically says: 

"The Calvinistic brethren of Geneva became, under the name of 
Puritans, which they now acquired, the fathers of English dissent." 
This means the introduction of the name into England. We have 
already seen how it originated. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

F. H. Costello. 

Bangor, Maine, February 8, 1916. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

PUBLISHED QUARTERLY 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, .Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprag-ue, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during the year, including- an index and all 
special issues, $1.00. Sing-He copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, $1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol. 1, $2.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for $2.00. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with VoL 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who pay 
In advance, otherwise $1.50. 



"The lives of former generations ar? a lesson to posterity; that 
a man may review the remarkable events which have happened to 
others, and be admonished; and may consider the history of people 
of preceding ages, and of all that hath befallen them, and be 1 restrained. 
Extolled be the perfection of Him who hath thus ordained the his- 
tory of former generations to be a Idsson to those zvhich follow." 
— Tales of a Thousand and One Nights. 



Vol. Ill APRIL, 1916 No. 5 



General Joseph S. Smith 

Since the close of the Civil War no man in Maine connected 
with military affairs and prominent in G. A. R. circles has been 
in the limelight more than has General Joseph S. Smith of Bangor. 
As Collector of Customs in his home city and around which hovers 
a picturesque and interesting story of Maine politics in the days of 
President Hayes, Hamlin, Blaine and Conkling, as business man, 
as Manager at Togus, as publicist, and as a progressive and enter- 
prising citizen of our State, he has for these many years been held 
in the highest esteem by all of the people and admired and loved 
by his host of intimate friends who are numbered in every walk of 

life. 

He was, during the past year, appointed Governor of the Southern 
Branch of the National Home at Hampton, Virginia, and has under 
him 1797 old soldiers. 

From remarks regarding his administration there in the Wash- 
ington, Virginia, and other newspapers in that section, we learn 
that he is as usual making friends and "making good." 

From the Industrial School News (New Scotland, Pa.) we take 
the following in reference to this : 



224 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



"By his many acts of humanity already displayed that emanates from a 
sincere and lovable heart, he has brought happiness and instilled vim in 
many who have labored under the opinion they had been unjustly dealt with 
and were purposely held under the ban of continued punishment for the 
slightest offense against the discipline. All is different now, and as one 
dear old member, many times unfortunate, puts it, 'It is like the sun burst- 
ing from the blackest cloud to note how entirely different the home is con- 
ducted as against the old regime.' However, as a result of the action of 
the present head of the institution it would be difficult to find a single 
member but has a eulogy of kind brave words for our present chief." 

Among General Smith's other good qualities is a deep-seated 
love for old Maine and its early history and like numerous others 
of Maine's noted men of today, he has from the first been a sub- 
scriber to the Journal, and under date of February 5, 1916, writes 
us: 

"I recently received the January number of the Journal and as 
usual I enjoyed perusing it (taking in every word)." 

We can assure the genial General, who has well earned the honor 
of being called "Maine's Grand Old Man" that his legion of well- 
wishers in Maine join with us in wishing him every possible meas- 
ure of success for the many more years that we hope he will remain 
on life's western slope. 



History Teaching 



The following is an extract from a paper by Professor Nathaniel 
W. Stephenson, professor of history in the College of Charleston, 
entitled, "The Place of History in the Curriculum," read before the 
American Historical Association at its annual meeting in 1914. 

The one thing needful in history teaching, the thing so often missed but 
without which there is no result worth while, is imagination. 

The process of tidal historical study all up and down the scale from Kin- 
dergarten to University must be through and through imaginative. Not to 
catalogue the features of the past, but to recreate the life that once informed 
those features, is the true aim of history in all its phases. To acquire the 
difficult art of calling up that life, of bodying it forth out of the strange and 
ambiguous things known as human documents, is a feat of the disciplined 
imagination as difficult as it is precious. 



This issue of the Journal closes its third Volume. 
We desire to renew our thanks to all those who have cordially 
supported the Journal with their patronage and kind words. 



NOTES AND FRAGMENTS 225 

The first number of the next, and fourth Volume, will be issued 
in May. Like those which have preceded it this Volume will have 
at least five numbers. 

The enterprising town of Guilford, in Piscataquis county, will 
this year celebrate its one hundredth anniversary, and arrangements 
have already been made with us for issuing a special edition of the 
Journal, which will contain a full report of the proceedings. 

This Guilford special Centennial issue will be arranged similar 
to the Sangerville number (No. 3, Vol. 2), and will contain all of 
the doing and addresses delivered on that day and a brief docu- 
mentary history of the town. 



Notes and Fragments 

Castine people, appreciative of and anxious to preserve the his- 
torical landmarks, relics and traditions of that town, in which it is 
exceptionally rich, have formed a Historical society for that pur- 
pose. The officers are: Pres., Dr. G. A. Wheeler; vice-president. 
C. W. Noyes ; ex. com., W. A. Walker, chairman, John Whiting, 
Amy Witherle, Katherine Davenport, E. P. Walker; sec, G. E. 
Parsons ; treas., Boyd Bartlett. 



As the bee makes its first perfect cell at the first attempt, and 
as the beaver is a skillful and accomplished engineer from its baby- 
hood, so the Indian, a child of nature as much as the bee or the 
beaver, without training or trainer, fashioned when a youth, ages 
and ages ago. with his flint knife and bone awl, the ideal boat for 
the treacherous inland waters for the rapids and the falls. He made 
his canoe from the bark of his graceful white birch trees, and the 
white man has copied its model for more than three centuries with- 
out being able to improve upon the plan of its general construction. 



Mr. John Davey, a noted American naturalist and known as "big 
brother to the birds," talking to an audience recently, at the West 
Side Y. M. C. A. in New York City, said : 

"Human life depends upon vegetation. W T e would all starve if 
vegetation ceased for a year. But vegetation depends upon the 
birds, who protect it from destruction by insects. 



226 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



"Human life, therefore, depends upon the birds. All insectiv- 
orous birds in this country are decreasing 10 per cent each year. 
Unless we start at once to increase their numbers, to protect them 
and kill their enemies, within a decade will occur the disaster to 
humanity which I have spoken of — a catastrophic horror more 
awful than the European war." 

Decrease in the insectivorous birds, said Mr. Davey, is due to 
destruction of forests, depriving- birds of retreats from storms and 
cold, and the enmity of the English sparrows, who, he said, increase 
almost as fast as the ton measured progeny of the canker worm. 

"In the summer of 1914," writes Fly-Rod in the Maine Woods, "a party 
who had been at Jackman, then to Big Spencer Lake, followed the trail 
across to Pierce's camp, and one of the ladies who was charmed with the 
novelty of the trip, Mrs. Gait of Washington, D. C, is now the 'First lady 
of our land,' the bride of President Wilson, and we hope has given him 
such a word picture of the beauty of Maine, they will some future time come 
to King & Bartlett and enjoy log cabin life and forget the worries that the 
President of the United States can not escape when, as now, political clouds 
are rising." 



THE HISTORY OF YOUR OWN TOWN. 

(Brockton (Mass.) Enterprise.) 

In Saugus they have made a history of the hundred years of 
the town's existence and are going to use it as a text-book for study 
in the schools. A similar scheme has been tried in some city of 
the country. It would be a wise idea if some cities and towns 
generally added such a study to their curriculum. What more 
interesting for an intelligent child than the story of the founding 
and growth of his home town, and of its struggles, its successes — 
and its failures also — and of what it makes and sells, and who the 
people were that laid the foundation of the place, and who the 
people were that raised the municipal structure upon that foundation 
and then placed the trimmings on the building? 

There are lots of people in Brockton today who do not even 
know such elementary history of their city as when it ceased to be 
North Bridgewater, or when the old town was set off from Bridge- 
water, or who the early manufacturers of shoes were and how 
they carried on their early business. We have visitors, as every 
city and town has, who can tell a lot of us facts in the history of 
the city of which the average Brocktonian knows nothing or at best 



NOTES AND FRAGMENTS 227 



very little. The study of the history of one's own place would often 
be found to have some fascinating moments as well as being very 
useful. 



In 1826 it was estimated that there were then in the United 
States, 470,000 Indians, consisting of 260 tribes. 



Mr. John J. Folsom of Foxcroft recently presented us with a 
collection of Maine Farmers Almanacs from 1826 to 1840, and 
also an old Continental eight dollar bill dated "Philadelphia, Sep- 
tember 26, 1778," of the currency used by our forefathers during 
the Revolutionarv war. 



In the town of Sorrento, which a few years ago was a part of 
Sullivan, says the Lewiston Journal, is a little churchyard on a high 
hill overlooking Frenchmn's bay. Conspicuous in one corner of 
this yard is a tall black stone erected by the late John S. Emery of 
Boston to his grandfather. The inscription reads: 

Capt. David Sullivan was born in Berwick, Me., about 1738. Moved to 
New Bristol, now Sullivan, 1763. Married to Abagail, daughter of John and 
Hannah Bean, June 14, 1765, at Fort Pownal by James Crawford, Es p 
Commissioned captain of 2d Co. 6th Lincoln Reg. July nth, 1776. In 1770 
he was present with his company at the siege of Bagaduce, now Castiue. 
After the defeat of the American forces there he returned to Sullivan, 
keeping up the organization of his company for the defense of that section 
until February, 1781, when the British ship Allegiance sent from Bagaduce 
landed near his place, burned his house and took him prisoner, taking him to 
Bagaduce where he was offered parole by taking the oath of allegiance to 
the British government. This he refused to do, and was taken to Halifax, 
thence to the Jersey prison ship at New York. After fourteen months' im- 
prisonment he was exchanged thru the intercession of his brother, Gen. 
John Sullivan, of New Hampshire, and started in a cartel for home, but 
died immediately after and was buried on Long Island. 

A short distance below the little church yard is the site of Capt. 
Sullivan's home, and the harbor where the Allegiance fired upon 
bis house is now filled in summer with pleasure boats and steam 
yachts. What a change. 



"Renting a Furnished Apartment" is the title of an exceedingly 
interesting and readable book recently issued from the press of 
J. S. Ogilive New York, bv G. Smith Stanton. Mr. Stanton is also 



228 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

the author of other books, one of which is "Where the Sportsman 
Loves to Linger," and is one of the best ever written on summer 
life in the Maine woods. 

This new book is a delightful description of the funny experi- 
ences of the author and his family while living for a winter season 
in a furnished apartment on Riverside Drive in New York City. It 
abounds with humorous incidents and absurd situations and describes 
with accuracy the lights and shades of life in a great city. It is a 
charming tale and all who enjoy real humor mingled with serious- 
ness, solid bits of the philosophy of life and occasional pathos, 
should read it. It is neatly bound and beautifully illustrated. 

Mr. Stanton is a summer resident of Maine, having a cottage on 
the Bowerbank shore of Sebec Lake. 



The recent publication by the "Maine Federation of Women's 
Clubs" of an attractive volume under the above title dealing largely 
with traditions handed down from one generation to another, but 
which had not thus far appeared in print, is an object lesson of 
what might be done by an active association formed from among 
our Catholic people, which would make a real effort to collect some 
little data on the trials and hardships of our first Catholic settlers, 
the ones who blazed the trail, cleared the forests, and reared the 
homes which are perchance occupied today by their children of the 
third or fourth generation. 

The pioneer Catholic Celtic population which came to our State 
in the early days of our Statehood, as well as the Catholic Canadian 
families, should in old letters, diaries, etc.. have left an immense 
fund of interesting as well as valuable data for the future historian 
of our people, by whom a faithful account of their struggles could 
be written thereby for the use of present and future generations. 
The Maine Catholic Historical Magazine. 



LETTER FROM HONORABLE JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, 

The Leading Historian of Maine and President of the Maine 
Historical Society. 

Portland, Maine, Jan'y 2j, 1916. 
Editor, Sprague's Journal of Maine History: 

I have just received No. 4 of your Journal, and find myself much 
interested in two or three of the articles. 



SAYINGS OF SUBSCRIBERS 229 



Your Journal is valuable, I think, for stimulating an interest in 
history, for people will read short sketches where they will not read 
long ones. 

I think Mr. Merrill has made an error in the significance of the 
word "Casco." I made a very careful investigation of the etymologv 
of the word, and in my investigation consulted scholars who are 
vi rsed in the language sufficiently to speak it with Old Town 
Indians, and they all said that the word signified "a place of herons." 

( )f course in our own time they have been very abundant, so 
abundant, that Hon. W. W. Thomas told me. when a student in 
Brunswick, the Bowdoin boys used to go along the shores of the 
Bay to shoot them, coming back to Brunswick with a hay-rack 
(in-orated with scores of them. 

Yours very truly, 

James Phinney Haxter. 



Sayings of Subscribers 

Honorable George C. Wing, of Auburn, lawyer and well known 

public man of Maine: 

"I want to assure you that I appreciate what you are doing in 
the way of preserving the early history for Maine." 



Honorable James O. Bradbury, lawyer and senior member of the 
law firm of Bradbury & Bradbury. Saco, Maine : 
"We appreciate and read with care each issue of Sprague's Jour- 
nal of Maine History" and believe it of great value not only as 
preserving much local valuable history but also in inciting in the 
minds of all natives of Maine a greater desire to obtain and preserve 
through the Journal and other publications many items of local 
historic importance, relating to the colonies, district and State of 
Maine. 

With many wishes for the prosperity of yourself as an individual 
and for yourself as Sprague's Journal." 



230 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

George A Wheeler, M. D., the well known historian and author of 

History of Castine : 

"Enclosed you will find check for the renewal of my subscription 
to your valuable Journal of Maine History. Since you were here 
a local historical society has been formed here through the efforts 
of Honorable William A. Walker. Dr. George E. Parsons is the 
Secretary and we already have some twenty-five members." 



Mrs. Clifton S. Humphreys, Madison, Maine : 

"You are producing a very valuable and instructive work, and I 
wish the Journal every success." 



Mrs. Janet Harding Blackford, Rochester, Vt. : 

"I renew my subscription to your interesting and excellent maga- 
zine. I enjoy every number and cannot afford to lose a single 
copy." 



New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

/V\oosehe>e»d LetRt?, Kineo, Maine 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New England, forty 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 

NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE and ANNEX 

recently remodeled and with many improvements added: making it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It is a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the (treat frame region. 

This region leads all others for trot.'- and salmon, Spring and Summer fishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 

WRITE FOR ILLUSTRATED BOOKLET, 

containing fvill description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. Kirst-elass transportation facilities otfered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 

C /*. JUDKINS, Manager. 



GENERAL NEAL DOW 



23 ■ 




General Neal Dow. 



232 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



General Neal Dow 

A famous Maine man, descendant from John Dow of Tylner, 
Norfolk county, England, and who emigrated to New England in 
1690. Neal Dow, son of Josiah and Dorcas (Allen) Dow, was born 
in Portland, Maine, March 4, 1804, and died in Portland, October 
7. 1897. He served in the late Civil War, and was Colonel of the 
13th Regiment of Maine Volunteers. 

He attained a world wide reputation as the father of the "Maine 
Law" passed by the Maine Legislature in 1851, prohibiting the 
manufacture and sale of alcoholic and malt liquors within the State. 

Six attempts were made to secure the passage of this law, prior 
to 185 1. 1 This law was, however, repealed by the Legislature of 
1856 and a license law was passed. This law remained in force 
until 1858 when it was repealed and the law of 1851 was re-enacted. 
A referendum was attached to this enactment and the people by 
their votes sustained it at an election held on the first Monday in 
June, 1858. 

Honorable Charles W. Goddard, who was the state commissioner, 
for Revision of the Statutes in 1883, in a note at the end of Chapter 
27, Revised Statutes of Maine (1883) says: 

"It, (the prohibition law) has been followed by 39 Statutes in 
reference to intoxicating liquors," and the last act that he cites 
was passed in 1881. Since 1881 there have been eighty-eight addi- 
tions to and amendments of the various sections of this law. It 
has been three times passed upon and sustained by the voters of 
Maine, viz : 

The referendum of 1858; the vote in 1884, when the people 
voted to amend the Constitution by adding to it the prohibition of 
the sale of all intoxicating liquors, excepting cider ; and in 191 1 
on the proposed amendment to the Constitution to take from it the 
amendment passed upon by the people in 1884. 

This was popularly known as the "Yes" and "No" vote, the 
"No's" winning by about seven or eight hundred majority. 



O "Maine's War upon the Liquor Traffic" by Henry A. Wing. Page 18. 



INDEX 



?33 



INDEX 



A 



Abbot, Win., 


24 


Acadians, 


14 


Adams, Rev. J. E„ 


64 


Agamenticus river, 


:;:: 


Age, The (Augusta) 


4:: 


Abenaque Indians, 


39 


Alden, John, 


27 


Mary, 


27 


Priscilla, 


27 


Aldworth, Robert, 


33 


Allan, Colonel John, 


25, 38, 50 


Allen, Honorable Fred J., 


126 


Alna, 


16 


American Wars, Society of, 


Hit 


Andrews, Charles L., 


3.~< 


Andros, Governor, 


34 


Androscoggin County, 


39 


Notes, 


3!) 


River, 


17. 32, 39 


Annasaguinticook Indians, 


:'.:i 


Argus, Tin' Eastern, 


4). 4^ 


Aroostook Poem, 


110 


War. 


49, 51 


Atteau pond. 


53 


Atus, London, 


215 


Auburn, 


3!>. 40 


Augusta, Meeting- House in 


(1782) 86 



B 



lir, 



1: 



Bacheller, Dorothy, 

Badger, Richard G„ 

Bagaduce, 

Balch, Horatio G., 

Baugor, Commercial The 

First Congregational Church 
of. List of Members, 1811- 
1856, 106. 158 

First and Present Congress- 
man from Bangor, Maine. 
Congressional District, 133, 158 

Historical Magazine, 
Historical Society. 
Banks. Governor X. P.. 
Bar Harbor Times, The, 
Barker, 

David and the Barker Family 
of Exeter and Bangor 
Maine, 
Daniel, 
David, 

David. Review of Poems 
Lewis, 
Nathaniel, 



15 
29. 93 

95 
10. 44 



181 
181 
184 
1S5. 189 
183 
181 



Barnard, 

Early Settlers of Town of. 220 

Joseph, 210 

Sarah, 210 

Bartlett, Dr. Benj. D.. 103 

Mrs. Louise Wheeler, 94 

Barwise, Mark A. 18 

Bass. Albert. 9 

Stanley. 9 

Batchelder, T. P. 140 

Bates, College, 27 

John B, 139 

Bath, 15, 17. 18. 98 

Baxter. Honorable James P.. 34, 228 

Bean, Hannah. 227 

John, 227 

Julia, 41 

Beauchamp, John. 32 

Biddeford, 32 

Me.. Cemetery Inscriptions, 

19, 116. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155 

Pool, 10 

Bingham Purchase. 50. 57, 65 

Bisbee, George D.. 47 

Blackford, Janet H.. 50,230 

Black Point Grant, the 32, 34 

Blanding, Edward M., 12 

Blue Point. 34 

Boardman, Samuel L.. 189 

Boies, Antipas, 16 

Boothby, Colonel Frederic E., 165 

Boston Atlas, 42 

Boston Courier, 41, 42 

Boundary Gazette, the 42 

Bonighton, Richard. 32 

Bowdoin, 18 

College, 38 

Bnwdoinham, 16 

Bradbury, Honorable James O., 229 

Bradford. William. 15 

Bradshaw. Richard. 33 

Brassua Lake, 56 

Brattle. Thomas. 16 

Brawn. Betsey, 6 

Clara A., 9 

Frank H., 9 

Hiram A., 9 

Peter, 6 

Reuben, 6 

Seth. 6 

Susan. 9 

Brooks, Erastus, 43 

James. 43 

Brown. Calvin W.. 175 

Charles P., 145 

George P., 145 

Joseph Darling, 156 



234 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Bruce, Phineas, 
Brunei, Fred, 
Brunswick, 

Record, 

Town of, 
Buck, Olive, 
Bumps, Charles F., 
Bunker Hill, 

Battle of, 
Burrage, Rev Henry S.. 
Byefield, Parish, 



194 
35 

18, 40, 141 
138 
138 


20 
93 
02 
32, 4!t 
30 



Cabot, The Expedition, 123 

George, 38 

John. 123 

Camniock, Thomas, 32 

Campbell, Lucinda H, 02 

Canada Road, the 50, 57. GO, 07 

Report of Agents, 58 

Cannon, John T., 193 

Cape Elizabeth, 33 

Cape Porpoise. 32, 33 

Caritunk Falls. 15 

Carll, Eugene C, 35 

Carter, John W. D., 35 

Casco, 

Bay. 15, 17. 

Cassie, John 
Castine, The Dutch at, 

Field Days at. 

Siege of. 

The Taverns. Stage Drivers 
and Newspapers of, 

Town of. 
Cemetery Inscriptions, Biddeford 

Me., 
Chaloner, Wm., 
Chamberlain, Calvin, 

George W., 

General Joshua L.. 110. 

Chandler. Allen, 

Mary .T.. 

Olive, 

Theophilus 1'.. 
Channing, Dr.. 
Chapman, Nathaniel, 
Charlestown. X. II.. jus. 

Chase, Rev. Andrew L., 

Honorable diaries J., 

Honorable Joseph, 

Mary. 

Salmon, 
Cheney. Sibyl, 
Child, Capt. Samuel, 
Churchill. Asa. 
Clark and Lake Claim, the, 
Cleeve. George. 



34 

213 
04 
03 
20 

04 



19 



103 

111 







i02 

37 

4s 

210 

01 

175 

104 

104 

37 



LO 



Cleveland. George A., 
Clexton, Edward, 
Cobb, Hon. David, 
Cobbosseecontee, 
Colburn, Jeremiah, 
Colby College, 

Forest H., 

Jonas, 

Philander M., 
Colonial History of Maine, 

ing Events in, 
Costello. F. H., 
Cousens, William T, 
Crafts, Arthur Abram, 
Crawford, James, 
Crosby, Benj. S., 

Gen. John, 

John. 

Honorable Josiah, 

Sarah, 

Wm.. 
Cumberland County, 
Curtis, Jacob W., 
Gushing, Wainwright, 
Cutler, Lysander, 



115, 



185 

220 
23 
15 

143 
28 

130 
62 
GO 



Lead- 



D 



35, 



24 

183 

22 

24 

39 

22 

175 

140 



Daggett, Windsor P.. 100 

Dana, Charles A., 42 

Danforth, Thomas, 3,1 

Dow, General Xeal, 232 

Danville. IS, 30 

D A. R., Gen. Knox Chapter, 40 

Davey, John, 220 

Davie, George, 17 

Davis, Amos, 102 

Davison, Rev. Charles, 04 

Day, Holman, 185 

Honorable A. R., 10:: 

Royal. 5, 7 

Deerfleld River, 205, 212 

De La Xoye. Phillippe, 27 

Delano, James, 27 

John. 

Jonathan. 

Sophia, 

Dr Thomas, 

Zebedee, 
DeMonts, 

i >ennystown plantation, 
Dexter, Women's Literary Club of, 
Dill, Harry P., 
Dingley, Frank L., 
Divining Rod, Workers with the, 
Donham, Grenville M., 
Doric Lodge, F. & A. M.. 
Dover, Mc. 
I Dresden, 



27 



27 
27 
27 
32 
00 
20 
193 



111 

10 



16 



INDEX 



235 



Druilletts, Father, 
Dudley, Almira, 
Ann E., 

Ann M.. 

Edmund, 

Elias, -J--'. 

Hon. Elias. Political Corre- 
spondence of 22, 101, 

Elias J.. 

George. 

Irving'. 

James, 

John, 

John <\. 

Mary, 

Mary G.. 

Pamelia, 

Samuel, 

Sarah C. 

Stephen, 

Sybil. 

Thomas. 
Du minor, Jane. 

Stehpen, 
Dunlap, Gov. Robert P.. 
Durgin, Martin I... 

Durham. IS, 

Dutton, Samuel E., 24, 



23 
36 
36 

11 

IT.', 

39 

1.::: 



E 



Bast Livermore, 






30 


Eastern Argus. The. 




41 


. 4S 


Eaton. Parker, 






101 


Eckstorm, Fannie Hardy, 




106. 


15S 


Edwards. Eugene Mason. 






110 


Elbridge, Gyles, 






:::: 


Elliot. Mrs. Richard 0., 






46 


Emery. Hon. Lucilius A.. 


22, 


il t . 


143 


Ralph. 






35 


Estey. Isaac, 






ITS 


Mary. 


ITS. 


1T'.». 


180 


Evans. George, 






5T 


Liston P., 






156 


Eveleth. The Family of. 


Monson 




and Greenville. Maine. 




121 


John H.. 






121 


Oliver. 






V_'1 


Everett. Edward. 






95 



Falmouth Grammar School. 36 

Fa rn ha in. General Augustus r... 50, 130 
Ralph, A P.unker Hill Patriot. 95 

Fay & Scott, 127 

Fellows. Dr. Dana W., 192 

Fessenden. William Pitt. 102, 171 

Field. P.ohan T.. 24 



Fillebrown, Col. Thomas. 

Flagg, Charles A.. 

Fletcher's Neck. 

Folsom, John J, 

Forest, Rev. Joseph F.. P. I'.. 

Forks. The, 

Fort at Auburn, 

at Brunswick, 

Edward, 

Win. Henry. 203, 

Fortune, the ship. 
Foster. Samuel J.. 
Foxcroft, 
Frankfort. 
Freeman, Barnabas, 
French. Abel. 

George. 

Levi, 

Richard, 
Fuller. T J. D„ 
Furber, P. P.. 



Gallison, Elder William F„ 
Gardiner. Dr. Silvester, 

Dr. Silvester. 
Gendall. Captain Walter. 148, 149, 
George Town. 

Georgetown, Maine. The Ancient 
and the Modern. 

Its Municipal Changes, 
Getchell, Levin C. 
Gilman. Allen, 

Mary G.. 
Gilmore, Miss Evelyn L.. 
Glidden, John ('".. 
Godfrey. Charles. 23, 

John E.. 

John. 
Goodyear, Moses, 
Gore. Hon. Christopher. 
Gorgeana, 

Gorges. Sir Ferdinando, 32, 3." 

Gorton. James. 
Goss. John, 
Greeley. Ebenezer. 

Horace, 
Green, Peter W.. 
Greene. 

Greenleaf. Enoch O.. 
Grindle, E. L.. M. D.. 
Guernsey, Congressman. 

Edward Hersey. 

Honorable Frank Edward, 

Hannah (Thompson). 

John, 

Josephine Frances. 

Samuel J.. 

Thompson L.. 
Gutch or Gooch Claim. The. 



101 

10.-) 
10 

227 
74 
61 
40 
40 

201 

•Jill 
27 

102 

6 

16 

114 
51 

li:: 

li:i 
42 

101 



(1 

<)s 

10 

1.-, ' 

98 



01 

02 

35 

133 

105 

120 

57 

144 

144 

147 

3.-. 

23 

33 

. 31 



11 

42 

25 

18, 39, 4' 1 

10:: 

93 

135 

135 

135 
135 

137 

14. 102 
137 
OS 



236 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



H 



Halt'. Clarence, 
Hall, Robert E., 

Willis B.. 
Hallowell, A. R.. 
Ham, Reuben, 
Hamlin. Elijah L., 

Frank. 

Hannibal, 
Hancox, Daniel. 
Harpswell, 
Harriman, Simon. 
Hartford Convention, the, 
Harvard University, 
Hayes. Charles YV.. 
Haynes. Edwin R.. 
Head. Moses. 
Heald. P. S.. 
Heath, Joseph, 
Herbert, George, 
Higgins, Reuben. 
Hill, General John A., 
Hillard. George S., 
Hinckley, Rev. George W., 
Hinckley. Edmd., 

Gideon. 

Isaac. 
History. Early Maine vs. Twen- 
tieth Century. 

Hanson's of Gardiner and 
Pittston, 

Loring's History of Piscata- 
quis County. 

X. II. Society. 

Study of Local, 

Tearhillg. 

The, of Your Own Town. 
Hodsdon, Isaac. 
Hoiden. Benjamin, 

Capt. Samuel. 

Jahez, 

Jane, letter of, 

Jane F.. 

Milintus. 

Otis, 

Rachel P., 

Richard, 
Holmes, Caroline M.. 
Hooper, W. II.. 
Hubbard, Thomas, 

Humphreys. Mrs. Clifton S.. 
Hunnewell ( 'emctory. 

Silas. 
Huston, A. J.. 
HutehingS, Charles, 

William. 
II utidiiiisi.ii. Thomas, 



50 


In 


ilians. Abenaque, 




:; c .i 


ss 




Annasaguinticook, 




39 


33 




Canoes. 




is: 


102 




Xorridgewock, 




141 


40 




Pre-Colonial, 




94 


171 


In 


gersoll, George YV.. 




14:; 


200 










49 
70 




J 






18 


Jackman, Catholic Church an 


d Its 




25 




Schools, 




74 


::s 




< Jongregational Church, 




01 


14. 36 




Early Settlers of, 




07 


17r. 




Fraternal Orders, 




71 


10 




F. W. Baptist Church, 




04 


220 




James. 


C.:i 


. 07 


50 




Live Business Men of. 




73 


141 




And the Moose River Rep 


'ion. 


55 


24 




Origin of name. 




63 


220 




Plantation of, 55. 


60, 63 


. 07 


1S7 


Village, 




63 


41. 12 


.Tones, Charles F., 




.".5 


102 




Ralph K., 




105 


142 


Jarvis, Leonard, 




o- 


142 


Je 


ffries, David, 




17 


142 


Je 


suit Colonists, 




32 




J. 


ihnson, Alfred. 




140 


100 




Captain James. 
Joseph, 




206 

Oil 


193 




P. C, 




139 




J< 


ihonnot, Rev. R. F., 




.' 15 


178 


Jones, Capt. Ephraim, 




200 


194 




J. C, 211. 2 


13, 214. 


210 


101 




Stephen, Autobiography 


of. 


100 


224 


J( 


mrnalists. Some Early Maine. 


41 



01. 
01. 



63, 



141 

60 

62, 63 

02. 03 

62 

61 

or,. 00 

65, or, 

01. 62 

63 

22 

93 

211 

230 

00 

90 

80 

20 

2(i 

17 



K 



Keegan, Hon. Peter Charles. 

James. 
Keith, Jarius S.. 
Kendall. Win. B.. 
Kennebago Lake. 
Kennebec, Bingham Purchase, 

County. 

Historical Items, 

Map of Ancient. 

Notes on Ancient, 

Purchase, 

River, 15. 17. 18, .".0. 01 

Road, the, 
Kent, Gov. Edward, 22, 

King Phillip's War, 
Kingsbury, Mansion. 

Judge Sanford, 

Town of. 



10, 

OS, 
50, 
101. 



1! 
11 
5 s 
121 
30 
56 
39 

in 

82 

s:: 

in 

102 
40 
101 
193 
19:: 



INDEX 



237 



Kittery, 

Knowlton, Mary (Chapman), 

Hiram. 

William, 
Knox, Rev. George, 



Ladd, Edmund, 

Thomas, 

William, 
Lake George, 
Lampher, Stacy, 
Lawsen, < Ihristopher, 
Lawsuit. A Famous, 
Leach, Conners E., 

Hattie Mabel, 

l John II.. 

Leeds, 

Leland, Henry L., 

Walter, 

William !•:.. 
I. CM.. iit. Thomas, 
Leonard, George, 
Leverett, Thomas, 
Levett, Christopher, 
Lewis. Daniel, 

Thomas, 
Lewiston, 

Journal, the. 
Lincoln County, 

P. W., 
Lisbon. 
Littlefleld, Ada Douglass, 

Francis L.. 

Peter. 
Liverniore. town of, 
"Loco-Focos," 
Longfellow, Alex W., 

Anne. 

Anne Sewall, 

Elizabeth, 

Ellen, 

Family of. 

Henry W., 

Justice. 

Mary. 

Samuel. 

Stephen. 

Stephen, sketch of. 

William. 

Zilpha, 
Long Pond. 
Lord, Henry. 
Loud. Jacob H., 
Louthrop, Sullivan, 
Lovejoy. Captain Hezekiah 

Elijah Pariah. 

E. P.. 

Great Grandmother, 



4s 

is 

Is 

27 



20 



( (wen C. 
Rev. John, 
jonia Patent, the. 



li:! 

11- 



M 



220 
220 

204 

IT-". 
Hi 
ir, 

:;.-, 
165 

2t 
is. ::;», 411 

ISO 
ISM 

ISO 

220 
nil 



51 

18, 30 

27. 14 

95 

is. ::!> 

157 

::.-. 

142 

105 
38 
:;s 
3G 
38 



:',s 



211 
38 



S6, 190 

38 

50 
!>:: 
171 
or. 
112 
112 
11:; 
112 



Machegonue, ">■'• 

Machias, 194, 221, 212. 214 

River, 213 

Maclauchlan, Col., 11 

Madawaska, 11 

Magalloway river. :v.> 

Maine, A Militia Document, 139 

As :i Winter Resort, 164 

Birthplace of the State of. 169 

Catholic Historical Magazine, 25, 22S 

Federation of Women's Clubs. 

44, 17-">. 22s 
First seen by Europeans, 12:; 
BistOrical Society. 34, 141 
History as a Popular Study. 14 
In History and Romance, 17."> 
In 1920, 94 
In Verse and Story. 115, 185 
Journalists, Some Early, 41 
Laws referring to teaching of 
local history in public 
schools, 125 
Law Review. 18 
Leading Events in the Colo- 
nial History of, ."'.2 
Legislature, Resolves, 56, 57 
Library Association. Hand 

Book of, 105 

The Pines of. Poem. 115 
Province of, 10, .32, 33, 34 

Register. Ill 

Sheriffs in 1826, 25 

16th Rest. 4S 

Society. S. A. R.. 35 

State Seminary, 27 
The Study of its History in 

our Schools. 124 

Martin. Rev. Geo. A.. 50 

Sarah Lucas, 95 

Mason, ('apt. John, 32 

Dr. Win. C, 93 

Massachusetts Bay. Colony. 10, 23, 33, 34 

Mayflower, Descendants in Maine, 190 

The. 27 

Mayo. Col. Edward J.. 6 

Mellen, Prentiss, 3S 

Mellett. Prof. John C. 38 

Merrill, Benjamin, 40 

Mrs. Elizabeth Powers, 115 

H. Augustus, 14S 

Prof. Lucius H.. 29 

Merritt, Frank C. ISO 

Merrymeeting Bay. S3, 91, 98, 141 

Miller, Charles, 57 



238 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



"Million Acres," 




5(5 


Minot, 


18, 


39, 41) 


Stephen. 




1? 


Monhegan, 




32 


Montgomery, Honorable Job 


H„ 


19S 


Monson, Maine, 




5 


Mass., 




5 


Monsweag Bay, 




17 


"Montpelier," 




4(5 


Moody. George B, 


102, 143 


Moor, Hon. John, 




101 


Moore, Seth, 




<;t 


Webster S„ 




76 


Mooreheatl, Warren K, 




it::. ;tl 


Moosehead Lake, 




55 


Moose Horn Guide Post, 




51 


Moose River. 


55, 


56, 61 


Plantation. lirst records 


of. 


64-67 


Plantation History, 




<;i 


List of Voters, 1859, 




07 


Plantation, 


55, 


60, 65 


Region, Jackman and th 


e, 


55 


Mooselucmaguntlc lake, 
Morris, Capt, 




3<> 

L>00 



o 



Moulton, Augustus F., 
Mountains, boundary range, 
Murtha, W. J., 
Muscongus Patent, the 
Mt. Desert, 

Katabdin. 
McCrillis, Win. H., 
McDonald, William H„ 
McElroy, Patrick, 
McGaw, Jacob, 
McKenney, Patrick, 



6:; 

32, 211, 21*! 

29 

lo:: 

130 

220 

10:;, 104, 133 

67 



N 



National Magazine. 

Neguamkike. 

Nelson, Clias. Horace. 

New Brunswick. University of, 

Newbury, 

New Meadows river, 

Newspaper Institute, 

Newton, A bra m. 

Noble, Colonel Arthur, 

Norridgewoek, Indian Fort at. 

Northeastern Boundary, 11. l'.). 55. 

Norton, Walter, 

Notes and Fragments, 46, 1l'7. 193, 

Nourse. Francis. 

Rebecca, 
Nova Scotia, 
Noye, Phillippe De Fa. 
Noyes, Benjamin L., 

Charles W„ 93, 129, 

Oliver, 
Nowell, Simon, Gen., 
Nowlen, James, 



11 
15 
47 
13 

36 

18 
41 

L'OO 
1 II 

198 

:•,:: 

•JIM 
17^ 
178 

.",1 



17 
101 

220 



Oldham, John, 
Otis, Harrison Gray, 
Oxford, Captain Leonard. 
County, 



Packard, Mrs B. M., 

Paine. Fred G., 

Palmer, Barnabas. 

Parker, Henry, 

Parlin, Jonas Jr., 

Parsons, Honorable Willis F 



:;s 
203 



|S 

35 

139 

is 

25 

136 

168 



Patch. Honorable Willis Y.. 
Pattangall, Honorable William U., 77 
Paulk. F.. 139 
Payson, Sarah. 41 
Peabody Museum. 14 
Stephen. 24 
Pease, Joseph, 181 
Pejepscot, 40 
Purchase, The. 17 
River. 17, 3:: 
Pamaquid, 15, 33 
Pepperell. Sir William. 12(1 
Perkins, DeForest II.. 45 
Phillips, Honorable Allen M.. 12!) 
Philipstown Plantation. 126 
Phips, Hon. Spencer, 141 
Sir William. 30, 31 
Pierce, Willis, 6" 
Pickney, Geo. W.. 147 
Pike, James Shepherd, -i- 
Pilgrims, 1" 
The, 32 
Pilsbury, Charles A.. 41 
Piper, Charles W.. 14') 
Piscataquis County. 4 
Historical Society. 3, 40, 0:1 
Loring's History of, 178 
Valley Campmeeting Association, 3 
Plaisted, General Harris M.. 187 
Honorable Frederick \\\, 187 
Plymouth Colony. 15, 1(5. 34 
Council of. 15 
England Co.. 17 
New in X. F.. 15 
Patent. The, 15, 17 
Pocassett Lake. 114 
Poem. "The Shepard Boy of Wool- 
wich." • '.•! 
Poland, 18, 39, 40 
Poor. John Alfred. 104, 143 
Popham Colonists, the. 3'-' 
Porter, Hon Joseph W.. 15. 98 
Portland, ■"■•".. 1"> 
Advertiser. 42, 43 
Towers, Governor Llewellyn, 181 



INDEX 



239 



Pownalborough, 
Preble's Tavern, 
Prescott, Annie, 
Prince, Thomas, 
Pring, Martin, 
Province of Maine, 
I'nlsifer, Benedict, 
Purchase, Thomas, 
Puritan or Pilgrim, 
Purrington, Hez, 



10 

213 

165 

37 

32 

1G, 32, 33, 34 

149 

17, 33, 40, 80 

221 

142 



R 



Railway, Atlantic and St Lawrence, 104 

Rale, Father, 25 

Ramsdell, Col. Win., 143 

Rangeley Lakes, 39, 55 

Read, Brig. Gen. Philip, 35 

Reed, Edwin A., 100 

Nettie E., 194 

Redington, Alfred. 130 

Samuel. 00 

Redmund, Mlchiel, 07 

Rennick, William, 40 

Revolution, Sons of American, 35 



Revolutionary Soldier, 


20, 02 


Richmond, 


lti 


Richards, George H., 


199 


Josephine, 


51, 112 


Susan Coffin, 


199 


Richardson Lake. 


39 


Ricker, Edward P., 


35 


Ridlon, G. T., 


4S 


Rigley, Col. Alexander, 


33 


Roache, David, 


07 


Robinson, Alexander Martin, 


194 


Earl P., 


194 


Frank H., 


194 


Honorable Frank, 


194 


Jesse, 


25 


Martha R., 


194 


Mary Chase, 


194 


Rockwood, 


55 


Rodick, David, 


10 


Fountain, 


10 


S. H., 


10 


House, Bar Harbor, 


10 


Ross, James, 


40 


Royall, John, 


149 


Ruck, John, 


17 


Rumford, Count. 


130 



Saco, 32, 34 

River, 32 

Sanborn. Abram, 143, 144 

Sandy Bay township, 05 

Sanford, Town of, 120 

Ancient Record relating to, 120 



Sawtelle, Professor William Otis, 192 

Savage, Ephraim, 17 

Sayings of Subscribers, 50, 129, 192, 229 

Scott, Sarah. 23 

Seaber, Josiah W., 25 

Sebec Centennial. 172 

Seiders George Melville 127 

Sewall, Anne, 30 

Henry. 33 

Jane D., 30 

Shaplegh, John, 17 

Sheepscot, 17 

River. 17 

Shepard Boy of Woolwich, poem, 30 

Jos. Battell, 35 

Sheriffs. .Maine, in 1S20, 25 

Shields, Miss Emma G., 40 

Short, Henry, 30 

Simmons, Franklin, the Sculptor, 27 

Hon. Augustine, 27 

John, 27 

Loring. 27 

Samuel, 27 

Sophia, 27 

Smith, Captain Elijah. 208 

Capt. John, 32, 85 

Edgar C, 3, 39, 49, 94 

Francis. O. J.. 57 

Gen, Joseph S., 22-5 

Reverend Ashley. 195 

T. H., 79 

William, 220 

Society of American Wars. 110 

Some Early Maine Journalists. 41 

Sorrento, Town of, 227 

Spaulding, Atwood W., 35, 193 

William Cole, 128 

Sprague, John F., 

25, 35, 49. 93, 94, 175, 176 

Spurwink, 34 

Stackpole, C. A.. 144 

Stanton. G Smith, 172, 227 

Staples, Arthur G., 164 

State Historian, Me., 32 

Statues of Franklin Simmons, 28, 29 

St. Croix, Island of, 32 

Sterling, Grace N., 60 

St. George's Island. 32 

River, 32 

Stetson, Family of Maine, 128 

Honorable Isaiah K.. 128 

Major Amasa, 129 

Robert, 129 

Simeon. 101, 129 

Town of, 129 

Stewart. John C, 35 

Stillman, George. 41 

Stinchfleld, Roger, 40 

Thomas, 40 

Storrs, Richard, 41 

Story, Judge, 37 



2 4 o SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



91, 120. 



04. 65 ; 
135, 



Stratton, John, 
Stubbs, Eugene M., 

Sullivan, Captain Daniel, 
Captain David, 
General John, 
Governor. 

T 

Talbot, Win. W., 
Thatcher, Benjamin B., 

George A.. 
Thayer, Rev. Henry O., 
Thompson. Alexander, 

Benjamin. 

Christopher, 

James. 

John W.. 

Jonathan. 

Sir William, 
Thoreau, Henry B.. 
Topsham, 
Toivne, Arthur, 

Eli, 

Family in Piscataquis County 
and the Salem Witchcraft, 
The. 

Joanna Blessing:. 

Rev. Salem D.. 

Thomas. 

William. 

William de la 
Treaty of 17S3, 

Webster -Ashburton, 
Trelawny. Robert, 
Tribune, the, 

True, Mabel L, 31, 

Tucker, Richard. 
Tuckerman, Dr., 
Turner, Philip F., 35, 196, 

Town of, 
Tyng, Edward, 



33 



w 



u 



I'mbagoff lake, 
University of Maine, 
N. B., 

Upton, William. 



V 



Vaill, Frederick S., 
Vaimah. Clinton. 
Vines, Richard, 



213 


Wadsworth, Gen. Peleg, 


38 


227 


Zilpah, 


3S 


227 


Waldo Patent, the, 


">2 


213 


Walker, Honorable W. A., 


93, 225 




Walton, Honorable Sylvester J, 


60 




Washburn, Gov., 


40 




Philip H., 


24 


35 


Waterhouse, John, 


200 


156 


Waterville College, 


28 


144 


"Water Witches," 


3 


141 


Watts. John, 


17 


40 


Wayfarer's Notes, 


15, 98 


130 


Way, George, 


17, 33 


. 66 


Waymouth, George, 


;;•> 


13' > 


Webber, Eugene F., 


35 




Webster-Ashburton treaty. 11, 


55, 198 


40 


Henry Sewall, 


142. 100 


130 
156 


Town of, 
Welch, William, 


39 
220 


18 



Wells, 
Wentworth, John, 


17 


177 


Westcustogro, Hero of, 


148 




Weston, Betsey, 


e 




Georgre Melville. 


43 


170 


Weymouth. Benjamin, 


40 


17S 


Samuel. 


40. 65 


04 


Wharton. Richard, 


17 


170 


Wheeler. Georgre A.. A. M. M. D. 




177 
170 


93, 
Whidden. Capt. James, 


225. 230 
Ml 


11 


White Point. 


215 


11 


Whitney. Cyrus. 


07 




Joel. 


60 


42 


Josiah F.. 


65, 66 


200 
33 


Samuel. 
Wm. C, 
Wiggin, Nathan B., 


141, 142 
102 


221 


Wilde. Judge, 


3>! 


30 


Wilder, David. 


171 


10 


Wilkins, John, 


102 


Williams, Reuel, 


171 




Thomas, 


100 




Willard, Prof. Sidney. 


37 




Williamson, Win. D.. 


25. 133 


:;:i 


Williamson's History of Me.. 


10 


41 


Willis. Nathaniel. 


41 


13 


Nathaniel Parker, 


41 


102 


William. 


30. 13:: 




Wilson. John, 


24 




Nathaniel, 


144 




Wing, Honorable Georgre C, 


220 


35 


Pond, 


111 


11 


Simeon, 


114 


32 


Winslow, John, 


16, 87 



INDEX 



241 



Winthrop, Adam, 
Wiscasset, 

Claim, The, 
Witchcraft, Salem, 
Women's Clubs. Maine Federation 

of. 
Woodbury, Charles Levi. 

William C, 
Wood Ponds, 
Woolwich, 

Me., 
Workers with the Divining Rod, 
Worumbo, 



17 


Wright, E. M.. 




171 


16, 17 

17 

176 


Wyer, James I., Jr.. 




19, 116 


Y 






44 








104. 


Yankee, The (Wiscassel 1 


4:; 


139 


Yarmouth, Plantation 


of, 


14S 


56 


Town of , 




148 


16, 91 


York County. 




34 



30, 31 Yorkshire, 

'■' County of Created. 

17 Youth's Companion, The, 



34 

166 

41 



242 SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



LIST OF PLATES IN VOL. III. 

Residence of Calvin Chamberlain ■_' 

Peter Charles Keegan 1- 

William Hutchings 20 

Stephen Longfellow 37 

Lumber Mills, Jackman, Maine o4 

Log Hauling in the Maine Woods in 1815 61 

Log Hauling in the Maine Woods in 1915 01 

Moose River Bridge 61 

Maine Scene, 1820 69 

Sacred Heart Convent, Jackman. Me 74 

Abram Newton 75 

Daniel Hancox 70 

Webster S. Moore 76 

Map, Ancient Kennebec Region 82 

Meeting House, Augusta, Me., 1782 S6 

Ralph Farnham 96 

Frank E. Guernsey 132 

William Durkoe Williamson 134 

David Barker 182 

Home of David Barker 184 

The Old Barker Office 187 

North Eastern Boundary Map 198 

A Maine Lumbering Camp 219 

General Neal Dow 231 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY i 

Index to Advertisers 

ABBOT VILLAGE. page 



Buxton's Rheumatic Cure Co. xiv 
AUGUSTA. 

Central Maine Power Co xxii 

Hotel North xxiv 

Maine State Bookbinding Co. xxii 
BANGOR. 

Manhattan Cafe v 

J. P. Bas's Publishing Co vi 

Bangor House v 

Leslie E. Jones. . . .Inside front cover 
John T. Clark & Co. Inside front cover 

B. & A. R. R. Co.. Inside front cover 

R. B. Dunning & Co iv 

F. W. Durgin Inside back cover 

Simon Cohen xxv 

DEXTER. 

C. H. Wyman xvi 

DOVER-FOXCROFT. 
Blethen Bros iv 

Dover. 
F. D. Barrows vi 

Foxcroft. 
Edward E. Whitney & Co.. vi 

Foxcroft. 
E. C. McKechnie xv 

Foxcroft. 
i Iu.l; lies & Son vi 

Foxcroft. 
Dr. M. Estelle Lancaster ... xii 

Foxcroft. 
Piscataquis Savings Bank.... 

Inside front cover 

Dover. 
Kineo Trust Co Back cover 

Dover. 
Dow & Boyle Inside back cover 

Dover. 
S. G. Sanford & Son 

Inside back cover 

Foxcroft. 
Fred W. Palmer. .Inside front cover 

Dover. 
Snrague's Journal of Maine 

History xi, xxvi 

Dover. 
E. C. Smith xxiii 

Foxcroft. 
W. L. Sampson xxiv 

Foxcroft. 
Harford's Point Realty Co. .viii, ix, x 



Union Square Pharmacy . . . 
Foxcroft. 

Foxcroft Academy 

Foxcroft. 

GREENVILLE. 

I. A. Harris 

GREENVILLE JCT. 

Moosehead Clothing Co 

Arthur A. Crafts 

H. N. Bartley 

GUILFORD. 

C. S. Bennett 

J. K. Edes & Sons 

C. M. Hilton 

H. Hudson & Son Back 

W. L. Hammond Granite & 

Marble Co 

V. 11. Ellis Inside front 

Guilford Trust Co 

Straw & Martin 

HALLOWELL. 

\Y' 'rster Bros 

JACKMAN. 
Dennystown Company 

E. A. Piper 

F. A. Dion 

O. S. Patterson 

D. Hancox 

Fred Pierce 

W. S. Moore 

Albert Loubier 

D. C. Pierce 

C. H. Mills 

W. F. Jude 

Harry Stillwell 

J. A. Bulmer 

J. S. Williams 

L. R. Moore, Jr 

James Sands 

Fred Henderson 

Harry A. Young 

E. A. Henderson 

JACKMAN STATION 

Nelson W. Bartley 

A. G. Crawford 

Joseph J. Nichols 

Medie Rancout 

Arthur Rodrique 

W. L. Anderson 

Arthur Cathcart 



PAGE 

xxiv 



xm 
53 
iv 



iv 
cover 

xxi 

cover 
xxv 

xxiv 



XXVI 

xxi 

xii 

xviii 

xviii 

xviii 

xviii 

xix 

xiii 

xiii 

xiii 

xix 

xix 

xiii 

xiii 

xix 

xvii 

xvii 

xxi 

xxvif 
xiii 

xii 
xvii 

xii 
xiii 

xii 



SPRAGUE'S TOURftAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Index to Advertisers — Continued 



PAGE 

Edlord Fournier xxvii 

T. A. Murtha xxvii 

George Blais xii 

Henry P. McKenney iii 

KINEO. 

Ricker Hotel Co 80 

MADISON. 

Henry C. Prince xvi 

Harry S. Dyer xiv 

F. C. Clark Co xiv 

MONSON. 

W. H. Eldridge xii 

Portland-Monson Slate Co... 

Back cover 

PORTLAND. 
Wm. W. Roberts Co 

Inside front cover 

Smith & Sale ....Inside front cover 
Portland-Monson Slate Co... 

Back cover 

Forest City Trust Co Back cover 

G. M. Donham Inside back cover 

Loring, Short & Harmon . . . 

Inside back cover 



PAGE 



C .0. Barrows & Co 

Inside back cover 

A. J. Huston xi, xxiii, xxiv 

Fidelity Trust Co xxiii 

Crocker Photo & Engraving 

Co xxiii 

Shaw Business College xxv 

West End Hotel xxii 

H. J. Burrowes Co xxii 

U. S. Trust Co xxii 

Falmouth Hotel xxii 

Royal Remedy Co xxiv 

SROWHEGAN. 

Steward & Marston xv 

John C. Griffin xv 

Cullen & Wolfe xv 

Independent Reporter xvi 

The First National Bank ... xvi 

Charles Folsom-Jones 53 

WATERVILLE. 

Sen'inel Publishing Co xxviii 

WILLIMANTIC . 

W. L. Earlev xx 



A WOMAN'S WAY 

T IS NATURAL FOR A 
WOMAN to wait until she 
wants anything before she buys 
and then she wants it immedi- 
ately. If she fails to find the 
article, she goes to the store 
that has the goods. This is an important factor 
which we have studied since 1856, and it gives 
the stranger confidence to call at our store 
first, where she may find an up-to-date line of 
Dry and Fancy Goods and Ready-to- Wear Gar- 
ments and prices that are reasonable. 
Mail Orders Receive Careful Attention. 




J. K. EDES & SONS 



GUILFORD, 



MAINE 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY iii 

Lake Parlin House 
and Camps 




In the Heart of the Great Mair.e Woods. 
On the Shores of Beautiful Lake Parlin. 
One of the Most Attractive and Commodious Summer 

Resorts in Northern Maine. 
On the Canada Road accessible by Automobiles and 

Thirteen miles from Jackman Station on C. P. R. 

Henry P. McKenney, Proprietor 

JACKMAN STATION, 



MAINE 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the adverti-sers on these pages. 



iv SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




PISCATAQUIS EXCHANGE 

GREENVILLE JUNCTION, MAINE 
H. N. Bartley, Proprietor 

At the foot of Moosehead Lake, the largest inland lake in New 
England, and the gateway to the best fishing and hunting region 
in the country. 

This Hotel is new and elegant, bath rooms, cold and hot water, 
and all of its equipments and appointments modern and up-to-date. 

S2.50-S3.00 PER DAY 



Established 1835 

R. B. Dunning 

&Co. 

Seedsmen 

Dealers in 
Garden, Field and 

Grass Seeds 
Agricultural Imple- 
ments 
Dairy Supplies 
Poultry Supplies 
Woodenware 
Fertilizers, Lime 

Cement, Pumps 

Pipe, Pipe Fittings 

Etc. 

BANGOR, MAINE 

Send for Catalogue 



Blethen House 

Blethen Bros. Props. 
Dover, ^ Maine 

GARAGE 

Carriages To and From All Trains 



The Braeburn, 



C. M. HILTON 

PROPRIETOR 



Guilford, /V\eiine> 

One of the Best Equipped Hotels in Eastern Maine. 
Hot and Cold Water and Bath Rooms on Every Floor 

It is on the Automobile Map of Maine 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



®fje 



pangor House 

Sends its hearty greetings to the 
enterprising and public spirited 
citizens and progressive business 
men of Jac^man. 



= Jflanfjattan Cafe = 

&fje Heading Eesttaurant anb Cafe in iHaine 
Automobile Parties Stop at the 

Jflantjattan 

Special Dinners for Parties 
Ladies' Dining Room up stairs 

J. H. RUSSELL, Prop. 



1 98-200 Exchange St., 



BANGOR, MAINE 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



vi SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

The bangoiT commercial 

MAINE'S BEST PAPER 

Trial subscription to Daily, $1.00 for three months 
Weekly, three months, for 25 cts. one year, $1.00 
The Commercial (Daily and Weekly) offers advertisers, the most powerful ad- 
vertising influence that can be brought to bear on Maine trade 



J. P. Bass Publishing Co., 



PUBLISHERS 

BANGOR, MAINE 



INSURE 

Against Fire and Lightning 
WITH 

Edward E. Whitney & Co. 

Opera House Block 

FOXCROFT, MAINE 

We are General Insurance Agents 



HUGHES & SON 

Pianos; ant) 

Plaper ^tanosi 

STRICTLY HIGH GRADE 

Hughes & Son Mfg. Co. 



FOXCROFT, 



MAINE 



PRINTING 

We print School Papers, Class Programs and Invitations, School Sta- 
tionery, Wedding Cards and Announcements, Office Stationery, Ball Pro- 
grams, Window Cards and Posters, Booklets, Pamphlets, Business and 
Calling Cards. 

Fine Half-Tone and Color Printing We aim for the better class of 
printing. Let us do your work. We work to please our patrons. 

FRED D. BARROWS 

SUMMER STREET, -Telephone 145-5 FOXCROFT, MAINE 

Mail or Telephone Orders receive immediate attention. Our time is yours 



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SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY vii 




Pleasantly situated in the beautiful village 
of Foxcroft, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



viii SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




Do you want a Cottage on Harford's Point 
on the westerly shore of Moose Head Lake, the 
grandest and most lovely sheet of inland water 
in all of New England, and one of the grandest 
in the world ? 

The above illustration is a view of Harford's 
Point facing Moose Island in a northerly direc- 
tion. For information, address, 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY ix 




On the southerly side of the Point is a charm- 
ing little bay or cove and the above represents 
the most southerly portion of its west shore. 

This is known as Deep Cove. 

Write us for information. 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 



(See next page) 



x SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




The above shows the continuation of this west 
shore of the same cove in a northerly direction, 
the two pictures giving you a very good idea of 
some of the beauties of Deep Cove. 

Harford's Point is about three miles above 
Greenville Junction and is a beautiful promon- 
tory of land of high eminence above the lake 
level. It is in the midst of splendid trout and 
salmon fishing and is in the heart of Maine's 
best hunting grounds where big game and game 
birds abound. It would be an attractive and 
desirable location for a sportsman's club. 

If it occurs to you that you would like to own 
a summer home on this delightful spot, write 
for further particulars to 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xi 

BOOKS WANTED, FOR SALE OR TO EXCHANGE 
(Ads not exceeding three lines inserted for 10 cents for each issue and 
5 cents for each additional line.) 



BOOKS FOR SALE. 

Bangor, Maine, and its Attractions. Issued by the Board of Trade 
(1906) Illustrated. Paper — 64 pp. $ .50 

Collection of the Maine Historical Society Documentary History 
(Baxter MSS.) Vol. 9, 17, Cloth— 500 pp. 1.50 

Pioneers of France in the New World. Francis Parkman, (Little 
Brown & Co., ed. 1907) Cloth — 491 pp. 1.00 

Maine's War Upon the Liquor Traffic. Col. Wing. Paper — 89 pp. .50 

Hannibal Hamlin in Commemoration of the 100 Anniversary of his 
Birth, 1909. Paper. Illustrated. .50 

History of Doric Lodge, F. & A. M., Monson, Maine. 1868-1887— 
Paper. .50 

History of Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. & A. M., Guilford, Maine, 1861- 
1901 — Abner T. Wade. Cloth and paper board covers. Illustrated — 

115 PP- I2 5 

Report of the Inland Fish & Game Commissioners 1902. Cloth — il- 
lustrated. .35 

Reports of Bureau of Industrial and Labor Statistics 1896-97-99- 
1903-4-6. Cloth Illustrated. .50 

Beginnings of Colonial Maine, (Burrage 1914)- Cloth — 412 pp. 3 00 

A Royal Tragedy, (Nat Wilder, Jr., Fireside Pub. Co.) Cloth— 236 
pp. 1. 00 

A novel relative to the Indian and Colonial history of Maine and the 
Bar Harbor region. It is a fascinating tale of interest to all interested 
in early history of Maine. 

Collections of the Piscataquis Historical Society, Vol. 1-522 pp. Of 
interest to all students of Maine History and contains much about 
Northeastern Boundary Controversy. 2.00 

Centennial Town of Sangerville 1814-1914, 100 pp.-— Cloth. Illus- 
trated. Contains all of the proceedings with many pages of early 
important vital statistics. Reprint from Sprague's Journal. 1.00 

Engagement of Enterprise and Boxer near Portland in war of 1812. 
Rev. H. O. Thayer. 15 pp.— Paper covers. Reprint from Sprague's 
Journal. -5° 

SECOND HAND BOOKS. 
Josh Billings Farmers Alminax-1870. .50 

The World Almanac 1906- 1908. (As good as new) .25 

Biography of Hosea Ballou, by his son M. M. Ballou— 400 pp. (Bos- 
ton 1852) * I0 ° 
Maine Register 1899-1900. (In perfect condition) 1. 00 
Will be sent by mail postpaid for the above prices. Address — SPRAGUE'S 
JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY, DOVER, MAINE. 
BOOKS WANTED. 
Maine Treasurers' Reports, Governors' Messages, Rules and Orders House 
and Senate, State Prison, Bank and Land Agents' Reports from 1820 to 1829. 

A. J. HUSTON, 
92 Exchange St., Porland, Maine. 



xii SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




THE OLD STAND-BY STAND 

The Jackman Drug and Sportman's Goods and Supply Store. 

F A. DION, - - - Jackman, Maine 



Arthur Cathcart 

AUTOMOBILES 
TO LET 



Jackman Station, 



Maine 



Arthur Rodrique 

Photographer 

Post Cards and < Vie c ws of Jackman 
and Vicinity. 

JACKMAN STATION, MAINE 

GET SHAVED AT 

GEORGE BLAIS 9 

UP-TO-DATE BARBER SHOP 

'Play Pool While You Wait. 
Jackman Station, Maine 



^^ UTOISTS on their way to Moose- 
*^ head Lake, while passing through 
the picturesque village of Monson, will 
find Gasoline and Auto Supplies 
and Fixtures at the store of 

W. H. ELDRIDGE 

Corner Main and Water Streets 



DR. M. ESTELLE LANCASTER 
OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN 

Cor. North amd Summer Sts., FOXCROFT, MAINE 

Hours- 9-12 A. M., 2-5 P. M. 
And by Appointment Telephone 238-3 



Joseph J. Nichols 

Will supply anything you want in the 

Jewelry Line 

Diamonds a Specialty 

Jackman Station, Maine 



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SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xiii 



SPORTSMEN 

Here you will find everything: in the line of 
Clothing;, Mackinaw Frocks, Sweaters, Shoes 
Rubber Goods, Moccasins, Etc. Nice Fishing: 
Tackle, Rifles, Shot Guns. Revolvers and Am- 
munition. A fine line of moccasin Slippers 
for ladies wear. Daily Papers. Books and Ma- 
gazines. Call and see us, or call us by phone 
No. 7-12. 

Moosehead Clothing Co., Millard Metcalf, Mgr. 
Greenville Junction. Me., opp. B. & A. R. R. Station 



I. A. Harris, DRUGS 

Greenville, Maine 

Edison Phonographs 
and Records 

The— R E JX. /A L L— Store 

C. S. Bennett 

Dealer in 
Finest Quality of Jewelry 

Watches, Clocks and Silverware 
Jewels and Diamonds 

Guilford, Maine 

L. R. Moore, Jr. 

Quick Lunches 
Confectionery and Fruit 

Jackman, 



Davis C. Pierce 

Deputy Sheriff 
Jackman, Maine 

All Civil Processes Promptly Served 

Telephone Connection 

C. H. Mills 

Counsellor and 

Attorney at Law 

Jackman, Maine 

W. F. Jude 

Counsellor and 

Attorney at Law 

Jackman, Maine 

W. L. Anderson 

Counsellor and 
Attorney at Law 
Maine Jackman Station, Maine 



General Blacksmithing A. G. Crawford 

and Horse Shoeing Day & Night Restaurant 

Cant Dogs and Cant Dog Hooks Fruit, Confectioney, Ice Cream and 

a Specialty Tobaccos 

J. S. Williams, Jackman, Me. Jackman Station, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



xiv SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



Albany, N. Y., April ioth, 1915. 
The Buxton Rheumatic Cure Co., 

Abbot Village, Maine 
Gentlemen : — 

It gives me pleasure to send you 
this unsolicited testimonial regarding 
Buxton's Rheumatic Cure. For years 
I have been a great sufferer from Ar- 
ticular Rheumatism, to such an ex- 
tent that for almost one year I was 
unable to walk. I was treated by 
many doctors and took the so called 
"Cures" at Carlsbad and Mt. Clem- 
mons but without results. Finally in 
despair I was oersuaded to try Bux- 
ton's Rheumatic Cure. I got relief 
rft once and within two months could 
walk as good as ever. I am glad to 
give you this information in the hope 
it may reach the eyes of some unfor- 
tunate suffering: from that awful af- 
fliction called Rheumatism. 

Very truly yours, 

C. II. THOMAS. 
SEND FOR BOOKLET 

Buxton Rheumatic Cure Co. 



ABBOT VILLAGE. 



MAINE 



The Last Word in 

Clothing 

Furnishing Goods 

and Footwear 

Harry S. Dyer 

OUTFITTER 

For Men and Boys 

FOOTWEAR 

For Men, Women 8t Children 

MADISON, MAINE 



F. C. CLARK COMPANY 

Madison's Popular Ary Goods Store 

EVENTUALLY 

You'll buy your Drv Goods and 
Ready-to-wear Apparel of F. C. 
Clark Co. 

Not alone because of the high quali- 
ty of our goods 

Xot alone because of the correctness 
of our styles. 

Not alone because of the lowness of 
our urices. 

Not alone because of the excellence 
of our store service. 

Not alone because of the importance 
of our Store. 

Satisfactory Guarantee. 

Xot because of any of these features 
will you eventually decide to trade 
here. u,1 t because of the combina- 
tion of them all. You are sure to 
find out that this is THE STORE 
THAT SATISFIES. 

F. G. Clark Company, Madison, Me. 

'The Place of Sare Bargains 



Thomas Vintinner 

DEALER IN 

Dry Goods, Groceries 

Boots, Shoes, Rubbers & Flour 

Jackman Station, Me. 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xv 

JOHN C. GRIFFIN 

== Snsurame ggencp^ 



SKOWHEGAN, Maine 



Ben T. Steward Clair R. Marston 

STEWARD & MARSTON 

^eating, plumbing anb £>f)eet itletal WBovktvi 
anb -pneumatic ^ater &>p8tim* 

Stores at Skowhegan & Waterville 

CULLEN & WOLFE 

: VULCANIZING - 

Tires and Tubes Repaired All Work Guaranteed 

Distributors of Miller's Geared To The Road Tires and Veedol Motor Oil 

We pay the express one way on all out of town work 
R. R. Square, SKOU/HEGAN, MAINE 



HOR SES 

Heavy Work Horses Always on Hand 

Also Carriages and Farm Wagons 

A Square Deal with Every Buyer 

E. C. McKECHNIE 

FOXCROFT, Tel. 208 MAINE 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



xvi SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 

INDEPENDENT-REPORTER 

Three months, 25c. One-half year, 50c. One year, $1.00 

Remit in stamps, coin, currency, check or P. O. Money Order 

Subscribe for yourself or as a gift to your friend. 

10,000 Readers, chiefly in Somerset County 

Office of Publication, Skowhegan, Maine 

THE MADISON BULLETIN 

The only paper in Madison and the only 
one in Western Somerset County. Job 
Printing of every description. Let us 
estimate on your next job. 

Henry C. Prince, Prop., Madison, Maine 

3H)e = 



Jftrgt JSattonal panfe 

of ££>feotof)egan, ifflaine 



ESTABLISHED 1825 



Capital, $150,000.00. Surplus and Profits, $150,000.00 
Interest Allowed 



and everything 
that is musical 



Estey Pianos 

also all kinds of HOUSE FURNISHINGS 
at C. H. WYMAN'S, Dexter, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xvii 

The Heald Pond Camp 

Located nine miles north of Jackman, three miles from the main 
highway . We have just completed a nice Automobile road to 
Camp, and we are now ready to receive Automobile parties. 

Automobile people will find this a nice place to stop over 
when on their way to and from Canada, or a good place to make 
headquarters when around Jackman, as you will find the best 
of Hunting and Fishing and everything is of the best. You 
wi 1 miss something if you do not stop at 



The Heald Pond Camp 



Fred Henderson. Prop. 



JACKMAN. 



MAINE 



New 
Barber 
Shop 

Medie Rancout 

JACKMAN STATION, - MAINE 

Fruit, Confectionery 
and Cigars 

On Sale at Store Connected 



Harry A. Young 

Contractor 

and 

Builder 

Dealer in 

HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS, 
Tinware, Stoves, Crockery, 
Glassware and Builders' 
supp'ies of every de- 
scription. 



Jackman, 



Maine 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



xviii SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



W. S. MOORE DANIEL HANCOX 



Undertaker 

Dealer in 

Furniture 



Dealer in 



Dry Goods 
Fancy Goods 

and 

Furnishings 

Boots and Shoes 



JACKMAN, 



MAINE JACKMAN, 



MAINE 



FRED PIERCE health ' Life and 

Accident 



Dealer in 



I nsurance 

Office at U. S. Customs 
'Phone 17-2. 



Watches 
Clocks 
Jewelry and 
Silverware 

Repairing Neatly Done Q & p atterson 

JACKMAN, - MAINE JACKMAN, - MAINE 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xix 



GET YOUR LUNCH 
—at— 

LOUBIER'S 

—the— 

BRAND NEW 
RESTAURANT 

Opposite the Station Post Office. 
J AC KM AN, MAINE. 



Harry STILWELL 

The popular Theatrical man can 
be found at his 

Up-To-Date Harness 
Shop 

except on 
Monday, Wednesday & Saturday 
Evenings his Moving Picture 
Nights 

—at— 

The Jackman Town 
Hall 



J. A. BULMER 

Gasoline, Oils, Batteries, Tires, 
Auto Accessories, Etc. 

Repair Work a Specialty 

Long Distance Telephone. 



JACKMAN, 



MAINE. 



AN UP-TO-DATE 

Restaurant 

In every respect. 

Tobacco, Choice 

Cigars 
and Confectionery 

Paiyer and seller of Raw Furs 
of all kinds. 

JAMES SANDS 

JACKMAN, MAINE. 



\Ve have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



xx SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 




....HOTEL EARLEY.... 

W. L. EARLEY, Prop. 

Fishing and hunting unexcelled. Salmon weighing 3 lbs., bass, 
3 lbs., white perch, 1 1-2 lb., are not uncommon. Pure spring 
water. Fresh eggs, butter and cream ; vegetables from our 
own garden. Fishing tackle, sportsmen's supplies, cigars and 
confectionery. Board, $2.00 per day, $10.00 per week. Guides, 
$2.50 per day, board $1.00 per day. Our canoes are 50c per day. 
$2.50 per week. Team or boat will meet all parties on notice. 
Booklet and reference on request. Automobile road direct tc 
hotel. 

Willimantic, Maine 

Telephone Connection P. O. Guilford, R. F. D. No. 3 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



E. A. HENDERSON 

WOOD 

POND 

CAMPS 

One of the most attractive places 
in the Maine Woods for fishermen, 
hunters and summer tourists. You 
will make a great mistake if you do 
not -end at once for booklet and full 
particular- regarding this charming 
resort. Address 

E. A. Henderson, 
JACKMAN, MAINE 



Hallowell 
House 

HALLOWELL, ME. 

Worster Brothers, Props. 

Modern Conveniences 
50 Rooms 
Steam Heat 
Cuisine Excellent 
Convenient to Trains 
Rates Moderate 

Popular with Auto 
Parties 

Baggage delivered to and from depot 
without expense 



E. A. PIPER W. L H 



ammon 



d 



Real 
Estate 

Timberland and 



Granite & 
Marble Co. 



Manufacturers and 
Dealers in 

V lliagc L.OIS Monuments, Headstones and 
.HT and SOLD Cemetery Work 

of all Kinds 



Jack 



man, 



Maine Guilford, Maine 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



xxii SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



50,000 Horse Power 

AVAILABLE FOR INDUSTRIES IN CENTRAL MAINE 

Central Maine Power Co. 

Offices at Augusta, Gardiner, Waterville, Skowhegan, 
Pittsfield and Dexter 



Falmouth Hotel 

J. J. POOLER 

Proprietor 

Portland, Maine 

EUROPEAN & AMERICAN PLAN 

Maine State Bookbind- 
ing Company 



EDITION WORK IS 
OUR SPECIALTY 



327 Water Street 
Augusta, Maine 



If you are not receiving 
interest on your bank ac- 
count communicate with 

United States Trust Co 

Portland, Maine 



Maine Views Historical Scenes 

Advertising Calendars 

H. J. BURROWES Co. 

Portland, Maine 

Lowest Prices and Highest Qualities 

West End Hotel 

Opposite Union Station 

PORTLAND, MAINE 



Remodeled 
Telephones in all Rooms 

Hot and Cold Running Water 

Private Baths 



We have positive -evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these page* 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xxiii 



Magazines & Pamphlets FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE 



WANTED 



WILL PAY $1.00 EACH 


FOR 


Bangor Historical Magazine, 




Oct, Nov., 
Maine Genealogist and Biog- 


1885 


rapher, Dec, 


1875 


Dee., 


18T6 


Mayflower Descendant, 




Jan., July, 


1903 


Apr., July, Oct., 


1904 


Apr., 


1906 


Old Times at North 




Yarmouth, Oct., 


1S77 


July, 


1878 


Poet Lore, Jan., 


1894 


Massachusetts Resolves — 




Mav, 1815 
Ma , 1820 

Jan., Apr., Mav, 1821 
Jan., Mav, 1822. 
Jan., Mav, 1823. 
Jan., 1824. 
Only the above dates wanted 


at these 


prices. 




A. J. HUSTON, 




92 Exchange St., Portland 


Maine. 



John Francis Sprague's Books 

Piscataquis Biography, and Frag- 
ments, $1.00 

Sebastian Rale, a Maine trag- 
edy of the 18th Century, $1.00 

The North Eastern Boundary 
Controversy and the Aroostook 
War. $1.25 

Accidental Shooting in the Game 
Season, .25 

Backwoods Sketches, $1.00 

Also Piscataquis Historical So- 
ciety Collections, Vol. I, $2.00 

Any of the above named books will be 
sent postpaid upon receipt of the 
price. 

A. J. HUSTON 



A Complete Set of the Agriculture 
of Maine, 62 Vols. 



Commencin r with the Transactions 
of the Agricultural Societies, 1850-55, 
5 vols; Reports of the Secretary of the 
Board of Agriculture, 1856-1901, 45 
vols; Reports of the Commissioner of 
Agriculture, 1902-13, 12 vols. 

7 vols, boards and 55 vols, cloth 

A complete set is very hard to obtain 
today — contains much valuable histor- 
ical material. 

Price $45.00, or will exchange for 
books of equal value. 

E. C. SMITH, 

FOXCROFT, MAINE 




Crocker 

Photo & Engraving 

Company 

92 Exchange St., Portland, Maine 34 Exchange St., Portland, Me. 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 



xxiv SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



This Space 

is reserved for one 
of the best equipped 
up-to-date hotels in 
Maine. When you 
are in Augusta stop 
at the deservedly 
popular 

Hotel North 



BOOKS New and Old 

We carry in stock a large 
and varied assortment of 
books, both old and new. 

Catalogues sent on request. 

Correspondence Solicited. 

Books Bought. 

A. J. Huston, 

9~ Exchange Street 

PORTLAND, MAINE 

W. L. SAMPSON 

Monumental Works 

Imported and American Granite and 
Marble. Up-to-Date Designs. Pneu- 
matic Tools. ESTABLISHED 1879 
Long Distance Tel. Office 121-2, Res. 121-3 
FOXCROFT. MAINE 
Works, 45 Union Square, Dover. Maine 



Straw & Martin 

Fire Underwriters 

36 Main Street 
Guilford, Maine 



Good Line of Books, Maga- 
zines and Fine Stationery at 
Union Square Pharmacy 

The Dover and Foxcroft 

REXALL STORE 



WE GUAR- 
ANTEE 



ROYAL GALL REMEDY 




Customer Satisfied and Horse 
releived or money refunded 

Thisnew antiseptic Liquid quickly heals all 
cuts, bruises, scratches. Stops Bleeding. 
Prevents all infection. Keep it on hand 
and insure your horses health and value. 
This Antiseptic Swab in 
Every Bottle 



Large Bottle-r>Oc-nt vour dealer 
Or we will send direct three full size 
50c bottles on receipt of f 1.00 

.dine for large sample, and our booklet 



— 

151 




ROYAL 


bob 


uu Bgf^Pvw* 


for 


•xsJr 


toe 


GALL REMLDY 


Flesli 

Mil, 

Mi,, 

k,i.w 


T*1tO*niQvi3GmK«P , 

m«)uL,rj'F»i>ue*l 
•• ■ ■•j 

ROWLJIMWO 



•'His Majesty the Hor 



ROYAL REMEDY CO. 



Fidelity Bldd. 
Portland, Maine. 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xxv 



This space is reserved for the 

Moose River House 

at Jackman Station, Maine. 

It is only a few steps from 
the C. P. Ry. Station and on 
the line of the old highway 
leading from the Kennebec 
country in the ^tate or Maine to 
the city of Quebec in Canada. 
It is in the midst of the charm- 
ing and picturesque Moose 
River Valley, 15 miles from the 
boundary line, and is in the 
heart of the game, trout and 

salmon region of the Maine Woods. 
Comfortable rooms with hot and cold 
water, baths and toilets and all modern 
equipments. Autoists should keep this 
place in mind. 

N. W. BARTLEY, Prop. 

The Shaw 

BUSINESS 
COLLEGE 

OUR SHORTHAND DEPARTMENT-Will qualify 
you for a position in the Business Office, the Banking 
House, the Lawyer's Office or the Government Service 
OUR COMMERCIAL DEPARTMENT-Will aid you 
in securing employment with excellent opportunities 
for advancement, such as Cashier, Bookkeeper, Clerk 
or Public Accountant. 

OUR TELEGRAPH DEPARTMENT- Will qualify 
you for a position in the Railroad or Commercial Ser- 
vice. 

OUR SUMMER SCHOOL— at South Casco, by Seba- 
go Lake. 
MORAL— If you wish to guard against failure, attend 

The Shaw Business College 

PORTLAND — BANGOR — AUGUSTA 



New York 
Syndicate 

113 MAIN STREET 

BANGOR, MAINE 

Maine's Biggest Cut 
Price Store in Men's 
Clothing, Furnishing 
Goods, Shoes and 
Rubbers. 



Simon Cohen 

Manager 

REAL ADVANTAGES 



The ample capital of this baDk, its 
fiDancial position and established 
reputation for conservative business 
methods are among the substantial 
advantages offered to present and 
prospective customers. 

It is the aim of the officers and di- 
rectors to maintain, and in every 
way feasible, increase these advan- 
tages. 

Our equipment in each and every 
department is thorough, modern, effi- 
cient, and we invite YOUR account 
with assurance that we are fully pre- 
pared to meet the requirements of 
present and prospective patrons in a 
spirit of fairness to all interests con- 
cerned. 

Safe Deposit Boxes to Rent 

Guilford Trust Co. 

Guilford and Greenville, Maine 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 



xxvi SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



THE WORK OF 

SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL 
OF MAINE HISTORY 

has been heartily endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leading Journals in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

Thus we desire to call your attention to the fact that this is the 
only publication in the world today that is devoted exclusively to 
the advancement of historical subjects and historical research along 
the lines of Maine's early history. 

We need the hearty aid and co-operation ot every person in 
Maine interested in this matter. If you are not a subscriber, kind- 
ly send your name and address with one dollar for one year's sub- 
scription. If you are already a subscriber, bear in mind that the 
success of the enterprise owes much to prompt payments. 

Spragues Journal of Maine History 
DOVER, MAINE 



DENNYSTOWN CO., 

DEALERS IN 

Fancy Groceries, Hay, Grain, Phosphate 
and Lumbermen s Hardware 

Pittsburg Perfect Wire Fencing 
JACKMAN, - - - MAINE 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY xxvii 




This space is re- \ a r% • §_m 

servedforthe Moose Kiver House 

at Jackman Station, Maine. 

It is only a few steps from the C. P. Ry. Station and on the line of the 
old highway leading from the Kennebec country in the State of Maine to 
the city of Quebec in Canada. It is in the midst of the charming and pictur- 
esque Moose River Valley, 15 miles from the boundary line, and is in the 
heart of the game, trout and salmon region of the Maine Woods. Comfort- 
able rooms with hot and cold water, baths and toilets and all modern equip- 
ments. Autoists should keep this place in mind. 

A". W. Bartley, Prop. 



MOVING PICTURES 
at The Station Ha 

DANCING AFTER 
THE SHOW 

Watch the Sip 

Fruit and Confectionery 
Stand 



11 Murtha House 



T. A. Murtha. Prop. 



EDLORD FOURNIER, Prop. 

Jackman Station, Maine 



Employment Agency and 
Boarding House 

Jackman Station, Me. 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



xxviii SPRAGUE'S JOURNAL OF MAINE HISTORY 



YOUR 
PRINTING 

If it is worth doing at ail, its worth doing 
well. First class work at all times is our 
motto, and your job, however small, will 
receive the same careful attention that we 
give the state printing. Let us figure 
with you on your next job. 

Waterville Sentinel Pub. Co. 

Printers to the State 
Job and Catalogue Printing a Specialty 



The Value 

of well printed, neat 
appearing Business Sta- 
tionery as a means of 
getting and holding the 
respect of desirable 
business men has been 
amply demonstrated. 

Our prices are rea- 
sonable. 



Holman Day's New Book 

The N. Y. Times in reviewing The 
Landloper, says : 

"Holman Day has been known 
chiefly a's a writer of galloping ro- 
mance, stories of intricate plot and 
swift action sweetened with plenty of 
sentiment, and all served up with the 
sauce of a gallant, rose-hued style. 
But those who have read and liked 
his previous novel's must be prepared 
for something very different in this 
new book. It is the tale of a modern 
knight-errant who, though not look- 
ing for adventure or for any chance 



to put his lance in rest, presently 
finds himself drawn into the biggest 
kind of a fight. The interest of the 
story is almost as much in hov> he 
is led to throw down the gage of 
battle as in the way in which he after- 
ward proves himself equal to the 
situation. And it is all, in motive, 
theme, and style, quite different from 
the author's previous novels." 

The Landloper is just from the 
press of Harper & Brothers, and is 
Mr. Day's first long novel since The 
Red Lane which appeared a number 
of years ago. 



Farm- -5 miles out of Bangor 

BEAUTIFUL VIEW— A few miles 
from several lake-: will take party 
of five: private parlor with fireplace 
and piano; private bath; modern 
house: $15 per week. For further 
particulars address A. C. K.W \- 
\.\<;il. Ohio St., Bangor, Maine, R. 
F. 1). 4. 



Persons having business in the 
Kennebec region, or at the capital of 
the State at Vugusta, or traveling by 
auto, will lie well pleased if they tarry 
for awhile with the genial Frank and 
Fred Wors'er, who have recently 
taken the Hallowell House, Hallow- 
ell. Maine. These gentlemen are too 
well known as first class hotel mana- 
gers to require any introduction to 
the public. They are making a suc- 
cess of 

THE HALLOWELL HOTEL 




This Space is re- \j r%m ,, 

served for the Ivloose Kiver House 

fackman Station, Maine 
It is onlv a few steps from the C. P. Ry. Station and on the line of the 
H h .l ghv '"> ^ Kennebec country in the State o Maine t 
I^ a: \;' in J 1 ' ,,;i,l:i - » is i" the midst of the charming anc p ctur! 
>ose River Valley, ,5 miles from the boundary line, and n he 
he game, trout and salmon region of the Maine Woods. Comfort- 
ble f rooms with hot and cold water, hath, and toilets and all modern equip- 
ments. Autoists should k.ep this place in mind. q P 
-V. W. Bartley, Prop. 



THE BANGOR COMMERCIAL 

MAINE'S BEST PAPER 

TRIAL SUBSCRIPTION TO DAILY 81.00 FOR THREE MONTHS 

Weekly, three months for 25 cts. one year, $1.00 
The Commercial Daily and Weekly) offers advertisers, the most powerful ad- 
vertising influence that can be brought to bear on Maine trade. 

J. P. Bass Publishing Co.. PUBL,SHER B l NG o R , MA1NE 



50,000 Horse Power 

AVAILABLE FOR INDUSTRIES IN CENTRAL MAINE 

Central Maine Power Co. 

Offices at Augusta, Gardiner, Waterville, Skowhegan, 
Pittsfield and Dexter 



vVe liave vidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 




PISCATAQUIS EXCHANGE 

GREENVILLE JUNCTION, MAINE 
H. N. Bartley, Proprietor 

At the foot of Moosehead Lake, the largest inland lake in New 
England, and the gateway to the best fishing and hunting region 
in the country. 

This Hotel is new and elegant, bath rooms, cold and hot water, 
and all of its equipments and appointments modern and up-to-date. 

S2.50--S3.00 PER DAY 



Established 1835 

R. B. Dunning 
&Co. 

Seedsmen 

Dealers in 
Garden, Field and 

Grass Seeds 
Agricultural Imple- 
ments 
Dairy Supplies 
Poultry Supplies 
Woodenware 
Fertilizers, Lime 

Cement, Pumps 

Pipe, Pipe Fittings 

Etc. 

BANGOR, MAINE 

Send for Catalogue 



KINEO TRUST CO., 

DOVER, MAINE 

Organized in 1905 to meet the bank- 
ing needs of this community. Kineo 
Trust Company has steadily grown in 
strength and public favor, until today 
it is universally recognized as one of 
the large and strong financial institu- 
tions of Eastern Maine. 

Liberal Interest Paid on 

Savings Deposits 
L. P. EVANS, Pres.. W. S. OWEN, V. Pres, 

G. L. ARNOLD. Treas. 



FOREST CITY 
TRUST CO. 

Masonic Building 

PORTLAND, ME. 

We want your business and promise 
our best efforts to give you good ser- 
vice. 



REAL ADVANTAGES 



The ample capital of this bank, 
its financial position and establish' 
ed reputation for conservative 
business methods are among the 
substantial ml vantages offered to 
present and prospective customers. 
It is the uim of the officers and 
directors to maintain, and in 
every way feasible, increase these 
advantages. 

Our equipment in each and 
every department is thorough, 
modern, efficient, and we invite 
YOI I; account with assurance 
that we are fully prepared to 
meet the requirements of present 
and prospective patrons in a spirit 
of fairness to all interests con- 
cerned 

Safe Deposit Boxes to Rent 

Guilford Trust Co. 

Guilford and Greenville. Maine 



„r ,u a »i;oKli;t« r,f trip nHvertiscrs on these pages